Boating Skills and Seamanship - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Boating Skills and Seamanship


1
Boating Skills and Seamanship
  • Lesson 2
  • Equipment For Your Boat

2
Lesson Objectives
  • Safety Equipment
  • Require for the boat
  • Desired but not required by law
  • Legal responsibilities
  • U.S. Coast Guard Zero Tolerance
  • Dangers of substance abuse
  • U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary VSC program

3
Power Driven Vessels
  • Must Be
  • Documented
  • U.S. Coast Guard
  • Foreign travel
  • U.S. Citizen
  • Pleasure use only
  • Registered Check State Laws

4
Numbering of Vessels
  • Registration
  • Original must always be on-board
  • Number is on registration certificate
  • Permanently displayed on forward half of vessel
    on port and starboard side
  • Clearly visible

5
Registration Lettering
  • Read left to right
  • Proper spacing
  • BLOCK letters and numbers
  • 3 inches or greater
  • Contrasting color to hull

6
Hull Identification Number
  • Transom

ABC 45678 A4 84
Manufactures I.D. Code
Hull Serial Number
Date of Certification (optional)
7
Capacity/Compliance Plates
  • Manufacturers are required to put compliance
    PLATES on motorboats less than 20 feet

8
Ventilation Requirements
  • Many fires/explosions caused by gasoline fumes in
    enclosed engine/fuel compartments
  • Best detector Your NOSE!
  • Exhaust fumes can cause carbon monoxide poisoning
    detectors are available

9
Ventilation Requirements (cont)
  • Natural ventilation uses ram effect of motion
  • Powered ventilation uses blowers
  • Table 2-1 specifies type required

10
Natural Ventilation
11
Power Ventilation
12
Warning Label
  • WARNING
  • Gas vapors can explode. Before starting engine,
    operate blower for four minutes and check engine
    compartment bilge for gas vapors.

13
Backfire Flame Arresters
  • Required for inboard enclosed gasoline engines
  • Avoids carburetor backfire
  • Must be Coast Guard Approved or U 1 SAE type
  • Must be kept clean

14
Backfire Flame Arrester
15
Carbon Monoxide
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Primary source when boating
  • Engines, especially generators
  • Prevention
  • Turn off engines when activities at stern
  • Install detector
  • Underway, change direction periodically if
    traveling with the wind

16
Types of Fires
  • A - WOOD, PAPER, CLOTH
  • B OIL, GREASE, GASOLINE
  • C - ELECTRICAL

17
Types of Fire Extinguishers
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Liquid flashes to cold gas snow
  • Excludes Oxygen snuffs fire
  • Can cause asphyxiation
  • Dry Chemical
  • Sodium Bicarbonate when heated decomposes,
    absorbs heat and releases CO2 steam

18
Fire Extinguishers
  • Must be Coast Guard approved
  • Coast Guard Classification
  • B-1
  • B-11
  • Indicates weight of agent and type of fire

19
Types of Fire Extinguishers
  • Halon
  • Fixed systems
  • Liquid flashes to gas that inhibits combustion
    chain reaction
  • Can cause asphyxiation
  • Can degrade stratospheric ozone

20
Class B Extinguishers
  • Coast Guard Class B-I B-II
  • UL Listing 5B 10B
  • Carbon Dioxide (lbs) 4 15
  • Dry Chemical (lbs) 2 10
  • Halon (lbs) 2.5 10

21
Required of Extinguishers
22
Fire Extinguishers
  • All boats with inboard engines
  • Enclosed living space
  • Closed compartments where gas or
    combustible/flammable materials can be stored
  • Permanent fuel tanks
  • Length of 26 or more
  • Some boats with double bottoms

23
Life Jackets
  • MUST be Coast Guard Approved
  • Proper size
  • Boats lt 16 feet
  • One wearable for each person
  • Boats gt 16 feet
  • One wearable for each person
  • One throwable for the boat

24
Life Jackets (cont)
  • Wearable life jackets
  • Must be readily accessible
  • Throwable cushions or rings
  • Must be immediately available
  • ALL LIFE JACKETS, CUSHIONS RINGS MUST BE IN
    SERVICEABLE CONDITION

