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Safety

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Title: Safety


1
Safety You at WSU
  • Environmental Health and Safety

2
Our Vision
  • To promote and support a safe, healthy, and clean
    environment that enhances WSUs mission as a
    premier land-grant research, teaching, learning,
    service, and outreach institution

3
Our Mission
  • Protect the health and safety of WSUs faculty,
    staff, students, and visitors
  • Improve and protect the environment
  • Make WSU a safer and healthier environment in
    which to work, live, and play

4
Who We Are
  • Nonacademic, system-wide service
  • Promotes safety and health
  • Establishing, managing, and promoting applicable
    policies and procedures
  • Consultation and assistance
  • Training

5
EHS Service Groups
  • Public Health/Air Water Quality
  • Occupational Health and Safety
  • Environmental Services
  • Training
  • Capital Services
  • Statewide EHS

6
Public Health/Air Water
  • Maintain a healthy living environment for campus
    and community
  • Food sanitation
  • Drinking water quality
  • Water air pollution
  • Pools and spas

7
Air Quality
  • Pollution/Odor Sources
  • Energy plant
  • Medical waste incinerator
  • Feed plant
  • Laboratory fume hoods
  • Sterilizers
  • Paint shops
  • Open burning
  • Construction dust
  • Air quality monitoring

8
Public Health/Air Water
  • Pest control consultation
  • Hantavirus
  • West Nile virus

9
Health/Hygiene
  • Infection control
  • Standard precautions
  • Bloodborne pathogen training requirements

10
Standard Precautions
  • Many people carry bloodborne infections without
    exhibiting any symptoms.
  • Standard precautions require that ALL blood and
    body fluids be treated as infectious.

11
Hand Washing
  • When
  • After contact with blood or other body fluids
  • Between glove changes
  • Before and after eating/smoking
  • After using the rest room

12
Hand Washing
  • How
  • Wet hands under running water and apply
    non-abrasive soap
  • Vigorously rub palms, back of hands, between
    fingers, and wrists for 10 to 15 seconds

13
Hand Washing
  • How
  • Rinse thoroughly and dry with paper towel (not
    cloth towel or other fabric)
  • Use paper towel to turn faucet off

14
Biosafety
  • Bloodborne pathogen training is required for
  • Known or suspected exposure to blood or other
    potentially infectious body fluids
  • Custodial
  • Maintenance
  • Emergency response
  • Healthcare providers

15
Questions
16
Occupational Health Safety
  • Promotes WSUs overall safety and health program
  • Develops and implements safety and health
    programs and procedures
  • Assists WSU to prevent occupational injuries and
    illnesses by controlling chemical and physical
    hazards

17
Occupational Health Safety
  • Ergonomics
  • Back safety
  • Shop safety
  • Personal protective equipment

18
Occupational Health Safety
  • Chemical safety
  • Laboratory safety
  • Exposure monitoring

19
Safety Myths
  • Survey of 614 working adults
  • More than half believe that a workplace injury
    will never happen to them
  • 42 dont believe that a workplace injury will
    permanently disable them

20
Accident Rates
  • Every day in the US
  • 9,000 workers sustain disabling on-the-job
    injuries
  • 16 workers die from on-the-job injuries
  • 137 workers die from work-related diseases

21
WSU Accident Rates
  • Occupational injury and illness incident rates
    historically comparable to other colleges and
    universities nationwide
  • BLS 3.0 per 100 employees
  • WSU 2.0 per 100 employees

22
Injury Prevention
  • If someone is in trouble, dont bother asking if
    there is anything you can dothink of something
    appropriate and just do it.
  • If doing so does not jeopardize your own
    safety

23
Incident Reporting
  • You've carefully thought out all the angles.
    You've done it a thousand times. It comes
    naturally to you.
  • You know what you're doing - its what you've been
    trained to do your whole life. Nothing could
    possibly go wrong, right ?? Well...

24
(No Transcript)
25
Incident Reporting
  • If you are involved in an injury incident
  • Seek medical attention, if necessary
  • Dial 911 for immediate response
  • Report all injuries, work-related illnesses, and
    incidents of violence to your supervisor

26
Incident Reporting
  • Supervisor completes Incident Report
  • Witness/Injured Person Statement
  • Supervisors Accident Investigation
  • Physicians Report
  • EHS investigates major occupational accidents
    (death or hospitalization)

27
Hazard Reporting
  • Types of hazards
  • Physical
  • electrical equipment
  • unguarded moving parts
  • ergonomics
  • fire, severe weather
  • slips, trips, falls
  • compressed gas
  • noise

28
Hazard Reporting
  • Types of hazards
  • Chemicals
  • toxics
  • flammables
  • reactives
  • corrosives
  • carcinogens
  • reproductive toxins

