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Egyptians

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The Egyptian civilization began around 3150 BCE. ... In tales from Egyptian mythology, gods marriage between brothers and sisters and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptians


1
Egyptians
By Courtney, Chantel and Chad
2
Time Period
  • The Egyptian civilization began around 3150 BCE.
  • The Egyptian civilization ended in 31 BCE
    when the Roman Empire took over Egypt.

3
alphabet/language
This writing is classified as hieroglyphics.
4
Egyptian technology
Egyptians changed from copper tools to bronze
they changed from bronze tools to iron tools
around 200 BCE
They figured out how to build useful things
inside monuments like levers, ramps, and rollers
that moved heavy boxes.
The Egyptian calendar has?
5
Art
Ancient Egyptian art refers to the style of
painting, sculpture, crafts and architecture
developed by the from 5000 BC to 300 BC.
The desert hills were in Egypt were rich in
minerals and stones so the artist could use them
with minerals in their art.
6
Values/rules
Rules -Slaves had to build temples/tombs And
pyramids -Jews and people from Meroe Kush And
Libya were Egyptian slaves
Values -temples/tombs -mummies -pyramids -Egyptia
n kings/queens -Naquada jar -Narmer palette
7
Marriage
  • In Egyptian history, the bride seems to have
    little choice in marriage.
  • Most marriages are between the girl's father and
    future husband.
  • The girl's father and even her mother had much
    more say in the matter then the bride. 
  • In tales from Egyptian mythology, gods marriage
    between brothers and sisters and fathers and
    daughters were common from the earliest periods
  • It was not uncommon among common people to marry
    relatives.  Marriage between cousins, or uncles
    and nieces were fairly common in Egypt prior to
    the Greek period. 
  • 24 percent of marriages among common people were
    brother/sister relationships.
  • Hemet or Hebswt means Wife or Female Partner

8
  • Men and women could remarry after divorce or
    death of partner as soon as they wished
  • No official ceremony - family feast in honor of
    the uniting couple with music, dance and food.
  • Men were permitted to have multiple wives
  • A contract was drawn up between the parties.
  • The poorer classes did not do this because they
    had few possessions to consider and also the cost
    of a Scribe would have been prohibitive.
  • Settlements were drawn up between a womans
    father and her prospective husband, although many
    times the woman herself was part of the contract.
  • The sole purpose of the contract was to establish
    the rights of both parties to maintenance and
    possessions during the marriage and after divorce
    if it should occur.
  • Egyptians could marry at any age. They were
    encouraged to marry young, because the life span
    at this time was relatively short.

9
  • Ancient Egyptian Government was dominated by a
    single man, the Pharaoh.
  • The people believed that the king was more than a
    man, but that he was a god.
  • This gave him absolute control over the affairs
    of the Empire and its people.
  • The Pharaohs advisors and ministers were almost
    always priests, who were considered the only ones
    worthy and able to carry out the god-kings
    commands.
  • The governmental officials included the vizier,
    or the prime minister, the chief treasurer, the
    tax collector, the minister of public works, and
    the army commander. These officials were directly
    responsible to the Pharaoh

Government
10
Families
  • Ahl is a name for any kind of family in Egypt
  • bait means house, or small families that live
    under the same roof. This can include aunts,
    widowed parents, or any other extended family.
  • Family is the most important institution in most
    Egyptians' lives. Few people live apart from
    their immediate family.
  • Class divisions within society play a big role in
    Egyptian life.
  • Egyptians have an incredibly fine-tuned sense of
    class, and this plays a part in every aspect of
    an individual's life.
  • These divisions are based on family, wealth,
    education, and experiences and/or education,
    reputation, religious piety, and foreign ancestry.

11
  • Girls usually lived at home until they were about
    15-19 years old, when they got married.
  • Boys often continued living in their parents'
    house even after they got married, with their new
    wife.
  • Egyptian villages tended to be crowded, and
    poorer Egyptians often lived with their whole
    family in only one room of a house, with other
    poor families living in the other rooms.

12
Shelter
  • They lived in houses, villages.
  • They made there shelter out of reed mats and
    mud-bricks.
  • The earliest known villages were clustered and
    dwelling, with no walls and were circular shaped.

13
Games and Leisure
  • Board Games
  • Senet- Adults played this game. It symbolized the
    struggle of good against evil. The evil forces
    tried to stop you from reaching the Kingdom of
    the god Osiris.
  • Ouija- Luck boards used to tell the future.
  • Toys
  • Toys were made from wood, bone, ivory, ceramics
    and stone.
  • Some of the toys were toy boats, clay animals,
    rattles, dolls, toy animals, spinning tops,
    mechanical toys like crocodiles with moving jaws,
    and Jumping Jacks.
  • Games
  • They also played ball games standing, jumping
    high in the air, or even piggyback.

