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Hamlet

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And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Do not forever with thy vailed lids ... 'The King doth wake tonight and takes his rouse, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hamlet


1
Hamlet
  • Act I

2
Act I Scene i
  • Setting
  • Supernatural
  • Horatio says tis but our fantasy
  • And will not let belief take hold of him
  • Touching this dreaded sight twice seen us.
  • Therefore I have entreated him along
  • With us to watch the minutes of this night,
  • That, if again this apparition come
  • He may approve our eyes and speak to it
    (I.i.28-34).

3
Act I Scene i
  • Setting
  • our last king,
  • Whose image even but now appeared to us,
  • Was, as you know, by Fortinbras of Norway,
  • Thereto pricked on by a most emulate pride,
  • Dared to the combat in which our valiant Hamlet
  • Did slay this Fortinbras, who by a sealed
    compact,
  • Well ratified by law and heraldry,
  • Did forfeit, with his life, all those his lands
  • Which he stood seized of, to the conqueror
    (I.i.92-101).
  • Warfare
  • Theme of revenge, vengeance
  • Lost what he should have inherited

4
Act I Scene i
  • Setting
  • Supernatural
  • In the most high and palmy state of Rome,
  • A little ere the mighiest Julius fell,
  • The graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted
    dead
  • Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets
  • As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood,
  • Disasters in the sun and the moist star
    (I.i.125-130).
  • Foreshadowing
  • Bad omens
  • Theme of disorder at beginning

5
Act I Scene ii
  • Tone and Diction
  • Claudius at castle
  • Though yet of Hamlet our dear brothers death
  • The memory be green, and that it us befitted
  • To bear our hearts in grief, and our whole
    kingdom
  • To be contracted in one brow of woe,
  • Yet so far hath discretion fought with nature
  • That we with wisest sorrow think on him
  • Together with remembrance of ourselves
    (I.ii.1-7).

6
Act I Scene ii
  • Tone and Diction
  • Therefore our sometime sister, now our queen,
  • With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage,
  • In equal scale weighing delight and dole
  • Taken to wife (I.ii.8-14).
  • Thanks his people
  • Qualities of a good king
  • Appropriate?
  • Irony

7
Act I Scene ii
  • Tone and Diction
  • Hamlet
  • A little more than kin and less than kind (67)
  • Not so, my lord I am too much in the sun (69)
  • Queen
  • cast they nighted color off,
  • And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark.
  • Do not forever with thy vailed lids
  • Seek for thy noble father in the dust.
  • Thou knowst tis common all that lives must
    die (I.ii.70-74)
  • Dont be sad
  • Generally concerned with his well being

8
Act I Scene ii
  • Tone and Diction
  • Tis not alone my inky cloak, (good) mother,
  • Nor customary suits of solemn black,
  • Nor windy suspiration of forced breath,
  • No, nor the fruitful river in the eye,
  • Nor the dejected havior of the visage,
  • Together with all forms, moods, (shapes) of
    grief,
  • That can (denote) me truly. These indeed
    seem,
  • For they are actions that a man might play
  • But I have that within which passes show,
  • These but he trappings and the suits of woe
    (I.ii.80-89).

9
Act I Scene ii
  • Characterization of Hamlet
  • Indicates his sorrow is true and heartfelt
  • Love he felt for his father
  • Scornful of his mother

10
Act I Scene ii
  • Tone and Diction
  • Claudius makes light of the situation
  • But you must know your father lost a father
    (I.ii.92)
  • In obstinate condolement is a course/ Of impious
    stubbornness. Tis unmanly grief
    (I.ii.97-98).
  • Insensitive
  • Be a man
  • Heir to the throne
  • Talks down to Hamlet
  • Degrades him

11
Act I Scene ii
  • Hamlet and Horatio
  • I pray you all,
  • If you have hitherto concealed this sight,
  • Let it be tenable in your silence still
  • And whatsomever else shall hap tonight,
  • Give it an understanding but no tongue
    (I.ii.267-271).
  • Wants to see for himself
  • Trusts and respects Horatio

12
Act I Scene iii
  • Ophelias love
  • For Hamlet, and the trifling of his favor,
  • Hold it a fashion and a toy in blood,
  • A violet in the youth of primy nature,
  • Forward not permanent, sweet, not lasting,
  • The perfume and suppliance of a minute,
  • No more (I.iii.6-10).
  • Good relationship with her brother
  • Ophelia does have feelings for Hamlet
  • Hamlets love is fleeting
  • Strictly infatuation

13
Act I Scene iii
  • Ophelias love
  • Perhaps he loves you now,
  • And now no soil or cautel doth besmirch
  • The virtue of his will but you must fear,
  • His greatness weighed, his will is not his own,
  • (For he himself is subject to his birth)
    (I.iii.17-21).
  • Cares a great deal for her
  • He may love you but cannot choose his wife
  • His marriage is in the interest of Denmark

