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Folk Healing Christians, Jews and Muslims


Biologic variation skin color, metabolism. Social ... GEFILTE FISH. Bread stuffed fish. KUGEL. Matzah, bread, noodle pudding. Cholent. Stew. Challa ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Folk Healing Christians, Jews and Muslims

Folk Healing Christians, Jews and Muslims
Health and Illness in White Europeans
  • 75 of Continental United States Population

Ethnic Diversity1820-2000
  • Dutch 1.6
  • English 8.7
  • French 3
  • German 15.2
  • Irish 10.9
  • Italian 5.6
  • Polish 3.2
  • Russian7
  • Scotch 3.2
  • Scandinavian 3.0

Tribes A Group of People Sharing Customs,
Languages and Territory
  • Imparts Identity
  • Identity Effects Choosing

Domains of Culture
  • Heritage, legacy
  • Environmental control- nature. God
  • Biologic variation skin color, metabolism
  • Social organization- family size, birth, death
  • Communication verbal non verbal, eye contact

Cultural Phenomenon
  • Communication
  • Rapid assimilation of English some language of
    origin used at home
  • Eye contact
  • Encouraged, used to communicate
  • Touch
  • Neutral to encouraged
  • Physical space
  • Uses intimate and personal zones
  • Time
  • Future orientation, use of clocks, watches

Religious Affiliations
  • Christians
  • Anglican, http//
  • Protestants Lutherans, Methodists, Quakers
  • http// , http//
  • Baptist, http//
  • Agnostics/Atheist's http//
  • Jews http//
  • Muslim http//

Scripture Based Religions
  • Philosphy, Intellectualism, Argument
  • Torah, old testament
  • New Testament
  • Koran

OLD Testament(Torah)History of the Jewish
  • - Introduction- Genesis- Exodus- Leviticus-
    Numbers- Deuteronomy- Joshua- Judges- Ruth
  • 1_Samuel- 2_Samuel
  • - 1_Kings- 2_Kings- 1_Chronicles-
    2_Chronicles- Ezra- Nehemiah- Esther- Job-
  • Proverbs- Ecclesiastes- Song_of_Songs-
    Isaiah- Jeremiah- Lamentations- Ezekiel-
    Daniel- Hosea-
  • Joel- Amos- Obadiah- Jonah- Micah- Nahum-
    Habakkuk- Zephaniah- Haggai- Zechariah-
  • -

What Do Jews Believe?
  1. G-d exists, G-d is one and unique, G-d is spirit,
    G-d is eternal
  2. Prayer is to be directed to G-d alone and to no
    other, G-D expects, accepts sacrifices
  3. The words of the prophets are true
  4. Moses's prophecies are true, and Moses was the
    greatest of the prophets
  5. The Written Torah (first 5 books of the Bible)
    and Oral Torah (teachings now contained in the
    Talmud and other writings) are divine

What Do Jews Believe? Cont
  1. There will be no other Torah, bible, inspired
  2. G-d knows the thoughts and deeds of men
  3. G-d will reward the good and punish the wicked
  4. The Messiah will come
  5. The dead will be resurrected

Essence of Judaism
  • That which is hateful to the do not do to
    another, go study the Torah. (Hillel)
  • Seek G_D in all things, live by the laws of
  • Your life with demonstrate the greatness of you
    faith in G-D

Four Pillars of the Covenant
  • Relationship with creator
  • Community and personal
  • Reading the Torah
  • To find answers, stay in prayer
  • People as witness and servant
  • Universalistic humanitarianism
  • Live in the promised land and serve

Who is a Jew.
  • A Jew is any person whose mother was a Jew or any
    person who has gone through the formal process of
    conversion to Judaism.

