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South African National Parks AZ

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... of orphaned gorillas that are rediscovering how to live in the wild in Plateaux ... the Goualougo swamp, where gorillas, elephants, and chimpanzees have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South African National Parks AZ


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South African National Parks (A-Z)
  • 1. Addo Elephant National Park
  •  2. Agulhas National Park
  •  3. Augrabies Falls National Park
  •  4. Bontebok National Park
  •  5. Golden Gate Highlands National Park
  •  6. Karoo National Park
  •  7. Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
  •  8. Knysna National Lake Area
  •  9. Kruger National Park
  • 10. Mapungubwe National Park
  • 11. Marakele National Park
  • 12. Mountain Zebra National Park
  • 13. Namaqua National Park

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14. Richtersveld National Park 15. Table
Mountain National Park 16. Tankwa Karoo National
Park 17. Tsitsikamma National Park 18. Vaalbos
National Park 19. West Coast National Park 20.
Wilderness National Park
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Kruger National Park
  • Where nearly 2 million hectares of unrivalled
    diversity of life forms fuses with historical and
    archaeological sights this is real Africa.
  • The world-renowned Kruger National Park offers a
    wildlife experience that ranks with the best in
    Africa. Established in 1898 to protect the
    wildlife of the South African Lowveld, this
    national park of nearly 2 million hectares,
    SANParks - Kruger National Park is unrivalled in
    the diversity of its life forms and a world
    leader in advanced environmental management
    techniques and policies.
  • Truly the flagship of the South African national
    parks, Kruger is home to an impressive number of
    species 336 trees, 49 fish, 34 amphibians, 114
    reptiles, 507 birds and 147 mammals. Man's
    interaction with the Lowveld environment over
    many centuries - from bushman rock paintings to
    majestic archaeological sites like Masorini and
    Thulamela - is very evident in the Kruger
    National Park. These treasures represent the
    cultures, persons and events that played a role
    in the history of the Kruger National Park and
    are conserved along with the park's natural
    assets.

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Africa
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Compared with Asia and Europe, the human
tread on Africa is relatively light. You'll see
the intricate patterns spun by 900 million
people. These patterns are changing rapidly. In
the time it takes to read this paragraph, ten
babies will be born in Nigeria, five acres (two
hectares) of forest will fall in Zambia, and
three new homes will rise in South Africa. By
showing where the wild places are, the Human
Footprint Project can help people anticipate
those consequences and walk more carefully toward
the future.
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Kenya's Lush Kericho
District
Tending the Tea LeavesPhotograph by George
Steinmetz Blessed with abundant rainfall,
plenty of sunshine, and acidic soil, Kenya's lush
Kericho district nurtures the country's chief
agricultural export tea. But a surplus of the
cash crop in the global market, the rising cost
of production, and potential drought all threaten
one of Kenya's cornerstone industries, which
supports two million people.
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Namibia's Skeleton Coast Park
Cape fur seals sun themselves in
Namibia's Skeleton Coast Park, where in many
areas tourism takes a backseat to nature's needs.
To prevent the Cape fur seals from feeling
threatened, visitors can view them for no more
than an hour at a time a few days a weekif they
have strong stomachs, says Chris Leibenberg, a
guide with Wilderness Safaris. "You have not
experienced true stench in your life until you
have stood downwind of 30,000 Cape fur seals on a
hot day."
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Desert VisionPhotograph by George SteinmetzA
rock-hard ridge of salt and sand more than two
miles (three kilometers) long in Kenya's Chalbi
Desert seemed like an illusion to photo assistant
Alain Arnoux (flying in a motorized paraglider,
above). "It's so straight, it looks man-made,"
says Arnoux. Such images of Africafrom pristine
landscapes to severely degraded onesare helping
Mike Fay tell his story. "People must not only
recognize they are stewards of our planet and all
it contains," says Fay, "but that we now have the
power to reverse existing environmental trends
overnight."
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Fun and Games Photograph by Michael Nichols A
young forest elephant in Langoué Bai playfully
charges toward a forest buffalo with an egret
that tags along for the ride. Forest buffalo are
much smaller than their cousins, the Cape
buffalo, but can be equally dangerous. Buffalo
rarely stray far from water and are regulars at
the bai.
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Charge! Photograph by Michael Nichols
Spouting water and fury, a large male forest
elephant charges toward a rival in Langoué Bai.
This water hole clearing in Ivindo National Park
attracts hundreds of forest elephants each year.