29
Hazard Reporting
  • Types of hazards
  • Biological
  • infectious agents
  • recombinant DNA
  • experimental animals
  • blood and body fluids

9
30
Hazard Reporting
  • Types of hazards
  • Radiation
  • radioisotopes
  • x-rays
  • lasers
  • ultrasound

Managed by RSO
31
Hazard Reporting
  • Notify your supervisor immediately of any
    hazardous conditions or unsafe practices
  • Contact your safety committee
  • Consult with EHS
  • Hazard Notification form (S20.15)
  • In an emergency, dial 911

32
Safety Self-Inspections
  • Ensure exposure to hazards is minimized through
    periodic review
  • Conducted at least annually, more often in
    high-hazard locations
  • Safety Inspection Checklist a guide to conducting
    the review
  • Findings reviewed and discussed at unit safety
    committee meeting

33
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Hazard Assessment
  • Supervisor conducts walk-through
  • EHS written program and forms to assist
    separate form for labs
  • Determine if hazards are present which require
    the use of PPE, except respiratory and hearing
  • Document and certify assessment
  • EHS consults on survey results

34
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Designed to protect the body from injury or
    impairment due to absorption, inhalation,
    physical contact, and extreme temperature hazards
  • Supervisors ensure employees, students, and
    visitors use PPE in hazardous situations

35
Personal Protective Equipment
  • PPE selected based on hazards identified
  • Safety glasses / goggles / face shields
  • Shoe covers / protective footwear
  • Ear Plugs / ear muffs
  • Lab coats / coveralls
  • Gloves
  • Hard hats
  • Respirators

36
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Respiratory Protection
  • Medical clearance
  • Selection
  • Fit testing
  • Before a respirator is assigned

37
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Each department is responsible for
  • Purchase (in various sizes)
  • Storage/distribution
  • Laundering/cleaning supplies
  • Repair/replacement
  • Disposal

38
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Each supervisor is responsible for providing
    training
  • Location of PPE
  • Situations for use of PPE
  • Proper donning/use/doffing of PPE
  • Limitations of PPE
  • Care, inspection, maintenance and disposal
  • except hearing respiratory protection

39
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Each employee is responsible for
  • Using PPE appropriately and consistently
  • Inspecting PPE before each use
  • Reporting problems with PPE to supervisor

40
Questions
41
Ergonomics
  • Systematic approach to designing work
    environments and tasks so people can safely and
    efficiently use tools, equipment, and processes
  • Application to offices, laboratories, and
    industrial work tasks and environments

42
What Are Ergo Injuries?
  • Soft-tissue injuries affecting muscles, tendons,
    ligaments, cartilage, blood vessels, and nerves
    of the back, neck, and upper and lower
    extremities
  • Common types low back injuries, tendonitis, and
    carpal tunnel syndrome

43
Symptoms
  • Fatigue, discomfort, pain
  • Numbness, tingling
  • Loss of strength, flexibility
  • Burning sensations
  • Eye strain (computer users)
  • Persistent symptoms should be reported

44
Injury Risk Factors
  • Highly repetitive motions (typing, pipetting)
  • High hand force (lifting, pulling, squeezing)
  • Awkward postures (reaching, bending, overhead
    work)
  • Static postures (being in one position for
    prolonged periods of time)
  • Vibration (power hand tools, vehicles)
  • Heavy, frequent, or awkward lifting
  • Tasks with multiple risk factors are of primary
    concern

45
Injury Prevention
  • Maintaining neutral postures
  • Changing postures throughout the day
  • Varying tasks (use different postures and muscle
    groups

46
Injury Prevention
  • Use power tools vs hand tools
  • Use clamps to hold work
  • Place frequently used items within easy reach

47
Additional Resources
  • Office Ergonomics fact sheet
  • EHS offers ergonomic evaluations of office, lab,
    material handling and industrial tasks

48
Back Safety
  • 4 out of 5 back accidents injure the lower back
    (lumbar region)
  • 1/2 of all accidents occur while moving some
    object
  • Most back injuries require significant recovery
    time

49
Lifting
  • 5 basic steps to proper lifting
  • Look over the object
  • Position feet around it for good balance
  • Bend at knees and hips, back straight
  • Get a good grip and breath
  • Oxygenate muscles
  • Stomach muscle support
  • Gradually lift with leg and arm muscles

50
Carrying
  • Hold the object close to your body
  • Know where you are going
  • Have a clear path
  • Dont carry anything too heavy or blocks your
    vision

51
Turning
  • Turn your whole body
  • Step in the direction of the turn
  • Dont twist from the waist

52
Slips, Trips and Falls
  • Friction, momentum, and gravity
  • Recognizing the dangers
  • Speed
  • Wet floors
  • Weather/footwear
  • Worn surfaces
  • Improper housekeeping
  • Items left in walkways