Judaism Began with Abraham
  • Nomadic people of Israel, Jerusalem Egypt-Spain
  • Makes a covenant with G-d to worship him and G-D
    will take care of the children of Israel
  • Written record 586 BC
  • Yehudi (Jew) belonging to the tribe of Judah

Jewish Customs Are Designed As a Call to
  • Obedience, because G-d says so
  • Filled with grace/fill with grace.
  • The ability to distinguish between right and
    wrong, good and evil, pure and defiled, the
    sacred and the profane, is very important in

Kashrut- Kaf-Shin-Resh, proper/correct ways
  • Dietary law
  • Family table is an alter
  • Holidays - history.
  • Remember

Dietary Laws
  • Of the "Beasts of the Earth" (Which Basically
    Refers to Land Mammals With the Exception of
    Swarming Rodents), You May Eat Any Animal That
    Has Cloven Hooves and Chews Its Cud. Lev. 113
    Deut. 146.,
  • Pig, rabbit do not chew a cud.(treyf)
  • Of the things that are in the waters, you may eat
    anything that has fins and scales. Lev. 119
    Deut. 149.
  • All of the birds on the forbidden list are birds
    of prey or scavengers

  1. Cannot eat anything that dies of natural causes.
  2. Of the animals that may be eaten, the birds and
    mammals must be killed in accordance with Jewish
  3. Blood drained, do not eat blood (Lev. 726-27
    Lev. 1710-14.).
  4. All blood must be drained from the meat or
    broiled out of it before it is eaten.

Dietary Laws
  1. Separation of meat and dairy. Do not "boil a kid
    in its mother's milk." (Ex. 2319 Ex. 3426
    Deut. 1421).
  2. Utensils that have come into contact with meat
    may not be used with dairy, and vice versa.
  3. Utensils that have come into contact with
    non-kosher food may not be used with kosher food.
    This applies only where the contact occurred
    while the food was hot.

Separation of Meat and Dairy
  • One must wait a significant amount of time
    between eating meat and dairy because meat and
    fat stick to the mouth. Opinions differ, and vary
    from three to six hours.
  • From dairy to meat, however, one need only rinse
    one's mouth and eat a neutral solid like bread,
    unless the dairy product in question is also of a
    type that tends to stick in the mouth.

Grape products made by non-Jews may not be
  • Wine was commonly used in the rituals of all
    ancient religions, and wine was routinely
    sanctified for pagan purposes while it was being
  • it is virtually impossible to find kosher baking
    powder, because baking powder is made with cream
    of tartar, a by-product of wine making.

  • Bread stuffed fish
  • Matzah, bread, noodle pudding
  • Cholent
  • Stew
  • Challa
  • Braided sweet bread
  • Latkes
  • Potato pancakes
  • Donuts
  • Cooked in oil

Social Effects
  • Keeps Jewish celebrating and eating together and
    not with anyone else

Jewish Celebrations
  • Shabbat Rest, to cease worldliness, go to the
    time out of time, Celebration of the completeness
    of G-ds creation
  • Friday sundown home celebration, Saturday in the
  • Two Shabbat candles are lit by mother /daughters
    (to observe and remember)
  • Berakhah (blessing) _ Blessed art thou King of
    the Universe who has hallowed us by the
    commandments and commanded us to kindle the
    Sabbath lights.
  • Shield the eyes so as not to see the result of
    G-ds work
  • The Meal Braided Bread for the double manna
    given during the exodus for Egypt and wine for
    sweetness and joy

Festivals and fasts
  • Passage of time nomadic, agricultural
  • Spring Passover (Pesah)
  • Shavuot
  • Fall Rosh Hashanah
  • Yom Kippur
  • Winter Hanukah
  • Purim
  • Historical events remember, empathy for

Yom Tov
  • Good Days
  • Rejoicing
  • Ceremonial meals, rituals
  • High Holy Days work restrictions
  • Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur
  • Days of Awe,

Pesh PassoverFestival of unleavened bread
  • Exodus from Egypt
  • The holiday marks the beginning of the harvest
  • The paschal lamb that, in Temple times, was
    sacrificed on this holiday.
  • Fast then eat fast to expierence hunger, eat as
    celebration of G-ds gifts and covenant to his
  • No raising of the bread lt 18 mins quick bread

Seder dinner
  • Two candles, sweet wine
  • Parsley, green vegetable- spring time
  • Salt water tears
  • Charoset, honey, apples, nuts motor of slaves
  • Bitter herbs- horseradish- slavery
  • Hardboiled eggs- life follows death
  • Paschal lamb - offering

  • End of Passover
  • Day of freedom
  • Holy day of study, reading of the ten commandments

Rosh Hashanah
  • September/October
  • Sounding of the Rams horn at sun rise (shofar)
  • Call to be ready
  • 10 days of fast sun rise to sun set
  • Only water and matzo
  • Practice self control, discipline, freely
  • Support the poor, pay back debts

