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IEEE Conf' Mechatronics

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Title: IEEE Conf' Mechatronics


1
IEEE Conf. Mechatronics Robotics 2004Aachen,
14 September 2004
Towards European Innovation 2010 Policies
Research Dr Rosalie Zobel, Director IST
ResearchEuropean Commission, Brussels
2
Presentation outline
  • Challenges objectives
  • European policies to support innovation
  • European RD activities
  • The complementary roles of research policy
  • Robotics and Mechatronics in IST FP5 FP6
  • Conclusions

3
A year of challenges for Europe
2004
  • May04 Enlargement 10 new Member States
  • June04 A new European Parliament A European
    Constitution
  • July04 A new Commission President
  • Nov04 A new Commission

4
Policy challengesThe European Union in 2004 and
beyond
EU-15 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Netherlands, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,
UK
EU-15 citizens 370 million GDP 8,500
bn EU-25 citizens 445 million GDP 8,860 bn
EU-25(since 1 May 2004)Cyprus, Czech Rep.,
Estonia,Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta,
Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia
joining after 2006 Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey
joining after 2006 Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey,
Croatia
17 brain gain
5
Europes vision Policies for innovation
6
ICT- a driver of innovation
7
eEurope 2002 ActionPlan
Objective to get Europe on-line
Objective New EU Member States Candidate
Countries on-line
eEurope 2003 Action Plan
Objective e-services on secure broadband
infrastructure
eEurope 2005 Action Plan
2002
2003
2005
2010
2004
. . .
Lisbon Agenda 2010
Mid-term review ofLisbon
8
eEurope 2002Achievements
Within 2 years
  • Internet penetration in homes doubled to 43
  • 90 of companies schools connected
  • Europe has worlds fastest research backbone
    network GEANT
  • Internet access prices fell
  • Telecom framework in place
  • eCommerce legal framework in place

9
Focus
eEurope 2005Action Plan
  • 1. Policy Measures
  • Modern on-line public services
  • e-government, e-learning, e-health
  • A dynamic eBusiness environment
  • legislation, SMEs, e-skills, interoperability,
    trust confidence, the .eu company
  • A secure information infrastructure
  • cybersecurity task force, culture of security,
    ...
  • Broadband
  • spectrum policy, broadband for less-favoured
    regions, multi-platform content, ...
  • 2. Good Practices Development, Analysis
    Dissemination
  • 3. Benchmarking
  • 4. Co-ordination mechanism for e-policies
  • 5. Financing

http//europa.eu.int/eeurope
10
eEurope 2005How it is implemented
  • Commitment by Member States
  • e.g. to adopt national broadband strategies by
    end 2003
  • A co-ordination mechanism
  • eEurope Steering Group involving Member States
    and stakeholders
  • Benchmarking
  • set of indicators to assess and compare Member
    States progress
  • Exchange of good practices
  • thematic conferences and workshops involving
    national regional stakeholders
  • Open public consultation

Open Method ofCo-ordination
11
Knowledge economy challenges
Complexity products,supply chains
Partnershipscompetenceresource optimisation,
risk sharing, focus on core competencies
Boundary-lessorganisation organisational
networking, managing distributedresources
operations
Securitydigital rights assets, cyber-threats
Managing knowledgeinformation, skills, customer
relationships, innovation
12
eEurope objectiveInformation security
... protecting the backbone of the Information
infrastructure
13
ENISAEuropean Network Information Security
Agency
since 1 July 04
Objectives
  • To improve functioning of the Internal Market
  • To help Member States EU reach a high level of
    information security
  • To prevent respond to network and information
    security problems
  • To serve as a centre of expertise


Tasks
  • Advisory co-ordinating functions
  • Awareness raising and co-operation
  • Promotion of risk assessment methods
  • Follow standardisation efforts
  • Contribute to the development of a global approach

http//www.enisa.eu.int
14
Creating a favourable environmentfor innovation
15
Labour productivity 2002 (GDP per hour worked)

16
ICT a driver of productivity
Investments in ICTcontribute half of
Europes productivity gains
  • More research in ICT
  • Build critical mass at European level avoid
    duplication of effort
  • Reinforce Europes strengths to achieve
    industrial and technological leaderships
  • Adopt a systems approach
  • To support multidisciplinarity
  • To leverage multi-stakeholder synergies
  • Focus on medium to long-term objectives

