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Spatial Data Infrastructures, INSPIRE and eGovernment

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2008. Establishment of the INSPIRE Committee. X 3m. 2007. Entry into force of INSPIRE Directive ... Drafting Teams established in October 2005 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spatial Data Infrastructures, INSPIRE and eGovernment


1
Spatial Data Infrastructures, INSPIRE and
e-Government
Eva Pauknerova European Commission DG Joint
Research Centre
2
Outline
  • Definitions
  • Environmental Challenges and SDIs
  • INSPIRE
  • Directive, Process, Implementation Rules
  • Participation of stakeholders (SDICs, LMOs)
  • Focusing on the CEECs

3
Spatial Data Infrastructures ande-Government
Definitions
  • The Role of e-Government for Europes Future is
    defined
  • "the use of information and communication
    technologies in public administrations combined
    with organisational change and new skills in
    order to improve public services and democratic
    processes and strengthen support to public
    policies" COM (2003) 567
  • SDIs are defined as
  • frameworks of technologies, data, policies,
    institutional arrangements, and people aimed at
    increasing the availability, understanding, and
    use of spatial data and services to support
    policy, business, research, and society at large.
  • INSPIRE
  • Directive of the European Parliament and the
    Council establishing an Infrastructure for
    Spatial Information in the European Communityfor
    the purposes of Community environmental policies
    and policies or activities which may have an
    impact on the environment.

4
Bringing data and services together through a
Spatial Data Infrastructure
Data and services easily discoverable and
accessible to users
Easier development of new applications and
services
Like a road infrastructure makes it possible to
connect different places, a spatial data
infrastructure makes it possible to connect data
and services located at different sources
Components
5
Environmental sustainability, a key goal of the
EU
  • Member States agreed in Maastricht and Amsterdam
    Treaties to address environmental issues at EU
    level
  • Most environmental policies have strong spatial
    dimension
  • Marine thematic strategy
  • Thematic strategy on natural resources and on
    recycling
  • Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection
  • Thematic Strategy on Urban Environment
  • Proposal for Directive on control of pipelines
  • Integrated Coastal Zone Management
  • The revised forest monitoring regulation
  • Noise Directive
  • Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC)
  • European Action programme on flood risk management

6
Basing Policies on sound knowledge
  • Case-study of flood and drought forecasting and
    risk assessment Information needs
  • Meteorological
  • rainfall
  • temperature
  • evapotranspiration
  • Hydrological
  • river courses
  • cross sections
  • observed discharges and water levels
  • location of lakes, incl. size water levels
  • hydropower reservoirs, polders
  • Soil data
  • texture and depth to bedrock
  • soil hydraulic parameters
  • Land use data
  • type
  • coverage during the year
  • Population
  • Economic value of properties

70 of all fresh water bodies in Europe are part
of a trans-boundary river basin !!
7
Making environmental challenges visible
Coastal Erosion Source EUROSION Project
Forest Fire Risk Source JRC/IES
Sea Level trends in mm/y
Source JRC/IES
Source JRC/IES
Source Marcos Tsimplis, as quoted in JRC/IES
8
Understanding environmental issues in broader
context
  • Impacts of Flooding
  • In the period 1998-2002 floods comprised 43 of
    all disaster events in Europe
  • 100 major floods
  • 700 dead
  • Half a million displaced people
  • 25 billion Euros uninsured economic loss
  • Along the Rhine, 10 m people live in areas liable
    to extreme flooding, potential damage estimated
    at 165 bn. Euros
  • 101,000 kms of coastline, population doubled in
    last 50 years. Assets within 500 mt of coast
    500-1000 bn euros.

9
Environmental phenomena do not stop at national
borders!
  • 20 of the EU citizens (115 million) live within
    50 Kms from a border.
  • 60 million EU citizens live less than half an
    hour (25 kms) from a border

10
In Summary
  • Environmental Needs
  • Better information needed to support policies
    6EAP
  • Improvement of existing information flows
  • Diversity across regions to be considered
  • Revision of approach to reporting and monitoring,
    moving to concept of sharing of information
  • Situation in Europe
  • Data policy restrictions
  • Lack of co-ordination across borders and between
    levels of government
  • Lack of standards incompatible information and
    information systems
  • Existing data not re-usable fragmentation of
    information, redundancy, inability to integrate
  • Environmental data
  • 90 of is linked to geography
  • Out of 58 data components needed for
    environmental policy
  • 32 are multi-sectoral
  • 10 are related to other sectors
  • 16 are environmental only
  • These 32 components allow to
  • link different ENV themes together policy
    coherence
  • link with other sectors integration
  • source EEA

