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Title: Lhasa Protests Rioting in Tibet


1
Lhasa Protests / Rioting in Tibet
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Riots in Tibet
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Lhasa Burns
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Lhasa
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Tibetan Rioters Beat Man on Motorcycle
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vJZLzKBvvGMgfeatur
erelated
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CBS News Web Coverage of Events in Tibet
http//search.cbsnews.com/?sourcecbsqtibetx18
y12
23
The View from China
  • CCTV-1 Coverage
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vD9AGr0A_i18feature
    related
  • Hong Kong ATV Coverage
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vYksbHSwcAe8feature
    related

24
Shangrila
25
Recent History and Media Coverage
  • Michael Parenti on Tibet http//tuyweiy.spaces.li
    ve.com/blog/cns21DFCE0D11C5AE50F821411.entry
  • Penn Teller
  • http//vids.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseactionvids.
    individualvideoid4328870
  • Aggregated Media Coverage of Tibetan Unrest
    https//docs.google.com/View?dociddggh5mp6_73fvdx
    t4c9

26
Tibet Besieged, Apple Daily Hong Kong
27
Rebellion in Lhasa More than a Hundred Dead,
Oriental Daily, Hong Kong
28
Singtao
29
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30
Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China
Article 4. All nationalities in the People's
Republic of China are equal. The state protects
the lawful rights and interests of the minority
nationalities and upholds and develops the
relationship of equality, unity and mutual
assistance among all of China's nationalities.
Discrimination against and oppression of any
nationality are prohibited any acts that
undermine the unity of the nationalities or
instigate their secession are prohibited. The
state helps the areas inhabited by minority
nationalities speed up their economic and
cultural development in accordance with the
peculiarities and needs of the different minority
nationalities. Regional autonomy is practised in
areas where people of minority nationalities live
in compact communities in these areas organs of
self- government are established for the exercise
of the right of autonomy. All the national
autonomous areas are inalienable parts of the
People's Republic of China. The people of all
nationalities have the freedom to use and develop
their own spoken and written languages, and to
preserve or reform their own ways and customs.
31
Dongxiang Minority
However, according to legends and historical
data, the Dongxiangs probably originated from the
Mongolians. As far back as the 13th century,
Mongolian garrison units were stationed in the
Dongxiang area. In these units were Mongols and
military scouts and artisans Genghis Khan brought
from West Asia. In time of war, the military
scouts would fight as soldiers on the
battlefield. And they farmed and raised cattle
and sheep in time of peace. These garrison troops
later took local women as wives, and their
offspring at the beginning were called "military
households" which became "civilian households"
with the passage of time. During the early years
of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), they were
offered amnesty by the Ming rulers, and they
settled down permanently in the Dongxiang area.
The Dongxiang people had been groaning under
national and class oppression throughout the
ages. This had driven them to take up arms
against their oppressors many times. For several
decades before the founding of the People's
Republic in 1949, the Dongxiang people were
suffering under the oppressive rule of the feudal
Hui warlords, Ma Anliang, Ma Qi and Ma Bufang,
and Kuomintang warlord Liu Yufen. What
infuriated the Dongxiangs most was the
pressganging of their young men into the armed
forces by the Kuomintang and Hui warlords. At one
swoop in 1948, the pressgangs rounded up a total
of more than 3,000 young men. Even the ahungs in
some mosques were not spared. They were thrown
into the army after their beards were shaved.
Pressganging operations that were carried out
time and again had made the Dongxiang villages
and towns devoid of young men.
32
SECTION 6. THE ORGANS OF SELF-GOVERNMENT OF
NATIONAL AUTONOMOUS AREAS Article 112. The organs
of self-government of national autonomous areas
are the people's congresses and people's
governments of autonomous regions, autonomous
prefectures and autonomous counties. Article 113.
In the people's congress of an autonomous region,
prefecture or county, in addition to the deputies
of the nationality or nationalities exercising
regional autonomy in the administrative area, the
other nationalities inhabiting the area are also
entitled to appropriate representation. The
chairmanship and vice- chairmenships of the
standing committee of the people's congress of an
autonomous region, prefecture or county shall
include a citizen or citizens of the nationality
or nationalities exercising regional autonomy in
the area concerned. Article 114. The
administrative head of an autonomous region,
prefecture or county shall be a citizen of the
nationality, or of one of the nationalities,
exercising regional autonomy in the area
concerned.
33
  • Article 115. The organs of self-government of
    autonomous regions, prefectures and counties
    exercise the functions and powers of local organs
    of state as specified in Section V of Chapter
    Three of the Constitution. At the same time, they
    exercise the right of autonomy within the limits
    of their authority as prescribed by the
    Constitution, the law of regional national
    autonomy and other laws, and implement the laws
    and policies of the state in the light of the
    existing local situation.
  • Article 116. People's congresses of national
    autonomous areas have the power to enact autonomy
    regulations and specific regulations in the light
    of the political, economic and cultural
    characteristics of the nationality or
    nationalities in the areas concerned. The
    autonomy regulations and specific regulations of
    autonomous regions shall be submitted to the
    Standing Committee of the National People's
    Congress for approval before they go into effect.
    Those of autonomous prefectures and counties
    shall be submitted to the standing committees of
    the people's congresses of provinces or
    autonomous regions for approval before they go
    into effect, and they shall be reported to the
    Standing Committee of the National People's
    Congress for the record.
  • Article 117. The organs of self-government of the
    national autonomous areas have the power of
    autonomy in administering the finances of their
    areas. All revenues accruing to the national
    autonomous areas under the financial system of
    the state shall be managed and used independently
    by the organs of self- government of those areas.

