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The Phrase: Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases

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A phrase is a group of related words that do not have a verb and its subject. ... 1. one of the most popular Mexican dishes- Tacos. 2. Daniel- twin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Phrase: Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive Phrases


1
Chapter 14
  • The Phrase Prepositional, Verbal, and Appositive
    Phrases

2
What is a Phrase?
  • A phrase is a group of related words that do not
    have a verb and its subject.
  • (Clause has a verb and its subject)

3
Prepositional Phrase
  • Includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun (the
    object of the prep.), and any modifiers.
  • Can be an adjective phrase or an adverb phrase

4
The Adjective Phrase
  • A prepositional phrase that is used to describe a
    person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
  • Tells what kind or
  • which one
  • Located after the noun/pronoun it modifies

5
Adverb phrase
  • A prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an
    adjective, or an adverb.
  • Tells how, when, where, why, or to what extent
    (how long, how many, how much, or how far)

6
Classwork
  • p. 417-420, Exercise 1, 2, 3
  • Work quietly with a partner
  • Turn in to the wire basket when complete.

7
Verbals and verbal phrases
  • A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb but
    is used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
  • 3 kinds participle, gerund, infinitive

8
The Participle
  • A participle is a verb form that can be used as
    an adjective.
  • Present participle ends in ing
  • The smiling child waved.
  • Past participle ends in d or ed
  • The police searched the abandoned building.
  • Unless it is irregularly formed.

9
The Participial Phrase
  • Consists of a participle and any modifiers or
    complements it has.
  • THE ENTIRE PHRASE IS USED AS AN ADJECTIVE!
  • Example After a while, we heard the duck
    quacking noisily at its own image.

10
Any questions?
  • In pairs
  • Textbook p 422, Ex 4 5
  • Turn in on top shelf before the end of class
  • Workbook pgs 94 95

11
The Gerund
  • A gerund is a verb form ending in ing that is
    used as a NOUN.
  • Skiing down the slope was fun.

12
The Gerund Phrase
  • A gerund phrase consists of a gerund and any
    modifiers or complements the gerund has.
  • THE ENTIRE PHRASE IS USED AS A NOUN.
  • ie The townspeople heard the loud clanging of the
    fire bell.

13
Nouns function in a sentence as
  • Subject
  • Who or what the sentence is about
  • Object of a Preposition
  • In a prepositional phrase
  • Direct Object
  • Follows action verbs-Who? What? receives the
    action
  • Indirect Object
  • Follows action verbs-To Whom? For Whom? The
    action was done
  • Predicate Nominative
  • Follows linking verbs-renames or identifies the
    subject

14
Any questions?
  • Complete in class
  • Textbook p.426 Ex 7, 8
  • Workbook 98-99

15
The Infinitive
  • An infinitive is a verbal that can be used as a
    noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
  • Infinitives begin with to ( verb)
  • to dance, to sing, to talk
  • ExTo install the ceiling fan took two hours.
    (subject)

16
Dont be confused!
  • A prepositional phrase that begins with to will
    have an object that is a noun.
  • An infinitive is a VERB form!

17
The Infinitive Phrase
  • Includes the infinitive and any modifiers or
    complements the infinitive has.
  • The entire phrase may be used as a noun, an
    adjective, or an adverb.

18
Example
  • The crowd grew quiet to hear the speaker.
  • What is the infinitive phrase?
  • to hear the speaker
  • What is it modifying?
  • grew
  • What part of speech is it in this sentence?
  • Adverb

19
Any questions?
  • Textbook p 429-430, Ex. 10, 11
  • Due before class is over…turn in on top shelf
  • Workbook p.103-104

20
Appositives
  • An appositive is a noun or pronoun placed beside
    another noun or pronoun to identify or describe
    it.

21
Example
  • The actor Bruce Willis was on TV last night.
  • Bruce Willis, the actor, is starring in a new
    movie titled The Hostage.
  • Commas are generally used with appositives that
    refer to proper nouns.

22
Appositive phrase
  • Consists of an appositive and its modifiers.
  • Ex Officer Webb, one of the security guards,
    caught the burglar.

23
Important!
  • If the appositive is essential to the meaning, it
    is NOT set off by commas.

24
Any questions?
  • Complete textbook page 433, Ex 13, Rev D
  • Workbook pgs 108-110
  • 20 minutes!

25
P 433, exercise 13
  • 6. one of my heroes- Barbara Jordan
  • 7. Bianca- friend
  • 8. a pile of trash containing broken bottles-
    hazard
  • 9. fifty cents- change
  • 10. Ive Been Working on the Railroad- song
  • 1. one of the most popular Mexican dishes- Tacos
  • 2. Daniel- twin
  • 3. a truck driver and a sailor- men
  • 4. tuna salad on rye bread- sandwich
  • 5. American history- class
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