Yom Kippur
  • 10th day after Rosh Hashanah
  • Day of atonement, repentance
  • Holiest Day of the year
  • Celebrate evening meal with sweet foods for a
    sweet new year

  • Festival of the temple rededication and of the
    miracle of the oil of the lamp
  • Eight lights of the menorah
  • 9th light is the servant
  • Shamash
  • Honey for sweetness
  • Donuts in oil

  • Book of Ester
  • Story of Ester saving her people the Jews
  • Ester married The King of Persia concealing her
  • Evil Haman was trying to kill the Jews
  • Haman was killed instead
  • Carnival atmosphere, celebration of loyalty and

Symbols http//
  • Mezuzah doorpost
  • Tefillin leather pouch http//
  • Tzitzit and Tallit four cornered poncho,
    tzitzit, fringe

Signs and Symbolshttp//
  • Yarmulke skull cap
  • Magen David Star of David, intertwined 3
  • Chai 18, life
  • Hamesh Hand Arab hand of G-d

Jewish Customs
  • Related to the cycle of the biblical year.
  • Biblical origins.
  • Bring salt and bread to the new house.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Fright, mother?
  • Evil eye say prayer, spit (3 times).
  • Birth- redeem and buy back the first born son on
    the 31st day, 5 pieces of silver.
  • Do not discuss name before birth.
  • Named after dead relative.
  • Red ribbon protection.
  • Circumcision.

Selected Beliefs
  • Matrilineal religion, patrilineal decent.
  • Evil eye 36 of the worlds population.
  • Protection.
  • Prayer, saying.
  • Correct living, symbols can protect.
  • Jewelry.
  • Colorred, black.
  • Sneeze heart stops, god bless you.

Common Sayings
  • Shalom- hello, goodbye, peace
  • From your mouth to gods ears
  • Lchaim! To life
  • Mazel Tov good luck
  • Until 120 years
  • The rest of the story, the whole story
  • God Forbid
  • All in favor say oy

Inspired Writings
  • The order as well as the number of books differs
    between the Jewish Bible and the Protestant and
    Roman Catholic
  • Explain mysteries, direct behavior, provide
    history, creed and custom
  • Teach reading

10 Commandments
  • (1) the prologue
  • (2) prohibition of the worship of any deity but
    Yahweh, and prohibition of idolatry
  • (3) prohibition of the use of the name of God for
    vain purposes
  • (4) observance of the Sabbath
  • (5) honoring of one's father and mother
  • (6) prohibition of murder
  • (7) prohibition of adultery
  • (8) prohibition of stealing
  • (9) prohibition of giving false testimony and
    (10) prohibition of coveting the property or wife
    of one's neighbor.

Old Testament
  • The term Old Testament (from the Latin word for
  • "Old Covenant" that God made with Israel and the
    "New Covenant" established through Jesus Christ
    (see, for example, Hebrew 87). The early church
    believed in the continuity of history and of
    divine activity, it included in the Christian
    Bible the written records of both the Old and the
    New covenants.

1st-3rd Century Christians
  • Jews Pagans
  • Mystical cult religion, incorporated blood
  • Due unto others, Golden rule, altruism
  • Built upon Jesus fulfilling Jewish messiah
  • Resurrection form the dead
  • Ravages of sin

  • Based on the life of a mystical, charismatic
    miracle worker
  • Challenged the established religions, political
    and social order
  • Triune god, one in three
  • Power of the Holy spirit

  • There is meaning in suffering, justice, moral
    duty and messianic (One who is anticipated as,
    regarded as, or professes to be a savior or
  • Individuals are responsible for social order,
  • Man is a social being
  • Laws/codes are necessary to support civilized
  • Ten commandments are minimum standard

  • Equality
  • Community
  • Compassion
  • Golden rule
  • Due unto others
  • Peace, harmony

Catholic Catholics http//
  • Old new testament apocrypha

The New Testament
  • 27 documents written between AD 50 and 150
    concerning matters of belief and practice in
    Christian communities throughout the
    Mediterranean world.
  • Gospels the Acts of the Apostles, a history of
    early Christianity Epistles, or letters, of Paul
    and other writers and an apocalypse, or book of
    revelation. Some books identified as letters,
    particularly the Book of Hebrews, are theological

  • Biblical writings of disputed authenticity 
    books of the Bible that are included in the
    Vulgate (Latin) and Septuagint (Greek) versions
    of the Christian Bible, but not in the Protestant
    Bible or the Hebrew canon.
  • Baruch Esther Judith Maccabees Sirach Tobit

What Do Catholics Believe
  • http//
  • I. To gain the happiness of heaven we must know,
    love, and serve God in this world. Man is raised
    to the supernatural order only by grace, a free
    gift of God.
  • II. We learn to know, love, and serve God from
    Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who teaches us
    through the Catholic Church.

