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Removal of 'the need for a father' Creation of a National Bio-Ethics Commission ... The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority ' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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One Bill Too Many
Human Fertilisation and Embryos Bill 2008
  • Animal-Human Hybrid Embryos (human admixed
  • Creation of Saviour Sibling Babies,
  • Removal of the need for a father
  • Creation of a National Bio-Ethics Commission
  • Attempts to be made to further extend the
    abortion laws

Key Arguments About The Proposals
  • 2.2 million human embryos created for IVF and/or
    experiments since 1990
  • Not a single cure or therapy anywhere in the
    world using embryonic stem cells
  • 80 therapies and 350 clinical trials using adult
    stem cells
  • Prison sentences of 10 years in other countries
    for doing what we permit.
  • Animal-human hybrids cross species and cross a
    new line.

Warnock Committee -1986 special status of the
embryo respect
Destructive Experiments on the Human Embryo
Since 1990 over two million human embryos
destroyed or experimented upon in UK human
cloning made legal.
What we knowwhen life begins
Scientific Opinion
Nature Magazine July 2002 Your destiny from
day one Your world was shaped in the first 24
Hours after conception. Where your head and feet
would sprout, and which side would form your back
and which your belly, were being defined in the
minutes and hours after sperm and egg united.
Life should be protected from the very outset
Experimentation Paved The Way For Therapeutic
Cloning Which Paved The Way For Animal Human

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It is cannibalistic to breed a human being, only
to kill it, disembowel it and impregnate
something with it Hubert Hueppe, Deputy
Chairman German Reichstag Committee
Do we need to do it? Are there ethical

And there are alternatives to embryo
experimentation and cloning
  • It is simply a lie to suggest that those who
    oppose experimentation and cloning are
    anti-science or in favour of suffering and pain
  • Proponents are cultivating a mass deceit
  • Good science and good ethics must march hand in

Support the alternatives
Simply not accurate to say that embryonic stem
cells have an immediate therapy potential.
Professor Neil Scolding, Frenchay Hospital,
Bristol, UK Adult stem cells offer far greater
potential for cures Dr.Phil Jones, Oxford
University as much if not more therapeutic
potential than those derived from embryos
Dr.Michael Antoniou, head of nuclear biology at
Guys Hospital, London
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Evidence To Parliament On Animal Human Hybrids
  • Dr Lovell-Badge said
  • I cannot think of a good experiment to do now
    but I am sure someone will think of a good
  • Professor Bobrow said
  • We are also not aware of any pressing scientific
    reasons at the moment for creating such entities,
    but who knows what tomorrow might bring?
  • Professor Smith said
  • At the present time we have not been able to
    identify such a particular reason
  • to make true hybrids
  • but that does not mean that they do not already
    exist and that there are not people already in
    the scientific community who would have
    appropriate grounds or that they would come along
    in the future.

Scientific Evidence To Parliament
  • The new Nobel Laureate, Sir Martin Evans, who
    originally discovered mouse embryonic stem cells
    a couple of decades ago, recently said
  • The writing is on the wall for stem cell
    research that depends on using human embryos.
  • Sir Liam Donaldson, Chief Medical Officer, said
    in his evidence Parliament, on 6 June 2007,
    concerning true hybrids
  • There was no clear scientific argument as to why
    you would want to do it, and, secondly, a feeling
    that this would be a step too far as far as the
    public are concerned.

A Step Too Far
An Ethical AlternativeNew Scientist December
15th 2007
  • the method, which involves inserting genetic
    material that makes the cells development run
    backwards, opens the door to stem cells specific
    to patients, which could be used to repair
    damaged organs or fight diseases such as
    Parkinsons and diabetescrucially, all without
    the need to destroy human embryos.

Professor Shinya Yamanaka
  • When I saw the embryo, I suddenly realized
  • this was after he looked down his microscope
  • there was such a small difference between it and
    my daughters ... I thought, we cant keep
    destroying embryos for our research. There must
    be another way.

An ethical alternative
  • Many sources of stem cells, cord blood in current
  • Umbilical cord blood most promising for future
    and readily available
  • New branch of science and medicine
  • The therapy of the 21st century

The Hunt Test
  • the 1990 Act already provides the answer to the
    question of what happens if and when research
    into adult cells overtakes research using
    embryos embryonic research would have to stop
    because the use of embryos would no longer be
    necessary for that research.Official Report,
    22/1/01 col. 120.

Bill also permits creation of Saviour Siblings
  • The Bill does not limit which tissue can be used
    in the treatment of a sibling ... and the Human
    Tissue Authority must approve any transplants
    involving organs from living donors and for
    children who are too young to give
    consent.Official Report, 21/11/07 col. 869.
  • Deleted organs inserted other tissue
  • Life threatening becomes serious

Saviour Siblings and Tissue Typing
  • Morbidity rates and mortality rates high
  • Psychological and emotional pressure
  • Tissue typing is a life sentence
  • The end gameof Dr Simon Fishel, the IVF expert,
    is looking forward to creating kidney donors. He
    is an HFEA peer reviewer, an external examiner
    and an inspector. Clearly, therefore, we would be
    imprudent simply to rely on the HFEA to stop
    embryos being tissue typed to create organ or
    part-organ donors.
  • Alternatives cord blood, umbilical cord.

