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Assessing Spiritual

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Natural links between personality psychology and religion/spirituality. MacDonald (2000) ... Religion/spirituality are common & substantial elements of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Assessing Spiritual


1
Assessing Spiritual Religious People
  • Philip Dodgson, PhD, CPsych
  • Southdown Institute

pdodgson_at_southdown.on.ca
2
Religion, Spirituality, Science
  • Competitors, mutually exclusive?
  • Most people have some kind of faith (even
    scientists)
  • Religion and spirituality have maintained a
    strong hold on us

3
Roots
  • Understanding our origins
  • Purpose/meaning of life
  • System of values/ethics
  • Explaining the unexplainable

4
(No Transcript)
5
  • Do you consider yourself to be religious?
  • Not at all
  • Less than most people
  • About as much as most people
  • More than most people
  • Much more than most people

6
Contentious Terms
  • Religion, Spirituality, Faith
  • Religiosity Religious commitment, belief in
    doctrine, frequency of participation in
    faith-related activity
  • Spirituality Phenomenological and philosophical
    approach to faith
  • ReligionSpirituality MedicineHealth

7
Tests
  • Many tests available rapid growth in development
    in 1980s and 1990s.
  • Hill Hood (1999). Measures of Religiosity.
    100 standardized measures
  • Natural links between personality psychology and
    religion/spirituality

8
MacDonald (2000). J. of Pers.
  • Examined latent factor structure among 11
    spirituality measures
  • Identified 5 dimensions
  • Cognitive orientation
  • Experience/phenomenology
  • Existential well-being
  • Paranormal beliefs
  • General religiousness

9
Elements of Assessment
  • Family background
  • Individuals level of engagement with their
    family in religious practice
  • Individuals sense of relationship with a divine
    entity
  • How faith/religion inform life in regard to
    choices of relationships, work, and other
    activities

10
Assessing Religious People
  • Major influences on religious and spiritual
    development.
  • Developmental course of the relationship with
    God.
  • How is faith enacted? Structure/routine?
    Orthodoxy?

11
Assessing Religious People II
  • Are there any spiritual crisis points?
  • What is going well/not so well currently?
  • What is the nature of the relationship, if any,
    to a larger community?

12
Summary
  • Religion/spirituality are common substantial
    elements of the clinical picture
  • Many measures are available some limitations
  • Research shows links with health, coping, and
    personality
  • Clinicians are encouraged to boldly explore this
    domain with clients
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