25
Life Jackets (cont)
Type I PFD
Type II PFD
Type III PFD
off shore life jacket
near-shore buoyant vest
flotation aid
Type IV PFD
Type V PFD
special use device
throwable devices
fully inflatable
26
Type I Offshore Jacket
  • 22 pounds flotation
  • Will turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational commercial
    vessels

27
Type II Near Shore Buoyant Vest
  • 15.5 pounds flotation
  • Will turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats

28
Type III Flotation Aid
  • 15.5 pounds flotation
  • Many special designs for water sports
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats
  • Includes some
  • inflatables

29
Type IV Throwable
  • Designed to be thrown, not worn
  • Must have as an additional device for boats 16
    feet or longer

30
Type V Special Use Hybrid
  • Special use Must be worn whenever vessel is
    underway to be legal
  • Hybrid Buoyant and Inflatable
  • Expensive
  • Old ones must be worn underway
  • Available as Type I, II III counterparts

31
Life Jacket Considerations
  • Each person, especially children, should be
    assigned a jacket
  • Jacket should fit and be adjusted
  • Jackets need to be readily accessible
  • Should be replaced if worn or damaged

32
Sound Producing Devices
  • Installed power horns
  • Portable air horns
  • Whistle
  • Hailer

33
Bell
  • Required for all vessels 12 meters and over (39.4
    feet) under inland rules, or 20 meters (65)
    over under international rules.

34
Visual Distress Signals
  • Day Night
  • Pyrotechnic Non-pyrotechnic
  • Coastal waters inland waters

35
VDS Non-Pyrotechnic
Day
Night
36
VDS Pyrotechnic
  • Daytime
  • Smoke
  • Dye
  • Nighttime
  • Hand Held Flares
  • Aerial Flares
  • Remember
  • Keep dry - short burn time
  • Use only when they might be seen

37
Marine Sanitation Devices (MSD)
  • Must be Coast Guard certified type I, II, or III
    (A B)
  • Look for pump out station symbol

38
Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon
(EPIRB)
  • What are advantages?
  • Can be rented

39
Other Equipment
  • Desired but not required

paddle
Dewatering devices
VHF-FM radio
First aid kit
Tools spare parts
Anchors lines
40
Skippers Duties
  • Responsible for
  • Safety of crew
  • Safety of boat
  • Damage from your wake
  • Remember the 3 Cs
  • Caution
  • Courtesy
  • Common Sense
  • Good Samaritan Clause

41
Accident Reports
  • Required when
  • A death is involved
  • Person missing
  • Injury requiring more than first aid
  • Property damage exceeds 2,000 (State limit may
    still be 500)
  • Reports used for collecting statistical data
  • Not made public

42
Pollution Control
  • Navigable waters within 3 nm of shore
  • Illegal to dump all garbage
  • 3 12 nm offshore
  • Illegal to dump garbage gt 1sq inch
  • Up to 25 nm offshore
  • Illegal to dump floatable packing, dunnage
    lining materials
  • Anywhere
  • Illegal to dump plastics

43
Pollution Control
  • Boats gt 26 ft must post placard that outlines
    restrictions

44
Substance Abuse
  • DONT

45
Auxiliary Safety Checklist
  • Numbering
  • Life Jackets
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Ventilation
  • Backfire Flame Arrester
  • Sound Producing Device
  • Navigation Lights

46
Auxiliary Safety Checklist (cont)
  • Visual Distress Signals
  • Fuel System
  • Anchor with Line
  • Paddle or Oar
  • Manual Pump or Bailer
  • Electrical Installation
  • Galley Installation

47
Summary
  • Registration Documentation
  • Numbering HIN
  • Ventilation
  • Required Equipment
  • Desired Extra Equipment
  • Skippers Duties
  • Pollution Control
  • Auxiliarys VSC Program
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Boating Skills and Seamanship

