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Much Ado About Nothing Hyperlinks

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He thinks Benedick is as funny and lively - the ideal match. ... He offers to show them a meeting that night between Hero and her lover. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Much Ado About Nothing Hyperlinks


1
Much Ado About Nothing Hyperlinks
  • A PowerPoint Presentation

2
Contents
  • Different Kinds of Comedy
  • Different Kinds of Comedy
  • Summaries Act 1
  • Summaries Act 1 Continued
  • Summaries Act 2
  • Summaries Act 2 Continued
  • Summaries Act 3
  • Summaries Act 3 Continued
  • Summaries Act 4
  • Summaries Act 5
  • Summaries Act 5 Continued
  • Act 1 Scene 3
  • Love Extension Work
  • Love Extension Work Continued
  • Top Tips
  • Essay Writing
  • Essay Writing Continued
  • How To Get Top Marks
  • Passage Question1

3
Different Kinds of Comedy
Comedy of humours a comedy type which started at
the end of the 16th century and interpreted
characters and their personality traits. Comedy
of ideas a comedy that debates in a witty and
funny way ideas and theories. Comedy of intrigue
a comedy that deals with intricacies of plot and
surprising events, making character secondary to
plot. Comedy of manners a comedy that focuses on
the behaviour of characters living under a
specific set of social codes. It often focuses
on upper classes and is witty and
sophisticated. Comedy of menace a play in which
characters feel threatened by some obscure force,
power or personality that creates black
humour. Comedy of morals a satirical comedy
which sets out to ridicule and correct vices.
Can you think of any others?
Please continue to next slide
4
Different Kinds of Comedy
Comedy of morals
George Bernard Shaw
Comedy of ideas
Comedy of menace
Moliere
Comedy of humours
Harold Pinter
Ben Johnson
Comedy of intrigue
Comedy of manners
Try to link each playwright with a particular
kind of comedy
Oscar Wilde
Lets go back
5
Summaries Act 1
  • Act 1, scene 1 introduction to characters,
    themes and plot
  • We learn that Don Pedro of Arragon is coming
    through Messina on his return from a victorious
    battle. He is to visit Leonato. Beatrice asks
    the messenger if Benedick is part of the company
    and despite insulting comments, she shows an
    interest in him. Soon Don Pedro, Claudio, and
    Benedick arrive. Beatrice and Benedick both
    demonstrate wit and both claim that love is for
    fools. Claudio shows an interest in Hero and
    thinks he is in love. He seeks Benedicks opinion
    on Hero, but Benedick only speaks against
    marriage and womankind. Don Pedro, however, is
    more supportive. He tells him that he will speak
    to Hero and her father during the masked party
    that evening and woo Hero on Claudios behalf.
  • Act 1, scene 2 misunderstanding, confusion
  • The first complication arises in this scene when
    Antonio misreports to Leonato that he overheard
    the Prince telling Claudio that he is in love
    with Hero. Leonato says that he'll advise his
    daughter to be prepared and he will wait to see
    what happens.

Please continue to next slide
6
Summaries Act 1 Continued…
  • Act 1, scene 3 Don John and evil plot
  • We gain an insight into Don John, Don Pedro's
    illegitimate brother who has recently been
    reconciled with his brother. He is melancholic
    and a malcontent, hiding his malicious nature,
    waiting for the right moment. Borachio- his
    follower- tells him of the budding love between
    Claudio and Hero, and Don John starts to plot how
    he can cause problems for his brother and
    Claudio, who he thinks has taken his place in his
    brother's affections.

