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Internships

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What is an Internship? Why should I consider an Internship? Getting Started! ... Marks & Spencers Retail. Matchtech Recruitment. Nestle Food & Beverage ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Internships


1
Internships
  • David Henderson
  • d.m.henderson_at_durham.ac.uk
  • Durham University Careers Advisory Service

2
Content
  • What is an Internship?
  • Why should I consider an Internship?
  • Getting Started!
  • Where are Internships advertised?
  • How do I apply?
  • What are the alternatives to an Internship?

3
What is an Internship?
  • a structured programme of work experience
  • often salaried but not always!
  • normally lasting between four and twelve weeks
  • usually offered by companies which take on large
    numbers of graduates (e.g. retailers, investment
    banks, accountants, professional services, IT
    firms)

4
What is an Internship?
  • employers offer internships as part of their
    overall graduate recruitment strategy.
  • primarily for penultimate year students
  • the application process is normally the same as
    for a graduate position and they are highly
    competitive.
  • generally advertised from November until March
    although some have closing dates as early as
    November/December.

5
What is an Internship?
  • Opportunities exist in a range of job roles and
    sectors
  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Sales
  • Engineering
  • Property
  • Hospitality, Leisure Tourism
  • Scientific Research Development
  • Political, Social Economic Research
  • IT
  • HR
  • Logistics
  • Procurement
  • Administration
  • Retail
  • Public Sector

6
Who offers Internships?
  • usually offered by companies which take on large
    numbers of graduates (e.g. retailers, investment
    banks, accountants, professional services,
    management consultants, IT firms, FMCG,
    Pharmaceutical, Engineering etc)
  • Law Firms (Vacation Schemes)
  • Internships also available in other sectors of
    employment but not always salaried (e.g. Media
    organisations, NGOs, Marketing Advertising
    Agencies, Publishers)
  • It is possible to have an internship with an SME

7
Who offers Internships?
  • Accenture Consultancy
  • BAE Systems Engineering
  • Centrica Utility
  • Enterprise Rent-A-Car Car rental company
  • IBM IT Consultancy
  • Lidl Retail
  • Marks Spencers Retail
  • Matchtech Recruitment
  • Nestle Food Beverage
  • PWC Professional Services
  • Proctor Gamble Household Personal Goods
  • JP Morgan Investment Banking

8
What will I do?
  • typically, the employer identifies a project
    similar to the sort of work you would do if you
    joined as a graduate trainee
  • deliver presentations to clients/senior
    management
  • work alongside professionals/graduate trainees

9
Why Should I consider an Internship?
  • A degree is not enough
  • Overcrowded graduate job market need to stand
    out
  • Evidence of transferable skills
  • Specific career experience
  • Commercial experience

10
Why Should I consider an Internship?
  • Insight/Career research
  • Opportunity to do something different
  • References
  • Networking/Contacts
  • Confidence Personal Development Self
    Awareness
  • Route to a graduate job
  • NecessaryBanking?

11
Where to start?
  • What do I want to get out of it?
  • e.g. develop particular skills/make a
    contribution/enhance graduate prospects/specific
    career experience
  • Career focus?
  • Sector Focus? e.g. Voluntary sector, Public
    sector, Finance, Publishing etc
  • Employer Focus?
  • Opportunity Focus?

12
Where are Internships advertised?
  • Opportunities are advertised on Employer
    websites use employer directories (e.g. Times
    100/Best Companies/Yellow Pages) or professional
    organisations to identify companies that reflect
    your career interests
  • Careers Advisory Service website
  • (www.durham.ac.uk/careers-advice)
  • www.work-placement.co.uk
  • Graduate employment websites (finance, law,
    science, business focus)
  • (www.prospects.ac.uk / www.targetjobs.co.uk
  • www.insidecareers.co.uk)
  • Career Fairs
  • Networking/Contacts
  • Direct Approach- speculative application!

13
How do I apply?
  • Normally online application form but you also may
    be asked to upload your CV
  • Competency based questions
  • Company specific questions
  • Career specific questions
  • CV Covering letter
  • 1 or 2 page CV
  • Covering letter should clearly address your
    interest in the internship (career) and the
    organisation as well as your suitability

14
How do I apply?
  • Key points!
  • Research is the key to successtoo easy to
    rephrase company literature (attend
    presentations, speak to alumni, read
    journals/financial press)
  • Find out as much as you can about the nature of
    the internship and the career opportunities
    available
  • When answering competency questions be as
    analytical as possible avoid narrative, briefly
    outline situation but focus on what you did (how
    you did it) and the outcome of your action
  • Do not refer to we, particularly in the context
    of team questions they want to know specifically
    about your contribution
  • Draw upon a range of experiences
  • Answer the question fully (particularly
    multi-faceted questions)
  • Get someone else to read through your application
    form or covering letter support from the Careers
    Advisory Service!

