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College English Unit One, Book Three

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Title: College English Unit One, Book Three


1
College English Unit One, Book Three
  • Extensive Reading
  • Why the Tortoises Shell Is Not smooth

2
Contents
  • I. Pre-tasks
  • Pre-read the text in 15 minutes before hand.
  • Do pre-reading exercises.
  • II. During-tasks
  • Answer question.
  • Find out the topic sentences of the text.
  • Summarize the text.
  • III. Post-tasks
  • Do abstract exercises.
  • Analyze the structure of the text.

3
I. Pre-tasks 2. Do pre-reading exercises.
  • Talking About Tortoise
  • Directions Discuss the following questions in
    groups.
  • What characteristics come to your mind when you
    think of a tortoise?
  • Can you guess why the shell of the tortoise is
    not smooth? Give a brief explanation.

4
Do pre-reading exercises.
  • Useful Words and Phrases
  • cut sth. into pieces (?/????)
  • slip on the ice (?????)
  • inherit
  • fall into pieces
  • look beautiful
  • protect himself

5
Do pre-reading exercises.
  • What characteristics come to your mind when you
    think of a tortoise?
  • Sample
  • We can see the tortoise in the zoo but never
    think of why its back is not smooth.
  • Usually a tortoise doesnt have a good
    reputation. A tortoise is very slow, very
    foolish. It is ugly but it has a long life. It is
    often the symbol of longevity.
  • But we have a story about Tortoise and Hare,
    which depicts the tortoise as clever and
    determined. In the story, the tortoise has a race
    with the hare. Even though the hare runs much
    faster than the tortoise, the tortoise doesnt
    give up and finally wins the race because the
    hare is too proud and takes a nap while the
    tortoise is crawling.

6
Do pre-reading exercises.
  • 2) Can you guess why the shell of the tortoise is
    not smooth? Give a brief explanation.
  • Sample
  • Maybe it inherited from its mother or father
    maybe it once made people annoyed so people cut
    it maybe it looks more beautiful, so on and so
    forth.
  • I think his shell was smashed by something very
    hard. One day he was so hungry that he wanted to
    go to a castle to get some food. The place was
    very dangerous and it was at night, he didnt see
    that there were some traps. When he was
    approaching a pigs liver, which he liked very
    much, a big iron bar fell off and hit him. His
    shell was broken into pieces. Some kind-hearted
    mice brought him to a witch, who mended his
    shell.

7
Do pre-reading exercises.
  • 3) I think he fell from the sky and his shell was
    broken into pieces. One day some birds invited
    him to visit their summer home in the sky. Since
    he couldnt fly, he was asked to bite the middle
    of a stick, with two birds holding the stick in
    their mouths while flying. During the flight, he
    mustnt speak no matter what happened. At first,
    everything went well. But later on, some
    villagers saw them, and said, What an odd
    sight! He couldnt refrain from talking, and
    said, Its none of your business. With that, he
    fell to the ground.

8
?. During-tasks 1. Answer question.
  • Why were the birds very happy?
  • Because they were invited to a feast in the
    sky.
  • How did the Tortoise know about the birds
    activity?
  • He saw the birds were busy preparing.
  • What was Tortoises plan?
  • He planned to go to the feast with the birds.
  • How was the Tortoise able to convince the birds?
  • With a sweet tongue, he convinced the birds
    that he was a changed man.

9
Answer question.
  • Who ate first after all the delectable dishes and
    wine were served?
  • The tortoise.
  • How did the tortoise plan to go home after all
    the birds took back the feathers they had lent
    him?
  • He asked the birds to take a message to his
    wife to bring out all the soft things in his
    house and cover the ground so that he could jump
    down without hurting himself.

10
2.Find out the topic sentences of the text.
  • Para 1. Ekwefi is telling a story about
    Tortoise.
  • Para 2.Long long ago, there was a famine, and
    the birds got an invitation from the sky to
    attend a feast there.
  • Para 3-8.Tortoise learned about it and with his
    sweet tongue he persuaded the birds to take him
    with them and son each bird lent him a feather.
  • Para 1. Ekwefi is telling a story about
    Tortoise.
  • Para 2.Long long ago, there was a famine, and
    the birds got an invitation from the sky to
    attend a feast there.

11
Find out the topic sentences of the text.
  • Para 3-8.Tortoise learned about it and with his
    sweet tongue he persuaded the birds to take him
    with them and son each bird lent him a feather.
  • Para 9-11. Tortoise cunningly thought of an idea
    that enabled him to have all the food by naming
    himself All of you.
  • Para 12-16. When they reached the sky, they
    received a warm welcome and soon the food was
    presented to them. And the tortoise ate almost
    all the best food.
  • Para 17-21. The birds became very angry and
    took back their feathers before flying home.
    Without feathers, the tortoise has to jump onto
    the ground and his shell was broken into pieces.

