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Plans%20and%20Planning

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Plans and Planning ... Planning is future-oriented and comprehensive. ... Planning embraces visionary and utopian thinking, yet also recognizes that the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Plans%20and%20Planning


1
Plans and Planning
  • Plan A detailed scheme, program, or method
    worked out beforehand for the accomplishment of
    an objective.

2
Types of Plans
  • Financial
  • Wedding
  • Event
  • Estate
  • Military
  • Kitchen

3
Definition
  • Planning The process of preparing a detailed
    scheme..to accomplish an objective.
  • Planning is future-oriented and comprehensive.
  • It seeks to link knowledge and action in ways
    that improve the quality of public and private
    development decisions affecting people and
    places.
  • Planning embraces visionary and utopian thinking,
    yet also recognizes that the implementation of
    plans requires the reconciliation of present
    realities.

4
Purpose of Urban Planning
  • Promote the public good
  • Help meet human needs in a manner that enhances
    the quality and distribution of resources in the
    physical, social and economic environment and
  • Advocate an open, informed and inclusive public
    decision making process to reach rational
    decisions.

5
History
  • Lake Dwellers
  • Rome
  • Paris
  • Barcelona
  • Washington, DC
  • Chicago, IL

6
Rome
7
Paris
8
Washington, DC
9
Chicago, IL
10
Traditional Themes
  • Land Use
  • Environment
  • Transportation
  • Economic Development
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure

11
Land Use Map
12
Environment
13
Transportation
14
Economic Development
15
Housing
16
Infrastructure
17
Early Approaches
  • Dealt largely with how to create a healthy,
    attractive, efficient, and safe community.
  • Focused on forms, patterns, locations, and
    interrelationships of streets, public and private
    building sites, parks and recreation areas,
    shopping and industrial districts, etc.
  • Explored closely related legal and social issues
    like public control of land use and building
    height, bulk, and housing standards.

18
Modern Approaches
  • Embraces virtually all aspects of urban public
    administration
  • Environmental protection
  • Economic development
  • Crime prevention
  • Conflict resolution
  • Prevention of gender, racial, ethnic, and age
    discrimination

19
Current Examples
  • Portland, OR
  • Boulder, CO
  • Teton County, WY
  • Davis, CA

20
Portland, OR
21
Boulder, CO
22
Teton County, WY
23
Davis, CA
24
Traditional Planning Process
  • Rational Planning
  • Applies rational decisionmaking to planning
    process
  • Typical elements
  • goal setting,
  • Identification of policy alternatives,
  • Evaluation of means against ends, and
  • Implementation of decisions with feedback loops
    and repetition of steps

25
Rational Planning Process
  • Formulation of goals and objectives
  • Identification and design of major alternatives
  • Prediction of consequences of each alternative
  • Evaluation of consequences in relation to desired
    objectives and values
  • Decision based on information provided in the
    preceding steps
  • Implementation of decision
  • Feedback and assessment of results

26
Requirements for Rational Planning
  • Well defined problem
  • Alternatives to consider
  • Baseline information
  • Complete information about the consequences of
    each alternative
  • Information about the values and preferences of
    citizens
  • Adequate time, skill, and resources.

27
Alternatives
  • Incremental
  • Push and pull approach
  • Satisficing
  • Advocacy
  • Social justice
  • Radical
  • Grass roots

28
Legal Issues
  • Status of the plan
  • Relationship of the plan and the zoning ordinance
  • Jurisdictions

29
Problems
  • Scale
  • Participation
  • Representation
  • Equity
  • Sustainability
  • Economy
  • Natural systems
  • Politics
  • Values
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