O Brave New World.
  • In 1623, in The Tempest, Shakespeare crafted a
    line that is spoken by Miranda 300 years later
    it was used, ironically, by Huxley.Miranda is
    taken in by what she thinks is the beauty of
    mankind and explains
  • O brave new world that has such people in it.
  • However, she does not realise that those wondrous
    people have, of course, killed her father. There
    is nothing brave and nothing good in breeding
    babies in order to raid their bodies and risk
    their lives

Fiction Becoming Fact
  • In 1943 C.S Lewis published his prophetic
    polemic, The Abolition of Man, and, in 1945, his
    futuristic work, That Hideous Strength. He
    foresaw what he described as technological
    brutalism, just as Huxley foresaw a world
    populated from vast hatcheries and peopled with
    entities with intelligences ranging from alpha to
    epsilon. Even before Lewis and Huxley, in 1896,
    HG Wells published The Island of Dr Moreau. Dr
    Moreau, who specialised in creating animal-human
    hybrids, says
  • I went on with this research just the way it led
    me ... I have never troubled about the ethics of
    the matter.
  • Instructively, Lord Feverstone, the creator of
    the National Institute for Coordinated
    Experiments in That Hideous Strength and a
    fictional Member the House of Lords, says that
    his aim is Quite simple and obvious things, at
    firststerilization of the unfit, liquidation of
    backward races ... selective breeding.
  • Ultimately, he will create A new type of man.
  • Is This What We Want?
  • To sleep-walk into provisions that might have
    irreversible effects, and to do so in the absence
    of a legislative, ethical and regulatory
    framework, would be a dereliction of our duty.

The Burglar and The Watchdog
  • The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority

difficult for anyone who believed in the
sanctity of human life from fertilisation to be
appointed to the HFEA.
The need for the creation of a National
Bio-Ethics Commission
Attempt to be made to extend the Abortion Act
  • Removal of the two doctors requirement
  • Nurses and midwives forced to undertake abortions
  • GPs surgeries to be used for abortions
  • No change to upper time limit
  • Act to be extended to Northern Ireland

What is it we permit?
Since 1967
7 Million abortions in the UK 187,000
annually 600 every working day 98 performed
under the social clause
What we permit but what the Broadcasters rarely
allow you to see
The feet of a 10 week old aborted child
A child aborted at 11 weeks
A child aborted at 24 weeks
A child aborted at 21 weeks
Dr.K.S.Anand and others new evidence on Foetal
Pain. Channel Four Despatches, October 2007.
  • Whereas evidence for conscious pain perception
    is indirect, evidence for the subconscious
    incorporation of pain into neurological
    development and plasticity is incontrovertible.
    Scientific data, not religious or political
    conviction, should guide the desperately needed
    research in this field. In the meantime, it seems
    prudent to avoid pain during gestation.

What We Know - when life begins
What we know when life begins

The unborn baby at 18 weeks gestation
When We Know when life begins.
What is it we permit?
Since 1990
Abortion up to birth on the handicapped Up to 24
weeks gestation on the able bodied
Revd. Joanna Jepson
What is it we permit?
  • 26 abortions for cleft palate have taken place
    since 1995, two of which were after 24 weeks.

Samuel Armas, born 2003 Surgeon Dr.Joseph Bruner
Samuel and Zachary - 2006
What we believe
For you created my innermost being You knit me
together in my Mothers womb. I praise you
because I am fearfully and wonderfully made Your
works are wonderful I know that full well. My
frame was not hidden from you When I was made in
the secret Place. When I was woven together in
the depths of the earth, Your eyes saw my
unformed body. All the days ordained for me were
written in your book Before one of them came to
be. Psalm 139 13-16.
What we believe
  • 'it is impossible to view abortion as anything
    other than the deliberate termination of a human
  • Rowan Williams,
  • Archbishop of Canterbury

What we believe
Moral issues like abortion and euthanasia, which
had always been subject to an overriding sense of
the sacredness, or otherness, or givenness of
life, are now reduced to property rights the
right freely to dispose of what one owns, from a
foetus to a life. Dr. Jonathan Sacks, the
Chief Rabbi of the UK.
What we believe
Life is the most beautiful gift of God. That is
why it is so painful to see what is happening
today in so many places around the world life is
being deliberately destroyed by war, by violence,
by abortion. I have often said, and am sure of
it, that the greatest destroyer of peace in the
world today is abortion. -Mother Teresa of
What We believe
  • Destruction of the embryo in the mothers womb
    is a violation of the right to live which God has
    bestowedThe simple fact is that God certainly
    intended to create a human being and that this
    nascent human being has been deliberately
    deprived of his life. And that is nothing but
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer

What They Believe
1935 No society should allow the diseased,
the racially-negligent, the careless, the
feeble-minded, the very lowest and worst members
of the community to produce innumerable tens of
thousands of warped and inferior infants.
Marie Stopes
What We Can Do

Intelligently Inform Ourselves and Take A Stand
What We Can Do Promote The Alternatives
What We Can Do
Vote For Life G E T I N V O L V E D
What You Can Do
The person who saves a single life saves the world
Gods Challenge
I have set before you life and death, blessings
and curses. Now choose life, that you and your
children may live. - Deuteronomy 3019