14
Act I Scene iii
  • Ophelias love
  • Then weigh what loss your honor may sustain
  • If with too credent ear you list his songs
  • Or lose your heart or your chaste treasure open
  • To his unmastered importunity
  • And keep you in the rear of your affection,
  • Out of the shot and danger of desire.
  • The chariest maid is prodigal enough
  • If she unmask her beauty to the moon
    (I.iii.32-41).
  • References her virginity
  • Dont give it up to Hamlet

15
Act I Scene iii
  • Polonius advice
  • Good advice
  • Caring father
  • Give thy thoughts no tongue,
  • Nor any unproportioned thought his act
  • Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar (65-67)
  • Those friends thou hast, and their adoption
    tried,
  • Grapple them unto they soul with hoops of
    steal (68-69)
  • Beware of entrance to a quarrel, but, being in,
  • Beart that th opposed may beware of the
    (71-72)
  • Costly thy habit as they purse can buy,
  • But not expressed in fancy
  • For the apparel oft proclaims the man (76-78)
  • Neither a borrower nor a lender (be),

16
Act I Scene iii
  • Polonius advice
  • When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul
  • Lends the tongue vows
  • Be something scanter of your maiden presence
  • Do not believe his vows, for they are brokers
  • from this time forth
  • Have you so slander any moment leisure
  • As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet
    (I.iii.125-144)
  • Hamlet is only after one thing
  • He will say whatever you want to hear
  • Do not give up your virginity
  • Do not see him
  • Ophelia agrees
  • Obedient
  • Drives action

17
Act I Scene iv
  • Characterization of Claudius
  • The King doth wake tonight and takes his rouse,
  • Keeps wassail, and the swaggring upspring
    reels
  • And, as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down,
  • The kettledrum and trumpet thus bray out
  • The triumph of his pledge (I.iv.9-13).
  • King is partying and being loud
  • Sets a bad example
  • Makes us look like fools to others
  • Negative attributes
  • Opposite of Old Hamlet respected

18
Act I Scene iv
  • Hamlet and Horatio
  • Horatio warns Hamlet that the ghost may cause him
    harm or be evil
  • Good friend, trustworthy
  • What if it tempt you toward the flood, my lord?
  • Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff
  • That beetles oer his base into the sea,
  • And there assume some other horrible form
  • Which might deprive your sovereignty of reason
  • And draw you into madness? (I.iv.77-82).

19
Act I Scene v
  • Revenge
  • I am thy fathers spirit,
  • Doomed for a certain term to walk the night
  • And for the day confined in fast fires
  • Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature
  • Are burnt and purged away. But that I am forbid
  • To tell the secrets of my prison house,
  • I could a tale unfold whose lightest word
  • Would harrow up thy soul and freeze they young
  • blood (I.v.14-21).
  • Reference to purgatory
  • Cannot tell Hamlet what it is like- too horrible
    to imagine

20
Act I Scene v
  • Revenge
  • Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder (31)
  • The serpent that did sting thy fathers life
  • Now wears his crown (I.v.46-47)
  • Indicates he was murdered
  • Claudius did it
  • Sleeping in orchard and poisoned in his ear
  • Dies without confessing

21
Act I Scene v
  • Revenge
  • Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive
  • Against thy mother aught. Leave her to heaven
  • And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge
  • To prick and sting her (I.v.92-95).
  • Do not seek revenge against Gertrude
  • Heaven will punish her
  • Her guilt will punish her
  • Loved her greatly

22
Act I Scene v
  • Revenge
  • How strange or odd someer I bear myself
  • (As I perchance hereafter shall think to meet
  • To put an antic disposition on)
  • That you, at such times seeing me, never shall,
  • With arms encumbered thus, or this headshake,
  • Or pronouncing of some doubtful phrase,
  • That you know aught of me- this do swear,
    (I.v.190-202).
  • If I begin to act odd, do not acknowledge any of
    this
  • Is he going crazy? Acting?

23
Parallel Characters
  • Royal Family of Denmark and the Royal Family of
    Norway
  • Both kings are dead
  • Both have sons who did not inherit the throne
  • Both uncles are kings of the country
  • Both uncles are unaware of the actions by their
    nephews

24
Recurring/Significant Images
  • Disjoint
  • Our state to be disjoint and out of frame
    (I.ii.20)
  • The time is out of joint. (I.v.210)
  • Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.
    (I.iv.100)
  • Possible Significance?
  • Foreshadowing
  • Why is Denmark out of joint?
  • What is rotten?
  • What caused things to go rotten?
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