12
3. Summarize the text- 1
  • Once upon a time, all the birds were invited to a
    feast in the sky. Tortoise, a man full of
    cunning, discovered it and persuaded the birds to
    take him with them. Each bird gave him a feather,
    with which he made two wings. When the great day
    came, Tortoise asked each bird to take a new name
    and he chose All of you as his own new name.
    When the dishes were served, Tortoise asked, For
    whom have you prepared this feast?

13
Summarize the text- 2
  • The answer, as he expected, was For all of you.
    So Tortoise ate the best part of the food. The
    birds were so angry that each took back the
    feather he had lent to Tortoise. Parrot agreed to
    take a message for Tortoise's wife, but he told
    her to bring out all the hard and sharp things.
    When Tortoise fell onto the ground, his shell
    broke into pieces. Fortunately, a doctor nearby
    gathered all bits of his shell and stuck them
    together. That's why the tortoise's shell is not
    smooth. The moral of the story is that honesty is
    the best policy. If you deceive others, it's
    equal to deceiving yourself.

14
?. Post-tasks 1. Do abstract exercises.
  • Sample Why the Tortoises Shell is not
    Smooth
  • Sunny
  • College English Department of Bohai University
  • Abstract Ekwefi is telling a story about
    Tortoise. Long long ago, there was a famine, and
    the birds got an invitation from the sky to
    attend a feast there. Tortoise learned about it
    and with his sweet tongue he persuaded the birds
    to take him with them and son each bird lent him
    a feather. Tortoise cunningly thought of an idea
    that enabled him to have all the food by naming
    himself All of you. When they reached the sky,
    they received a warm welcome and soon the food
    was presented to them. And the tortoise ate
    almost all the best food. The birds became very
    angry and took back their feathers before flying
    home. Without feathers, the tortoise has to jump
    onto the ground and his shell was broken into
    pieces.
  • Key Words tortoise shell birds

15
2. Analyze the structure of the text.
  • Style
  • ???????????????????????,??????????????????????
    ???????????????????????
  • The structure of the text
  • The text can be divided into 9 parts as
    follows
  • Para 1. Ekwefi is telling a story about
    Tortoise.
  • Para 2.Long long ago, there was a famine, and
    the birds
  • got an invitation from the sky to attend
    a feast there

16
Analyze the structure of the text.-2
  • Para 3-8.Tortoise learned about it and with his
    sweet tongue he persuaded the birds to take him
    with them and son each bird lent him a feather.
  • Para 9-11. Tortoise cunningly thought of an idea
    that enabled him to have all the food by naming
    himself All of you.
  • Para 12-16. When they reached the sky, they
    received a warm welcome and soon the food was
    presented to them. And the tortoise ate almost
    all the best food.
  • Para 17-21. The birds became very angry and
    took back their feathers before flying home.
    Without feathers, the tortoise has to jump onto
    the ground and his shell was broken into pieces.

17
College English Unit 1, Book 3
  • Intensive Reading
  • Why the Tortoises Shell Is Not smooth

18
Contents
  • I. Pre-tasks
  • Pre-read the text in 15 minutes before hand
    again. Pay more attention to the details.
  • Do the discussion exercises on P-11.
  • II. During-tasks
  • Information about the text
  • Language points and expressions
  • Difficult sentences
  • Grammar review
  • III. Post-tasks
  • Translate the following sentences.
  • Grammar review exercises
  • Make sentences with the given words chosen from
    the text.

19
?. Pre-tasks Do pre-reading exercises.
  • Discussion
  • What do you think is the moral of the story?
  • Sample
  • I learned from the story that a) we should be
    honest, and shouldnt cheat others. If we cheat
    others, we will be punished in the end b) we
    shouldnt be carried away by sweet words, like
    the birds c) a leopard cant change its spots,
    nor can Tortoise. He was cunning, he could never
    change his personality and behave himself.

20
?. During-tasks 1. Answer questions.
  • What did the birds do to prepare themselves for
    the feast in the sky?
  • They painted their bodies deep red and drew
    beautiful patterns on them with dye.
  • How did the tortoise go to the sky to attend the
    feast?
  • He had a sweet tongue and managed to convince
    all the birds. Then each of them gave him a
    feather with which he made two colorful wings.
  • What new name did the tortoise take for himself?
  • All of you.

