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USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic


for your wise choice to become a better USA Hockey Coach ... Star Tribune. USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program. Tribune article: Pertinent questions ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic

USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic
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Welcome and Congratulations ...
for your wise choice to become a better USA
Hockey Coach
Intermediate Level Clinic Schedule
Offensive Team Tactics Defensive Team
Tactics Planning practices goal
setting Question Answer
Registration Welcome/Introductions Clinic
goals Coaching Skills Fitness Development
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Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Leadership
  • setting pre-season meetings with players/parents
  • organizing tryouts fair, appropriate, outcome
  • organizing, planning, and conducting practices
  • creating discipline and setting rules
  • taking control of the team pre, during, post

Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Motivation
  • internal and external
  • external is our job to develop
  • positive reinforcement praise, build confidence
  • look for the coachable moment
  • is it when you and the player are upset?
  • practice
  • pull the player aside, explain what happened,
    offer solution
  • game
  • keep it short, fairly positive, and focus on
  • praise effort even in failure sandwich effect

Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Discipline
  • personal conduct of coach will influence team
  • set rules early on to make life easier later on
  • have parents and players sign rule list
  • expect cooperation during practice
  • on time, prepared, do drills correctly and with
  • correct mistakes quickly and fairly
  • expect cooperation during games
  • on time, dressed when they need to be
  • control emotions and show respect for opponent
    and officials
  • players are positive when mentioning teammates

Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Teaching skill development
  • development begins and ends with repetition!
  • choose effective and variety of drills for each
  • correct when mistakes are made
  • teach skill effectively
  • teach individual components
  • practice total skill after

Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Teaching team systems
  • systems are only an outline or guide
  • teach to read and react
  • comes with experience and practice
  • should maximize strengths and minimize weaknesses
  • break down systems and teach components
  • expect mistakes and confusion early on

Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching
  • Communication
  • covered extensively in Level 2
  • other tips
  • discuss goals and concerns on a regular basis
  • talk informally with players on a regular basis
  • keep it open at all times
  • Game day
  • keep pre-game talk short (max 3 points)
  • be under control on the bench
  • correct dont criticize
  • summarize game at the end

Four Main Areas of Development in Players
Differences in Development
Areas of development are interrelated Different
rates of development in each area for each
player There may be differences between and
within players in their levels of physical,
mental, social, and emotional development
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physical, mental, social, and emotional?
physical, mental, social, and emotional?
physical, mental, social, and emotional?
physical, mental, social, and emotional?
Make the Athletes Feel Accepted
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Tribune article Pertinent questions
  • What issues in this article are issues for youth
    hockey as well?
  • What was the most offensive of these issues to
  • What can we do as coaches to see that the kids
    who come to us have a good experience playing
  • What are the major issues facing youth hockey
    coaches today?

How do you deal with these at your coaching level?
  • Playing time equal, almost equal, best get
  • Winning and losing
  • Motivation list 5 ways you do this
  • What does discipline mean?
  • Dealing with unreasonable parents
  • list 3 common problems and solutions

Issues to be discussed how do you deal with
  • Dealing with players that are often uncoachable
  • Dealing with the puck hog, the Prima Donna
  • Weakest player on your team?
  • You have a young, weaker team. What are ways
    that you can make it a good season?
  • Two goaltenders?

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Three Important Fitness Components
Endurance Muscular Strength Endurance Power
Key to muscular improvements
Overload principle!!!
Training muscles at an intensity above the level
that they are accustomed to for the development
of strength, size, and endurance
Key to muscular improvements
Overload principle!!!
Ways to provide overload resistance load sets
reps rest periods frequency type of exercise
  • Specificity of Training
  • example explosive sporting event
  • train using explosive movements!!!
  • faster contractions may also lead to gt strength!
  • Hockey
  • practice like you play!
  • drill emphasis
  • short (lt1.5 min), require quick bursts of speed
  • allow for recovery

Activities For Developing Endurance
Involve large muscle groups
Designing the resistance training program
Preparation Phases
  • General pre-preparation phase
  • 6-8 weeks
  • general conditioning for tolerance to training
  • Preparation phase
  • First phase of formal training
  • Set intensity to allow
  • 3-4 sets, 12-15 reps, 1-2 min rest
  • high volume, low intensity
  • Then on to strength phase!