What Do Catholics Believe
  • III. In order to be saved, all persons who have
    attained the use of reason must believe
    explicitly that God exist and that he rewards the
    good and punishes the wicked in practice they
    must also believe in the mysteries of the Blessed
    Trinity and the Incarnation.
  • IV. By the Blessed Trinity we mean one and the
    same God in three divine persons, the Father, the
    Son, and the Holy Ghost.

What Do Catholics Believe
  • V. By the Incarnation is meant that the Son of
    God, retaining His divine nature, took to Himself
    a human nature, that is, a body and soul like
  • VI. The Church is the congregation of all
    baptized persons united in the same true faith,
    the same sacrifice, and the same sacraments,
    under the authority of the Sovereign Pontiff and
    the bishops in communion with him.

What Do Catholics Believe
  • VII. We find the chief truths taught by Jesus
    Christ through the Catholic Church in the
    Apostles' Creed.

Catholic Celebrations
  • Biblical Year life and death of Jesus
  • Sunday worship
  • High holy days
  • Winter, Christmas birth, advent
  • Spring, Easter Death/resurrection
  • Season of lent 40 days
  • Ash Wednesday - Palm Sunday-good Friday, holy
    Thursday, Easter Sunday
  • Other holidays related to other holy/people or
  • November 1-2 all souls day

  • Ritual of the Mass
  • Sequential recitation of scripture and ritual to
    honor the sacrifice of Jesus
  • Change water into the blood of Jesus and bread
    into the body and share this with the faithful
  • Fasting, confession and penance

Christian - Protestantism
  • Old new testament
  • Apostles creed, http//
  • 22,000 Denominations and sects
  • Lutheran, Methodists, Presbyterian, Latter Day
    Saints, Jehovahs Witness, Baptist, Evangelical,

What Do Protest ants Believe
  • 1) Justification by grace through faith.  We
    consider ourselves individually responsible to
    God, and accordingly, freer to experience God's
    grace.  This grace comes through Jesus Christ to
    us as a gift, and cannot be bought, earned, or
    conveyed by clergy.

What Do Protest ants Believe
  • 2) Authority of the Bible.  We rely upon the
    Bible as authoritative both in matters of faith
    and as inspired by the Holy Spirit.  Nonetheless,
    we respect the "right of private judgment," and
    often don't agree on interpretation of the

What Do Protest ants Believe
  • 3) Universal priesthood of believers. We enlarge
    the role of the laity, encourage individual study
    and meditation, and reject the imposition of
    other humans as mediators between us and God.

Orthodoxold Testament New
  • Adhering to the Christian faith as expressed in
    the early Christian ecumenical creeds. Good basis
    for socialism.
  • Icons used for illiterate population.

Christianity Spread During 4-6 Century by
Apostles and Saints.
  • Russian
  • http//
  • Greek http//

Current Shared Ideas, Beliefs
  • Cause and effect 98
  • Unhealthy habits
  • Scientific basis
  • Improper combination of situations
  • Punishment from god
  • Not going to worship
  • Punishment for sin
  • Parental god

Current Shared Ideas, Beliefs cont
  • Mystical god
  • Personal relationship with god
  • Messiah
  • Miracles, prayer
  • Families are important
  • Work ethic

Common practices
  • Use of a temple/church
  • Baptism, bathing
  • Circumcision
  • Amulets medals
  • Prayer
  • Saints/Angles

Belief in an After Life With God
Arabic World
  • Christians, Muslims, Jews
  • Sharing of History, Mythology and Creed

Islam, Muslim
  • Islamic Creed La Ilaha Illa Llah, Muhammadun
    Rasool Allah.
  • There Is No Deity Except Allah and Muhammad Is
    His Messenger
  • Islam Means Submission
  • http//

