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Geoffrey Chaucer

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At 14, became a Page in the home of Prince ... Celebrity Poet ... jobs including attendant to Queen Anne, justice of the peace, and clerk of the king's works ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geoffrey Chaucer


1
Geoffrey Chaucer
  • Background for
  • The Canterbury Tales

2
Geoffrey Chaucer
3
1327 Edward III crowned King
4
Born 1341(?) in London
  • Parents John and Agnus Chaucer
  • Father was a wine merchant
  • Family was upper middle-class

5
Chaucers Education
  • Studied at St. Pauls Grammar School
  • Logic
  • Latin Grammar
  • Classical Roman works such as Seneca
  • French
  • Learned Arithmetic from his father

6
Chaucer and the Royal Family
  • At 14, became a Page in the home of Prince Lionel
    and his wife Elizabeth
  • Makes friends with Lionels younger brother John
    of Gaunt, who became his lifelong patron
  • Continued his education, and learned the ways of
    the Nobility

7
Chaucer and the French Invasion
  • In 1359, Chaucer goes into service of a Knight,
    carrying lances, dressing the Knight in armor
  • On March 1, 1360, the French captured Chaucer
  • Edward III paid a ransom for Chaucers release
  • By May 1360, Chaucer returned home

8
Marriage
  • By 1367, Chaucer worked in the household of
    Edward III
  • A year later, he had the title Esquire
  • Chaucer married Philippa Roet, a lady-in-waiting
    of the Queen
  • The Chaucers had three children Katherine,
    Thomas, and Lewis

9
The French Period
  • Chaucer became a diplomat in France for the royal
    family of England
  • In June, 1374, the king appointed Chaucer as
    controller of customs
  • Studied French court poetry and translated French
    poetry into English
  • Chaucer wrote The Book of the Duchess using
    techniques from French poetry

10
The Italian Period
  • A diplomatic trip to Italy exposed Chaucer to
    Italian literature and poets Dante, Boccaccio,
    and Petrarch
  • Italy was a leader in European commerce as well
    as the arts
  • The Italians read literature in their own
    language in England, people read either Latin or
    French

11
Celebrity Poet
  • For reading a poem at court in 1374, Chaucer was
    granted a gallon of wine per day for the rest of
    his life
  • For his diplomatic service, he was allowed to
    live in Aldgate rent free for life
  • The king had an elegant red robe made for Chaucer

12
This house, like Aldgate, was built as part of
the city gate
13
King Richard II
  • On June 26, 1377, Edward IIIs 10 year old
    grandson Richard crowned king
  • Chaucer negotiated Richards marriage proposal to
    Bohemian princess Anne
  • Chaucer served Richard II in many official jobs
    including attendant to Queen Anne, justice of the
    peace, and clerk of the kings works

14
Italian influence
  • Chaucer adapted Italian techniques to his poetry,
    but wrote in English. Works include Parliament
    of Fowles and Troilus and Criseyde
  • Resigned from the Kings works after he was
    robbed and left without his horse

15
The Canterbury Tales
  • Started writing it in the 1380s
  • Uses a frame device so that he could write a
    variety of tales
  • Setting is April, with the pilgrims leaving the
    Tabard Inn for Canterbury
  • Tavern keeper Harry Bailley was a real person

16
The Pilgrims leave…
17
The Tabard Inn
18
A London Street…
19
Canterbury Cathedral
20
Beckets Murder Site
21
Site of Beckets Shrine
22
The Knights Tale
23
Chaucer buried at Westminster Abbey
24
Chaucer died October 25, 1400
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