53
Slips, Trips and Falls
  • Remove tripping hazards from all walkways, such
    as briefcases, electric cords, wastebaskets, and
    fans
  • Immediately clean up spills
  • Report worn stair treads, broken floor tiles or
    broken handrails to Facilities Operations
  • During winter months, wear footwear with traction
    soles

54
Ladders
  • For items on high shelves, use a step ladder, not
    a chair or table
  • Make sure that the ladder is in good condition
  • Make sure the ladder is tall enough
  • Do not use the top step

55
Questions
56
Lets Take a Break!
57
Electrical Safety
  • Keep electrical panels free of obstructions
  • Do not use electrical equipment for purposes
    other than the intended use
  • Replace frayed and worn electrical cords and
    cables

14
58
Electrical Safety
  • All electrical equipment must be properly
    grounded
  • Do not bend or remove grounding prong for use in
    an ungrounded outlet
  • Immediately discontinue use of hazardous
    electrical tools or appliances
  • Do not attempt to repair electrical equipment
    unless qualified

14
59
Cords and Plugs
  • Extension cords only temporary use
  • Cords and outlet strips in good condition
  • At least 16 gauge, 3-wire/3-prong
  • Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI)
  • Do not overload circuits

60
Cords and Plugs
  • Cords may not pass through or under
  • Doors or walls
  • Rugs or carpets
  • Ceilings
  • Windows
  • Work areas
  • Load bearing objects
  • No gang plugs
  • Avoid exposed electrical outlets
  • Report problems to Facilities Operations

61
Holiday Decorations
  • Flame retardant materials
  • Small displays only
  • No Styrofoam, evergreen boughs, straw, hay,
    cotton, corn stalks, or dry leaves
  • Must not disguise, cover, or interfere with any
    safety device
  • No candles or open flame

62
Holiday Decorations
  • Electrical decorations
  • Must not obstruct safety devices
  • Cannot contact combustible materials
  • Tree care
  • Maintain water level throughout display period
  • Remove trees starting to dry

63
Questions
64
Chemical Safety
  • Hazard Communication Standard
  • Evaluation of potential hazards
  • Communicating hazard information to employees
  • Chemical Hygiene Plan

1
65
Chemical Safety
  • A hazardous chemical is any chemical that can do
    harm to your body
  • Most laboratory and industrial chemicals can harm
    you at some level
  • Depends on amount of exposure

3
66
Chemical Labels
  • All containers must be labeled, tagged, or marked
    with
  • Name of the chemical
  • Appropriate hazard warning (physical hazards,
    health hazards from overexposure, etc.)
  • May also have name, address, and emergency phone
    number of the manufacturer

67
Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Prepared by the chemical manufacturer and
    contains hazard and safe handling information
  • Maintained and readily available in the workplace
  • Hard copies provided on request
  • Brian Dentler _at_ 335-1541

68
Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Required Information
  • Name used on container label
  • Chemical and common names of hazardous
    ingredients
  • Physical and chemical characteristics
  • vapor pressure, flash point
  • Physical hazards
  • fire, explosion, reactivity

69
Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Required Information, cont.
  • Health hazards
  • symptoms of overexposure, routes of entry,
    exposure limits,
  • Precautions
  • use, handling and storage, PPE
  • Emergency and first aid procedures
  • Disposal instructions

70
Exemptions
  • Covered by other regulations
  • Foods, cosmetics, tobacco products, drugs,
    radioactive wastes, wood not chemically treated,
    biological hazards, and hazardous wastes
  • Consumer products if workplace exposure is the
    same as that of a consumer

71
Chemical-Specific Training
  • Provided by immediate supervisor
  • Hazard communication program
  • Labeling system and MSDSs
  • Obtaining hazard information
  • Protective measures
  • Work practices
  • PPE
  • Emergency procedures

72
Environmental Services
  • Hazardous waste management
  • Chemical spill cleanup
  • Surplus chemical redistribution
  • Contaminated site cleanup

73
Environmental Services
  • Waste minimization
  • Product substitution
  • Battery recycling
  • Environmental consultation

74
Environmental Services
  • Hazardous Waste Management
  • WA state has strictest hazardous waste rules in
    US
  • Waste collection/disposal available at no cost to
    Pullman and RE centers
  • Contact EHS to determine if waste must be
    collected if unsure
  • Complete CCR

75
Hazardous Waste Management
  • Chemical Collection Request (CCR)
  • Online www.ehs/wsu.edu/ccr/ccr.asp
  • Hard copy to request pick-up
  • Maintenance/construction wastes
  • Surplus chemicals/products
  • Laboratory wastes
  • Aerosol cans
  • Batteries

76
Spill Clean-Up
  • Clean own spills if
  • Small enough to be contained
  • Trained
  • Equipped
  • If unable to clean up spill
  • Clear area
  • Call 911
  • Be available to answer questions from responders

