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Human Trafficking

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Human Trafficking. Information compiled by Global Nomads Group as a part of the ... Human trafficking is a complex issue. Because the problem of human ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Trafficking


1
Human Trafficking
  • Information compiled by Global Nomads Group as a
    part of the
  • The PULSE Human Trafficking Videoconference

2
What?Where?Who?How?When?
Human trafficking is a complex issue. Because
the problem of human trafficking is also
connected to issues such as immigration law,
labor laws, and the commercial sex industry,
human trafficking is often confused with these
other issues. Also, misconceptions and
misinformation about human trafficking makes
defining human trafficking all the more
difficult, but all the more important. So even
if you know some information about human
trafficking, you probably still have questions.
Questions like
3
What is Human Trafficking?
  • Human trafficking is
  • Modern-Day Slavery
  • An underground industry that makes information
    difficult.
  • A 5-9 billion dollar industry. That makes
    human trafficking the worlds third largest
    industry behind drug and weapons trading.
  • A crime that creates 4 to 27 million victims per
    year.

4
What is human trafficking?
  • The UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish
    Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and
    Children definition
  • the recruitment, transportation, transfer,
    harbouring or receipt of persons,
  • by means of the threat or use of force or other
    forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of
    deception, of the abuse of power or of a position
    of vulnerability or giving or receiving payments
    or benefits to a person in control of the victim,
  • or the purpose of exploitation.
  • The definition of exploitation includes the
  • exploitation of the prostitution of others or
    other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour
    or services, slavery or practices similar to
    slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

5
What is human trafficking?
  • The US Protect Act (TVPA) definition
  • sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is
    induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which
    the person induced to perform such an act has not
    attained 18 years of age or
  • the recruitment, harboring, transportation,
    provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or
    services, through the use of force,
  • fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection
    to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage,
    or slavery.
  • A victim need not be physically transported from
    one location to another in order for the crime to
    fall within these definitions.

6
What is human trafficking?
For adults, victim consent is irrelevant if one
of the Means is employed. For children, consent
is irrelevant with or without the Means category.
7
Where is human trafficking a problem?
  • Human trafficking is a problem all over the
    world.
  • As the map shows, human trafficking is an issue
    that spans the globe involving countries rich and
    poor.

Image taken from www.endexploitation.org
8
Who is involved in human trafficking?
  • The recruiter gains the victims trust and then
    sells them for labor or to a pimp. Sometimes
    this is a boyfriend, a neighbor, or even a family
    member.
  • The trafficker is the one who controls the
    victims. Making the victim fearful through
    abuse, threats, and lies the trafficker gains
    power over his/her victim.
  • The victim could be anyone.
  • The consumer funds the human trafficking industry
    by purchasing goods and services. Often s/he is
    unaware that someone is suffering.

9
How can you tell if a situation is human
trafficking?
  • Identifying human trafficking can be difficult
    for many reasons.
  • Victims do not identify themselves due to fear
    and shame.
  • Traffickers keep their victims secluded from all
    forms of contact.
  • Traffickers force their victims to be happy and
    tell them what to say.
  • Many people do not know about human trafficking
    and do not report it even though it is happening
    in their community.

10
When will trafficking end?
  • Trafficking is an industry that relies on money.
    If consumers stopped funding the human
    trafficking industry by purchasing goods and
    services related to human trafficking, the human
    trafficking industry would shrink until human
    trafficking did not exist.
  • Goods that are certified fair trade insure that
    workers receive fair wages and working
    conditions.
  • If consumers knew more about human trafficking,
    they would think twice about where they spend
    their money.
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