34
  • Article 118. The organs of self-government of the
    national autonomous areas independently arrange
    for and administer local economic development
    under the guidance of state plans. In developing
    natural resources and building enterprises in the
    national autonomous areas, the state shall give
    due consideration to the interests of those
    areas.
  • Article 119. The organs of self-government of the
    national autonomous areas independently
    administer educational, scientific, cultural,
    public health and physical culture affairs in
    their respective areas, sort out and protect the
    cultural legacy of the nationalities and work for
    the development and prosperity of their cultures.
  • Article 120. The organs of self-government of the
    national autonomous areas may, in accordance with
    the military system of the state and concrete
    local needs and with the approval of the State
    Council, organize local public security forces
    for the maintenance of public order.
  • Article 121. In performing their functions, the
    organs of self-government of the national
    autonomous areas, in accordance with the autonomy
    regulations of the respective areas, employ the
    spoken and written language or languages in
    common use in the locality.
  • Article 122. The state gives financial, material
    and technical assistance to the minority
    nationalities to accelerate their economic and
    cultural development. The state helps the
    national autonomous areas train large numbers of
    cadres at different levels and specialized
    personnel and skilled workers of different
    professions and trades from among the nationality
    or nationalities in those areas.

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36
CIA Activities
  • History Channel, CIA http//youtube.com/watch?v
    XDDFlmoKhFcfeaturerelated

37
CUBA
38
Bay of Pigs Failed Invasion of Cuba
39
Brazil
40
1964 Overthrow of democratically elected
Brazilian President Joao Goulart
41
CHILE
42
CHILE 1973 Overthrow of democratically elected
President Salvador Allende
43
CIA in Indonesia Slaughter of Chinese and
Suspected Communist Party Members
  • http//youtube.com/watch?v_Rrjf-UaANAfeaturerel
    ated

44
CIA in TibetWhitecrane Films for the BBC
  • Part One http//youtube.com/watch?vtOhDBo6x2ZY
  • Part Two

45
Operation Mockingbird The US Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the News Media
  • News Organizations with reporters, editors, and
    or owners working directly with the Central
    Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • The Washington Post,
  • Time Magazine,
  • New York Times,
  • American Broadcasting
  • Corporation (ABC),
  • National Broadcasting Corporation (NBC),
  • Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS),
  • Associated Press (AP),
  • United Press International (UPI),
  • Reuters, Hearst Newspapers,
  • Newsweek Magazine,
  • New York Herald Tribune