21
Answer questions.
  • Who ate first after all the delectable dishes and
    wine were served?
  • The tortoise.
  • How did the tortoise plan to go home after all
    the birds took back the feathers they had lent
    him?
  • He asked the birds to take a message to his
    wife to bring out all the soft things in his
    house and cover the ground so that he could jump
    down without hurting himself.
  • What happened to tortoise when he finally landed
    on the ground?
  • His shell was broken into hundreds of pieces.

22
2. Information about the text-1
  • Useful Information---In order to understand the
    world around them, virtually all early cultures
    developed myths that explained various aspect of
    life and the mysteries of nature. Animals, plants
    and people-both imaginary and real-were often
    attributed with special powers that gave them a
    spiritual significance. In ancient China, for
    example, the phoenix, the dragon, the Unicorn and
    the tortoise were regarded as sacred creatures
    that symbolized various characteristics including

23
Information about the text-2
  • wisdom, longevity, indestructibility and
    power. The ancient Greeks developed a complex
    system of myths related to hundreds of gods and
    goddesses that were said to control the fate of
    all men and women. Whether myths became part of
    an established religion or not, they were always
    incorporated into stories that could be told and
    retold as captivating explanations of natural and
    supernatural events. And as such they became
    cultural treasures that educated and united
    people around common beliefs.

24
Information about the text-3
  • Myth??
  • ???????????????????????,??????????,????
    ?????????????????????,????????????(Greek and
    Roman Mythology),??????????????,??????????????????
    ????,????????Pandora's Box(?????,?????????)the
    Trojan Horse(?????,??????????)the Achilles' Heel
    (??????,???????????)????????????,???????????

25
Information about the text-4
  • ???,?????????????,?????????????????????(??????
    ???)????????????(?????????)?????????????????????,?
    ????????????????????????,??????????????Mythology??
    ????????????(???),????????????????????????????????
    ??????,??????????????????????????????,????????????
    ????????????????????

26
Information about the text-5
  • Legend?????
  • ???????????????????????Legend???????????
    ???????????????????????????????????????,?????????
    ????????,??????????????????,?????????????????????,
    ?????????(King Arthur)????????????????????????????
    ??,???????????????,??????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????,???????
    ???????????

27
Information about the text-6
  • ????,?????????????????????????????,???????????????
    ?????????????????,????????????????????????????????
    ????????,?????????????????,??????????,????????????
    ????????,???????????????????????????????????????,?
    ?????????????????????

28
Information about the text-7
  • Fable (??)
  • ?????????????????,??????????????????????,
    ?????????,??????????,?????,????,???,???,?????????
    ??????????????it,???he?she???(Aesop)????????,?????
    ???????????????????????(the Lion and the
    Mouse)??????(the Lion and the Mosquitoes)??

29
Information about the text-8
  • Fairy tale/fairy story ( ??)
  • ????????(princess)????(stepmother)???(wit
    ch)???,??????(prince)???(fairy)????????,???????,??
    ????????????????????????????(Snow White)????(the
    Sleeping Beauty)??????????????????????(Cinderella)
    ?????????(Ugly Duckling)????????(Little Red
    Riding Hood),?????????????????????????????????,???
    ?????????
  • ?

30
Information about the text-9
  • ???Indos??????????Indians???????500??,?????
    ???????????,??????????????????,????????,????????
    ??,??????,?????????????????,????????????????????
    ???????????????????????????????,?????????,????????
    ???????????????????????????????????,?????????Indu
    s(???????)????????????????????

31
Information about the text-10
  • ??,???????????????????????????????????????,??
    ??????????????????,???????????????????????????,??
    ????????????????17????,??????????????????????????
    ???????????????????????????,??????????????,???????
    ????????????????,??????????,?????,??????????????

32
Information about the text-11
  • Moon (??)
  • ??????????,????????????????????????
    a man in the moon????????,????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ?????????????????(????)???????????????????????????
    ????????????,???????????,?????????????????????????
    ???????????moon?????

33
Information about the text-12
  • ????????,??????????????????????????????????1852
    ?????????????(Bleak House)??Once in a blue
    moon??,???,????????,????????????????????????????
    ???????????????????????????????????,??????????????
    ???????????????

34
Information about the text-13
  • Host (??????,???)
  • ?????host?hostess?????,?????????,???????
    ??????hostess,??????????????????????host,???????ho
    stess???????hostess??????????,?????????,????????ho
    st???,??????hostess???,????????????,????host???