77
Emergency Response
  • Department Emergency Response Plan
  • Know your department's emergency response plan,
    including evacuation routes
  • WSU telephone book Emergency Information
    section
  • Do not use fire extinguishers unless trained

78
Environmental Management System
  • Framework for managing environmental
    responsibilities
  • high environmental standards
  • proactive pollution prevention
  • compliance with regulations
  • reduce costs
  • improve efficiency
  • EPA performance track

79
Environmental Management System
  • Advanced recycling program
  • WSU one of the highest recycling rates for state
    agencies
  • Reuse of 2,000 gallons used oil annually for
    heating WSU farm buildings
  • Improved emergency response plans
  • Agricultural waste minimization
  • divert waste to compost faciliy

80
Questions
81
Other EHS Services
  • Training
  • Lectures
  • Brochures
  • Videotapes
  • Capital Services
  • Asbestos and lead abatement
  • Remodels new construction

82
Education Training
  • Job Specific Training
  • Supervisor Safety Training
  • Laboratory Safety
  • Office Safety
  • Shop/Trade Safety
  • Agriculture Safety
  • Radiation Safety
  • Food Worker Card
  • Asbestos Awareness

83
Education Training
  • Department/Task Specific
  • Safety Orientation Checklist
  • Skills Demonstration
  • Refresher

84
Statewide EHS
  • Spokane/ICNE
  • Tri-Cities
  • Vancouver
  • Research Stations

85
Other Resources
  • WSU Police
  • Pullman Fire (Whitcom)
  • Radiation Safety
  • Materials Resource Management
  • Facilities Operations
  • Health Wellness
  • Counseling Services (EAP)

86
Other Resources
  • Safety Policies Procedures Manual
  • Detailed reference of University safety and
    health policies and procedures
  • Laboratory Safety Manual
  • Laboratory specific procedures
  • Supervisor Safety Manual
  • Accident reporting, return-to-work, injury
    prevention, training

87
Other Resources
  • EHS Web
  • http//www.ehs.wsu.edu
  • Fact sheets
  • Templates
  • Accident prevention plans
  • Chemical collection/redistribution
  • Asbestos database
  • MSDS sites

88
A Team Approach
  • Cooperation is necessary from
  • Administration
  • Safety Committees
  • Faculty
  • Supervisors
  • Staff
  • Students
  • EHS
  • Other Resources

89
Supervisor Responsibilities
  • The safety and health of employees is a primary
    responsibility of each supervisor
  • Injury prevention
  • Injury reporting and follow up

90
Supervisor Responsibilities
  • Prevention
  • Accident prevention plan
  • Compliance with policies and procedures
  • Promote safe work habits
  • Workplace inspections
  • Follow-up
  • Accident/injury reports
  • Supervisors investigations
  • Hazard identification and correction
  • Employee return to work

91
Employee Responsibilities
  • Prevention
  • Follow units accident prevention program
  • Comply with policies and procedures
  • Utilize safe work habits
  • Report safety concerns to supervisor, Safety
    Committee, and/or EHS
  • Injuries
  • Report job-related injury, illness or property
    damage to supervisor immediately
  • Coordinate with supervisor to return to work as
    soon as possible

92
Safety Committees
  • Established by unit administrator
  • Employees elect fellow workers to represent them
  • Management appoints at least one committee
    representative
  • Meet at least every two months

93
Safety Committees
  • Responsibilities
  • Identify problems and propose solutions
  • Assist with annual safety inspections
  • Assist with accident investigations/injury
    prevention
  • Evaluate employee suggestions
  • Review job procedures and recommend improvements

94
Safety Committees
  • Meeting minutes
  • Document attendance, items discussed and
    delegated tasks
  • Maintained for at least one year
  • Copies provided to
  • Unit administrator
  • Environmental Health and Safety
  • Employees (by distribution or posting minutes on
    the safety bulletin board)

95
Safety Bulletin Boards
  • Prominent location
  • Maintained by individual appointed by safety
    committee and/or administrator
  • Exclusively for safety material
  • Annual OSHA 300 Summary sent to campus
    departments by EHS each February
  • State required posters (available from EHS)

96
How You Fit In
  • Be alert to hazards in your work area
  • Report any hazardous situationsto your
    supervisor immediately
  • Consult with your departmental safety committee
    on safety and health issues
  • Follow safe work practices
  • Additional training

97
The Next Step
  • Other Training
  • Supervisor Safety
  • Radiation Safety
  • Public Safety/Van Driver
  • Hazardous Waste Generator
  • Food Worker Card

98
The Next Step
  • Site-specific safety orientation conducted by
    your supervisor
  • Fill out orientation checklist
  • Request additional training
  • Contact EHS for more information

99
Questions
100
  • This completes theEnvironmental Health Safety
  • New Employee OrientationThink SafetyAct
    Safely!www.ehs.wsu.edu
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