Off-Ice Strength Activities for 9-12 Year Old
Off-Ice Strength Training Activities for 13-16
Year Old Players
  • Circuit Training
  • complete stations that combine strength
  • circuits alternate between upper and lower body
  • 1 set of 10-15 reps for each, 30 sec rest
  • repeat 2-3 times in 30 minutes

Strength Training for older groups
  • Choice of exercises
  • 8-10 exercises/1 per body part
  • arms, shoulders, chest, abs, back, hips, legs
  • choose based on single vs.. multi-joint
  • Progression of exercises large to small muscles
  • Sets minimum of 1-2 sets to start
  • Repetitions minimum of 8-12 reps
  • Frequency 2-3 days per week
  • Proper breathing ROM

Muscular Power
  • Power phase
  • resistance allows for
  • 5-6 sets, 1-4 reps, 3-4 min rest
  • optimize rest for max effort in power training
  • plyos are included for speed specificity
  • squat jumps
  • skate jumps
  • line jumps
  • side lunges
  • Russian Box
  • medicine ball tosses

Exercise Nutrition
Carbohydrates and Performance
  • CHO goals for diet
  • at least 58 of total Kcals
  • provides for adequate muscle storage
  • athletes diets have been shown to be 50 CHO
  • too low for most
  • Endurance performance
  • improved by a diet high in CHO
  • hockey????
  • most research done during prolonged exercise

CHO pre-exercise
  • 1-4 hours before exercise
  • improve performance by elevating blood sugar
  • avoid the sensation of hunger
  • provide adequate hydration
  • Content
  • mostly complex carbohydrates
  • 1-5 grams CHO/kg body weight

CHO during exercise
  • Adequate pre-exercise nutrition
  • no need to ingest CHO for exercise lt 90 min
  • good for hockey
  • Gatorade not needed!

CHO during exercise
  • No difference between solid liquid
  • use what you trained with!!
  • liquid form may promote better hydration
  • Use solutions that leave stomach faster
  • 6 CHO solutions or lt with low fructose
  • Gatorade
  • important for hydration (1 L/hr)!

Optimizing CHO stores after exercise
  • Goal replenish CHO stores!
  • Optimal CHO ingestion 0.7 g/kg/hr
  • Simpler the better for CHO
  • Gatorade-type drink may be good
  • Ingest ASAP!
  • within 2 hrs

Protein requirement for training
  • Average protein intake is 1.5 g/kg/day
  • enough to meet requirements w/o supplements!
  • Resistance training
  • 1.2 g/kg/day for maintaining strength

Let's move on to hydration issues!
Preventing dehydration
  • During exercise
  • duration less than 1 hour
  • water only
  • duration greater than 1 hour
  • water plus electrolyte
  • maybe CHO
  • flavored drink may work better with kids
  • may help get them to drink
  • studies show kids dont drink enough
  • even when H2O is readily available

Considerations for Hockey
  • Suggestions
  • know signs/symptoms of dehydration
  • drink water before, during, after game
  • dont rely on thirst response
  • encourage H2O during practice
  • condition them to drink during games
  • consider flavored drinks for youth
  • for overall hydration
  • just as good as H2O!!

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Offensive Principles
Pressure Can Be Accomplished By
good forechecking system utilizing
speed overloading zone with D-man help
Puck Control Can Be Accomplished By
Support Can Be Accomplished By
following your pass is key! create passing lanes
for teammates
Offensive cross
  • Forces a decision by the defenseman
  • who to play?
  • Initiated by puck carrier or teammate
  • establish outside position if possible
  • Force defenseman laterally

Pass to open space
  • Hard to defend, cant block passing lane well
  • Permits player to pick up puck at speed

Transition Can Be Accomplished By
Counter Attack
timing must be good on regroup counter
General offensive play offensive zone
  • 1 man drives to net!
  • 1 man in slot, stick ready for shot or tip, or as
  • Release puck quickly everywhere
  • D-men dont take too much time, dump in if you
    have to
  • Shoot the puck when in the scoring zone
  • the extra pass can sometimes kill ya!

General offensive play offensive zone
  • Dont pass blindly from behind net
  • often will move out of zone or create odd-man
  • if pressured, try to shoot at goalies skates
  • Shoot while moving or accelerating
  • back up the D and use as a screen
  • Take good angles on the forecheck
  • Odd man breaks get a shot on net!
  • set man high

General offensive play neutral zone
  • If men are covered
  • dump puck in if they are moving forward (last
  • pass back to defense, regroup and re-attack
  • Dont stickhandle past opponent if mates are
  • limit moves at offensive blue line to prevent
  • Forwards without puck keep moving to space
  • find or create space for yourself and passing
  • what you do determines what the puck carrier can
  • Never go off-sides straddle line or cut behind