ICT in FP7 Strategy paper - forthcoming
17
European agenda for entrepreneurship
  • Fuel entrepreneurialism
  • Promote entrepreneurship for young people
  • Entrepreneurship education in all schools
  • Encourage more people to become entrepreneurs
  • Reducing the stigma of business failure
  • Facilitating family business transfers (legal,
    taxation etc.)
  • Social security schemes for entrepreneurs
  • Entrepreneurs aiming at growth competitiveness
  • Fast-growing enterprises
  • Support women ethnic minority entrepreneurs
  • SMEs to network, internationalise open up to
    knowledge economy
  • Improve flow of finance
  • Institutional financing (securitisation) risk
    capital
  • SME-friendly regulatory administrative
    framework
  • Ease administrative regulatory burdens, tax
    compliance state aid rules

Open Method ofCo-ordination
Communication COM (2004)70 final, 11 February
2004 Action Plan The European agenda for
Entrepreneurship
18
European RD efforts
19
Challenge for EuropeThe competitive race to
knowledge
Investment in RD 1995, 1998 2001
20
RD intensity in 2001
  • EU average still lags behind investments of
    Japan US
  • But EU figures are growing, slowly though
  • A large variety across EU Member States
  • Significant catch-up race of some laggards

21
Towards 3 of GDP for RD by 2010
Open Method ofCo-ordination
  • EU Member States progress jointly
  • coherent development of national European
    policies
  • common vision for development deployment of key
    technologies
  • coherent mix of policy instruments
  • Improving public support to research innovation
  • human resources (researcher careers, mobility,
    scientists from 3rd countries)
  • public research base links with industry
  • better mix of public financing instruments
    their effectiveness
  • Improving framework conditions for investment in
    RD
  • IPR protection, product regulations
    standardisation, competition rules, fiscal
    environments etc.
  • Corporate research strategies, management
    financial reporting

Communication COM (2003)226 final, 4 June 2003
Investing in Research. An Action Plan for Europe
22
New PhDs in science engineering 2001
per 1000 populationaged 25-34
In bracketsave. annual growth rate () between
1998-2001
23
Evolution of share of world publications
byEU-15, US and Japan
24
FP6 content budget
  • Focusing Integrating Community Research
  • Life sciences, genomics, biotech 2,255 M
  • IST (100 M Géant/GRID) 3,625 M
  • Nanotechnologies, knowledge-based materials, new
    processes 1,300 M
  • Aeronautics and space 1,075 M
  • Food quality safety 685 M
  • Sustainable development, ... 2,120 M
  • Citizens governance 225 M
  • ST needs, SMEs, INCO 1,300 M
  • JRC non-nuclear research 760 M
  • Structuring ERA
  • Research innovation 290 M
  • Human resources 1,580 M
  • Research infrastructures(200 M Géant/GRID) 655
    M
  • Science society 80 M
  • Strengthening ERA foundations
  • Support to co-ordination 270 M
  • Support to policy developmt 50 M
  • Nuclear Research (mainly fusion) 1,230 M

13,345
2,605
320
1,230
17,500 M
25
Towards Innovation 2010 Information Society
Technologies (IST)
Communications, Computing Software
Components Microsystems
26
Who is involved in IST
  • Attractive RD
  • High subscription success rate 16
  • Industrial focus
  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Pan-European
  • Large small companies academic research

27
IST activitiesIntelligent systems
Mobilecommunications
Healthapplications
Consumergoods
Intelligent products
Manufacturing
Cars
Airplanes
Implantablehealth monitoring device
Intelligent sub-systems
Microarrayprinthead
Lab-on-chip
new semiconductordevices
photonic devices
Nano-MOS
Intelligent components
28
IST activitiesAppealing people-centred services
2010
  • Productivity
  • reducing complexity
  • efficiency
  • transparency
  • Participatory
  • individualised
  • ubiquitous
  • intuitive
  • protective
  • Organisation
  • public/private interdependence
  • institutional innovation
  • responsiveness
  • good governance

