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The U'S' in the 1920s

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outlawed 'consumption, manufacture, sale, distribution, and transportation of ... John T. Scopes, Dayton HS biology teacher. Clarence Darrow vs. William Jennings Bryan ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The U'S' in the 1920s


1

POLITICS AND PARTIES America in the
1920s Chapters 12 13
  • The U.S. in the 1920s
  • Chapters 12 13

2
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Post WWI thoughts
  • renewed isolationism
  • resurgence of nativism
  • politically conservative

3
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Post WWI thoughts
  • concerns about Russian Revolution
  • monarchy (tsar) vs. communism (economic)
  • May Day protests (military)
  • mail bombs by Reds (political)
  • Palmers Raids
  • December, 1919--The Buford

4
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Post WWI thoughts
  • concerns over immigrants
  • Sacco and Vanzetti
  • concerns over rise in Ku Klux Klan activity
  • Hiram Wesley Evans
  • controlled three state governments
  • anyone who wasnt W-A-S-P

5
POLITICS AND PARTIES
6
POLITICS AND PARTIES
7
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Labor unrest
  • strikes forbidden in WWI
  • labor and management disagreements
  • Boston Police Strike
  • Steel Mill Strike
  • Coal Miners Strike

8
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Labor unrest
  • unions lose appeal
  • immigrants
  • farmers and self-reliance
  • African-Americans

9
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Election of 1920
  • Republicans
  • Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge
  • Democrats
  • James M. Cox and Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Socialists
  • Eugene V. Debs

10
POLITICS AND PARTIES
11
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Hardings Domestic Agenda
  • Washington Arms Conference
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff
  • The Dawes Plan

12
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Hardings Domestic Agenda
  • Emergency Quota Act of 1921
  • The Ohio Gang
  • Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Nan Britton

13
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • 1923
  • Harding dies
  • Coolidge becomes President
  • serves until Election of 1928
  • nicknamed Silent Cal

14
POLITICS AND PARTIES
15
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • America and Coolidges Presidency
  • very pro-business
  • promoted the automobile industry, thus changing
    the American landscape
  • roads and highways--Route 66 (p. 423)
  • houses with carports and garages
  • gas stations and repair shops
  • motor courts
  • traffic signals

16
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17
POLITICS AND PARTIES
18
POLITICS AND PARTIES
19
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • America and Coolidges Presidency
  • airplane industry
  • electrical conveniences
  • irons
  • refrigerators
  • toasters
  • ranges

20
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21
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • America andCoolidges Presidency
  • advertising and business growth
  • advertising psychology
  • business lunch meetings
  • civic clubs like Rotary, Kiwanis, and Lions Clubs
  • chain stores
  • branch banks
  • buying on credit
  • rise in income gap

22
POLITICS AND PARTIES
POPULATION SHIFTS FROM 1870-1920
23
POLITICS AND PARTIES
CHANGING LABOR FORCE--1870-1920
24
POLITICS AND PARTIES
25
POLITICS AND PARTIES
BUYING ON CREDIT
26
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Rural and Urban differences
  • rural life remained largely unchanged
  • small towns and farms
  • conservative moral values
  • close social relationships
  • church and school activities
  • The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck

27
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Rural and Urban differences
  • cities experienced growth
  • theaters
  • museums
  • libraries
  • transportation
  • housing
  • moral values

28
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Prohibition
  • 18th Amendment
  • outlawed consumption, manufacture, sale,
    distribution, and transportation of alcohol in
    any form
  • Prohibition Bureau
  • Speakeasies and Bootleggers
  • Rum Runners and Rumbleseats

29
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30
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Organized Crime
  • underground gangs
  • Al Capone
  • white slavery and prostitution
  • Moral Codes
  • Utah
  • Georgia
  • Arkansas
  • Jim Crow

31
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Clash of Science and Religion
  • Fundamentalism vs. Scientific Theory
  • Aimee Semple McPherson--Four Square Gospel
  • Charles Darwin--Social Darwinism

32
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33
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Clash of Science and Religion
  • March, 1925
  • Tennessee passed The Butler Law
  • John T. Scopes, Dayton HS biology teacher
  • Clarence Darrow vs. William Jennings Bryan
  • national attention
  • verdict

34
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Women change the rules
  • emancipated women (Flappers)
  • clothing
  • hair
  • attitude
  • actions
  • double standards
  • new job opportunities

35
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36
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37
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Changes in Family and Home life
  • birthrate declined
  • new inventions
  • new products
  • sliced bread
  • store-bought clothes
  • canned goods
  • phones
  • health clinics

38
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Educational changes
  • curriculum changes
  • vocational curriculums
  • taxes
  • immigrants
  • African-Americans
  • separate but equal

39
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40
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Mass media changes
  • newspaper and magazine sales
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • H.L. Mencken
  • radio

41
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Leisure Time
  • games
  • -a-thons
  • sports
  • Babe Ruth Jack Dempsey
  • Satchel Page Gertrude Ederle
  • Red Grange Charles Lindberg
  • Knute Rockne
  • Helen Wills

42
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43
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44
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Leisure Time
  • movies
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Tom Mix
  • Theda Bara
  • Clara Bow
  • Rudolph Valentino
  • 1927--The Jazz Singer
  • 1928--Steamboat Willie

45
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46
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • Leisure Time
  • theatre, art, literature
  • plays
  • music
  • painting
  • books

47
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • The Great Migration
  • violence and race riots
  • NAACP
  • W.E.B. DuBois--The Niagara Movement (??)
  • Marcus Garvey
  • separate society
  • UNIA
  • The Black Star Line

48
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49
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • Harlem, New York
  • Literature
  • Claude McKay
  • Langston Hughes
  • Countee Cullen
  • Zora Neale Hurston
  • James Weldon Johnson

50
POLITICS AND PARTIES
  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • Music
  • Josephine Baker
  • Paul Robeson
  • Louis Armstrong
  • Duke Ellington
  • Cab Calloway
  • Bessie Smith

51
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52
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