EC Proposal for a Directive establishing an
infrastructure for spatial information in the
Community INSPIRE
11
INSPIRE Directive General Provisions
  • INSPIRE lays down general rules to establish an
    infrastructure for spatial information in Europe
    for the purposes of Community environmental
    policies and policies or activities which may
    have an impact on the environment.
  • INSPIRE to be based on the infrastructures for
    spatial information established and operated by
    the Member States.
  • INSPIRE does not require collection of new
    spatial data.
  • INSPIRE does not affect existing Intellectual
    Property Rights.

12
INSPIRE Components
  • Metadata
  • Interoperability of spatial data sets and
    services
  • Network services (discovery, view, download,
    invoke)
  • Data and Service sharing (policy )
  • Coordination and measures for Monitoring
    Reporting
  • INSPIRE is a Framework Directive
  • Detailed technical provisions for the issues
    above will be laid down in Implementing Rules
    (IR)

13
INSPIRE Spatial Data Scope
  • Annex I
  • Coordinate reference systems
  • Geographical grid systems
  • Geographical names
  • Administrative units
  • Addresses
  • Cadastral parcels
  • Transport networks
  • Hydrography
  • Protected sites
  • Annex II
  • Elevation
  • Land cover
  • Ortho-imagery
  • Geology

Harmonised spatial data specifications more
stringent for Annex I and II than for Annex III
14
INSPIRE Thematic Scope
  • Annex III
  • Statistical units
  • Buildings
  • Soil
  • Land use
  • Human health and safety
  • Utility and governmental services
  • Environmental monitoring facilities
  • Production and industrial facilities
  • Agricultural and aquaculture facilities
  • Population distribution demography
  • Area management/restriction/regulation zones
    reporting units
  • Natural risk zones
  • Atmospheric conditions
  • Meteorological geographical features
  • Oceanographic geographical features
  • Sea regions
  • Bio-geographical regions
  • Habitats and biotopes
  • Species distribution
  • Energy Resources
  • Mineral resources

15
Metadata (example)
  • Member States shall create metadata and keep them
    up to date
  • Metadata shall include
  • Conformity with IR on interoperability
  • Conditions for access and use
  • Quality and validity
  • The public authorities responsible
  • Limitations on public access
  • Once Implementing Rules adopted
  • Created within 2 years for Annex I, II
  • Created within 5 years for Annex III

16
INSPIRE Roadmap (1/4 - example)Network Services
timeline pending Commission Decision
Bold means explicitly mentioned in the
directive, including a timing Bold italics
explicitly mentioned but without timing Italics
proposal for subdivision from what is mentioned
in the directive, including a proposed timing
17
From Commission proposal to Community Directive
implementation
  • Preparatory phase (2004-2006)
  • Co-decision procedure
  • Preparation of Implementing Rules 2005 2008
  • Transposition phase (2007-2008)
  • Directive enters into force
  • Transposition into national legislation
  • INSPIRE Committee starts its activities
  • Adoption of Implementation Rules by Comitology
  • Implementation phase (2009-2013)
  • implementation and monitoring of measures

18
Implementing INSPIRE
  • Needs to consider the broader context of existing
    national and international initiatives,
    practices, and standards which could contribute
  • Open participatory approach through Spatial Data
    Interest Communities (SDICs)
  • SDICs bundle the human expertise of users,
    producers and transformers of spatial
    information, technical competence, financial
    resources and policies. Many SDIC exist today,
    generally organised by region, thematic issue or
    sector (industry).

19
INSPIRE process 2005-2009
Commission Services co-ordinate
EC adopts
INSPIRE Expert Group advises
INSPIRECommitteevotes
Review
Implementing Rules
Draft Implementing Rules
Formal Internet Consultation
Existing Reference Material
Call for Interest
Consolidation Team
Drafting Teams
LMOsreview
Spatial Data Interest Communities participate
Association phase
Drafting phase
Review phase
20
Roles in the INSPIRE process
  • SDIC - Spatial Data Interest Communities
  • To collect and describe user requirements,
  • To submit/develop reference materials
  • To allocate experts to the drafting teams,
  • To participate in the review process,
  • To implement pilot projects
  • to test/revise/develop the draft Implementing
    Rules,
  • To contribute to cost/benefit analysis
  • to assess costs of the draft Implementing Rules,
  • To contribute to awareness raising and training
  • LMO - Legally Mandated Organisations
  • To collaborate within the SDICs, or autonomously
    in providing technical specifications
  • To help identify user needs
  • To contribute to the analysis of the technical
    and operational feasibility of implementation of
    proposed draft Implementing Rules
  • To provide feedback on the cost/benefit
    consequences of IR at MS level.
  • Tbc