Business
Internet
  • Skills for the knowledge society
  • European service integration
  • interoperability
  • cultural specificities
  • legal regulatory policy

29
Some IST research successes
  • Europes mobile telecoms industry market
  • Advantage through early agreement fostered under
    ACTS Programme (GSM)
  • Europes semiconductor industry
  • ST Microelectronics, Infineon, Philips
    semiconductor on top 10 list
  • 5 European suppliers in top 10 wafer processing
    equipment list (VLSI Ranking 2003)
  • Worldwide recognition for Europes microsystems
    technology
  • Breakthroughs in gas-, bio- automotive sensors
  • Invention of field-emission display technology
  • Embedded systems
  • Worlds 1st  x-by-wire  system developed
  • Worlds 1st fault-tolerant architecture for
    safety-critical applications

30
Robotics in IST-FP 5 - Areas
  • Health Monitoring
  • Aid to Persons with Special Needs
  • Risk Management (Demining)
  • Transport and Tourism

Systems and services for the citizen
Multimedia content and tools
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Cognitive Vision Systems
  • Software Systems
  • Simulation and Interfaces
  • Micro- and Nano-Systems

Essential technologies and infrastructures
  • FET general
  • Neuro-informatics
  • Life-like Perception Systems

Future Emerging Technologies
31
Action Lines in IST-FP 5 related to Robotics
  • Data fusion and smart sensor technologies for
    Humanitarian Demining
  • IST solutions that improve speed, safety and
    efficiency of humanitarian de-mining
  • 8 projects, 16 million Euro EC funding
  • Neuroinformatics for living artefacts
  • synergies between Neurosciences and ICT that
    enable the construction of hardware/software
    artefacts that live and grow
  • 9 projects, 14 million Euro EC funding
  • Life-like perception systems
  • integrated perception-action systems that are
    inspired by the sophistication of solutions
    adopted by living systems
  • 6 projects, 10 million Euro EC funding
  • Cognitive Vision systems
  • develop robust cognitive vision systems acquiring
    and using knowledge for decision making.
  • 8 projects, 17 million Euro EC funding

32
Robotics in IST-FP6Beyond Robotics Initiative in
FET
Cognitive robots
Hybrid bionic systems

NoE EURON
IP COGNIRON
Robot ecologies

IP NEUROBOTICS
IP I-SWARM
33
Robotics in IST-FP6 Beyond Robotics Initiative
in FET
  • Call results - 4 projects, 22 million Euro EC
    funding
  • IP 002020 COGNIRON - The Cognitive Robot
    Companion.
  • To study the perceptual, representational,
    reasoning and learning capabilities of embodied
    robots in human centred environments
  • NEUROBOTICS-The Fusion of Neuroscience and
    Robotics for Augmenting Human Capabilities.
  • To develop new integrated robotic artefacts
    interfaced with human body and brain.
  • IP 507006 I-SWARM Intelligent Small World
    Autonomous Robots for Micro Micro-Manipulation.
  • To build a swarm consisting of a huge number of
    heterogeneous robots, differing in the type of
    sensors, manipulators and computational power.
  • NoE 507728 EURON European Robotics Network.
  • The objectives are fivefold (1) Research
    Coordination, (2) Joint Programme of Research,
    (3) Education Training, (4) Industrial Links,
    (5) Dissemination

34
Robotics in IST-FP6Cognitive Systems
  • Objective
  • To construct physically instantiated or embodied
    systems that can perceive, understand (the
    semantics of information conveyed through their
    perceptual input) and interact with their
    environment, and evolve in order to achieve
    human-like performance in activities requiring
    context- (situation and task) specific knowledge.
  • Focus
  • Methodologies and construction of robust and
    adaptive cognitive systems
  • Estimated funding 25 M
  • Main target interdisciplinarity!

