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Finnish Information Society -

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DYNAMICS OF THE INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS CLUSTER. Total. cluster. Communication equipment ... into national technology funding and development agencies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Finnish Information Society -


1
1
Finnish Information Society - Case eTampere ,
2005 Team eTampere
F I N L A N D
T a m p e r e
11/21/02
2
Outline
  • Brief history
  • National set-up and present strategies
  • eTampere a regional information society program
  • Content
  • Structure
  • Lessons learned

3
WHY FOCUS ON FINLAND IINTERNATIONAL
COMPETITIVENESS
WEF
UNDP
IMD
USA FINLAND Singapore Netherlands Switzerland Irel
and Germany Sweden Canada Denmark Japan France
IMD World Competitiveness Scoreboard 2002, WEF
Global Competitiveness Report 2001-2002 (Growth
Competitiveness), United Nations Human
Development Report 2001 (Technology Achievement
Index)
4
WHY FOCUS ON FINLAND IIRD IN SOME OECD
COUNTRIES 1985 - 2001
Percentage of GDP
Sweden
FINLAND
Japan Sweden USA Germany
Japan
USA
Germany
France
UK France
Denmark UK
AustriaNorway
Norway Finland
Austria Denmark
Sources OECD, Main Science and Technology
Indicators
5
HOW DO WE VIEW OUR POSITIONDYNAMICS OF THE
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS CLUSTER
Communication equipment
Totalcluster
Software business
Communication services
Instrumentation and automation
Content business
Electrotechnical products
Source Tekes
6
NATIONAL PART OF THE INNOVATION SYSTEM IN FINLAND
PARLIAMENT
COUNCIL OF STATE
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY COUNCIL OF FINLAND
MINISTRY OF TRADE AND INDUSTRY
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
MINISTRY OF ARGICULTURE AND FORESTRY
OTHER MINISTRIES
Department for Education and Science Policy
Department for Cultural Policy
Technology Department
Other Depts
NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AGENCY OF FINLAND
(TEKES)
SITRA ( Finnish National Fund for RD)
ACADEMY OF FINLAND
UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER HEIS (20) POLYTE
CHNICS (29)
RESEARCH INSTITUTES (2)
RESEARCH INSTITUTES (5)
RESEARCH INSTITUTES (3)
RESEARCH INSTITUTES (10)
PRIVATE NONPROFIT RESEARCH
INSTITUTES
PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS AND FUNDS
RESEARCH UNITS AND DEPARTMENTS OF BUSINESS
ENTERPRISES
JOINT RESEARCH INSTITUTES OF ENTERPRISES
SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES
7
Developments in Finnish Info Society
  • Late 1980s/early 1990s High speed computing
    and networking technology. CSC.
  • Early 1990s First information society strategy.
    Focus on education and use of high speed
    computing and technology. Ministry of Education.
  • Mid 1990s an extensive information society
    strategy background work from policy, society and
    cultural aspects. Sitra, national fund and a
    think tank.
  • Late 1990s Information society implementation
    was diversified between central government,
    ministries, parliament, private firms,
    municipalities, and the third sector.
  • Regional programs

8
Recent national policy initiatives
  • From strategy to policies
  • Information society programs (2000 -gt)
  • public services, entertainment, information,
    forms, research
  • Information Society Development Center
    coordinates
  • Regional eTampere, other cities and regions
  • Infrastucture policy (2003 -gt)
  • fixed high-speed data communication
  • mobile connections
  • Data Security policy (2004 -gt)
  • companies and homes, children
  • education, information
  • eBusiness policy (2005 -gt)
  • Companies, government, universities

9
building a humanly sustainable regional knowledge
societywww.etampere.fi
10
Managing and expanding knowledge
  • Knowledge is created and expanded within the
    framework of social interaction between tacit and
    explicit knowledge
  • Turnaround time for information in a network is a
    critical success factor
  • People and ideas gravitate towards for with
    different themes
  • Knowledge exchange within networks
  • tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge
  • we know more than we can disclose
  • interacting, expressing knowledge, combining,
    sharing

11
Centralisation of competence
  • Competence tends to centralise to places with
  • a highly educated labour force
  • an environment that enhances creative
    problem-solving
  • attractive surroundings for life outside work
  • research and educational institutions
  • close-knit local networks and established modes
    for conveying tacit knowledge
  • sufficient specialisation and a common basis for
    specialised branches
  • NB! Tampere is small and remote all the above
    are relative to the surroundings

12
eTampere objectives
  • to facilitate interaction between different
    participants, based on shared culture,
    reciprocity and mutual trust
  • to create synergies and to facilitate collective
    learning
  • to promote dissemination of tacit information
  • to develop partnerships into networks
  • to create networks across regional borders
  • to attract global competence
  • to create a social and attractive meta-cluster

