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The United States Civil War

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April 1862 Flag Officer David Garragut takes New Orleans, the South's largest seaport. Sailing through a rebel minefield he utters 'Damn the torpedoes, full speed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United States Civil War


1
The United States Civil War
  • By Rick Redinger
  • ED 417

2
Why we fought
  • North Manufacture based
  • South Agriculture based
  • North had abundance of workers
  • South needed slave labor

3
Why we fought (contd)
  • North wanted western expansion not to include
    slavery
  • South wanted western expansion to include slavery

4
Why expansion was an issue
  • As the U.S. expanded westward, new states added
    Senate and Congress representation to an already
    close North/South split
  • The addition of all non-slave or all slave states
    would tip the balance
  • Neither the North or the South wanted to lose
    influence in the Federal Government

5
A Nation Divided
  • Tensions were high and the country was clearly
    becoming divided between the North and the South
  • The situation would soon explode

6
The Civil War Begins
  • April 12, 1861, 430 am. General Pierre
    Beauregard leads a Confederate group with fifty
    cannons that opens fire on Fort Sumpter, South
    Carolina.
  • The only war fought on American soil by Americans
    had begun

7
THE UNION 1861
  • Abraham Lincoln is President
  • The Capitol is in Washington DC
  • Consists of states north of approx. 39 latitude

8
THE CONFEDERACY 1861
  • Jefferson Davis is named President
  • Richmond, Virginia becomes the Capitol City
  • Consists of 11 states south of approximately 39
    latitude

9
The United States Civil War
  • Over three million people fought against their
    own countrymen
  • Over 600,000 persons died

10
Bull Run
  • July 1861 Union troops are repelled at Bull Run,
    25 miles south of Washington, DC
  • Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson acquires
    the nickname Stonewall

11
A future President is made
  • February 1862 General Ulysses S. Grant captures
    two Tennessee forts in a ten day span, earning
    the nickname Unconditional Surrender Grant
  • Soon after the war he would become President of
    the United States of America

12
Naval History is made 1862
  • Confederate ironclad Merrimac sinks two wooden
    Union ships then battles ironclad Monitor to a
    draw
  • Naval warfare is forever changed, making wooden
    ships obsolete

13
Damn the torpedoes…
  • April 1862 Flag Officer David Garragut takes New
    Orleans, the Souths largest seaport
  • Sailing through a rebel minefield he utters Damn
    the torpedoes, full speed ahead.

14
The Bloodiest Day in History
  • September 17, 1862 General Robert E. Lees
    Confederate troops are stopped at Antietam,
    Maryland
  • By nightfall over 26,000 men are dead, wounded,
    or missing
  • The was the bloodiest single day of this, or any,
    war in United States history

15
Emancipation Proclamation
  • January 1, 1863 Union President Abraham Lincoln
    issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring
    all slaves in the Confederate states free and
    emphasizing their enlistment in the Union army
  • The war becomes a revolutionary struggle to
    abolish slavery

16
South loses a leader
  • May 10 the Confederates suffer a huge blow when
    Stonewall Jackson dies 6 days after suffering
    injuries at the battle of Chancellorville,
    Virginia
  • The fatal wounds were accidentally inflicted by
    his own troops

17
Battle of Gettysburg
  • The tide of the war turns for the North as the
    South suffers a defeat at Gettysburg
  • This was the northernmost battle of the war

18
Lincoln meets Douglas
  • August 10 President Lincoln meets with
    abolitionist Frederick Douglas who pushes for
    full equality for Union Negro troops

19
Cemetery Dedication
  • November 19, 1863 President Lincoln delivers a
    two minute speech dedicating a Cemetery at
    Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • This would forever be known at The Gettysburg
    Address

20
Grants march to Richmond
  • May 1864 General Grant takes an army of 120,000
    Union troops toward Richmond to attack General
    Robert E. Lees troops, now numbering 64,000
  • Major battles ensue at Wilderness and
    Spotsylvania, Virginia leading up to the battle
    at Cold Harbor

21
Grants error
  • General Grant makes tactical error while
    attacking well fortified Cold Harbor resulting
    loss of 7000 troops in twenty minutes

22
Sherman takes Atlanta
  • September 2, 1864 Union General Sherman captures
    Atlanta
  • November 15 before his march to the sea he
    destroys Atlantas warehouses and railroad yards

23
March to the Sea
  • December 21, 1864 General Sherman arrives at
    Savannah, Georgia leaving a 300 mile path of
    destruction over 60 miles wide in his wake
  • Sherman offers President Lincoln Savannah as a
    Christmas present

24
The 13th Amendment
  • January 31, 1865 Congress approves the 13th
    Amendment to the United States Constitution, to
    abolish slavery
  • It is sent to the states for ratification

25
Richmond Abandoned
  • April 2, 1865 Grant breaks through Lees troops
    at Petersburg, Virginia
  • Confederates abandon Capital at Richmond

26
Confederate Surrender
  • April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrenders
    his troops to General Grant at Appomattox Court
    House, Virginia

27
Lincoln Assassinated
  • April 14, 1865 At 1013pm while watching the
    third act of the play Our American Cousin with
    his wife Mary, President Lincoln is shot and
    killed by John Wilkes Boothe

28
The War Ends
  • May 1865 The remaining Confederate troops
    surrender reuniting a country after four years
    and 620,000 deaths
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