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The Truman and Marshall Plan

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The Truman and Marshall Plan. Aim: How did America react to the Soviet Union in the late 1940s? ... CNN Cold War - Episode Script: Marshall Plan ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Truman and Marshall Plan


1
The Truman and Marshall Plan
  • Aim How did America react to the Soviet Union in
    the late 1940s?

2
THE TRUMAN DOCTRINE
3
What was it..
  • It was very simple..
  • Whereas before WW2 the USA had been isolationist
    and not got involved in Europe.NOW
  • Because of the fear of Communism the USA was
    prepared to intervene throughout the world to
    protect democracy against communism.
  • By lending equipment, advice etc ( and eventually
    military force)
  • The main aim was to stop communism spreading
    further
  • This policy was called CONTAINMENT

4
THE MARSHALL PLAN 1947(Marshall Aid)
  • What Was it?
  • An American response to the poverty and hardship
    in post war Europe
  • Who was Marshall?
  • An American General and American Secretary of
    State, sent to assess the economic state of
    Europe

5
It was thought that these were the conditions in
which communism thrived WHY?
Economies in ruins Shortages of goods Bread still
rationed Coal shortages in GB electricity cuts
each day
Details
6
Marshalls reaction
  • Lend 17 million dollars to Europe
  • Congress against it UNTIL Czechoslovakia became
    Communist and death of Jan Masaryk
  • 1948 Plan passes by Congress to last four
    years
  • CNN Cold War - Episode Script Marshall Plan

7
What a nice gesture by the Americans.
  • Yes BUT..
  • The aid came in the form of goods made by
    American firms
  • So there was an element of American self-interest
    to prevent another depression in USA
  • CNN - Cold War

8
And Stalin
  • He hated Marshall Aid!!
  • Forbade Eastern European countries from having
    anything to do with it
  • Regarded as anti-Communist
  • Feared that it might weaken his hold on Eastern
    Bloc
  • And Eastern countries would swing to the US
    dollar.
  • CNN Cold War - Episode Script Marshall Plan

9
Study the source carefully, then answer the
questions which follow.
  • A) Study source B.
  • What is the message of this cartoon? Use
    details of the cartoon and your knowledge to
    explain your answer. 6

10
(No Transcript)
11
  • Who produced the poster and When.
  • What was going on at that time?
  • What do you know about the background i.e.
    peoples opinions/ actions of the Marshall Plan.
  • What can you see in the poster? Describe it.
  • What does it symbolise?
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