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Fuel economy Indian Context

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of India submitted the report during the month of Aug 2002 ... METROS & MAJOR CITIES (BANGALORE, HYDERABAD, AHMEDABAD, PUNE, SURAT, KANPUT AND AGRA) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fuel economy Indian Context


1
Fuel economy Indian Context
  • G K Acharya
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • RD Centre, Faridabad

2
Auto Fuel Policy in India
  • The Expert committee constituted by Govt. of
    India submitted the report during the month of
    Aug 2002
  • The recommendations have been debated and MoPNG
    released Auto Fuel Policy during the month of Oct
    2003
  • The policy provides roadmap for changes in
    vehicular technology and fuel quality for the
    year 2005 and 2010
  • Measures have been proposed to reduce emission
    from in-use vehicles

3
Roadmap by Auto Fuel policy
  • ENTIRE COUNTRY
  • BHARAT STAGE-II 1ST APRIL 2005
  • EURO-III 1ST APRIL 2010
  • EQUIVALENT
  • METROS MAJOR CITIES (BANGALORE, HYDERABAD,
    AHMEDABAD, PUNE, SURAT, KANPUT AND AGRA)
  • BHARAT STAGE-II Already Introduced in metro
    cities and other major cities as on 1st April
    2003
  • EURO-III 1st April 2005
  • EQUIVALENT
  • EURO-IV 1st April 2010
  • EQUIVALENT
  • ENTIRE COUNTRY
  • BHARAT STAGE-II 1st April 2005
  • EURO-III Preferably from 1st April 2008 but not
    later than 1st April 2010
  • EQUIVALENT

4
Recommendation of Auto Fuel Policy
  • Introduction of improved quality of liquid fuels
    in-line with the vehicular emission norms
  • Encouraging use of gaseous fuels CNG LPG in
    the cities effected by high vehicular pollution
  • Accelerate the development of other alternatives
    electric vehicles, hydrogen and fuel cells
  • Providing RD support for development of
    technologies for producing biofuels from
    different renewable energy sources and their
    application
  • To protect consumer from supply disruptions and
    price risks

Cont..
5
Recommendation of Auto Fuel Policy
  • Reduction of emissions from in-use vehicles
    through upgraded PUC systems, IM system,
  • Declaration of fuel economy standards by
    automobile industry
  • Setup mechanism for independent inspection and
    rigorous checks of liquid fuel quality
  • Provide for penalty against vehicles in which
    emission control devices fitted by OEMs are
    removed or tempered
  • Roadmap for emission norms for new / in-use
    vehicles and fuel quality
  • Major expansion augmentation of existing
    network of Air Quality Monitoring

6
  • Implementation of Auto Fuel Policy
    recommendations

7
CNG - STATUS IN INDIA
  • CNG stations in India - 510.
  • 17 companies to supply natural gas for CNG / PNG
    usage in 42 cities
  • Total estimated NG consumption 3.2 MMSCMD gas for
    CNG purpose and 5 MMSCMD as PNG
  • India with 8 Lakh Natural gas vehicles ranks 5th
    in the world

8
Status - LPG as Auto Fuel
  • LPG notified as transport fuel by MoRTH 2000
  • BIS issued specification of Auto LPG 2001
  • Total no. of Auto LPG stations - 573
  • IOCL - 232 Stations
  • BPCL - 74 Stations
  • HPCL - 150 Stations
  • Others - 227 Stations

9
Renewed Interest in Ethanol during 2000-2002
  • All India Distillers Association (AIDA) reported
    surplus Ethanol in country during the year 2000.
  • Based on the availability of surplus ethanol,
    MoPNG decided to introduced 5 Ethanol blend in
    the sugar producing states.
  • Oil companies commissioned 3 pilot projects in
    the country during the year 2001.
  • Studies with Ethanol gasoline blends were
    conducted at Indian Oil RD Centre.