21
Roles in the INSPIRE processcontinue
  • DTs Drafting teams
  • To analyse and review the reference material
  • To write draft INSPIRE Implementing Rules
  • To provide recommendations to the Consolidation
    Team, CT (EC) - in case of conflicting technical
    specifications
  • To provide suggestions to the CT for testing any
    proposed specification
  • Projects, pilots and prototypes
  • To develop representative use-case scenarios
  • To develop/test specifications for IR development
  • To demonstrate the feasibility and advantages of
    interoperability-based solutions
  • To acquire experience in implementing
    interoperability-based solutions
  • To determine cost and benefit of interoperability
    based solutions on the basis of real cases

22
Example of the participative process in IR
development
  • Call for experts March 2005
  • Drafting Teams established in October 2005
  • Draft IR for Metadata published on 2nd Feb. 2007
    based on requirement of Directive, review of
    existing material submitted by SDICS and LMOs,
    international standards, and drafting team
    knowledge.
  • Open for comments by SDICs and LMOs over an 8
    week period
  • Revised Draft to be published in the Summer 2007
  • Open for public consultation for an 8 week period
  • Commission develops its proposal based on all
    input received and submits to Regulatory
    Committee

23
Results of the call for ExpertsOpened on 1 March
2005Experts registered per country
24
CEECs in the INSPIRE development
  • Low participation at the beginning
  • Lack of delegated, supported and actively
    participating CEE Experts till now (exception
    PL)
  • An increasing interest in the INSPIRE process
    since 2006
  • 21 from 110 LMOs
  • 25 from 195 SDICs were registered in the CE
    Europe,
  • Their scope national (16), regional/local (3),
    international (6)
  • members from the CEECs in 40 international or
    pan-European SDICs
  • but a passive approach in many cases
  • Signals of change the recent Metadata IRs
    reviewing

25
Comments by SDICs and LMOs to the Metadata
Implementing Rules by country
In total 61 organizations provided 1250
comments. The contribution by SDICs and LMOs
balanced.
26
Conclusions
  • INSPIRE is a framework Directive with top-down
    Implementing Rules (IRs) developed, but
  • Bottom-up development of Implementing Rules
    through stakeholder participation
  • Open and transparent drafting and review of IRs
  • Pilots and Projects and LMOs play a key role in
    defining and validating the IRs
  • INSPIRE creates challenges but also opportunities
    for better informed policies and greater
    accountability at all levels.

27
Thank you for your attention
http//www.ec-gis.org/inspire/
Eva.Pauknerova_at_jrc.it
28
INSPIRE Roadmap (2/4)Network Services timeline
pending Commission Decision
29
INSPIRE Roadmap (3/4)Network Services timeline
pending Commission Decision
30
INSPIRE Roadmap (4/4)Network Services timeline
pending Commission Decision
31
Network Services
  • Member States shall operate a network of the
    following services available to the public for
    data sets and services for which metadata has
    been created
  • Discovery services No charge
  • View services No charge (exceptions)
  • Download services
  • Transformation services,
  • Services allowing spatial data services to be
    invoked
  • - Access to services may be restricted
  • - Services shall be available on request to 3rd
    parties under conditions
  • - INSPIRE Geo-portal shall be established
    Member States geo-portals

32
Interoperability of spatial data sets and
services
Implementing Rules shall be adopted for
interoperability and where practical for
harmonisation of spatial data sets and services
  • Harmonised data specifications
  • Annex I, II, III
  • definition and classification of spatial objects
  • geo-referencing
  • Annex I, II
  • common system of unique identifiers for spatial
    objects
  • relationship between spatial objects
  • key attributes and corresponding multilingual
    thesauri
  • how to exchange the temporal dimension of the
    data
  • how to exchange updates of the data.
  • 3rd parties shall have access to these
    specifications at conditions not restricting
    their use
  • User requirements, existing standards, and
    cost-benefit considerations to be taken into
    account in developing the IRs
  • Cross-border issues shall be agreed on

33
INSPIRE Data Sharing Policy
  • Member States shall adopt measures for the
    sharing of data and services between public
    authorities for public tasks relating to the
    environment without restrictions occurring at the
    point of use.
  • Public authorities may charge, license each other
    and Community institutions provided this does not
    create an obstacle to sharing.
  • When spatial data or services are provided to
    Community institutions for reporting obligations
    under Community law relating to the environment
    then this will not be subject to charging.
  • Member States shall provide the institutions and
    bodies of the Community with access to spatial
    data sets and services in accordance with
    harmonised conditions.