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... blower for four minutes and check engine compartment bilge for gas vapors. ... Smoke. Dye. Nighttime. Hand Held Flares. Aerial Flares. Remember. Keep dry ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Boating Skills and Seamanship


1
Boating Skills and Seamanship
  • Lesson 2
  • Equipment For Your Boat

2
Lesson Objectives
  • Safety Equipment
  • Require for the boat
  • Desired but not required by law
  • Legal responsibilities
  • U.S. Coast Guard Zero Tolerance
  • Dangers of substance abuse
  • U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary VSC program

3
Power Driven Vessels
  • Must Be
  • Documented
  • U.S. Coast Guard
  • Foreign travel
  • U.S. Citizen
  • Pleasure use only
  • Registered Check State Laws

4
Numbering of Vessels
  • Registration
  • Original must always be on-board
  • Number is on registration certificate
  • Permanently displayed on forward half of vessel
    on port and starboard side
  • Clearly visible

5
Registration Lettering
  • Read left to right
  • Proper spacing
  • BLOCK letters and numbers
  • 3 inches or greater
  • Contrasting color to hull

6
Hull Identification Number
  • Transom

ABC 45678 A4 84
Manufactures I.D. Code
Hull Serial Number
Date of Certification (optional)
7
Capacity/Compliance Plates
  • Manufacturers are required to put compliance
    PLATES on motorboats less than 20 feet

8
Ventilation Requirements
  • Many fires/explosions caused by gasoline fumes in
    enclosed engine/fuel compartments
  • Best detector Your NOSE!
  • Exhaust fumes can cause carbon monoxide poisoning
    detectors are available

9
Ventilation Requirements (cont)
  • Natural ventilation uses ram effect of motion
  • Powered ventilation uses blowers
  • Table 2-1 specifies type required

10
Natural Ventilation
11
Power Ventilation
12
Warning Label
  • WARNING
  • Gas vapors can explode. Before starting engine,
    operate blower for four minutes and check engine
    compartment bilge for gas vapors.

13
Backfire Flame Arresters
  • Required for inboard enclosed gasoline engines
  • Avoids carburetor backfire
  • Must be Coast Guard Approved or U 1 SAE type
  • Must be kept clean

14
Backfire Flame Arrester
15
Carbon Monoxide
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Primary source when boating
  • Engines, especially generators
  • Prevention
  • Turn off engines when activities at stern
  • Install detector
  • Underway, change direction periodically if
    traveling with the wind

16
Types of Fires
  • A - WOOD, PAPER, CLOTH
  • B OIL, GREASE, GASOLINE
  • C - ELECTRICAL

17
Types of Fire Extinguishers
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Liquid flashes to cold gas snow
  • Excludes Oxygen snuffs fire
  • Can cause asphyxiation
  • Dry Chemical
  • Sodium Bicarbonate when heated decomposes,
    absorbs heat and releases CO2 steam

18
Fire Extinguishers
  • Must be Coast Guard approved
  • Coast Guard Classification
  • B-1
  • B-11
  • Indicates weight of agent and type of fire

19
Types of Fire Extinguishers
  • Halon
  • Fixed systems
  • Liquid flashes to gas that inhibits combustion
    chain reaction
  • Can cause asphyxiation
  • Can degrade stratospheric ozone

20
Class B Extinguishers
  • Coast Guard Class B-I B-II
  • UL Listing 5B 10B
  • Carbon Dioxide (lbs) 4 15
  • Dry Chemical (lbs) 2 10
  • Halon (lbs) 2.5 10

21
Required of Extinguishers
22
Fire Extinguishers
  • All boats with inboard engines
  • Enclosed living space
  • Closed compartments where gas or
    combustible/flammable materials can be stored
  • Permanent fuel tanks
  • Length of 26 or more
  • Some boats with double bottoms

23
Life Jackets
  • MUST be Coast Guard Approved
  • Proper size
  • Boats lt 16 feet
  • One wearable for each person
  • Boats gt 16 feet
  • One wearable for each person
  • One throwable for the boat

