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I'R' Iran UNDAF Annual Review Outcome 4'2

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Iran is prone to many of major disasters particularly earthquake, ... Establishment of UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Iran: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: I'R' Iran UNDAF Annual Review Outcome 4'2


1
I.R. Iran UNDAF Annual Review Outcome 4.2
In the name of God
  • Strengthened Disaster Risk Management at National
    and Local Level

2
  • Risks
  • Iran is prone to many of major disasters
    particularly earthquake, floods and drought
  • Iran is one of the most urbanized nations among
    the developing countries
  • Floods are twofold comparing with 1960s
  • Construction methods are poor
  • Every 2-3 years one major earthquake occurs
  • Iran ranks second after Armenia in terms of
    number of deaths due to earthquakes between
    1980-2000
  • (UNDP World Report Reducing Disaster Risk a
    Challenge for Development published in 2003)

3
  • Opportunities
  • Effective disaster management system exists
  • Extensive experience in managing response to
    disasters
  • National disaster management plan enacted
  • Technical knowledge and scientific tools are
    available
  • Middle income country and available resources

4
UNDAF is really an opportunity for the
Government for strengthening its capacity for
DRM.
  • Substantial amount of joint UN/Government effort
    is needed to assess the vulnerabilities and
    reduce risks rather than just dealing with
    consequences of disasters

5
UN System report on its programmes for achieving
outcome 4.2
  • Improvement of coordination for DRM
  • Strengthened United Nations Disaster Management
    Team (UNDMT), for promoting a concerted and
    coordinated disaster and disaster risk management
    and closer work and support to the Govt. of I.R
    Iran.
  • Establishment of UN Office for the Coordination
    of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Iran
  • One focal point for coordination related to
    disaster management, to improve liaison and
    partnership with the Government and other UN
    partners in DRM
  • Acting as a reference for disaster related
    information in I.R.Iran

6
  • Improvement of coordination
  • Prepared United Nations Disaster Management Plan
    (UNDMP) 10th revision. Plan for UN system for
    coordinating international response to disasters
    in Iran available on http//www.un.org.ir/Disaster
    _Management_Plan.asp
  • Establishment of UN Disaster Management Center in
    UN common Premises (No.39, Shahrzad Blvd.,
    Darrous, Tehran)
  • Serious acknowledgment of the leading role of the
    Government for response to disasters and
    international aid coordination

7
UN Agencies Main Programmes for DRM in I.R.I
  • UNDP
  • Golestan Flood Recovery Programme
  • Supporting a coordinated UN system response to
    the Bam earthquake and participatory
    reconstruction plan through a community-based
    information and communications strategy and aid
    to handicapped
  • Restoration of Water Supply Infrastructure
    Systems for Earthquake Affected Smallholder Date
    Palm Plantations in Bam district
  • Sustainable Housing Reconstruction Programme in
    Bam through Community Mobilization and
    Participation
  • Community-based development and Institutions
    Building for Sustainable income Generation and
    Poverty Alleviation

8
  • Five-year programme for Strengthening Capacities
    for Disaster Risk Management in Iran including
    three main components
  • to develop and make disaster risk and risk
    management information easily accessible
  • National Urban earthquake Risk Management
    Programme in Kerman and Gorgan and starting a
    national UNV programme for DRM in Iran
  • to facilitate knowledge networking in the area of
    disaster risk management in the Central and
    Southwest Asian region.
  • Total available resources including spent funds
  • USD 5,993,166 (3.4 million fund gap to be raised)

9
  • UNFPA
  • Provision of reproductive health and sanitary
    supplies, instruments and equipment
  • Health and reproductive health training for
    Health staff
  • Pre-marriage trainings for couples as well as
    counseling on RH issues  
  • Protection of Women and Girls
  • Preparation of  reports on the situation of the
    women and girls in Bam,
  • Gender networks
  • Training classes towards RH education, skill
    development, and vocational training)
  • In the 2005-2009 strategic 5-year emergency
    project, UNFPA will seek to ensure
  •      Iran has a National RH in Emergencies Plan
    of Action (NRHEPA)

 
10
  • All relevant aspects of RH response are covered
    by protocols and guidelines
  •      Iran has trained and equipped
    Rapid-Response Teams (RRT) of RH-related
    specialists active in all provinces throughout
    the country 
  • Hospital, PHC and all other relevant
    health-related staff have received protocols and
    training on RH in emergencies
  •      Iran has a center with a capability of
    developing a "living" database on RH and other
    health aspects of disasters, data analysis,
    training and policy evaluation.  This includes
    defining the profile of a Center capable of
    ensuring database, GIS, training, policy and
    evaluation on RH in emergencies
  •      Strategic stockpiling of RH materials and
    commodities and training of logisticians and
    warehouse managers
  • Total available resources including spent funds
  • 4.5 million  including 3.3 million fund gap for
    further resource mobilization

11
UNHCR
  • ? Provision of 120 prefabricated shelters
    including emergency relief items to Afghan
    refugee survivors of Bam earthquake.? Provision
    of one time financial assistance to the
    vulnerable Afghan refugee survivors of Bam
    earthquake.? Supply of emergency relief items
    to flood victims in Sistan Baluchestan. ?
    Provision of emergency relief items to the
    survivors of the earthquake in Zarand.?
    Provision of one technical expert and four staff
    members as well as emergency relief items.
    Total available resources including spent funds