  • Based in the old testament and prophesies of
    another messenger, Mohammad, the Comforter,
    helper, and admonisher sent by God after Jesus. 
  • Descendent of Abraham.
  • Fastest growing religion in the world today.
  • You are a Muslim if you
  • say you are,

Some Basic Islamic Beliefs
  • 1) Belief in God
  • 2) Belief in the Angels
  • 3) Belief in Gods Revealed Books
  • 4) Belief in the Prophets and Messengers of God
  • 5) Belief in the Day of Judgment
  • 6) Belief in Al-Qadar

Allah Praise be his name
  • The Arabic name for God, Allah, refers to the
    same God of Abraham, worshiped by Jews and
  • Practice the teachings in the Koran (Quran).
    Given to Mohammad the last prophet by the Angel
  • The sunnah is comprised of hadeeths, which are
    reports of what the Prophet Muhammads said, did,
    or approved of. 
  • All worshipers of GOD are really worshiping Allah
    they just aren't aware of it.

Common History
  • Adam was created , NOT born, When ADAM was 130
    years old when son SET born . Adam lived 800 more
    years, died at the age of 930 years
  • Adam to Noah's flood gt 1,656 years
  • Adam to Abraham's birth gt 1,946 years
  • Isaac to Jesus Christ's birth gt approx. 3,000
  • Ishmael to Muhammad SAW prophet hood gt approx
    3,600 years
  • Adam was here on earth approx. 7,000 years ago

Islam like Judaism gives Direction to All Areas
of Life
  • Due to his human nature man must use his free
    will to govern himself.
  • Using Allah plan man will bring his himself into
    harmony balance and integration.
  • A human is a indivisible, organic whole.

Five Pillars of Faith
  • http//
  • Declaration of faith
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Take care of the poor
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca Hagar seven trips for water

Illness Is the Will of God
  • Suffering is gods plan for dissolving sin
  • Sacrifice is given in return for healing

  • http//

Developing Healing Treatments
  • Used the scientific approach.
  • In his voluminous writings, Ibn Sina 981-1037
    CE laid out the following rules for testing the
    effectiveness of a new drug or medication. These
    principles still form the basis of modern
    clinical drug trials.
  • Equal belief in the power of god and faith
  • Scientific proof in the Quran.
  • http//

Current Shared Ideas, Beliefs
  • Cause and effect 98
  • Unhealthy habits
  • Scientific basis
  • Improper combination of situations
  • Punishment from god
  • Not going to worship
  • Punishment for sin
  • Parental god
  • Mystical god
  • Personal relationship with god
  • Messiah
  • Miracles, prayer
  • Sacrifice, suffering
  • Families are important
  • Work ethic

Common practices
  • Use of a temple/church
  • Baptism, bathing
  • Circumcision
  • Amulets medals
  • Prayer
  • Fasting
  • Pilgrimages
  • Saints/Angles

Belief in an After Life With God
Quiz Effects on Healing
  • Defining the sick role
  • Prescribing treatments
  • Prevention/responsibility
  • Rehabilitation
  • Death rituals

Mystical Healing
  • Healing with the power of GOD. Life force
  • Kabalah
  • Jewish System
  • Bajir Book Of Brilliance
  • Tree of Life Archetype
  • 1-The crown
  • 2- Wisdom
  • 3-Understanding
  • 4-Mercy
  • 5J-udgement
  • 6-Beauty
  • 7-Victory
  • 8-Splendor
  • 9-Foundation
  • 10-Kingdom
  • Balance, harmony, wholeness

Islamic science
  • Basis for science in the Koran
  • Inclusion of Ancient Pharmacology, mathematics
    and epidemiology
  • Medicine
  • Man is a reflection of the universe
  • Integration of Greek System
  • Surgery, Compounding pharmacology, Internal
    Illness, hygiene,
  • TB, Meningitis, Contagion, Psychosomatic illness

White European Culture
  • Future orientation
  • Science as a tool to master the environment
  • Personal achievement
  • Progress towards better life
  • Productivity
  • Equality, morality
  • Autonomy, responsibility
  • Nationalism/ American
  • Democratic principals
  • Outward Conformity
  • Racism, group superiority
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