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MINISTRY OF YOUTH AND SPORTS

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Car wash Hairdressing. MoYS DEPAC PRESENTATION 13/01/05. 16 ... managers etc) and the unskilled ( labourers, car wash boys/girls, cleaners etc) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MINISTRY OF YOUTH AND SPORTS


1
MINISTRY OF YOUTH AND SPORTS
  • YOUTH AND EMPLOYMENT
  • A SECURITY ISSUE IN SIERRA LEONE

2
BACKGROUND
  • The single most important threat to security in
    post-war Sierra Leone is youth unemployment.
    After successful D.D.R., former combatants have
    joined large number of other young, unemployed
    and visibly disenchanted and frustrated youth in
    mainstream society. The economy has not absorbed
    them yet into formal employment.

3
  • Due to rebel war, frustrated youths are prone to
    violence more than ever. Example
  • Schools sports competitions involving violent
    clashes, death and destruction of public and
    private property.
  • Recent Labour Congress sit-down strike action-
    some unemployed youths mounting roadblocks and
    burning tyres.

4
  • Youth unemployment particularly visible and acute
    in Freetown and some other big towns where the
    war attracted large numbers of youth.
  • City life? A nightmare of idleness, misery and
    hopelessness and unfulfilled dreams.
  • Consequences anger, accusation, violence and
    lawlessness.
  • These can compromise gains in security and
    democracy.

5
  • HIV/AIDS- a real and present danger especially
    for idle /engaged youth
  • A Threat to economic development and social
    stability
  • Therefore, youth engagement through job creation
    is a matter of extreme urgency and factor of
    national security

6
CURRENT EFFORTS
  • Some initiatives already taken by Government
    institutions, Local Councils, UN agencies, NGOs,
    Youth-Serving agencies and youth organizations to
    address the youth unemployment problem.
  • E.g. SABABU Education project UNDP supported
    youth projects girls-off-the-street project,etc
    FAO supported rice/groundnut cultivation and
    fisheries project UNFPA support with transport
    and equipment.
  • However, efforts hardly visible/grossly
    insufficient and uncoordinated.

7
RECOMMENDED APPROACH/STRATEGY
  • Distinction between urban and rural youth
  • Special priority to job creation for youth in
    Freetown (Western Area).
  • The projects must be youth specific, conceived,
    and delivered to them with their participation.
  • MoYS- central and visible actor during
    implementation of youth projects.
  • A special unit, under the Directorate of Youth
    within the Ministry to coordinate and supervise
    the implementation of youth projects.

8
  • Specific targets and timelines.
  • Bureaucratic delays and bottlenecks can lead to
    lack of trust among the youth.
  • Although the target is job creation, equal
    emphasis to be laid on vocational, technical and
    business training.
  • Job/ Information kiosks or centres for youth in
    depressed communities for greater visibility of
    the projects and easy, direct access to the
    opportunities offered

9
  • Initiatives attracting youth from the urban to
    the rural areas needed.
  • Emphasis on agriculture and related activities in
    line with Food Security agenda, but also on
    business/enterprise.
  • Recreational /sporting activities.
  • Life skills/ HIV/AIDS and literacy/numeracy
    packages.
  • Volunteerism, responsibility and ownership

10
YOUTH BUSINESS SCHEME (YBS)
  • The Ministry of Youth and Sports proposes a Youth
    Business Scheme (YBS) - strategy for youth
    employment and poverty alleviation specifically
    in Freetown and other urban areas.
  • Aim Empower young people through enterprise to
    become business creators rather than simply job
    seekers. The YBS will promote hope and
    self-sufficiency in our young people.

11
General Principles
  • Enterprise development - a viable and attractive
    option for youth employment.
  • Exposure to entrepreneurship can enhance their
    employability even if their initial business
    fails.
  • Successful youth enterprises can raise
    aspirations of young women and men.
  • Core element of project - teach the importance
    and means of creating capital ownership and
    wealth within their community.

12
Strategies
  • Basic training in business skills and management
    including bookkeeping, pricing and stock control
  • The development of a business plan at the end of
    the training by trainees
  • Provision of reasonable start-up capital (small
    grants) for the proposed activities/business
    plans
  • Orientation of youth on all appropriate laws and
    regulations relating to enterprise development
  • Establishment of a support network involving
    established businesses/mentors and counterpart
    start-up enterprises
  • A Business Advisory Support System.

13
  • Use of existing public buildings
    (schools/halls/community centres,etc.) for the
    training
  • Involvement of local businesspersons, educators,
    community leaders and young people.
  • Set up a management structure for coordination
    and monitoring
  • Integration of life skills education in the
    training package

14
Implementation
  • Establishment of six (6) training locations in
    Freetown
  • One hundred (100) trainees per location
  • Course duration- three (3) months
  • 2,400 beneficiaries per annum
  • Project duration- 3 years
  • Total number of beneficiaries- 7,200
  • Adaptation to various levels of literacy
  • Costing- to be developed in collaboration with
    donors and partners

15
PROPOSED ACTIVITY OPTIONS
  • Ø       Micro-enterprise support /Ø      
    Transport business (cabs and trucks
    hire/motorbikes/bicycles/push carts-
    omolankaye/wheelbarrows).Ø       Tailoring
    (sports gear and equipment production)Ø      
    Small catering (foods and beverages)
  • Ø       Food processing (garri, foofoo etc)/Fruit
    processing (jam, juice etc)/Packaging (of
    foodstuff, other items) gtHorticulture (terracing,
    gardening, manure production and distribution)
    Ø       Buyers cooperatives, (especially for
    young traders )Ø       Mobile cinema business
    (especially for remote areas) Ø       Music and
    entertainment (recording albums, D.J services for
    weddings and parties, sale of cassettes, cultural
    dance troupes etc)
  • Ø       Arts and Crafts/ Weaving/ Basket making,
    cane chairs, tables and stools production
  • Ø       Car washØ       Hairdressing

16
  • Ø       Tinsmithery ( Pots, pans and other
    utensils production/Blacksmithery (Agricultural
    tools production)Ø       BakeryØ      
    Maintenance and cleaning servicesØ      
    Housekeeping agenciesØ       Electrical,
    electronics, watch repairs etc. Ø       Labour
    intensive small road works (village and small
    town link roads)Ø       Vegetable
    cultivation/Tubers cultivation
  • Ø       Pig and poultryØ       Fishing, Fish
    preservation and distribution
  • Ø       Tele-centre communications
    business/secretarial services, photocopy, fax,
    typing etc)Ø       Photography
  • Some options are more practicable and lucrative
    in the urban areas, others in the rural.
  • Business/project ideas chosen by trained youth
    will be assessed with this in mind.
  • Vast range of micro-enterprise activities will
    engage both skilled youth (technically trained,
    managers etc) and the unskilled ( labourers, car
    wash boys/girls, cleaners etc).

17
CONCLUSION
  • Youth unemployment results in serious
    consequences for the individual, the family, the
    community and the nation.
  • It contributes to crime, violence and risky
    behaviours (drug abuse, prostitution,etc.).
  • It can lead to marginalization, exclusion and
    frustration, low self-esteem and acts that create
    insecurity and instability.
  • Collective responsibility- success of the youth
    employment programme will depend on efforts by
    government, young people, partners and other key
    stakeholders.

18
CONCLUSION
  • Only way out support youth projects for peace
    and security
  • Also, inclusion in decision-making processes to
    improve confidence and sense of belonging
  • We have no other choice in this post conflict
    period.
  • Thank You
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