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The Colonies and the Native Americans

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Pequot War - 1637. First major Native American resistance to colonial expansion. Powerful Pequot nation (Connecticut area) versus ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Colonies and the Native Americans


1
The Colonies and the Native Americans
2
Powhatans
  • 1607 helped settlers at Jamestown (VA) survive
  • Named after Chief Powhatan
  • Who asserted supremacy over a few dozen small
    tribes Powhatan Confederacy

3
1st Powahatan War1610-1614
  • Lord De La Warr carried out orders from the
    Virginia Company to wage war against the Indians
    in the Jamestown region
  • Raided villages, burned houses, confiscated
    provisions, torched cornfields
  • 1614 peace settlement sealed w/ marriage of
    Pocohantas and John Rolfe
  • First known interracial marriage in VA

4
2nd Powhatan War1644-1646
  • Indians last effort to dislodge the Virginians
  • 1646 treaty banished the Indians from their
    ancestral lands and formally separated Indian
    from white areas of settlement
  • Origins of the later reservation system

5
  • By 1669 approximately only 10 of the original
    Indian population remained in VA from the
    population that the original English settlers
    encountered in 1607
  • By 1685 the English considered the Powhatan
    extinct
  • Victims of the 3 Ds
  • Disease
  • Disorganization
  • Disposability

6
Pequot War - 1637
  • First major Native American resistance to
    colonial expansion
  • Powerful Pequot nation (Connecticut area)
  • versus
  • Massachusetts area colonists (Puritans) and the
    Narrangansett Indian (old enemies of the Pequot)

7
Pequot War (cont.)
  • Ended with the Mystic River Massacre
  • Turned even the Narrangansett against the English
    settlers
  • Inaugurated four decades of uneasy peace between
    the Puritans and the Indians in the Massachusetts
    region
  • Until. Approximately four decades later

8
King Philips War 1675-1676
  • Metacom
  • Wampanoag chief (English called King Philip)
  • Created an alliance with other tribes in the
    regions to resist the spreading English
    settlements
  • Waged guerilla war on the colonists
  • The resistance failed

9
  • Metacom killed
  • His wife and son sold into slavery
  • High casualties on both sides
  • Higher proportion of the colonial population
    killed than in either American Revolution or
    Civil War
  • Slowed westward colonial expansion for several
    decades
  • Inflicted a lasting defeat on New Englands
    Indians
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