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Coastal Paradise Photograph by Michael Nichols
A herd of female elephants and their
young forage peacefully near a beach in the Gamba
Complex of wildlife reserves in southwest Gabon.
This protected area is one of the few places in
Africa where elephants can roam all the way to
the ocean. Photographer Michael Nick Nichols
was able to approach the wary animals by staying
downwind.
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Big Kahuna Photograph by Michael Nichols
Hippos are poor swimmers, but that doesnt stop
this male from braving the surf at a beach in
southwest Gabon. The amphibious herbivores spend
most of their days lolling in nearby lagoons,
emerging at dusk to graze on grasses along the
beach. Males can weigh as much as 7,000 pounds
(3,200 kilograms), females as much as 5,000
pounds (2,250 kilograms).
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Free Ride Photograph by Michael Nichols
Gabon's 13 new national parks will provide
refuge  to a wide range of species, including a
small group of orphaned gorillas that are
rediscovering how to live in the wild in Plateaux
Batéké National Park. This six-year-old male,
named Tonga (who appeared on the cover of
National Geographic in February 2000), gives a
comforting ride to a young female named Souba,
who was recently introduced to the group. The
animals may one day draw tourists to the park.
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Kenya's Dry Plains
Safety in CirclesPhotograph by George Steinmetz
On northern Kenya's dry plains, nomadic
Rendille herders live in settlements called gobs,
where valuable livestock is protected by circular
pens made of thorn bushes surrounded by the
herders' homes. In places where water and green
pastures are scarce, pastoralists must remain
mobile to survive.
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Trailblazing Through African Jungle Photograph
by Nick Nichols A Pygmy guide leads Fays
team through the Goualougo swamp, where gorillas,
elephants, and chimpanzees have had little
contact with humans. Fay and his colleagues are
fighting to protect this part of the Ndoki
forest, which he calls the last place on Earth.
The area lies inside a logging concession just
outside the protective borders of Nouabalé-Ndoki
National Park.
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Town Meeting in Makao, Congo Photograph by Nick
Nichols At a town meeting in Makao,
Congo, Fay explained his mission to chronicle the
forest and solicited the help of Pygmy guides.
The town elders, in their turn, demanded that a
long-requested medical clinic be built. The
promise was made and volunteers signed on for the
expedition.
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Funny First-take Photograph by Nick Nichols
Delighted by the sound of their own voices,
Pygmies listen to songs recorded by expedition
member Louis Sarno. The Megatransect will
document both the biology and cultures of central
Africa.
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Masking refers to a broad spectrum of ceremonies
and beliefs that have traditionally been
practiced in Africa and other parts of the world.
To wear a mask and its associated vestment was to
conceal one's own identity in the guise of
another. Whether this other was a spirit,
ancestor, or another person-either revered or
feared-the ceremony in which the masked performer
participated marked a time of transition, when
otherworldly powers were invoked to aid in human
affairs. Masks played especially important roles
in initiation and funerary rites, as markers of
transition when the connections between this
world and another were particularly strong. At
such times humans sought to reaffirm the order of
their society by reference to their beliefs and
values exemplified by the masks. On this basis
the mask carried the authority demanded by the
occasion.In our society, for the most part,
there are no restrictions on who may wear a mask
or what they may masquerade as. But in other
cultures this is not the case. In traditional
Africa, in general, only men wore masks, although
the mask itself could be male or female. If
permitted to see the masks at all, even in public
appearances, women were required to keep at a
safe distance, since masks were considered
dangerous to them. And only men-specialist
carvers, blacksmiths, farmers, or ritual
specialists-could make masks.Masks were worn in
three different ways as face masks, vertically
covering the face as helmets, encasing the
entire head and as crests, resting upon the
head, which was commonly covered by a pliable,
transparent material as part of the disguise.
Examples of these three mask types are included
here. Because they are worn by people and
intimately linked to the human body, African
masks are mobile in their indigenous settings.
They are animated by movement and music.
Masquerades also impart a dimension of
entertainment to the serious purposes for which
they are used. Since the middle of this
century, as the peoples of Africa have modified
their tribal identities in order to organize
themselves into modern, independent nations,
masking ceremonies have generally become less
integral to Africans' way of life. But some
exceptions-notably funerary masquerades-continue
today.
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National GeographicVideo Gallery of Africa
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  • http//www7.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/megaflyover
    /video_gallery.html
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