Proposals evaluated in November 2003 Projects
started Summer 2004
35
Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS)
  • Multilateral international co-operation agreement
    (10 yrs, up to mid 2005)
  • Regions involved are Europe, Australia, Canada,
    Japan, Korea, Switzerland and the USA
  • Assists formation of international research
    consortia to address industrial, manufacturing
    and organisational RD challenges
  • Provides a framework for the protection of the
    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - foreground
    background
  • IMS implementation in Europe is through the EC
    Framework Programme
  • FP6 the IST priority and NMP priority will
    jointly support IMS

36
IMS Multi-dimensional, global collaboration
37
IMS RTD Areas
  • IMS RTD Areas
  • Total Product Life Cycle Issues
  • Process Issues
  • Strategy / Planning / Design Tools
  • Human / Organisation / Social Issues
  • Virtual / Extended Enterprise Issues
  • Areas 1 and 2 are related to Mechatronics

38
OOONEIDA
Open Object Oriented Intelligent Industrial
Automation

flexible and open integration and configuration
of embedded intelligence in industrial
automation systems
Objective
  • Agenda
  • Architecture-centric approach to industrial
    embedded systems design
  • Embedded software and open tools that allow for
    time- and cost-effective specification, design,
    validation deployment of intelligent
    mechatronics devices
  • Exploration of the application of OOONEIDA
    engineering methodologies and tools to broader
    engineering fields
  • More Infos http//www.oooneida.org/

IMS Project
39
REMUNE
Emergence of telecommunications embedded
applications (VoIP, IN, GPRS, UMTS, etc.)
Complex software development tool chains
General Purpose OSs
IMS Project
REMUNE
Need for specialised development and execution
environments, addressing the emerging
requirements of the telecommunication
applications, based on mature and proven
technology
REMUNE develops and validates through industrial
test-beds an advanced Real-Time Operating System
and Development Environment, supporting
multimedia and networking solutions for embedded
applications in product-service systems.
http//www.solinet-research.com/remune/
40
NOE Intelligent Manufacturing Systems
  • Project Objectives
  • To provide forum for discussion
  • To debate trends developments relevant to IMS
  • To widen the IMS Community
  • To disseminate project results
  • To map IMS expertise
  • Thematic areas addressed
  • Digitally supported engineering of manufacturing
    systems
  • Manufacturing scheduling control in the
    Extended Enterprise
  • The healthy human in intelligent manufacturing
  • Benchmarking and performance measuring
  • Sustainable products processes
  • Co-operative engineering of virtual products

41
Joint Call 2 SO Products and Services
Integrating Technologies for Fast Flexible
Manufacturing
To support European leadership inengineering
manufacturing

Objective
  • RD
  • Innovative Mechatronics and advanced control and
    networking of embedded systems for dynamic
    reconfiguration of complex manufacturing
    processes
  • Multidisciplinary and dynamic work environments
    facilitating multi-stakeholder involvement and
    life cycle management of manufacturing systems,
    products and services
  • Innovative approaches to customisation
    fulfilment, logistics and maintenance via mobile
    miniature and wireless devices or smart tags
  • Funding 60 M
  • Instruments IP, STREP (radical innovation,
    international cooperation, IMS), SSA
  • Submission Deadline 15.10.2004

intl RDcollaboration (IMS)
42
RD policy objectives 2010
  • Accomplish
  • the European Research Area
  • 3 objective (2/3 private investment, 1/3 public)
  • Pursue European industrial policy in highly
    competitive sectors
  • Information technology, communications,
    biotechology, nanoelectronics, aeronautics,
    hydrogen energy
  • Provide European added value
  • Critical mass of resources in growth areas
  • Strengthening excellence through competition
    collaboration in key areas of growth, e.g.
    microelectronics, telecoms, biotech aeronautics
  • Catalytic effect on national initiative and
    improving co-ordination of activities in Member
    States

Communication COM(2004)353 final, 16 June 2004
Science Technology. The key to Europes future
43
Proposed elements of future EU research (FP7)
6
  • Collaborative research
  • continuation of FP6
  • European technological initiatives
  • private-public partnerships aiming at world
    leadership in certain RD domains
  • Basic research
  • competition of individualresearchers/teams
  • Making Europe more attractive to best researchers
  • Researcher mobility schemes
  • Research infrastructures
  • Research networking infrastructures
  • ERA Improving co-ordination of national
    research programmes


