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FINLAND

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Population: 5 276 571 (111 th.) Capital city: Helsinki (Helsingfors 516 000 ... Finland, particularly in the Province of Lapland, a subarctic climate dominates, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FINLAND


1
FINLAND
2
Basic facts
  • Official name Suomen Tasavalta (Republic of
    Finland ) President Tarja Halonen
  • Population 5 276 571 (111 th.)
  • Capital city Helsinki (Helsingfors 516 000
    population)
  • Area 338145 km2, water () 9.4
  • Density of population (on km2) 15
  • Official language Finnish, Swedish
  • Currency Euro
  • GDP on person (in USD) 37014
  • Indpendent since 1917 Republic
  • There are 5 provinces Etelä-Suomi (sothern
    Finland), Länsi Suomi (western Finland),
    Itä-Suomi (eastern Finland), Oulu lääni ,Lapin
    lääni

3
Geography
  • Highest mountain Haltiantunturi 1 324 m
  • Longest river Kemijoki (520 km)
  • Biggest lake Saimaa lake (fifth biggest lake in
    Europe)
  • In Finland are 189,888 lakes larger than 500m2
    and 179,584 islands.
  • The Finnish landscape is mostly flat with few
    hills
  • Landscape is covered mostly by coniferous taiga
    forests, fens and litle arable land

4
Cities
  • Helsinki (capital city)
  • -population 516 000
  • -Interesting places Building of Finish
    parliament, Olympic
    stadium (with sport museum), modern convention
    hall, residence of finish president or Rock
    temple.
  • Next important cities in Finland
  • Tempere(Population204385)
  • Turku (Population175000)
  • Oulu (Population125000)
  • Lahti (population 100000)

Katedrála v Helsinkách
5
BORDER
  • FiInlad is washed by -Baltic Sea (south west)
  • -Gulf of
    Finland (southeast)
  • -Gulf of
    Botnia (west)
  • Finland border on land upon -Russia (east)

  • -Sweden (northwest)

  • -Norway (north)
  • on
    the sea
  • On the sea Finland has border with Estonia.

6
Climate
  • The climate in Southern Finland is a northern
    temperate climate. In Northern Finland,
    particularly in the Province of Lapland, a
    subarctic climate dominates, characterised by
    cold, occasionally severe, winters and relatively
    warm summers. The main factor influencing
    Finland's climate is the country's geographical
    position between the 60th and 70th northern
    parallels in the Eurasian continent's coastal
    zone, which shows characteristics of both a
    maritime and a continental climate, depending on
    the direction of air flow.
  • Finland is near enough to the Atlantic Ocean to
    be continuously warmed by the Gulf Stream, which
    explains the unusually warm climate considering
    the absolute latitude.

7
Industry
  • For decades now, Finland has had a highly
    industrialised, largely free-market economy with
    a per capital output equal to that of other
    western economies such as Sweden, the UK, France
    and Germany.
  • The Biggest Finland company is NOKIA ( nokia
    create one of the best mobile phone in the
    world).
  • The World Economic Forum has declared Finland to
    be the most competitive country in the world for
    three consecutive years (20032005) and four
    times since 2002.

Airport in Helsinky
Headquarters of Nokia
8
Tourism
  • The Tourism in Winter Although many tourists
    visit for the ideal weather during the summer,
    winter also attracts hundreds of thousands for
    its Christmas festivities and winter sports and
    activities such as skiing, dog sledding and
    Nordic walking.
  • Tourism in summer Throughout the summer there
    are a range of international festivals, markets
    and performing arts including song and dance. The
    receding snow and everlasting sunlight also
    provide an opportunity for an array of outdoor
    activities.

9
Flora and Fauna
  • Finland is a country of thousands of lakes and
    islands 187,888 lakes (larger than 500 m²) and
    179,584 islands to be precise.
  • Of large wildlife mammals, the most common are
    the Brown Bear (the national animal), Gray Wolf,
    Moose and reindeer. Other common mammals include
    the Red Fox, Red Squirrel, and Mountain Hare.

10
(No Transcript)
11
FINLAND
  • THATS ALL
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