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Egyptians

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III. Pharoahs Egyptian God- Kings. A. Theocracy Gov't in which. the ruler is believed to be a ... Ra. Sun God. V. Contributions and. Achievements: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptians


1
Egyptians
3,200-1,000 B.C.
2
  • GeographyEgypt is located
  • along the Nile River.

3
a. Yearly flooding left rich deposits of silt
(fertile soil from the riverbed) for crop
growing.
FLOOD
Yearly Cycle
HARVEST
PLANT
4
  • B. Besides water for
  • drinking, what else did the
  • Nile provide Egyptians
  • with?
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.

5
C. This river highway allowed contact with other
cultures causing trade and cultural
diffusion (i.e., Sumerians and Nubians)
6
D. Egyptian Empire was surrounded by deserts
(Eastern and Western Desert).
7
1. Negative--Kept Egyptians tied to river and
limited contact to those along the Nile.
8
2. Positive--Kept invaders out. NATURAL
BARRIER! 
9
  • II.   Economy
  • Farming
  • Tradewith Sumerians and
  • other African kingdoms

10
III. PharoahsEgyptian God- Kings A.
TheocracyGovt in which the ruler
is believed to be a god or a
representative of the god(s).
11
B. Pharaohs were considered to be
representatives of the gods. 1.
They controlled religion, government
and military.
12
IV. Social Life
Pharoahs/Royal Family
Upper Class
Middle Class Merchants and Artisans
Peasant farmers Unskilled laborers Slaves
13
1. Egyptians did not have a rigid class
structure. You could change your social
class through hard work.
14
2. PolytheisticEgyptians believed in over
2,000 gods and goddesses. Ra Sun
God
15
V. Contributions and
Achievements 1. Hieroglyphicssystem of
writing using pictures and symbols.
16
b. Papyruspaper made from reeds that grew in
the marshy Nile delta.
17
2. Mathematicsaddition, subtraction,
geometry
18
3. Pyramidstombs for pharaohs
Pyramids at Giza
19
4. Calendar365 day yearly calendar (only off
by 6 hours)
20
5. Medicineperformed surgery and set broken
bones successfully.
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