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OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

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Title: OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY


1
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY
2
College of Health and Human ServicesDepartment
of Health ScienceOccupational Therapy Program
Claudia G. Peyton, Ph.D., OTR/L,
FAOTA Occupational Therapy Program Director
3
CSUDH is an URBAN UNIVERSITY A COMMUNIVERSITY
The College of Health and Human Services is
housed in WELCH HALL
4
Your Education Your Future
  • Putting the Pieces Together to Complete your
    Degree in OT.
  • Who we are as OTs
  • What purpose does the degree serve?

5
Occupational Therapists are Professionals that
Serve the Public
6
Occupation
  • Our conception of man is that of an organism
    that maintains and balances itself in the world
    of reality and actuality by being in active life
    and active use (Meyer, 1922).
  • Man through the use of his hands as energized by
    mind and will can influence the state of his own
    health (Reilly, 1963).

7
Occupation
  • Engagement in activities, tasks and roles for the
    purpose of productive pursuit
  • Maintaining oneself in the environment
  • And for purposes of relaxation, entertainment,
    creativity and celebration
  • Activities in which people are engaged to support
    their roles.

8
Occupational Performance
  • The term occupational therapists use for
    function is occupational performance, or the
    point when the person, the environment, and the
    persons occupation intersect to support the
    tasks, activities and roles that define that
    person as an individual (Baum Law, 1997).

9
Occupational Therapists are concerned with
  • Person,
  • Environment Occupation Interactions

10
Persons with disabilities typically require some
intervention in the
  • Person/Environment Fit
  • Limitations in Activities of Daily Living

CHANGE
CHANGE
Person
Environment
OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE OF MEANINGFUL ACTIVITIES
11
Nature of the Work
  • Occupational therapists (OTs)
  • help people improve their ability to perform
    tasks in their daily living and working
    environments.
  • work with individuals who have conditions that
    are mentally, physically, developmentally, or
    emotionally disabling.
  • help people develop, recover, or maintain daily
    living and work skills.
  • help clients improve basic motor functions and
    reasoning abilities and compensate for permanent
    loss of function.
  • our goal is to help clients have independent,
    productive, and satisfying lives.

12
Need for Occupational Therapy Personnel
  • Employment is projected to increase faster than
    the average, as rapid growth in the number of
    middle-aged and elderly individuals increases the
    demand for therapeutic services.
  • Occupational therapists are increasingly taking
    on supervisory roles.
  • More than one-third of occupational therapists
    work in two clinical practice areas.

13
Employment Outlook
  • The demand for occupational therapists should
    continue to rise as a result of growth in the
    number of individuals with disabilities or
    limited function requiring therapy services.
  • The baby-boom generation's movement into middle
    age, a period when the incidence of heart attack
    and stroke increases, will increase the demand
    for therapeutic services.
  • The rapidly growing population 75 years of age
    and above (an age that suffers from a high
    incidence of disabling conditions), also will
    demand additional services.
  • Medical advances now enable more patients with
    critical problems to survive. These patients may
    need extensive therapy.

14
Employment Outlook
  • Demand out weighs supply through 2015
  • Employment of occupational therapists is expected
    to increase faster than average (a 21-35
    increase in Occupational Therapy personnel is
    need by 2010).

15
Employment
  • The largest number of jobs are in hospitals,
    including many in rehabilitation and psychiatric
    hospitals.
  • Other major employers include offices and clinics
    of occupational therapists and other health
    practitioners, school systems, home health
    agencies, nursing homes, community mental health
    centers, adult daycare programs, job training
    services, and residential care facilities.
  • Many occupational therapists are self-employed in
    private practice.