12
  • UNESCO
  •  
  • Support to Micro-zonation Survey in the Bam area.
  • Bam model school complex to be implemented in
    other parts of the country (with IFRC) to be
    started Sep 2006.
  • Rehabilitation of Citadel of Bam.
  • Production of materials for upgrading public
    awareness on earthquake risk and supporting
    inter-country exchange of experience in this
    regard.
  • Total available resources including spent funds

13
  • UNICEF
  •  
  • Promotion and establishment of child friendly
    schools.
  • Promotion of health and hygiene in schools.
  • Empowerment of technical skills of teachers.
  • Strengthening the available capacities for
    disaster response.
  • Initiative of child friendly cities.
  • Total available resources including spent funds

14
  • UNIDO
  •  
  • Support for reactivation and establishment of
    micro and small women and youth enterprises in
    Bam with entrepreneurial and technical training
    using E-learning.
  • Safety and hygiene of date farmers in Bam.
  • Total available resources including spent funds

15
  • WHO
  •  
  • Monitoring the progress of reconstruction of
    health facilities.
  • Provision of medical equipment and Ambulances.
  • Trainings for health staff in the filed.
  • Diseases surveillance.
  • Bam health city Programme.
  • Total available resources including spent funds

 
16
  • General Discussions
  • Maximum 35 Minutes
  • QUESTIONS
  • The appropriateness of the outcome among other
    national priorities?
  • What are the main challenges for achieving the
    Outcome 4.2 in Iran?
  • The areas which can be improved for achieving
    UNDAF Outcome 4.2 from the Government and UN side

17
  • Review of the presentation by the Govt.
    Representative on DRM and the links with UNDAF
    Outcome 4.2
  • Institutional Arrangements
  • Main National Programmes
  • Resources
  • Main Challenges
  • Future Plans and Programmes

18
  • Challenges
  • Need to develop capacities for Programme
    Management in DRM field specially in local
    levels,
  • Concerted and coordinated work among the
    Government and UN agencies and their partners
    from other sectors (civil society, academia,
    research institutes, private sector, development
    actors and international partners)
  • Using information technology and advocacy tools
    for DRM
  • Need to translate the existing knowledge and
    capacity at national levels on DRM into practice
    at local levels
  • Partnership with all stakeholders at horizontal
    and vertical levels for DRM (national and
    international)

19
 Recommendations
  • Coordination
  • Joint mock drills and update the UNDMP
  •  Organize training and briefing workshops on
    UNDMP
  • Definition of modalities for the maintenance of a
    closer contact between the Government and
    international community during major disasters
    (joint regular meetings between NDTF and UNDMT)
  • Establishment of International relation desks and
    nomination of focal points in disaster management
    organizations

20
 
  • Capacity Building
  • Development of integrated information systems and
    equipping communication networks through
    organizing and managing reliable meteorological
    and climate databases and information networks
  • Maximum use of UNDP Five year Programme for
    developing capacities for DRM Facilitating
    Access to Information for DRM
  • Joint use of available technologies, in
    particular communication technologies to
    facilitate information exchange at national and
    international levels
  • UN Radio system
  • NDTF Website and Email communication

21
  • Joint UNDAC workshop and other capacity building
    events on DRM with UNDMT and the Government
    authorities
  • Joint workshops on project management
  • More use of available tools for better
    international coverage of disasters in Iran
  • Prepare the national plan for international aid
    coordination in integration with the NDMP
  • It should include clear definition and standards
    for categorizing natural disasters and dimension
    of required international response (Minor,
    Middle and Major disasters, responsible bodies,
    roles, timelines, procedures, mechanisms and
    tools etc)

22
  • Monitoring
  • Joint review meetings for monitoring, evaluation
    of UNDAF programmes including analysis of
    partners capacities
  • Capture and institutionalize lessons learned of
    DRM programmes
  • Establish a Forum/Network for information sharing
    and networking (among UN agencies, government,
    civil society) on HDRM management issues
  • Establish an information portal on disaster risk
    indicators ( in close coordination with the
    Government and civil society institutions) to
    enhance the capacity for monitoring progress
    achieved in DRM
  • (roster of institutions, experts, and advocates
    in the field of DRM)

23
  • Partnership
  • More regional cooperation in disaster management
  • Form sustainable partnership with South countries
    with experience in DRM
  • Establishing closer contacts with research
    institutes, universities and benefiting from
    their cooperation in research and developing
    national modules for training of different target
    groups in DRM
  • Support small national NGOs and charities to
    build their capacities for DRM and make
    partnership with them to increase outreach to the
    communities, reduce the burden of DRM on the
    Gov. and increase the sustainability of the DRM
    within the communities
  • Invite Forum/Network members to participate in
    the joint meetings and build closer partnership
    with all actors

24
  •    Organize advocacy events in close cooperation
    with Network members Joint advocacy events
    including
  • Workshops
  • Interviews with media (Radio, TV and press)
  • Publication of a brochures on activities for
    achieving outcome 4.2
  •         

25
What are the next steps To assign a working
group to finalize an action plan including the
main responsible partner, the timeline and the
resources and share it with the group in one
month and monitor the implementation of the
action plan by the present partners every six
months
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