35
3.Language points and expressions-1
  • New Words
  • murmur vi. vt.
  • murmur / mutter /mumble
  • famine n.
  • famine/hunger/starvation
  • mischief n.
  • eloquent adj.
  • palm n. vt.
  • faithfully adv.
  • complain/grumble

36
Language points and expressions-2
  • New phrases
  • escape one's notice
  • at the (very) thought (of)
  • jump to one's feet
  • fill out
  • let oneself go

37
(L4) murmur n. vi. vt.
  • n. ? a low, indistinct, continuous sound???, ???
  • ? an indistinct, whispered, or
    confidential complaint
  • ? ?
  • an abnormal sound ????????
  • vi. ? make a soft sound ???????
  • ? complain in low mumbling tones grumble
  • ?????????????????
  • vt. say in a low indistinct voice utter
    indistinctly
  • ?????????????
  • ???? about/ against/at ??????
  • sth.???????

38
murmur
  • 1. ????,??????,?????????
  • She sat there, tears in her eyes, murmuring
    his name.
  • 2. For some years the people had been murmuring
    against the Truman government.
  • ??????????????????
  • 3. He paid the extra cost without a murmur.
  • ???????????????
  • 4. When we walked along, we heard the murmur of a
    distant brook.
  • ?????????,????????????????

39
?? murmur , mutter ,mumble
  • ??????????,???????????????????????????????
    ??Murmur?????????, ?????????Mutter?????????
    ????Mumble ??????
  • The old lady is murmuring a prayer.
  • ???????????
  • She muttered to herself.
  • ??????
  • He mumbled a few words and left.
  • ??????????

40
(L11) famine n.
  • ? (a case of) very serious lack of food for a
    very large number of people ??
  • ? deficiency ??,??
  • Many people die of famine every year.
  • ???????????
  • a famine in petrol
  • ??????
  • a cotton famine
  • ????
  • goods famine
  • ????

41
??famine/hunger/starvation
  • ?????????Famine???????????????????????????????
    ????? Hunger??????????????????????Starvation????
    ????????????(??),?????
  • 1. There is an appeal for famine relief in
    Ethiopia.
  • ????????????????????
  • 2. They picked some broad beans to stay their
    hunger.
  • ???????????
  • 3. Many thousands of people die of/from
    starvation every year.
  • ???????????????

42
(L 19) mischief n.
  • behavior that causes discomfiture or annoyance in
    another???????????????
  • an inclination or a tendency to play pranks or
    cause embarrassment??????
  • (formal) damage, destruction, or injury caused by
    a specific person or thing(????????????)????????
  • one that causes minor trouble or disturbance
  • ???,??????????

43
mischief
  • Those boys have been up to mischief again
    they've put water all over the floor.
  • ????????,??????????????
  • Thoughtless speech may work great mischief.
  • ??????????????
  • ????????
  • Negligence will cause great mischief.
  • ???????????????????
  • The mischief of the matter is that you
    didnt keep your promise to keep it secret.
  • The child was a mischief in school.
  • ????????????

44
(L 40) eloquent adj.
  • characterized by persuasive, powerful discourse
    ???,?????
  • vividly or movingly expressive
  • ?????,???
  • eloquently adj.

45
eloquent
  • He is eloquent on the necessity of preschool
    education.
  • ?????????????????????
  • She is an eloquent speaker.
  • ???????????
  • ?????????
  • Facts are eloquent proof.
  • These ruins are an eloquent reminder of the
    horrors of war.
  • ??????????????????????

46
(L 57) palm n. vt.
  • ?any of various chiefly tropical evergreen trees,
    shrubs, or woody vines of the family Palmae (or
    Arecaceae) ???
  • ?triumph victory ??
  • ?the inner surface of the hand ??,?????
  • vt. ? conceal (something) in the palm of the
    hand, as in cheating at dice or cards or in a
    sleight-of-hand trick?????? ? pick up
    furtively?????
  • ????bear/carry off the ??,???
  • yield the to ????
  • in the of ones hand ?????
  • off(??on, onto??)?????
  • off (??with??)??

47
palm
  • She sat in the shade beneath the palms.
  • ???????????
  • The poor little boy was held in the palm of his
    mother's hand.
  • ????????????????????
  • After listening to everybody's opinions she
    yielded the palm to my own good judgment.
  • ?????????,?????????????
  • He palmed his brother off with some story or
    other.
  • ??????????????
  • The fruit seller palmed off some bad oranges onto
    the old lady.
  • ???????????????

48
(L68 ) faithfully adv.
  • adhering firmly and devotedly(, as to a person, a
    cause, or an idea) loyally
  • ??????
  • reliably ???,???????
  • consistent (ly) with truth or actuality
  • ??? ???
  • faithful adj.
  • ???? yours / yours(????)????
  • ?,??,??