16
Specialty Certification
  • Certified Hand Therapy (CHT)
  • Sensory Integration
  • Low Vision Rehabilitation
  • Driver Rehabilitation
  • Pediatrics in the School System
  • Mental Health
  • Geriatrics
  • Rehabilitation Science
  • Neuro-Developmental Treatment
  • Hippotherapy

17
Client Populations
  • Across the life-span all ages
  • Most medical specialty populations e.g.. cardiac,
    pulmonary, orthopedic, rheumatology,
    ophthalmology, optometry, pediatrics, geriatrics,
    mental health, ophthalmology, hand and upper
    extremity, community support grouping of client
    populations.

18
Earning Capacity 2002
  • Median annual earnings of occupational therapists
    were 49,450 in 2000. The middle 50 percent
    earned between 40,460 and 57,890. The lowest 10
    percent earned less than 32,040, and the highest
    10 percent earned more than 70,810. Median
    annual earnings in the industries employing the
    largest numbers of occupational therapists in
    2002 were as follows
  • Nursing and personal care facilities 51,220
  • Hospitals 50,430
  • Offices of other health practitioners 49,520
  • Elementary and secondary schools 45,340

19
Cal State Occupational Therapy Programs
  • Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
  • Entry-Level First Professional degree
  • A Seven semester program following completion of
    a BS or BA Degree and Pre-requisite coursework.

20
Program of Study
  • Occupational therapy coursework includes
    physical, biological, and behavioral sciences,
    and the application of occupational therapy
    theory and skills.
  • Completion of 6 months of supervised fieldwork is
    also required.

21
Admission for Spring 2007 (January)
  • Completion of
  • A Bachelor of Science (BS) or Arts (BA) Degree
    (see sheet)
  • Writing Proficiency
  • GWE or GWAR score of 8 or
  • GWE Testing Office-Welch Hall A 210C
  • 4 on the Graduate Record Exam - Analytic Writing
    Section or
  • A minimum grade of B in ENG 350 (at CSUDH
  • Proficiency in basic computer skills including
    word processing and file management
  • Pre-requisite Courses
  • Introduction to Statistics
  • Abnormal Personality
  • Life Span Psychology/Developmental Psychology
  • Anatomy with Lab
  • Physiology with Lab

22
Admission for Spring 2007 (January) cont.
  • Completion of
  • 80 hours of volunteer experience under the
    direction of an OTR/L
  • Graduate Record Examination (GRE) (Prometrics 310
    329 1844) with a minimum Combined Score of 800 in
    Verbal and Analytic Reasoning
  • OR
  • Miller Analogies Exam www.milleranalogies.com
  • with a minimum score of 50

23
Application for Admission to the MSOT for SPRING
2007
  • Admission Application Packets available Mid-June
    in the OT Office
  • Completed Application Packet is due in the OT
    Office no later than September 15, 2006.
  • Admission to CSUDH Graduate Studies MUST PRECEDE
    admission into the OT Program in January.
  • Please reflect the MSOT Program Code on Graduate
    Application Form (12081).

24
Application Packet
  • CSU Grad Application (Web Based)
  • Occupational Therapy Program Application
  • Three Letters of Recommendation
  • One letter from OTR volunteer supervisor
  • Letters may be mailed directly to the OT Program
    Office of submitted with OT Program Application-n
    either instance the envelop must be sealed.
  • GRE or Miller Scores
  • Official Transcripts
  • Transcripts must arrive in a sealed envelop from
    the University or College attended
  • Student may hand carry envelop from University
    must be sealed
  • PLEASE SEND OT APPLICATION MATERIALS TO THE OT
    PROGRAM OFFICE.

25
Admission Decisions
  • All Application packets will be reviewed by the
    OT Admissions Committee and decisions for
    interviews will be made.
  • Letters will be sent to those students who have
    been selected for interview. All applicants may
    not receive a letter of invitation for interview.
  • Letters of Invitation will provide applicants
    with necessary information regarding the
    interview time and date.
  • Once interviews have been completed, applicants
    will receive notification of their admission
    status. Letters will be sent indicating the
    acceptance decision for admission into the
    program.