2
  • Security research
  • Space research

Doubling EU resources for research
COM(2004)101 final of 10 Feb 2004 Policy
challenges and budgetary means of the Enlarged
Union 2007-2013
44
European Technology PlatformsTechnological or
sectoral
  • Providing the means to foster effective
    public-private partnerships
  • between the research community, industry,
    financial institutions, users policy-makers
  • to mobilise the research and innovation effort
    and facilitate the emergence of lead markets in
    Europe

Communication COM (2003)226 final, 4 June 2003
Investing in Research. An Action Plan for Europe
45
Example 1Nanoelectronics Platform
  • Identified
  • Need to contribute to a European nanoelectronics
    strategy with a vision 2020
  • Need to establish a roadmap broader than the
    existing ITRS
  • Need to make recommendations to policy

1
1st High-Level Meeting June 2003
2
Define a Strategic Research Agenda
Goal set To establish a long-term vision for
nanoelectronics in Europe
identify major challenges, objectives,
stakeholders, resources, implementation paths,
timetables, socioeconomic impact ethical issues
3
46
Example 2Embedded Systems Platform
  • Embedding intelligence everywhere
  • consumer electronics, mobile devices, automotive,
    avionics, telecoms, manufacturing automation,
    medical devices, ...
  • Drivers
  • Miniaturisation and anywhere/anything
    connectivity
  • Convergence consumerisation
  • What is at stake for Europe
  • Huge growth potential
  • EU industry currently in leading position
  • BUT
  • Industry under huge competitive pressure
  • Complexity becomes unmanageable
  • Difficult technological challenges
  • Skills gap
  • EU research landscape fragmented

ARTEMISAdvanced Research Technology for
Embedded Intelligent Systems http//www.cordis.lu
/ist/directorate_c/ems/
47
Embedded Systems Platform (2)
  • Objective
  • To achieve world leadership in intelligent
    systems
  • powered and enabled by state-of-the-art embedded
    IT
  • common framework for strategy, policy and RD
  • Challenges
  • Technology
  • Complexity, design productivity, programmability,
    interoperability
  • Business and society
  • Open new markets (products, applications,
    services)
  • Society-scale applications
  • Structural
  • Co-ordinated approach to funding (incl. Eureka)
  • Education and training, multidisciplinarity in
    skills (h/w, s/w, control, networking, )
  • Research infrastructure (Centres of Excellence,
    Centres of Competence)
  • Standards, certification, open source

48
eSafetyObjectives achievements
  • Objective
  • To accelerate the development, deployment and use
    of new technologies for increasing road safety in
    Europe
  • Launched 25 April 2002
  • eSafety High-Level Meeting
  • A joint industry-public sector initiative
  • e.g. European Commission, EU Member State
    governments, industry
  • Complementary to other measures

49
Research Policy
  • Policy objectives
  • Increase RD investment to 3 of GDP by 2010
  • Build Europes knowledge base ERA - the single
    market for research
  • Build on Europes online capabilities
    (eEurope2005)
  • Make Europe more competitive (e.g. Innovation
    Scoreboard, Entrepreneurship, ...)
  • Strategic research
  • FP6 focus resources on a few strategic areas
    (e.g. new instruments, focused work programme
    2005-2006, prepare next calls, ...)
  • Prepare FP7 (e.g. build constituencies, identify
    RD domains)
  • Launch European Technology Platforms

50
Research policy to address Europes challenges
  • Improve innovationculture/promote legal
    regulatory framework
  • Invest in RD(3 objective)
  • Engage in intl co-operation for win/win
  • Globalisation ?
  • Outsourcing ?
  • Brain drain ?
  • Skills gap ?

51
Conclusions
  • Europe is on its way to the Information Society
  • Significant progress made
  • Efforts need to increase to reinforce each
    other
  • Enabling higher economic growth
  • Reinforcing european Leadership
  • Development of new strengths in emerging areas
  • Exploiting synergies, building ERA
  • Meeting societal demands
  • Underpinning Research and Innovation
  • Competing in a global industry
  • Robotics and Mechatronics an important element of
    this strategy

52
For further information
  • Web
  • http//www.cordis.lu/ist
  • http//europa.eu.int/eeurope
  • http//europa.eu.int/comm/research/index_en.cfm
  • http//www.euron.org
  • http//www.neuro-it.net
  • E-mail Rosalie.Zobel_at_cec.eu.int
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