10
Commercialisation of Ethanol blend
  • Based on the success of pilot projects, Govt.
    introduced 5 ethanol blended fuel in four Union
    Territories and in nine States during the year
    2003.
  • Govt. extended the supply of 5 ethanol blend to
    20 States during the year 2006.
  • Adhoc Panel constituted by Bureau of Indian
    Standards (BIS) for examining the technical
    issues related to blending of 10 ethanol
  • Detailed studies on a fleet of in-use vehicles
    are in progress for assessing the compatibility
    of 10 ethanol blend in collaboration with auto
    industry.
  • BIS issued revised specification for blending of
    10 ethanol in gasoline during the month of Jan
    2008

11
Mass Emissions From Motorcycle
g/km
12
CO EMISSIONS FROM MPFI CAR USING ALCOHOL BLENDS
g/km
13
Initiatives of IOC on Bio-diesel
  • Trans-esterification process optimization,
    patenting and commercialization, Know How
    Transferred to M/s Venus Ethoxyethers, Goa M/s
    IKF on Technology Fee and Royalty basis
  • Testing of LOCO engine with Biodiesel and diesel
    blends jointly with RDSO Jatropha plantation on
    70 Ha of Railway land
  • Vehicle performance and Emission studies jointly
    with Escorts, Tata motors and Mahindra Mahindra
  • Field trials on buses jointly with Haryana
    Roadways, Gujarat Roadways Tata Motors

14
Mass Emission Studies for Bio-diesel Blends
Conducted at IOC RD
15
  • Fuel Efficiency Standards for Vehicles

16
Drafting of Fuel Economy Standards
  • MoSRTH is the nodal agency in the country for
    issuing notification related to Vehicular safety
    emission
  • Ministry has constituted 2 independent committees
    for drafting standards related to safety
    emissions
  • Standing committee on implementation of emission
    legislation (SCOE) is responsible for drafting
    emission norms
  • SCOE constituted sub-committee with all stake
    holders for drafting fuel efficiency standards
  • Sub-committee submitted a report to the Ministry

17
Drafting of Fuel Economy Standards
  • The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in
    co-operation with the Petroleum Conservation
    Research Association (PCRA) is developing fuel
    economy standards and labeling programme for
    passenger cars under the Energy Conservation Act
    2001.
  • BEE is advocating of establishing fuel economy
    standards based on Front runner method.
  • Proposing a labeling programme (Star Rating) to
    provide consumers with comparative information
    about fuel economy of all cars in the market.
  • Fuel economy range of cars in five categories -
    one star to five stars.

18
Notification of Fuel Economy Standards
  • Transport sector consumes more than 40 petroleum
    products produced in the country and account for
    11 of Greenhouse Gas emissions
  • Release of fuel economy standards will reduce
    energy consumption and also GHG emissions
  • Fuel economy standards for Auto sector will be
    enforced from 2011.
  • Notification will be issued through energy
    Conservation Act or Motor Vehicles Act

19
Thank You
20
Quality of Motor Spirit ( Gasoline)
  • Major parameters
  • Bharat Bharat Bharat
  • Stage-II Stage-III
    Stage-IV
  • Sulphur,ppm (max) 500 150 50
  • Octane number
  • RON/MON, min ( R) 88/- 91/81
    91/81
  • RON/MON, min (P) 93/- 95/85 95/85
  • AKI(RONMON/2) 84 -
    -










  • Aromatics, vol., max- - 42 35
  • Benzene, vol., max3/5 3 1
    1
  • Lead content,g/l 0.013 0.005 0.005
  • Olefin content, vol.- 21(R) 21(R)
    18(P) 18(P)
  • ( R )- Regular grade ( P )- Premium grade
    AKI-Anti Knocking Index

21
Quality of Diesel
  • Major parameters
  • Bharat Bharat
    Bharat
  • Stage-II Stage-III
    Stage IV
  • Cetane number, min 48 51 51
  • Cetane Index, min 46 46 46
  • ( Present spec is either CN or CI)
  • Sulphur,ppm, max 500 350 50
  • Kinematic Viscosity,cst 2.0-5.0 2.0-4.5
    2.0-4.5
  • PAH, mass - 11max 11max
  • Density, kg/M3 820-860
    820-845 820-845
  • Distillation recovery
  • Vol., upto 350 0 C, min 85 85 -
  • Vol., upto 370 0 C, min 95 95 -
  • 95 Vol., at max - 360 0 C 360 0 C
  • PAH- Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons

22
Major Factors affecting Energy Efficiency
in Transport Sector
Clean Vehicle Technology
Traffic Management
IM Programmes
Cleaner Fuels Alternatives
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