26
Master of Science in Occupational Therapy (MSOT)
Curriculum
  • See Summary Sheet
  • Requirements for completion of the MSOT Program
  • A total of 7 semesters
  • 5 semesters of coursework and two semesters of
    clinical rotations
  • Two Fieldwork II (FW II) requirements of 3 MONTHS
    each
  • Two FULL-TIME Clinical Rotations under the
    supervision of an OTR
  • Students may be required to travel outside the
    state for completion of FW II

27
Students are advised that the program requires
full-time study to complete the course sequence.
28
Sequence of Courses for Completion of the MSOT
  • Seven consecutive semester of full-time
    coursework.
  • Consecutive coursework will include Summer
    sessions.
  • Total time from beginning to end will be
  • 2 1/2 calendar years.

29
MSOT Curriculum Design
30
OP
31
HUMANS AS OCCUPATIONAL BEINGS PEOP MODEL
(Christiansen, C. H. Baum, C. M. (2005),
Occupational Therapy Performance, participation
and well-being. Thorofare, NJ Slack, Inc.)
PERSON (Intrinsic Factors)
ENVIRONMENT (Extrinsic Factors)
OCCUPATION
Social Support
Physiological
Social Economic Systems
Cognitive
PERFORMANCE
Occupational Performance Participation
Spiritual
Culture Values
Neurobehavioral
Built Environments Technology
Psychological
Natural Environments
WELL BEING
QUALITY OF LIFE
32
POPULATION HEALTH
OCCUPATION
OP
ENVIRONMENT
PERSON
OCCUPATIONAL JUSTICE
33
POPULATION HEALTH
OCCUPATION
CRITICAL THINKING
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
OP
ENVIRONMENT
PERSON
OCCUPATIONAL JUSTICE
34
Instruction Content Threads
Intro
Peds.
Adolesc.
Adult
Gero.
OCCUPATION ACROSS THE LIFESPAN
ASSESSMENT
INTERVENTIONS
CONDITIONS
PORTFOLIO
FW I
CASE SEMINAR
RESEARCH
35
FW II
CLINICAL REASONING
FW II
CRITICAL THINKING
GERO
ADULT
COOPERATIVE LEARNING
ADOL.
PEDS
INTRO TO OT
BS or BA
CURRICULUM PEDAGOGY CONSTRUCTIVIST LEARNING THEORY
36
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37
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38
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39
The Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
(MSOT)
  • Program Objectives
  • The Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
    Program at CSUDH has been planned with enthusiasm
    to help prepare students for a professional
    career focused on helping people achieve skills
    and utilize resources to live independent and
    meaningful lives.

40
Outcome Objectives of the MSOT Program To
prepare therapists who
  • Demonstrate entry-level knowledge of the basic
    and clinical sciences and skills essential to
    practice occupational therapy
  • Use knowledge of how humans construct meaning and
    seek adaptation through occupation across the
    lifespan
  • Demonstrate mastery of entry-level professional
    clinical skills specific to all areas identified
    in the Frameworks for Occupational Therapy
    Practice
  • Serve the needs of diverse and underserved
    populations with demonstrated sensitivity to
    psychosocial identity and cultural and ethnic
    heritage
  • Implement occupational therapy services that
    maintain health and wellness and remediate
    dysfunction
  • Apply principles and constructs of ethics to
    individual, institutional and societal problems
    and demonstrate competence in developing
    appropriate resolutions to these problems

41
Outcome Objectives of the MSOT ProgramTo
prepare therapists who
  • Identify researchable problems, advocate for and
    participate in research, and incorporate findings
    into clinical practice
  • Provide scholarly contributions to the knowledge
    base of the profession through written and oral
    communication
  • Relate theory with practice and use research
    evidence to think critically about or adapt new
    and existing practice environments based on
    population needs and research evidence
  • Participate in advocacy and educational roles
    with patients and their families, students, and
    others in community and clinical settings 
  • Serve as practitioners and leaders who can
    influence practice, education, and policy
    development 
  • Assume leadership roles at the local, state,
    national and international levels in occupational
    therapy and in health professions.
  • Achieve success in Fieldwork settings, the
    national board examination and become licensed to
    practice occupational therapy.