49
faithfully
  • ?????????
  • I promise you faithfully.
  • The Italian government has faithfully observed
    this law.
  • ??????????????????
  • The secretary copied the letter faithfully.
  • ????????????????
  • This is a faithful reproduction of the portrait.
  • ??????????????

50
(L55) ?complain/grumble
  • Complain????,??,??????,??????,???????,??????????
    ?????????,?????????
  • ???? about sth.??
  • of sth.??
  • Grumble???????,?????????????????,????????,?????
    ?????
  • ???? about sth. (to sb.) (???)????

51
?complain/grumble
  • She complained to me of his rudeness.
  • ???????????
  • ???????---?????????..? He complains about
    anything---his wife, his job, his back
  • He grumbled at the way he had been treated.
  • ?????????????
  • She spent the evening to me about her job.
  • ????????????????

52
(L 9) escape one's notice
  • not be observed or noticed by someone
  • ???????
  • It has not escaped my notice that some of you
    have been missing classes.?
  • ??????????????????
  • The strange blue car at the main entrance didn't
    escape his notice.?
  • ????????????????????
  • ??bring to sb. s notice ????????
  • catch notice ???
  • come into/to sb. s notice ???????
  • take notice of
    ???,???

53
(L10 ) at the (very) thought (of)
  • ??(?)
  • At the mere thought of it his heart began to beat
    fast.
  • ????,?????????
  • At the thought of being sent to prison, he
    shook with fear.
  • ?????????,??????.
  • ??absorbed/buried/engrossed/lost in thought
    ??????
  • as quick/swift as thought ??,???,?????
  • compose one's thoughts ??????????
  • have second thoughts (???????)????
  • on second thought (s) ??????
  • put the thought into someone's head
    ?????(??)

54
(L49) jump to one's feet
  • rise up suddenly ????????
  • He glanced quickly round, jumped to his feet and
    left.
  • ?????????,???????
  • He jumped to his feet when he heard the bell.
  • ?????,??????
  • ??rise to ones feet ???
  • on ones feet ??
  • on foot ??

55
(L 58) fill out
  • ? fill in ??
  • ? get fatter??
  • He filled out the form and signed it at bottom.
  • ????????,????????
  • After three months in the hospital, her cheeks
    began to fill out.
  • ???????????,???????????
  • ???????????
  • Please fill out the answers to the following
    questions.

56
(L73) let oneself go
  • ?????????
  • ???????????
  • ?????????
  • He threw his book out of the window and let
    itself go.
  • ???????????
  • She really let herself go at the dinner party.
  • ???????????????
  • Since his wife died, he's just let himself go.
  • ???????,??????????

57
3.Difficult sentences
  • (L12)The distant sound of low voices, broken
    now..
  • (L2426)Tortoise had a sweet tongue, and within a
    .
  • (L3436) None of the birds had heard of this..
  • (L3941) His speech was so eloquent that all the
    ..
  • (L5658) And so Tortoise ate the best part of
    the .

58
Difficult sentences
  • (L12)The distant sound of low voices, broken now
    and then by singing, reached Okonkwo from his
    wives' huts as each woman and her children told
    folk stories.
  • ?????????????????The distant sound of low voices
    reached Okonkwo,???????????brokenby
    singing?????as??,?????????wives???????,?????????
    ??????
  • ?????????????????????,????????,??????,????????????
    ?????????

59
Difficult sentences
  • (L2426)Tortoise had a sweet tongue, and within a
    short time all the birds agreed that he was a
    changed man, and they all gave him a feather,
    with which he made two splendidly colorful wings.
  • ???????????and???????????????,that??????,?agreed??
    ?,???????,??with which??????????,????a
    feather?have a sweet tongue????,???have a sharp
    tongue????????
  • ??????????,????,??????????,??????????,????????????
    ??,?????,??????????????

60
Difficult sentences
  • (L3436) None of the birds had heard of this
    custom but they knew that Tortoise, in spite of
    his failings in other areas, was a widely
    traveled man who knew the customs of different
    peoples.
  • ?????????but??????,??but?????????,???that????????w
    ho?????????????peoples??????????,?????
  • ?????????????????,?????,??????????????,???????,???
    ?????????

61
Difficult sentences
  • (L3941) His speech was so eloquent that all the
    birds were glad they had brought him, and nodded
    their heads in approval of all he said.
  • ?????????????sothat????that??????,all the
    birds???,were?nodded?????????they had brought
    him?????that,???????????(glad)???????in approval
    of all he said?????,????all he said?????in
    approval of???,all?????????that?
  • ?????????????,????????????????,?????????????