15
How do I apply?
  • Why are you interested in an internship with...?
  • What do you expect to do as an Intern?
  • Why are you interested in a career in
    audit/marketing/HR/sales...?
  • What is your greatest achievement and why?
  • When have you been part of a succesful team? What
    was your role and what contribution did you make?
  • What has been your most difficult decision? How
    did you arrive at a decision?

16
What happens next?
  • Selection process echoes that of
  • graduate recruitment
  • Online assessment (numerical/verbal reasoning
    test)
  • Telephone interview
  • First round interview
  • Assessment Centre (group exercise, case studies,
    psychometric tests)
  • Interview(s) Competency, technical/commercial

17
What are the alternatives to Internships?
  • Internships are highly competitive but they are
    not
  • the only means by which to obtain highly valuable
  • experience
  • Work Experience
  • Work Shadowing/Work Tasters
  • Voluntary Work
  • Part-time and Casual Work
  • Working Holidays

18
Work Experience
  • Often unpaid but not always
  • Expenses at least usually covered
  • Length of opportunity dependent on employer
  • Opportunity to develop sector specific experience
  • Opportunity to develop transferable skills
  • Refer to careers/recruitment section of employer
    websites
  • Speculative applications most common means of
    arranging work experience

19
Work Experience
  • Structured work experience schemes
  • e.g. BBC, Civil Service
  • Advertised work experience opportunities
  • e.g. CAS website
  • Professional Bodies/Sector specific recruitment
    sites
  • e.g. Refer to Prospects website
    (www.prospects.ac.uk)
  • Self-arranged opportunities
  • e.g. work shadowing/work placements

20
Work Experience
  • Politics
  • www.electus-start.com / www.w4mp.org
  • Advertising
  • www.ipa.co.uk (list of companies offering work
    experience)
  • Science
  • www.naturejobs.com (search for summer
    opportunities)
  • Health Care
  • NHS Local Champions
  • Environment
  • www.environmentjobs.co.uk
  • General Opportunities
  • Refer to CAS website

21
Work Experience
  • CAS contacts Alumni Local Employers
  • Networking Employer Presentations/Career
    Fairs/Skills Sessions
  • Personal/Family contacts

22
Internships/Work Experience
  • www.work-experience.org
  • www.e4s.co.uk
  • www.talentladder.com
  • www.internjobs.com
  • www.step.org.uk
  • www.get.hobsons.co.uk/advice/work-experience
  • http//targetjobs.co.uk/graduate-jobs/
  • www.insidecareers.co.uk
  • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice/vacancies
  • www.lawcareers.net

23
Other Types of Work Experience
  • Salaried Opportunities
  • Summer Programmes - STEP
  • Casual Work/Agency Work
  • Work Travel

24
STEP
  • Shell Technology Enterprise Programme
  • UK-wide programme offering undergraduates
    project-based work experience in SMEs
  • Penultimate year students
  • Available throughout the UK
  • 8 week paid project (190 per week) involving a
    variety of work areas
  • Apply via www.shellstep.org.uk

25
Agency Work/Casual Work
  • Temporary paid work experience/employment
  • Local jobs papers/Student Job Shops/Speculative
  • www.durham.ac.uk/ses
  • Usually need prior work experience
  • Contact recruitment agencies
  • www.jobseekers-uk.com
  • Internet job sites
  • e.g. www.summerjobs4students.co.uk - general
  • www.labsupport.co.uk - specific
  • Working in a bar, factory or a shop a useful
    source of evidence when documenting transferable
    skills!

26
Part-time/Casual Employment
  • www.nases.org.uk
  • www.durham.ac.uk/ses
  • www.morethanwork.net
  • www.jobcentreplus.gov.uk
  • www.hotrecruit.com
  • www.summerjobs4students.co.uk
  • www.justjobs4students.co.uk
  • www.jobseekers-uk.com
  • www.fish4.co.uk/iad/jobs

27
Paid Work International
  • Schemes facilitating overseas employment e.g.
    BUNAC
  • Teaching e.g. British Council
  • Holiday employment e.g. Tourism Industry,
    Agriculture, Au Pair
  • Agencies e.g. www.resortjobs.co.uk
  • Summer Camps e.g. Camp America

28
Working Holidays/Working Abroad
  • www.bunac.org / www.campamerica.co.uk
  • www.campleaders.com
  • www.kcjobs.org
  • www.ccusa.com
  • www.owh.com.au
  • www.workingabroad.com
  • www.teaching-abroad.co.uk
  • www.payaway.co.uk
  • www.ciee.org
  • www.anyworkanywhere.com
  • www.voovs.com
  • www.fruitfuljobs.com
  • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice/vacancies