13
eTampere as a meta-cluster
14
eTampere is a wide-reaching cooperative programme
  • The eTampere meta-cluster (a loose network of
    participants involved in various sectors under
    the common meta-concept information society)
  • Local, regional, national, international
  • Partners
  • City of Tampere
  • University of Tampere
  • Tampere University of
  • Technology
  • Tampere Technology
  • Centre Ltd
  • VTT

Partners in cooperation Polytechnics and
other educational establishments Centres of
Expertise Enterprises Associations Surrounding
municipalities International partners
15
Incentives
  • Tampere City Business Development Centre
  • creating the concept providing a framework
  • motivation setting goals
  • resources providing the infrastructure as well
    as catalyst financing
  • Incentives for participants
  • additional resources
  • networking and added value through partnerships
  • benefiting from the learning culture
  • togetherness and shared enthusiasm
  • Region

16
eTampere subprogrammes
Research Evaluation Laboratory, RELab Produces
easy-to-use services for everyday life and test
environments for the production, development and
evaluation of services.
Technology engine programmes Bring top expertise
for the use of enterprises through high-quality
research. Adaptive software components, User
interfaces, Perception of information,
Neoreality, Broadband data transfer
eBusiness Research Center, eBRC Produces
research-based and practical expertise related to
electronic business for the use of enterprises
and the public sector, acts as a matchmaker for
researchers, companies, organizations and
financers.
eAccelerator Shoots companies with unique,
high-technology-based ideas onto the
international growth path.
Information Society Institute, ISI Through
multidisciplinary research, development and
educational activities, forwards the building of
an information society based on active
citizenship and the development of its daily
practices.
Infocity Builds Tampere into a model city of
information society by developing practical
online services and by improving the citizens
skills in their use.
17
An analysis of the model
  • The model requires
  • Strong local will and a strategic vision
  • Intensive interaction between numerous active
    partners constant collective learning
  • A sufficient amount of ambition and a global
    approach
  • Competition between various participants within
    overlapping clusters
  • Trust and extensive collaboration between key
    partners (industry-university-government)
  • Identification of the needs of information
    society customers
  • citizens, companies, public sector, HEIs

18
eTampere and national policies
  • eTampere key organization in national information
    society development and implementation
  • Technology programs hard wired into national
    technology funding and development agencies
  • Small and medium business initiatives basis for
    national initiatives or key partners
  • eTampere initiated studies and research from a
    solid basis for national development

19
eTampere and regional and other interfaces
  • Basis for eTampere lies in the Center of
    Expertise Program, a backbone development program
    for the region
  • Trickle down effects into other, less developed
    parts of the region
  • eTampere has enhanced the regional participation
    in the EU RTD Framework Programs
  • eTampere broad goals are alined with those of
    EUs eEurope

20
Funding ()
21
Funding plan per subprogramme ()
22
Execution of the eTampere programme1 Jan 2001
31 Dec 2004
eTampere 101,7
Projects vs. vv. 1.1.2001-31.12.2004 targets
23
The financiers of the eTampere programme30 Jun
2002 31 Dec 2004
Finished and ongoing projects
24
Areas of emphasis 2004-2005
  • Developing expertise and business in information
    society
  • Active, participating and influential
    citizenship and new service
  • innovations
  • More in-depth international and national
    co-operation
  • Application of research results in product
    development,
  • the creation of products and services

25
Achievements of eTampere
  • The programme advances according to plan (project
    portfolio 93 million euros, realization rate
    101,7)
  • The proportion of finance from enterprises and
    international sources has increased in total
    funding
  • Capital investment exceeds 33 million euros
  • Ca. 450 researchers and more than 270 enterprises
    participate in over 370 eTampere projects, 26
    international projects.
  • Several extensive international and national
    seminars (eGlobal, eBRF, Spearhead network
    seminar etc.)
  • New public online services developed, the City
    website visited more than two million times a
    month

26
eTampere - Lessons learned, I
  • The program has had a positive effects
  • sound foundation, well thought extent, courage
    and way of operation, positive surprise over all
  • eTampere has created forms of cooperation that
    would not otherwise have emerged
  • several new channels have been created for
    citizen participation
  • increased internationalization and a new,
    intensive cooperation culture are seen as
    long-term benefits
  • the programme is of significance in the
    development of the region

27
eTampere - Lessons learned, II
  • Commitment of parties and partners
  • In some instances, true commitment was lacking
    in the beginning
  • Very little to be done later
  • Mix of operators
  • A true mix of different backgrounds is needed
  • Too an academic involvement fails to produce
    anything but academic results
  • Somewhat slow recognition of true value of the
    program to
  • Citizens
  • SMEs
  • Public sector

28
eTampere is critical but curious, daring but
humble, a builder of the new that respects the
old. Thank you. Jarmo.Viteli_at_etampere.fi
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