62
Difficult sentences
  • (L5658) And so Tortoise ate the best part of the
    food and then drank two pots of palm wine, so
    that he was full of food and drink and his body
    grew fat enough to fill out his shell.
  • ?????????so???,????,??so that?????????????
  • ???????,??????????,??????????,?????,??????????????
    ????

63
4. Grammar review
  • ???????????????????????,?????????????
  • ????? ???????????????????
    ??????????????????,????????????????????(??)
    ????
  • ???????his, her, my, your, their, our?????him,
    her, me, you, us, them?
  • ???want ?? want to do sth. ???? want doing
    ????????
  • ???mean ?? mean to do sth. ?????,?? mean
    doing ???,????.?

64
?. Post-tasks Translate the following sentences
  • 1. (L12)The distant sound of low voices, broken
    now and then by singing, reached Okonkwo from his
    wives' huts as each woman and her children told
    folk stories.
  • ?????????????????????,? ???????,??????,??????
    ???????????????

65
Translate the following sentences-2
  • 2. (L34)Suddenly the murmuring stopped and all
    eyes turned to their favorite and most skillful
    storyteller.
  • ??????,???????,???????????????????
  • 3. (L67)They painted their bodies deep red and
    drew beautiful patterns on them with dye.
  • ???????????????????????????

66
Translate the following sentences-3
  • 4. (L8)Tortoise saw all these preparations and
    soon discovered what it all meant.
  • ???????????????,??????????????
  • 5. (L89) Nothing that happened in the world of
    the animals ever escaped his notice he was full
    of cunning.
  • ???????????????????????(??)?????????

67
Translate the following sentences-4
  • 6. (L1011)As soon as he heard of the great feast
    in the sky his throat began to itch at the very
    thought.
  • ?????????????,??????????????
  • 7. (L1112) There was a famine in those days and
    Tortoise had not eaten a good meal for two moons.
  • ???????,???????,???????????????????

68
2. Grammar review exercises
  • 1. Your hair wants __. You'd better have it done
    tomorrow.
  • A. cut B. cutting
  • C. to cut D. being cut
  • ???? B
  • ??????want doing ?doing?????????
  • 2. This room is so dirty that it wants __.
  • A. cleaning B. to clean
  • C. being cleaned D. cleaned
  • ???? A
  • ???? want doing ?????

69
Grammar review exercises-2
  • 3. There's a man at the reception desk who seems
    very angry and I think he means __ trouble.
  • A. making B. to make
  • C. to have made D. having made
  • ???? B
  • ????mean doing ?????,?????

70
Grammar review exercises-3
  • 4. The children went there to watch the iron
    tower __.
  • A. to erect B. be erected
  • C. erecting D. being erected
  • ???? D
  • ???? watch ????,???? see ???? ????watch, see,
    hear ???? ??(??) dobe erected ?????????
    being erected ??????????

71
Grammar review exercises-4.
  • 5. The engine __ smoke and steam.
  • A. gives up B. gives in
  • C. gives away D. gives off
  • ???? D
  • ???? give up ?? give in ??,?? give off
    ??,??(????)give away ??,????????????????????????
    ?????

72
Grammar review exercises-5.
  • 6. The manager promised to keep me __ of how our
    business was going on.
  • A. to be informed B. on informing
  • C. informed D. informing
  • ???? C
  • ???? keep sb. ?? inform v. ??,?? inform sb.
    of sth. ????????keep me informed ??????

73
Grammar review exercises-6.
  • 7. The goals __ he had fought all his life no
    longer seemed important to him.
  • A. after which B. for which
  • C. with which D. at which
  • ???? B
  • ???? fight with sb. (????????) fight with ??
    ???????? fight for ????I fight with him.
    ???????? I fight with him against her. ?????????

74
Grammar review exercises-7.
  • 8. I should like to rent a house, modern,
    comfortable and __ in a quiet neighborhood.
  • A. all in all B. above all
  • C. after all D. over all
  • ???? B
  • ???? all in all ????above all ??,???after all
    ??,??overall ???,??? in a word ??,in short
    ????,in conclusion ??,??,to sum up??,?????

75
Grammar review exercises-8.
  • 9. __ we have finished the course, we shall start
    doing more revision work.
  • A. For now B. Now that
  • C. Ever since D. By now
  • ???? B
  • ???? now that ??,??(???since) ever since
    ??????that?????????????????now that ??,?? in
    that ?? except that ????except????????except
    that??????

76
3.Make sentences with the given words.
  • ??????,???????
  • ???? The children were all tired and went to bed
    of their own accord.
  • ????,??????,?????????
  • ???? She sat there, tears in her eyes, murmuring
    his name.
  • ?????????
  • ???? The detail escaped my notice.