14
Religion/beliefs
Religion/beliefs -Art -Slavery -Spiritual
world -Very religious/spiritual
15
Food
Fashion
  • The Egyptians main food was bread. It was made
    from barley and emmer wheat, most common crops.)
    Bread was usually baked in a conical mold that
    was placed over an open fire
  • The main beverage of ancient Egypt was beer, but
    the frequent depictions of grape arbors on tomb
    walls and the numerous wine vessels found
    throughout Egypt indicate that wine was also
    popular.
  • Numerous varieties of fruits and vegetables were
    grown in irrigated gardens. Fruits included figs,
    grapes, plums, dates, and watermelon. Vegetables
    included beets, sweet onions, radishes, turnips,
    garlic, lettuce, chick peas, beans, and lentils.
  • The Egyptians ate a variety of meat, fish, and
    fowl. Beef, mutton, pork, and wild game such as
    hyenas were part of their diet. Fowl included
    domestic geese and pigeons and a wide variety of
    wild birds--herons, pelicans, cranes, wild ducks,
    and wild geese. The Nile supplied many kinds of
    fish, including catfish, mullet, bolti, and
    perch.
  • Men usually dressed in short linen kilts with a
    band of cloth worn over the shoulders
  • Women dressed in long fitted linen dresses.
  • Tunics and dresses.
  • Egyptians wore course linen
  • The richer and wealthier Egyptians dressed in a
    lighter, much finer cloth.
  • Royal linen" was the finest of all. Skins, like
    leopard skin would be worn by priests
  • Laborate clothing and head-dresses were worn by
    royalty for ceremonial occasions.

16
Music and Dance
  • Dances were named after the motion the dance was
    imitating.
  • For example, "the leading along of an animal,"
    "the taking of gold," and "the successful capture
    of the boat.
  • Many dancers depicted in the temple and tomb
    paintings and reliefs show dancers in athletic
    poses such as cartwheels, handstands and
    backbends.
  • Ancient Egyptian instruments include harps,
    lutes, drums, flutes, cymbals, clappers and
    tambourines.
  • There are four basic types of musical instruments
    in Ancient Egypt. These are idiophones, this
    includes clappers, sistra, cymbals and bells.
    These instruments were particularly associated
    with religious worship and the music used in
    these rites and ceremonies.

17
pictures
  • http//www.holtzendorff.com/vacations/israel/image
    s/GizaPyramids1.jpg
  • http//egypt.xiando.net/history/Artisans_Village/a
    rtisans_village_00002.jpg
  • http//www.map-of-egypt.org/map-of-egypt.gif
  • http//orpheus.ucsd.edu/va11/Image2012
  • http//wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/2102/Prev
    iewComp/SuperStock_2102-529665.jpg
  • http//www.yeoldartshoppe.com/images/Egyptian20Pr
    incess.jpg

18
info
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_EgyptOld_Kin
    gdom
  • http//www.egyptgiftshop.com/images/hieroglyphic_a
    lphabet.gif
  • http//www.all-about-egypt.com/image-files/alphabe
    t-hieroglyphs.jpg
  • http//www.aldokkan.com/society/marriage.htm
  • http//www.touregypt.net/featurestories/marriage.h
    tm
  • http//library.thinkquest.org/J002046F/technology.
    htm
  • http//images.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//www.
    historyforkids.org/learn/egypt/art/pictures/amarna
    .jpgimgrefurlhttp//www.historyforkids.org/learn
    /egypt/people/family.htmh174w250sz9hlenst
    art14um1usg__QzbHHUa-1kiryKKQHG71A559_4ktbn
    id0EjySBbc04bmWMtbnh77tbnw111prev/images3
    Fq3Degyptian2Bfamilies26um3D126hl3Den26rls
    3Dcom.microsoften-US26sa3DN
  • http//www.kingtutshop.com/freeinfo/Ancient-Egypti
    an-Games.htm

http//showcase.netins.net/web/ankh/music.html
19
Question Sheet
  • 1When did the Egyptian civilization begin?
  • 2What is the writing classified as?
  • 3How many Days per week?
  • 4How many seasons per year?
  • 5name two Ancient Egyptian instruments
  • 6Name two values Egyptian
  • 7Name one rule Egyptian
  • 8 They made there shelter out of?
  • 9Adults played this game?
  • 10 Ancient Egyptian Government was dominated by a
    single man
  • 11 Toys were made from
  • 12. Name 2 Religion/beliefs
  • 13 Men usually dressed in
  • 14 name four basic types of musical instruments
  • 15 Some of the toys were

20
  • 3150 BCE,
  • hieroglyphics,
  • 10,
  • 3,
  • harps, lutes
  • temples/tombs-mummies pyramids-Egyptian
    kings/queens-Naquada jar-Narmer palette
  • -Slaves had to build temples/tombs
  • And pyramids
  • -Jews and people from Meroe Kush
  • And Libya were Egyptian slaves
  • reed mats and mud-bricks
  • , Senet
  • Pharaoh,
  • wood, bone, ivory, ceramics and stone.
  • -Art-Slavery-Spiritual world-Very
    religious/spiritual
  • , in short linen kilts with a band of cloth worn
    over the shoulders, I
  • diophones, this includes clappers, sistra,
    cymbals and bells,
  • toy boats, clay animals, rattles, dolls, toy
    animals, spinning tops, mechanical toys like
    crocodiles with moving jaws, and Jumping Jacks.
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