General offensive play power play
  • Extra man
  • defensive zone player goes to center line
  • offensive zone in front of net
  • Have set plays to get out of your zone
  • Use 4 men in to get puck into offensive zone
  • create movement to free up space
  • Use the points keep shots low and use a screen
  • Key to successful power play
  • move puck quickly or you move with puck quickly
  • allows for more chances in scoring zone

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Four Defensive Tactics
Four Defensive Areas of Concern
Defensive Pressure Can Be Accomplished By
pursue on backcheck keep man outside pursue in
def. zone take good angles Pressure causes
Stall / Contain Can Be Accomplished By
maintain half a zone gap tighter with
backcheckers coming loose without (fade and stall)
Defending a 2 on 2
  • Stay in lanes coming in zone
  • Switch on players if crossing
  • DO NOT pursue
  • stay in lanes change jobs
  • Force bad angle shot

2 on 2 coverage in high in zone
  • Close gap on puck carrier fast
  • 2nd defenseman sags down
  • covers player in other lane

2 on 1 moving through mid ice
  • Keep middle position and match speed
  • Be ready to close gap on puck carrier to slow
  • keep loose to start
  • Dont let off-wing behind you for pass

2 on 1 in defensive zone
  • Gradually slow speed to delay play
  • Force poor shooting angle
  • force outside and give to goalie
  • prevent pass to off-wing
  • tie up off-wing on rebound
  • Play puck carrier if you go deep
  • play any drop passes

Overall zone play Sagging
  • Puck is deep
  • players covering furthest away
  • move in a little deeper
  • helps increase coverage in prime scoring area

General defensive play backchecking
  • Backcheck by picking up off-side forward first
  • take the man to the net if outside your D-man
  • let man go if cutting in front of D-man
  • stay on inside of your man and make contact
  • If 2 forwards are back
  • take up outside lanes so D-men can stand up at
    blue line
  • Pick up trailer in offensive zone
  • Maintain lanes and pick-up open man

Defensive zone play team
  • Defense is a matter of team pride
  • effort and energy are matters of will
  • Keep play outside
  • Centers help out with net coverage
  • Off-side wing helps with mid-high slot

General defensive play defenseman
  • Think D first O when in control of puck
  • Head up, play the man and finish your check
  • especially after opponent makes a pass
  • Net coverage
  • leave only when an open man is in direct threat
    to score
  • head up and facing up ice
  • move head to watch play in corner, keep body
  • dont get too tied up with man
  • push opponent away if shot from point

General defensive play defenseman
  • Dont get beat in the corners
  • keep your feet moving at all times
  • Communicate with your partner
  • Head man the puck quickly
  • dont try to beat a guy if you are the last man
  • look-move-look-pass on breakouts
  • Turn in the same direction as the puck is dumped
  • dont turn your back

General defensive play defenseman
  • Having difficulty with pressure
  • freeze or ice
  • avoid rink wide passes and through slot
  • No blind passes, the man MUST be there
  • Dont shoot puck around the boards
  • unless a man is there
  • Never go backwards in your defensive zone
  • Forwards dont leave to early in defensive zone

General defensive play penalty kill
  • Force play in opponents zone, keep moving!
  • Pick up a lane in neutral zone, man or not
  • Never leave the defensive zone
  • Cover slot well for cross passes
  • Force the play in defensive zone until opponent
    gets organized
  • Man in the box replaces missing forward on ice

Session 6 Practice Planning Goal Setting
Purpose of session
start thinking of importance of practice
planning share ideas on practices planning
strategies see how other coaches run an
effective practice set meaningful achievable
Let the online USA Hockey Coaching Planner assist
you in planning your practice, season, and player
Practice Planning Exercise
  • Possible practices to develop
  • first practice of the year
  • solid skills practice
  • practice to emphasize offensive skills
  • practice to emphasize defensive skills
  • practice before the big game of the year
  • practice after a big loss to a good team
  • practice after being beaten by a weaker team
    (poor effort)
  • last practice before play-offs

Goal setting
  • Set some preliminary short term long term goals
  • Basic goal setting principles
  • make short-term long-term goals
  • realistic practical, but challenging!
  • will serve as framework for season
  • make these goals measurable!

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Main Topics Covered
Coaching Skills Fitness Development/Nutrition Offe
nsive Team Tactics Defensive Team
Tactics Practice Planning/Goal setting
Its a Great Day for Hockey
Bob Johnson
On the completion of the USA Hockey Level 3
Coaching Education Program Clinic!
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