24
Life Jackets (cont)
  • Wearable life jackets
  • Must be readily accessible
  • Throwable cushions or rings
  • Must be immediately available
  • ALL LIFE JACKETS, CUSHIONS RINGS MUST BE IN
    SERVICEABLE CONDITION

25
Life Jackets (cont)
Type I PFD
Type II PFD
Type III PFD
off shore life jacket
near-shore buoyant vest
flotation aid
Type IV PFD
Type V PFD
special use device
throwable devices
fully inflatable
26
Type I Offshore Jacket
  • 22 pounds flotation
  • Will turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational commercial
    vessels

27
Type II Near Shore Buoyant Vest
  • 15.5 pounds flotation
  • Will turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats

28
Type III Flotation Aid
  • 15.5 pounds flotation
  • Many special designs for water sports
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats
  • Includes some
  • inflatables

29
Type IV Throwable
  • Designed to be thrown, not worn
  • Must have as an additional device for boats 16
    feet or longer

30
Type V Special Use Hybrid
  • Special use Must be worn whenever vessel is
    underway to be legal
  • Hybrid Buoyant and Inflatable
  • Expensive
  • Old ones must be worn underway
  • Available as Type I, II III counterparts

31
Life Jacket Considerations
  • Each person, especially children, should be
    assigned a jacket
  • Jacket should fit and be adjusted
  • Jackets need to be readily accessible
  • Should be replaced if worn or damaged

32
Sound Producing Devices
  • Installed power horns
  • Portable air horns
  • Whistle
  • Hailer

33
Bell
  • Required for all vessels 12 meters and over (39.4
    feet) under inland rules, or 20 meters (65)
    over under international rules.

34
Visual Distress Signals
  • Day Night
  • Pyrotechnic Non-pyrotechnic
  • Coastal waters inland waters

35
VDS Non-Pyrotechnic
Day
Night
36
VDS Pyrotechnic
  • Daytime
  • Smoke
  • Dye
  • Nighttime
  • Hand Held Flares
  • Aerial Flares
  • Remember
  • Keep dry - short burn time
  • Use only when they might be seen

37
Marine Sanitation Devices (MSD)
  • Must be Coast Guard certified type I, II, or III
    (A B)
  • Look for pump out station symbol

38
Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon
(EPIRB)
  • What are advantages?
  • Can be rented

39
Other Equipment
  • Desired but not required

paddle
Dewatering devices
VHF-FM radio
First aid kit
Tools spare parts
Anchors lines
40
Skippers Duties
  • Responsible for
  • Safety of crew
  • Safety of boat
  • Damage from your wake
  • Remember the 3 Cs
  • Caution
  • Courtesy
  • Common Sense
  • Good Samaritan Clause

41
Accident Reports
  • Required when
  • A death is involved
  • Person missing
  • Injury requiring more than first aid
  • Property damage exceeds 2,000 (State limit may
    still be 500)
  • Reports used for collecting statistical data
  • Not made public

42
Pollution Control
  • Navigable waters within 3 nm of shore
  • Illegal to dump all garbage
  • 3 12 nm offshore
  • Illegal to dump garbage gt 1sq inch
  • Up to 25 nm offshore
  • Illegal to dump floatable packing, dunnage
    lining materials
  • Anywhere
  • Illegal to dump plastics

43
Pollution Control
  • Boats gt 26 ft must post placard that outlines
    restrictions

44
Substance Abuse
  • DONT

45
Auxiliary Safety Checklist
  • Numbering
  • Life Jackets
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Ventilation
  • Backfire Flame Arrester
  • Sound Producing Device
  • Navigation Lights

46
Auxiliary Safety Checklist (cont)
  • Visual Distress Signals
  • Fuel System
  • Anchor with Line
  • Paddle or Oar
  • Manual Pump or Bailer
  • Electrical Installation
  • Galley Installation

47
Summary
  • Registration Documentation
  • Numbering HIN
  • Ventilation
  • Required Equipment
  • Desired Extra Equipment
  • Skippers Duties
  • Pollution Control
  • Auxiliarys VSC Program
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