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Benefits of Plant Biotechnology November 2002

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Title: Benefits of Plant Biotechnology November 2002


1
Benefits of Plant Biotechnology November 2002
2
Plant biotech 101
  • What is plant biotechnology?
  • Products on the market
  • Benefits of biotechnology
  • Safety and regulation

3
Thomas Fairchild
What is plant biotechnology?
4
Fairchilds mule gave birth to many of todays
hybrid flowers
What is plant biotechnology?
5
We have recently advanced our knowledge of
genetics to a point where we can manipulate life
in a way never intended by nature. We must
proceed with the utmost caution in the
application of this new-found knowledge.
Luther Burbank
What is plant biotechnology?
6
  • Burbank was a pioneer in the development of
    several hybrid plants in
    the late 1800s and early 1900s
  • plums
  • berries
  • prunes
  • peaches
  • potatoes

What is plant biotechnology?
7
Selective breeding led to higher-yielding
varieties.
What is plant biotechnology?
8
Teosinte
Modern corn
What is plant biotechnology?
9
Gregor Johann Mendel
What is plant biotechnology?
10
What is plant biotechnology?
11
Plant biotechnology definition
  • A precise process in which scientific techniques
    are used to develop useful and beneficial
    plants.

What is plant biotechnology?
12
No conceptual distinction exists between genetic
modification of plants and microorganisms by
classical methods or by molecular techniques
that modify DNA and transfer genes.
  • National Research Council

What is plant biotechnology?
13
Products on the market
14
More than 50 biotech food products have been
approved for commercial use in the United States
  • Canola
  • Corn
  • Cotton
  • Papaya
  • Potato
  • Soybeans
  • Squash
  • Sugarbeets
  • Sweet corn
  • Tomato

Products on the market
15
Four crops accounted for nearly all of the global
biotech crop area in 2002
Source International Service for the Acquisition
of Agri-biotech Applications
Products on the market
16
Four countries accounted for 99 percent of the
global biotech crop area in 2002
Australia, Bulgaria, Colombia, Germany,
Honduras, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Romania,
South Africa, Spain and Uruguay accounted for the
remaining 1 percent of biotech crop acres.
Source International Service for the Acquisition
of Agri-biotech Applications
Products on the market
17
Global plantings of biotech crops increased by 12
percent in 2002
Global Area of GM Crops
Million Hectares
Source International Service for the Acquisition
of Agri-biotech Applications
Products on the market
18
Adoption rates for transgenic crops are
unprecedented and are the highest for any new
technologies by agricultural industry
standards.
Clive James, Chair of the International
Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech
Applications
Products on the market
19
Benefits of biotechnology
20
More food
Net economic impact
Pesticide reduction
Yield increase
Current cultivars 4 billion pounds 1.5
billion 46 million pounds Potential cultivars 10
billion pounds 1 billion 117 million pounds
Total 14 billion pounds 2.5 billion 163 million
pounds
Benefits of biotechnology More food
21
More food

Source National Center for Food and Agricultural
Policy
Benefits of biotechnology More food
22
Products in the pipeline
Agronomic benefits
  • Pest- and disease- resistant cassava

