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Factors in Adequate Progress in Literacy Achievement

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Develops word recognition based on their visual and ... Word Wall. High-frequency word study. Word strips. Word Study Notebooks. Dictation. Word games ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Factors in Adequate Progress in Literacy Achievement


1
Factors in Adequate Progress in Literacy
Achievement
  • A working understanding of how sounds are
    represented alphabetically
  • Sufficient practice in reading to achieve fluency
    with different kinds of texts
  • Sufficient background knowledge and vocabulary to
    render written texts meaningful
  • Control over procedures for monitoring
    comprehension and repairing misunderstandings
  • Interest and motivation to read for a variety of
    purposes

2
Purposes of Phonics Instruction
  • Establishes grapheme-phoneme relationships and
    the use of graphophonics cues in reading. This is
    termed the alphabetic principle.
  • Develops word recognition based on their visual
    and orthographic features. This process is called
    decoding.
  • Aids in building reading fluency and
    automaticity.

3
The Phonics Approach
  • Gradual movement into word units and
    comprehension
  • Sound/letter correspondence foundation
    established
  • Sight-word instruction only for words not
    decodable by phonics
  • Emphasizes smaller than word level language units

4
Phoneme to Grapheme Relationships
One-to-many relations
a
/1/
b
Many-to-one relations
/1/
a
/2/
5
English Phonics
  • Consonants and vowels
  • Consonant blends and digraphs
  • Long and short vowels
  • R-controlled vowels
  • Vowel digraphs
  • Diphthongs
  • Homophones homographs

6
English Syllable Patterns
  • Closed Short vowel ending with consonant
  • Open Long vowel, no consonant ending
  • Vowel Digraph vowel spelled with 2 letters
  • C-le at the ends of words
  • R-controlled vowel
  • Vowel-consonant-e long vowel pattern
  • Idiosyncratic

7
Word Derivations
immigrate
migration
immigration
migrate
immigrant
migr-move
migratory
emigrate
migrancy
emigrant
emigration
8
Traditional Approaches to Phonics Instruction
  • Are synthetic approaches using part to whole with
    segmentation and blending of letters into words
  • Begin with teaching individual letters and
    letter-sound correspondences
  • May involve kinesthetic activities, i.e.,
    Orton-Gillingham, Zoo Phonics
  • Require direct instruction based on a behavioral
    analysis of decoding. I.e., Distar

9
Contemporary Phonics Approaches
  • Spelling-based principles such as Word Study or
    Making Words that involve sorting or making words
    based on students developmental level
  • Analogy-based approaches where students decode
    words based on known words or word parts
  • Embedded phonics where students where instruction
    occurs in the context of authentic reading and
    writing experiences

10
Word Study(Bear, Invernezzi, Templeton
Johnston)
  • Picture sorts
  • Concept sorts
  • Letter-sound correspondence sorts
  • Same-vowel word families
  • Mixed-vowel word families
  • Word Hunt
  • Word Bank
  • Word Wall
  • High-frequency word study
  • Word strips
  • Word Study Notebooks
  • Dictation
  • Word games
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