46
  • Editor's note In 1944, Chungking, Gen. Stilwell,
    chief of the US Military Mission in China, asked
    for Pres. Roosevelt's permission to equip the
    Communist troops to fight Japan. Chiang Kai Sek
    went into a rage and forced Roosevelt to sack
    Gen. Stil well. Gen. "Vinegar" Stilwell says in
    his memoirs "The basic trouble with Chiang is
    just his plain dumb ignorance. One of the worst
    disservice done to the American people is the
    overselling of Chiang Kai Sek. We've made a hero
    out of him and he believes all the crap he's read
    in our press about him an d he thinks he hasn't
    got anything to learn.
  • Actually, he has little power - far less than
    people at home suppose. He couldn't get his
    generals to obey him if he ordered one they
    don't want to move. They are making money now -
    hoarding food for speculation, selling our
    supplies on the black market, lending money by
    God, they are not soldiers, they're
    speculators...e ach general has settled down on
    his own little dunghill and doesn't want to
    disturb the peace.".
  • The old "Vinegar" could have referred to Rhee
    Syngman of S Korea.

47
  • The US has again asked the UN to condemn China's
    human rights record. Our nervousness over this
    issue is increased by the scheduled reversion of
    Hong Kong to Chinese rule next year. The
    condemnation request has been accompanied by a
    barrage of media stor ies about China's treatment
    of orphans, the Laogai prison system, the lack of
    political freedom and other issues. Observers of
    international political developments will
    recognize such stories as the standard
    accompaniment of operations by the CIA/NED to
    alter or overthrow target governments. The US
    corporate-owned media, in league with government
    agencies, orchestrat e media coverage to demonize
    states in conflict with corporate plans. (Many of
    the media stories seem to be generated by the
    "privately funded" US-based Human Rights
    Watch/Asia). Once and if the Chinese government
    is changed and serves well the corporate state,
    even if any abuses multiply -- we will hear no
    protest.

48
  • The above events delineate and reveal the current
    US policy of using (rightly or wrongly) the theme
    of human rights violations to alter or overthrow
    non-US-favored governments. In those countries
    emerging from the once Soviet Bloc that is
    forming new gove rnmental systems or where
    emerging or Third World governments resist US
    influence or control, the US uses "human rights
    violations," as an excuse for political action
    operations. "Human Rights" replaces Communist
    Conspiracy" as the justification for ove
    rthrowing governments.
  • There are probably other governments targeted by
    CIA/NED and subject to efforts in the United
    Nations to censure them -- I would appreciate any
    information this.
  • Listed immediately below are a few CIABASE
    entries re NED/CIA operations targeted at China.
  • China, NED, 90-95 China defends human rights in a
    report that accused the United States and other
    Western nations of having concocted criticism for
    sinister political purposes. Washington Post
    12/29/95 a28
  • 94 China assails US Human Rights policies. China
    notes its human rights policy is better than the
    US's "the incidence of crimes, murders,
    robberies, rapes, drug abuse and violence and
    racial discrimination in the US comes first...US
    had a higher prop ortion of imprisoned people
    than China." Washington post 2/28/94 a18
  • China, 93-94 Chinese premier, Li Peng, puts order
    before rights. He applauded defeat of a UN move
    to censure China over human rights. He told the
    congress that his government will not hesitate to
    slow economic reforms to maintain order. A
    runaway in flation was a major player in the 89
    pro-democracy protests. Leaders of the movement
    are at crux of Western concern about human rights
    in China. Washington times 3/11/94 a17

49
  • China, 88-94 Prior to the Tiananmen Square
    incident, NED had two offices in China that gave
    regular seminars on democracy. NED sponsored
    various Chinese writers and publications.
    Probably NED or CIA recruited numerous Chinese
    students studying in U S. When Tiananmen Square
    erupted, NED or CIA probably sent or helped FAX
    thousands letters to recipients in China,
    inflamed opinion via Voice of America and
    sheltered a leading dissident in US Embassy -
    which also arranged for many dissidents to flee.
    NED continues to support Chinese dissidents and
    awards Tiananmen's "Goddess of Democracy," to
    noted dissidents of all nations. In early 94, the
    US Tried to force China to ease political
    controls in exchange for continuation of most
    favored nation (MFN) trade status and called
    China a violator of human rights. In 5/94, the
    Chinese police detained 4 members of local
    association for human rights as one boarded
    flight to the US. Clinton, bowing to pressure
    from business interests, separated human rights
    from Ch ina's MFN status. The July 1992 issue of
    NED's journal of democracy announces formation of
    new underground movement in China - the Free
    Trade Union of China. The announcement was made
    by the international confederation of free trade
    unions, a long-time CI A labor front. CIABASE
    update report 7/94
  • China, 89 The Chinese government arrested
    representatives of a private American org in
    Beijing, the Fund for the Reform and Opening of
    China. George Soros who founded the fund said the
    Chinese government has detained Liang Congjie.
    Soros denied any CIA involvement in the fund.
    Soros, an east European émigré who funds similar
    programs in Hungary, Poland and the USSR, Founded
    the China fund in 86 Soros gave the fund 1
    million which it used to promote cultural
    exchanges and sponsor research projects in
    conjunction with China's Institute for Economic
    Structural Reform, an influential liberal think
    tank supported by Zhao. Allegations that the