77
Make sentences with the given words.
  • ???????????????
  • ???? Christmas is an important feast for
    Christians.
  • ?????????????
  • ???? Slowly but surely, his skill in piano is
    improving.
  • ??????????????????,????
  • ???? If his mother leaves him alone for five
    minutes, the little boy gets into mischief.

78
College English Unit 4, Book 1
  • Speaking

79
Contents
  • Pre-tasks
  • During-tasks
  • Post-tasks

80
I. Pre-tasks
  • Some useful words and expressions
  • ANGEL BOXING DAY(???) CANDLES CARDS CAROLS
  • CHRISTMAS CRECHE(?????) CANDY EGGNOG(???)
  • FAMILY GOODWILL FRIENDS HAPPY BIRTHDAY
    HOLLY(????) HOPE LIGHTS LOVE MENORAH (??)
    PEACE
  • PRESENTS

81
Talking about Holidays
  • There are ten officially designated(???) national
    holidays in the United States. Banks, government
    offices and most businesses are closed to
    observe(??)these holidays.
  • Federal Government Holidays
  • Third Monday in Jan.
  • Presidents Day, commemorating the birthday of
    George Washington, he first president, and
    Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president.

82
Talking about Holidays
  • Last Monday in May
  • Memorial Day(???????) commemorating U.S. soldiers
    killed in war.
  • July 4
  • Independence Day, celebrating the founding of the
    United States.
  • First Monday in Sept.
  • Labor Day, commemorating U.S workers

83
Talking about Holidays
  • Second Monday in Oct.
  • Columbus Day(???(????)???), commemorating
    Columbuss first journey to America.
  • Nov. 11
  • Veterans Day(?????),commemorating U.S military
    veterans.

84
Talking about Holidays
  • Feb.14th
  • Valentines Day, a day to exchange cards and/or
    gifts with those you love to show them how much
    you appreciate (??) them.
  • Popular Holidays
  • March.17th St. Patricks Day, a day dedicated
    (??) to the patron (???) saint of Ireland. Many
    people wear something green on this day.

85
Talking about Holidays
  • April 1st April Fools Day, a day for playing
    harmless jokes on others.
  • Second Sunday in May
  • Mothers Day, a day for giving special attention,
    cards and gifts to mothers and grandmothers in
    recognition of all they do.
  • Third Sunday in June
  • Father s Day, day for giving special attention,
    cards and gifts to fathers and grandmothers in
    recognition of all they do.

86
Talking about Holidays
  • Religious Holidays
  • March or April
  • (????1???????1???) Easter Sunday, a Christian
    celebration of the resurrection (??) of Jesus.
    Children often receive baskets of candy, have
    Easter egg hunts and dye hard-boiled eggs on this
    day.
  • Sept. or Oct.
  • Rosh Hashanah (????), the Jewish New Year and
    Yom( day) Kippur ( Atonement ) (???), the
    Jewish Day of Atonement.

87
Talking about Holidays
  • Late Nov. or early Dec.
  • Hanukkah, Festival of Lights, an eight-day Jewish
    holiday marking the re-dedication (??????) of the
    Second Temple (???????) in Jerusalem (????).
  • Dec. 25 Christmas Day, a Christian celebration
    commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ (????),
    the founder of Christianity. It s also a Federal
    holiday.

88
During-tasks
  • Directions Work in groups and discuss the
    following question. Name some of the traditional
    Chinese festivals. How do the Chinese celebrate
    these festivals?

89
Some Chinese Festivals
  • the Mid-Autumn Festival
  • ??? (August 15th, Lunar Calendar)
  • the Double Ninth Festival
  • ??? (Sept. 9th, Lunar Calendar)
  • Useful Words
  • The following words are for the reference
  • firecrackers, set fireworks, be dressed up,
    dumpling,
  • pyramid shaped dumpling made of glutinous rice
    wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves (??), moon cake,
    full moon, dragon boat (dragon boat
    regatta/race),
  • realgar wine (???), sweeping the graves in memory
    of the dead ancestors.

90
What is the Spring Festival?
  • Directions The following are some definitions of
    Christmas. The difference in definition is due to
    peoples different views of the spirit of
    Christmas. Work in groups to define the meanings
    of the Spring Festival.