34
INSPIRE geoportal
  • Scope
  • To provide an operational platform to satisfy the
    requirements of the INSPIRE directive and IR
  • Implementing Rules
  • No IR required, dependent on the IR development
  • Achievements
  • Access to distributed catalogues (OGC CSW 2.0
    spec), supports real time, and harvesting
  • View Services (OGC WMS)
  • Partner in GEOSS Clearinghouse demo and
    development
  • Next Steps
  • Alignment of metadata, discovery and view
    services to INSPIRE draft IR
  • Multi-lingual
  • Download services (incl. security)
  • Registries

35
25 SDICs from Central and Eastern Europe
  • SDICs with contact points in the CE MSs of the EU
    (21)
  • National (12)
  • BG Solar-Terrestrial Influences Laboratory
     -STIL-BAS
  • CZ Czech Association for Geoinformation  - CAGI
  • CZ CAGI GeoMetaInformation WG - CAGI-meta
  • HU Spatial Data Interest Community HUNAGI  -
    SDIC-HUNAGI
  • LT Management Team of the Lithuanian
    Geo-Information Infrastructure project - LGII  
  • PL Association of Polish Surveyors  - APS
  • PL EMI Sp. z o.o. EMI ltlt LMO
  • PL Mine Cartography Information System
    MICARIS
  • PL Polish Association for Spatial Information
     - PASI
  • PL Polish Geological Institute - geological
    and hydrogeological survey of Poland PGI
  • SK  National Spatial Data Infrastructure of
    Slovak republic - GEONET.SK
  • SK Slovak Association for Geoinformatics  -
    SAGI  
  • Regional/Local (3)
  • BG Development of network of settlements -
    DevNetSet
  • CZ Geomatics, University of West Bohemia  - GEM
  • EE Tallinn City Government - TCG  
  • To continue

36
SDICs from Central and Eastern Europe
  • SDICs with contact points in the CE MSs of the EU
    continue
  • International (6)
  • BG Association for Geospatial Data in South-East
    Europe  - AGISEE
  • CZ Open standards based geospatial services
    development implementation - OGESDI
  • CZ SDI for rural activities  - RurSDI
  • HU The Regional Environmental Center for Central
    and Eastern Europe - REC  
  • HU European WG for the implementation of the
    soil thematic strategy - SoilStrat   
  • SI SDI development in South-East Europe  
    GISDATA
  • SDICs from the EU East-Neighbor Countries (4)
  • MO Moldavian NSDI  - NGIS
  • UA Participants of the project  GICMS Lviv
    (Ukraine)
  • UA System of geospatial ensuring temporary
    association of Ukraine - SGSETAU
  • UA Ukrainian WG for the implementation of
    remote sensing data and technologies in the
    State Monitoring Environmental System
    UkrCosmoGIS
  • CEEC Membership in 40 International SDICs

37
21 LMOs from Central and Eastern Europe
  • BG Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Institute of
    Water Problems gtgt SDIC
  • CZ CENIA, Czech Environmental Information
    Agency 
  • CZ Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and
    Cadastre 
  • EE Estonian Environment Information Centre
  • EE Maa-amet, Estonian Land Board (in EN)
  • HU Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and RS
  • HU OMSz - Hungarian Meteorological Service
  • LT National Land Service of Lithuania
  • LT State Enterprise Center of Registers (SECR) 
  • LV Latvian Association of Local and Regional
    Governments gtgt SDIC
  • LV Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology
    Agency
  • LV State Land Service of the Republic of
    Latvia 
  • PL Institute of Geodesy and Cartography 
  • SI Environmental Agency of the Republic of
    Slovenia 
  • SI Surveying and Mapping Authority of the
    Republic of Slovenia 
  • SK Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Authority
    of the Slovak Republic- GCCA 
  • SK Slovak environmental agency 
  • SK Statistical Office  ltlt SDIC
  • RO INSPIRE Working Group 
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