50
  • China Fund was a tool of the CIA surfaced in 87
    Washington post 8/8/89 a4
  • China, 94 NED grant to Laogai Research Foundation
    to continue investigations into China's prisons
    and to publish an undated Laogai Handbook
    exposing the system. National Endowment for
    Democracy Annual Report 94 49
  • China, 84-90 NED, China Perspective, Inc. To
    continue publication of "The Chinese
    Intellectual" (TCI) and support for Chinese
    students in west. Launched in 84 with NED
    support, TCI is a Chinese language quarterly
    promoting open discussion of democra tic values,
    institutions and issues important to China.
    Originally targeted at mainland students studying
    in West, Journal moved its offices from New York
    to Beijing in 88 and began distribution in China.
    Center in Beijing hosted discussions on democracy
    in China. In wake of June 3-4, 89 events in
    Tiananmen square, editorial offices moved back to
    New York and China Perspective has begun
    providing support for Chinese students in West
    who cannot, for political reasons, return to
    China. National Endowment fo r Democracy Annual
    Report 89 16, 90 20
  • China, 92 Loss of central political control has
    allowed NED to expand its in-country activity
    that had been focused on supporting projects
    outside China. Concentrated on civil society
    development promoting environmental awareness
    and activism supp orting democratic developments
    in regions of China with large Tibetan
    population legal education and providing legal
    assistance for victims of political persecution.
    NED grants supported ten publications in China
    that focused on labor, market economics ,
    democratization movements inside and outside
    China, democratic process and development of
    pluralistic and civil societies. National
    Endowment for Democracy Annual Report 1992 42
  • China, 93-95 On 6/19/95 Chinese authorities
    detained NED grantee Harry Wu. He was charged
    with spying and found guilty and sentenced to 15
    years in prison and, 92 NED grants supported ten
    publications in China that focused on Labor,
    market economics, democratization movements
    inside and outside China, democratic process and
    development of pluralistic and civil Societies.
    National endowment for dem ocracy annual report
    1992 42