29
Volunteering
  • Further source of relevant work experience but
    also opportunity to undertake specific role
    and/or work in a particular capacity
  • Develop transferable skills and personal
    qualities
  • Contribution to the welfare and development of
    others
  • Make a tangible difference
  • Work at your pace/convenience

30
Volunteering
  • Volunteering Organisations
  • e.g. CSV, SCA, Volunteer England
  • Specific Charities
  • refer to Voluntary Agencies Directory
  • Employers/Organisations that rely on voluntary
    support
  • e.g. Health Trusts, Local Authorities
  • Experience crucial if considering opportunities
    in the not for profit sector
  • Support employment/postgraduate study prospects
    e.g. Health sector, Teaching, Public Sector,
    Social Care etc

31
Volunteering
  • Vast range of opportunities
  • Youth Community work
  • e.g. Local Authority
  • Environment/Conservation
  • e.g. National Trust/Wildlife Trust
  • Health Sector
  • e.g. Care Homes, Charities (Cancer Research,
    Mind)
  • Heritage/Museum Work
  • e.g. English Heritage Education Volunteers

32
Volunteering
  • www.volunteering.org.uk
  • www.do-it.org.uk
  • www.ncvo-vol.org.uk
  • www.csv.org.uk
  • www.charityjobs.co.uk
  • www.charitypeople.com
  • www.dur.ac.uk/community.action (Student Community
    Action)

33
Volunteering - Internationally
  • GAP year projects
  • Travellers Worldwide, Greenforce, Raleigh
    International
  • Combination of travel project based activities
  • Wide variety of opportunities e.g. conservation,
    community work, teaching, journalism
  • Financial implications 10 weeks Raleigh
    International 2995

34
Volunteering Internationally
  • Volunteer Organisations/NGOs
  • Amnesty International, Red Cross, Merlin, WWF
  • Project/cause specific
  • Relevant skills and experience but not always
  • e.g. Development in Action recruiting for a 2
    month voluntary placement in India. No specific
    experience required.
  • Domestic opportunities with NGOs
  • e.g. research internships, administration,
    information management

35
Volunteering Internationally
  • www.wse.org.uk
  • www.yearoutgroup.org
  • www.gapyear.com
  • www.worldwidevolunteering.org.uk
  • www.teaching-abroad.co.uk
  • www.experiencedevelopment.org
  • www.bond.org.uk
  • www.idealist.org
  • www.oneworld.net
  • www.charityjobs.co.uk
  • www.workingabroad.com

36
Final thoughts
  • Once you have decided on the manner in which you
    would like
  • to make the most of your vacations
  • Identify relevant employers/organisations/public
    bodies etc (use resources within CAS e.g. Summer
    Jobs Britain, check employer/organisation/professi
    onal body websites, use generic websites
    identified in this talk, CAS website)
  • Be aware of early closing dates
  • Research opportunities and application process
    (online, CV Covering Letter etc)
  • Speculative approach CV, Friends Family,
    Networking
  • Access support available through CAS

37
Final thoughts
  • Document your activities
  • Relate activities to transferable skills
    demonstrated e.g. teamwork, problem solving,
    communication, initiative etc
  • Reflection what motivated/excited you.
    Learning outcomes.
  • Marketing your experience to employers

38
and dont forget
  • Any experience, no matter how small, is useful
  • It is okay to mix and match your experiences e.g.
    volunteering and work tasters
  • And finally...it is okay to have fun during your
    summer too!
  • Happy Holidays!

39
How Can CAS Help
  • Some sources of information
  • AGCAS publications Working Abroad, Voluntary
    Sector
  • NCVO Voluntary Agencies Directory
  • Charities Digest
  • International Development Directory
  • International Directory of Voluntary Work,
    Victoria Pybus
  • Working in Development
  • Teaching English Abroad
  • Working Your Way Around the World
  • Summer Jobs Britain
  • Summer Jobs Abroad
  • World Wide Volunteering database
  • Vacancy Service/Employer files contacts
  • Job Shop
  • www.prospects.ac.uk
  • Opportunities Fair - June
  • Insight Into Management 2008

40
How Can CAS Help
  • Advice Guidance
  • Publications
  • Careers information
  • Employer information
  • Information on work study abroad
  • Information on postgraduate study
  • Information and advice on job search
  • Employer presentations
  • Employer fairs
  • Computer aided help Prospects Planner
  • Careers talks/workshops

41
  • Careers Advisory Service
  • University of Durham
  • 49 New Elvet
  • Durham
  • DH1 3PF
  • Tel 0191 334 1430
  • careers-advice_at_durham.ac.uk
  • www.dur.ac.uk/careers-advice
  • DUO Careers Tab
  • Monday to Friday
  • 10am 5pm (term time)
  • 10am 1pm and 2.15pm 5pm (vacations)

42
Questions?
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