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Art of Sixteenth Century Europe

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Northern Europe: conflicts between Late Gothic and Italian Renaissance styles. Northern Europe ... Symbols like Northern Gothic paintings. Hideous horseman ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Art of Sixteenth Century Europe


1
Art of Sixteenth Century Europe
2
The Art of Venice
  • Venice influenced by the Byzantine era.
  • Mosaics
  • Decorated churches.

3
Titian
  • 1490-1576
  • Died of the plague.
  • The Entombment fig. 18.3
  • Landscape to set the mood (influence from
    Giorgione).
  • Lighting, color and sturdy figures makes highly
    emotional scene.

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5
Titian
  • Important people wanted their portraits painted
    by Titian.
  • Philip II, figure. 18.5
  • He lived well, because of his wealthy patrons.
  • Pope Paul III, Lucrezia Borgia, the Duchess of
    Farrara.

6
Titian
  • Doge Andrea Gritti figure 18.4
  • Greatest fame as portrait painter.
  • Overwhelms the frame as if he is about to burst
    out.
  • Defiant face.
  • Painterly a technique, which involves creating
    forms with patches of color rather than with
    hard, precise edges.

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8
Mannerism
  • Came out of a time of unrest and uncertainty.
  • Artists were challenged to find new avenues of
    expression.
  • Mannerism considered a deliberate revolt by
    artists against the goals of the Renaissance.

9
Mannerism
  • Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation,
    1517.
  • The French invasion of Italy in 1524.
  • French defeat of Rome in 1527.
  • Tension
  • Disorder

10
Mannerism
  • Preferred imbalance
  • Restlessness
  • Nervous art
  • Impossible poses
  • Unreal proportions
  • Less natural

11
Parmigianino
  • 1503-1540
  • Madonna With The Long Neck
  • Is the setting interior or exterior?
  • Madonna seated, yet towers over the other figures
    in the picture.
  • Baby seems to be slipping yet no concern.

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14
El Greco
  • 1541-1614 Spain
  • Church emphasizing the spiritual
  • The Martyrdom of St. Maurice and the Theban
    Legion.
  • Blends three parts of the story into a single
    scene.
  • The Burial of Count Orgaz fig. 18.9
  • Looking Closely

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17
Mannerism
  • El Greco intense emotionalism and strong sense
    of movement.
  • Italy Baroque style
  • Northern Europe conflicts between Late Gothic
    and Italian Renaissance styles.

18
Northern Europe
  • Trip to Italy became essential for a young
    artist.
  • Grunewald and Durer
  • Conflict of styles

19
Matthias Grunewald
  • 1480-1528
  • The Small Crucifixion
  • Like Medieval visual sermon
  • Christs body color of a corpse.
  • Cold, black sky dark curtain
  • Emphasizing people in foreground, contrasting
    value and hue.

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21
Grunewald
  • Edge of cloth garment repeats and emphasizes
    wounds.
  • Color, design, brush work expression of pain.

22
Albrecht Durer
  • 1471-1528
  • Embrace the Renaissance
  • Perspective, proportions, beauty, and balance.

23
Durer
  • Knight, Death and the Devil
  • Horse and rider calmness and solid (Italian
    painting).
  • Symbols like Northern Gothic paintings.
  • Hideous horseman represents death
  • Devil behind

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25
Hieronymus Bosch
  • 1450-1516
  • Flemish painter
  • Death and the Miser
  • Symbolism and story.
  • Looks at cross and reaches for money
  • Fingers rosary and adds to possesions.

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27
Pieter Bruegel
  • 1525-1569
  • Flemish
  • Landscapes to Bosch influence
  • The Parable of the Blind
  • Parable a story that contains a symbolic
    message.
  • Concern for detail Van Eyck

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29
Hans Holbein
  • 1497-1543
  • German
  • Portrait painter
  • King Henry VIII
  • Anne of Cleves

30
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