51
  • expulsion. He left 8/24/95, Wu is executive
    director of the Laogai Research Foundation, fu
    nded by NED. He testified before Congress on
    4/3/95 - testimony given. National Endowment for
    Democracy newsletter Summer 95 4-5
  • China, 94 NED/IRI promoted electoral reform,
    efforts of FTUI, working with activists inside
    and in exile, to monitor human rights abuses, and
    by "Human rights China" to help activists to
    support major newspapers and journals produced
    abroad that c irculate inside China (among them
    Press Freedom Guardian, Democratic China, and the
    Chinese Intellectual) as well as Laogai Research
    Foundation, which provides info about Chinese
    labor camps. National Endowment for Democracy
    Annual Report 94 8
  • China, 95 At a ceremony on 5/2/95, NED presented
    95 democracy award "Goddess of democracy" to
    Monique Mujawamariya of Rwanda, Elena Bonner and
    Sergei Kovalev of Russia, and Sergio Aguayo of
    Mexico. National Endowment for Democracy
    newsletter summe r 95 1
  • China, Africa, 94 In 10/94 NED's forum for
    democratic studies, sponsored. a day-long
    conference for political change in China. Meeting
    attended by 35 Leading scholars, government
    officials, foundation executives, and Chinese
    emigrés. 12/7/94. Forum held conference on
    Nigeria. It brought together 35 scholars,
    government officials, and human rights advocates,
    and representatives of Nigeria's democracy
    movement. Journal of Democracy (NED) 1/95
  • China, 89 In Nanjing students had boom boxes
    turned high to the Voice of America as it
    described events in China. The most effective
    dispenser of truth was Voice of America which
    stepped-up programming in Mandarin to 11 hours a
    day. VOA said they us ually have 60 million
    regular listeners in China. In the crisis the
    number may have been as high as 400 million. In
    early June VOA cameras started beaming the
    service's first TV news program Via satellite to
    about 2000 dish antennas in China. Most of t hem
    at military installations, but that's exactly the
    point, said VOA director Carlson to make sure a
    major player in the power struggle, get an
    accurate account of what is going on. Newsweek
    6/19/89 p29
  • China, 85 "Chinese Intellectual," launched with
    NED support in 84. Magazine published in New York
    city by a group of writers and scholars from
    China. Editor is Liang Heng, who authored "son of
    the revolution." Editorial board composed of
    distingu ished American and Chinese writers -
    John k. Fairbanks and Andrew Nathan, Sidney hook,
    and social scientists Irving Horowitz and Seymour
    martin Lisped. Original target audience was More
    than 10,000 students from China. Magazine opening
    office in Beijin g. National endowment for
    democracy annual report 1985 23-4
  • China, 86 NED - "China perspective, inc., to
    continue publication of "the Chinese
    intellectual." This quarterly journal sought to
    promote discussion. Of democracy among 10,000
    Chinese studying in US And Europe. It also now
    works with reform element s inside China.
    National endowment for democracy Annual report 86
    14
  • China

52
CIA National Endowment for Democracy
http//www.ned.org/grants/06programs/grants-asia0
6.html
53
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  • CIA in Tibet 1
  • CIA in Tibethttp//www.youtube.com/watch?vtOhDBo
    6x2ZY
  • CIA in Tibet 2
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vIwu5qYosTo0feature
    related
  • LA Riots http//youtube.com/watch?vKYnJiiLGwjY
  • LA Riots, Reginald Denny
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v_Mw2Xg0DELcNR1

59
  • Rodney King
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v7ikXImAk9Oc

60
  • The Age (Australia) 9/16/98 CIA funded covert
    Tibet exile campaign in 1960s By JIM MANN ltsnipgt
    For much of the 1960s, the CIA provided the
    Tibetan exile movement with 1.7million a year
    for operations against China, including an annual
    subsidy of 180,000 for the Dalai Lama, according
    to newly released US intelligence documents. The
    money for the Tibetans and the Dalai Lama was
    part of the CIA's worldwide effort during the
    early years of the Cold War to undermine
    communist governments, particularly in the Soviet
    Union and China. The government committee that
    approved the Tibetan operations also authorised
    the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. The
    documents, published last month by the State
    Department, illustrate the historical background
    of the situation in Tibet today, in which China
    continues to accuse the Dalai Lama of being an
    agent of foreign forces seeking to separate Tibet
    from China. ltsnipgt ltsnipgt The declassified
    historical documents provide the first inside
    details of the CIA's decade-long covert program
    to support the Tibetan independence movement. At
    the time of the intelligence operation, the CIA
    was seeking to weaken Mao Zedong's hold over
    China. And the Tibetan exiles were looking for
    help to keep their movement alive after the Dalai
    Lama and his supporters fled Tibet after an
    unsuccessful 1959 revolt against Chinese rule.
    ltsnipgt ltsnipgt The newly published files show that
    the collaboration between US intelligence and the
    Tibetans was less than ideal. The Tibetans by
    nature did not appear to be congenitally inclined
    towards conspiratorial proficiency,'' a top CIA
    official says ruefully in one memo. One document
    indicates that annual Tibet expenses totalling
    1,735,000 continued for four years, until 1968.
    At that point, the CIA cut the budget to just
    below 1.2million a year. ltsnipgt ltsnipgt The US
    Government still provides some financial support
    for Tibetans, but openly and through other
    channels. In recent years, Congress has approved
    about 2 million annually in funding for Tibetan
    exiles in India.
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