42
Accreditation and Licensure
  • Program accredited by the Accreditation Council
    for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE).
  • 4720 Montgomery Lane, P.O. Box 31220 Bethesda, MD
    (301) 652 AOTA
  • Graduates of the Program are Qualified to take
    the National Board Examination for Certification
    in Occupational Therapy.
  • After successful completion of the exam the
    person will be an OTR and can apply for a license
    to practice in the state of residence.

43
Accreditation and Licensure
  • The Road to practice
  • Entry Level Degree Completion
  • Successful Completion of the National Board of
    Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT)
    Examination
  • Application for State Licensure

44
Felony Convictions
  • NBCOT's certification examination application
    contains character review questions that must be
    answered by all exam candidates applying for the
    certification examination. Applicants who answer
    yes to any of these questions must submit an
    explanation and official documentation regarding
    their background to NBCOTs Regulatory Affairs
    Department at the time of application. This
    information will be reviewed by the NBCOT on an
    individual basis prior to determining exam
    eligibility. Also, an individual who is
    considering entering an educational program or
    has already entered an educational program can
    have his or her background reviewed prior to
    actually applying for the exam by requesting an
    early determination review. The fee for this
    review is 100.

45
ALL OT Programs in the USA are required to
Transition to the Entry Level Masters Degree by
January 2007(ACOTE)
  • This signifies the end to
  • BSOT Entry into the field.

46
MSOT
7 Semesters
Seek Admission Take GRE or Miller
Anatomy Lab Physiology Lab Statistics Abnormal
Psychology Lifespan Development
BS or BA in Any Major
47
Types of Occupational Therapy Programs
  • MSOT
  • Master of Science in Occupational Therapy
  • Entry-Level and Post-Professional
  • OTD
  • Clinical Doctorate in Occupational Therapy
  • Entry-Level and Post-Professional
  • PhD
  • Doctor of Philosophy
  • Post-Professional

48
Education for What Purpose?
  • RESEARCH
  • PhD
  • MS or MA
  • BS or BA
  • PRACTICE
  • OTD
  • MS or MA
  • BS or BA

49
The OT Curriculum is Enhanced by the Research and
Public Service of the Faculty
50
Students are regularly involved in faculty
research and community service
  • Students learn the value of service and learn
    professional applications through involvement
    with the faculty

51
Faculty work with clients who are involved in
major life transitions. Occupation is used to
enhance recovery and return clients to meaningful
participation in activities important to them.
52
ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY
  • Used to increase, maintain or improve functional
    capacities of individuals with disabilities.

53
Service to the Community
54
Early Intervention Program Consultation
55
Public School Program OT
56
Sensory Motor Clinic
57
Services offered by the faculty provide students
withpractical learning opportunities
58
OT Faculty Consultation is offered at Clinical
sites
  • Adult Day Care through Department of Health LA.
  • Masada Group Homes
  • Area Medical Centers
  • Skill Nursing and Assisted Living
  • School Systems

59
Other areas of faculty practice include
  • Hand Rehabilitation
  • In-Patient Child and Adolescent OT services

60
Faculty research and service activities augment
learning by providing students with exposure to
state of the art treatment and the role of
research in treatment innovations.
61
  • Program courses are based on cooperative and
    group learning and experiential learning
    activities in Fieldwork Level I and II to
    facilitate critical thinking and a commitment to
    independent life long learning that are
    characteristic of Cal State Dominguez Hills OT
    graduates.

62
Directions for the Future
  • Development of a Post-Professional MSOT Program
    (Distance platform)
  • Development of an Entry-Level Clinical Doctorate
    (OTD).

63
Thank you
  • Comments or Questions?
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