Benefits of biotechnology More food
23
Agricultural yield increases are declining
Source C.S. Prakash, Center for Plant
Biotechnology Research, Tuskegee University,
Alabama
Benefits of biotechnology More food
24
By 2025, there will be another 2 billion mouths
to feed
United Nations Population Fund
Benefits of biotechnology More food
25
Distribution of world population growth to 2010
Former Soviet Union 0
Europe 0
North America 5
Asia 51
Africa 35
South America 8
Benefits of biotechnology More food
26
Distribution of world income growth to 2010
Former Soviet Union 4
Europe 24
North America 27
Asia 32
Africa 6
South America 9
Benefits of biotechnology More food
27
More food will be needed to feed a growing
global middle class
Benefits of biotechnology More food
28
Farmers will need to at least double production
over the next 25 years to meet increased demand.
Consultative Group on International
Agricultural Research
Benefits of biotechnology More food
29
Without an increase in farm productivity, an
additional 4 billion acres of arable land will
need to come under the plow by 2050.
C.S. Prakash, founder and president of the
nonprofit AgBioWorld Foundation
Benefits of biotechnology More food
30
Better food
Benefits of biotechnology Better food
31
Products in the pipeline
Enhanced nutritional qualities
Benefits of biotechnology Better food
32
Products in the pipeline
Enhanced nutritional qualities
I think in the long term we will have foods
that are less hazardous because biotechnology
will have eliminated or diminished their
allergenicity.
Steve Taylor, Ph.D. Department of Food Science
and Technology, University of Nebraska
Benefits of biotechnology Better food
33
Products in the pipeline
Functional foods
Benefits of biotechnology Better food
34
Better for the environment
The results clearly show that soil, air and
water quality are enhanced through the
responsible use of current biotechnology-derived
soybean, corn and cotton crops.
Teresa Gruber, executive director of the
Council for Agricultural Science and Technology
(CAST)
Benefits of biotechnology Environment
35
Conservation tillage improves wildlife habitat,
water quality
Nearly three-fourths of no-till soybean acres and
86 percent of no-till cotton acres were planted
with biotech varieties.
Benefits of biotechnology Environment
36
Better for the environment
We have wildlife on the farm today that my
dad has never seen before, and hes over 90
years old.
Iowa farmer Roy Bardole
Benefits of biotechnology Environment
37
Government Regulation
37
38
(No Transcript)
39
World Health Organization
  • American Dietetic Association
  • American Medical Association
  • Institute of Food Technologists

40
The College supports the use of biotechnology to
develop food crops that contribute to global
food security and enhance the safety and
nutritional value of the food supply.
American College of Nutrition Statement on
Crop Biotechnology
41
There is no reason to suppose that the process
of food production through biotechnology leads
to risks of a different nature than those ...
created by conventional breeding.
Society of Toxicology Statement on the Safety
of Foods Produced Through Biotechnology
42
Biotechnology experts believe that the current
regimen of tests has been adequate for ensuring
that GM foods marketed to consumers are as safe
as conventional foods.
General Accounting Office
43
Indeed, the use of more precise technology and
the greater regulatory scrutiny probably make
them biotech foods even safer than
conventional plants and foods.
European Commission research report
44
USDA report says impact of Bt corn on
butterflies is negligible
45
Increasing production on existing land preserves
forests, enhancing biodiversity
U.N. report says biodiversity will be threatened
on 72 percent of global land area in 30 years.
46
Biotech foods are labeled when they are
significantly different from their conventional
counterparts
47
USDA Organic Seal program provides consumers with
choices
48
Hybrid wheat gave birth to agriculture and some
say civilization itself.
Jacob Bronowski, author The Ascent of Man
49
Plant biotechnology represents the next leap
forward
50
Making progress
  • India approves planting of biotech cotton
  • U.N. report says GMOs could be breakthrough
    technology for developing countries
  • African scientists call biotech a major
    opportunity to enhance the production of food
    crops

51
Making progress
  • Biotech crops boost farm income, yields
    Reuters
  • Biotechnology tastes sweeter and sweeter
    Omaha World Herald
  • Biotech crops, an environmental ally Akron
    Beacon Journal
  • Biotech food great for farmers, eaters The
    Spokesman Review
  • Biotech crop report cites benefits for food
    production, environment Feedstuffs
  • Genetic crops could help reduce pesticides
    UPI
  • Biotech holds great promise for beets Grand
    Forks Herald

CBI
52
We are increasingly encouraged that the
advantages of genetic engineering of plants and
animals are greater than the risks. ... We
cannot agree with the position of some groups
that say it is against the will of God to
meddle with the genetic make-up of plants and
animals.
  • Bishop Elio Sgreccia, vice president of
    the Pontifical Academy for Life

53
The more people know, the more they support
biotechnology
Percentage who support biotechnology to...
Develop new varieties of crops
Genetically modify foods
Jul. 02
CBI
54
Council for Biotechnology Information
www.whybiotech.com
  • Helping improve peoples understanding of the
    products of agricultural and food biotechnology.

CBI
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