91
Christmas is
  • - playing in the snow
  • - angels singing
  • - turkey roasting in the oven
  • - tree lights glittering
  • - opening presents at 1 oclock in the morning
  • - watching a football game
  • - giving and receiving
  • - visiting friends
  • - spending time with the family

92
Spring Festival is
  • - having a big meal
  • - setting off firecrackers
  • - putting on ones best clothes
  • - receiving a red envelope with money in it from
    elders
  • - making snowmen
  • - making and eating dumplings
  • - watching the New Years Program on CCTV
  • - visiting relatives and friends

93
Debate
  • Directions Form two groups and debate whether we
    should continue to celebrate the Spring Festival.
  • Present your views convincingly Be prepared to
    respond to any questions or opposing statements
    the other group makes When the other group
    presents an argument, point out the weaknesses in
    it.

94
Debate
  • Teacher It is the most important traditional
    holiday for Chinese people all over the world.
    However, some people come to doubt whether it is
    necessary to continue to celebrate this "local"
    festival since people all over the world
    celebrate the January 1st New Year. They have
    something there especially when they fix their
    eyes on the negative effects of Spring Festival.
    So today's topic for a debate is "Should we
    continue to celebrate the Spring Festival?"

95
Debate
  • You may say either yes or no. Those who say yes
    please move to the left side of the classroom
    and those against the continuation of celebrating
    the Spring Festival move to the right side of the
    classroom.
  • Now, two parties, the positive party and negative
    party, are clearly formed. You'll have ten
    minutes to prepare your arguments. The debate
    will begin in a minute. Keep these rules in your
    mind please. First, present your views
    convincingly. Second, be prepared to respond to
    any questions the other group raises or opposing
    statements it makes. Last, when the other group
    presents an argument, point out the weakness in
    it.

96
Debate
  • Now, the debate begins.
  • (A the group that is for the continuation of
    celebrating the Spring Festival)
  • (B the group that is against the continuation of
    celebrating the Spring Festival)

97
Real life English
  • You are going to talk about your experience of
    going to parties. Read the following questions
    and discuss them with your partner.
  • Do you like going to parties? Why or why not?
  • When was the last time you were invited to a
    party? What was it like?
  • Do you worry about anything before going to a
    party?
  • Would you talk to people you dont know? Why or
    why not?

98
Language focus
  • I like/ love going to parties.
  • I dont care for parties. They are too noisy.
  • Parties are great fun. There are always a lot of
    interesting things to do.
  • I love meeting new people and making new friends.
  • I always worry about what clothes to wear.

99
Language focus
  • Im worried that there might be a lot of people I
    dont know/that others might think Im boring.
  • I never know what to say to people I dont know.
  • Im too shy to approach somebody I dont know.
  • I never worry about anything so I always have a
    good time.

100
Role-play the dialogue
  • 1. (At a party)
  • A Great party, isnt it?
  • B Yeah, super. Everyone seems to be having a
    good time.
  • A They do, dont they? By the way, do you know
    that girl talking to Jack?
  • B Who? Oh, thats Mary. She lives in our
    dormitory.
  • A Shes very pretty. Dont you think so?
  • B Yes, and clever, too. One of the best students
    in her class, I believe.
  • A Do you know her well?
  • B Quite well, shall I introduce you to her?
  • A Thatd be nice.

101
Role-play the dialogue
  • 2.
  • M When are you leaving for Australia, Diana?
  • W In just two weeks. And Im so excited. But
    there are still one or two things I need to do
    before I go.
  • M Like what?
  • W Like going to the travel agent and figuring
    out what to do with my apartment while Im gone.
  • M Your apartment? Perhaps you could sublet it.
  • W Yeah, but who to?

102
Role-play the dialogue
  • M Hmm, let me think. Oh, I know just the person.
    An old friend of mine, Peter Jones, is coming
    here to do some research this summer, from June
    through August.
  • W Thats exactly when Ill be away. Sounds
    ideal. When could you talk to him about it?
  • M Well, Ill be calling him later this week,
    anyway. Ill mention it to him then.
  • W Thanks a lot. Come to think of it, Michael,
    shall we have a get together with Tom and
    Catherine this weekend?
  • M Good idea! Lets do that.

103
III. Post-tasks Useful expressions
  • ?????????,?????????????????????????????,??????????
    ?????????
  • It's really impressive the way you run this
    company.
  • ???????????????????
  • I look forward to coming to work every day.
  • ????????????

104
Useful expressions
  • You're the best-dressed boss around.
  • ?????????????
  • You're my idol.
  • ???????
  • I really admire your decision-making ability.
  • ???????????

105
Useful expressions
  • You're too young to be a professor...
  • ??????????
  • Could you autograph your book for me, please?
  • ?????????????
  • Your teaching is so inspiring.
  • ?????????????
  • ???,?????????
  • You look so much younger than my classmates'
    moms /dads.
  • ?????????????/???????
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