Please continue to next slide
7
Summaries Act 2
  • Act 2, scene 1 confusion, comedy and love
    plotting
  • The masks in this scene are significant in terms
    of comedy and confusion. Leonato and his
    daughter and niece talk just before the masked
    revels. Beatrice complains that there is no man
    who can match her and Hero obediently agrees to
    her father's advice to accept the Prince should
    he woo her. Don Pedro talks to Hero in private
    while Beatrice, behind her mask insults Benedick
    behind his. Meanwhile, Don John tries to put a
    cog in Claudio's plans by making him jealous he
    lies in saying that Don Pedro plans to wed Hero
    himself. The insecure Claudio thinks he has lost
    Hero. However, his jealousy turns to joy when the
    prince tells him he has won Hero for him. Having
    coupled Hero to Claudio, Don Pedro then decides
    to find a husband for Beatrice. He thinks
    Benedick is as funny and lively - the ideal
    match. Plans to trick Beatrice and Benedick so
    that they will fall in love with one another
    start.
  • Act 2, scene 2 evil plot thickens, deception for
    evil
  • Don John and Borachio hatch a scheme to ruin
    Claudio's wedding plans by convincing him that
    Hero is unchaste. The plan is that Borachio will
    arrange to meet with Margaret ( Heros servant)
    at Hero's window in the middle of the night.
    Seeing them, the prince and Claudio will believe
    that Hero is having an affair.

Please continue to next slide
8
Summaries Act 2 Continued…
  • Act 2, scene 3 love plotting and trickery,
    comedy, deception for good
  • Benedick is in the orchard contemplating the way
    in which love has changed Claudio. He is no
    longer a plain-speaking soldier but a lover,
    concerned with poetry and fashions. Benedick
    restates his determination to have nothing to do
    with marriage. The only woman he would surrender
    himself to must have all qualities (fairness,
    wisdom and virtue) and he hasn't met any woman
    like this.
  • When Don Pedro, Claudio, and Leonato approach,
    he hides in an arbour. Having seen him, they
    begin to trick Benedick. They announce, so he
    overhears them, that Beatrice loves Benedick, but
    that she and they fear Benedick will just make
    fun of the lady. They praise her virtues and
    condemn his scorn.
  • Benedick is completely fooled by their trick,
    and decides he must requite her love. When
    Beatrice is sent to call him in to dinner, he
    mistakes her harsh words for proof of love.

Please continue to next slide
9
Summaries Act 3
  • Act 3, scene 1 love plotting and trickery,
    comedy, deception for good
  • In a parallel scene to the last, Hero arranges
    for Beatrice to overhear a conversation about
    Benedick's love sickness over her. Beatrice
    listens while Hero and her waiting lady, Ursula,
    bemoan the situation. They claim that Beatrice
    would scorn Benedick if she knew. Beatrice is
    taken in and has a complete change of heart she
    vows to love Benedick if he will have her and to
    relinquish her pride.
  • Act 3, scene 2 love plot and evil plot enact
  • Don Pedro, Claudio, and Leonato tease Benedick
    saying he doesn't look himself as he is pale and
    newly shaven. He says he has tooth ache and then
    asks to talk privately to Leonato.
  • With Benedick gone, Don John joins Don Pedro and
    Claudio. He accuses Hero of being unfaithful. He
    claims that he wants to save Claudio from a
    dishonourable marriage. He offers to show them a
    meeting that night between Hero and her lover.
    Claudio swears that if she is with a man, he will
    shame her at their wedding before everyone and
    Don Pedro supports him.

Please continue to next slide
10
Summaries Act 3 Continued
  • Act 3, scene 3 comic relief, misunderstanding,
    potential for a happy
  • ending
  • The night watch congregates and gets confused
    instructions from Dogberry and Verges in how to
    protect the streets. Borachio arrives and they
    overhear him brag to Conrade about earning a
    thousand ducats from Don John by fooling Claudio
    and Don Pedro into believing that Hero is
    unfaithful, although it was he who met Hero's
    maid Margaret. The watch officers arrest Borachio
    and Conrade for this treachery.
  • Act 3, scene 4 love plots
  • Hero nervously prepared for the wedding while
    Beatrice acts lovesick and melancholy. Margaret
    teases Beatrice, saying she may be in love, but
    Beatrice says she has a cold.
  • Act 3, scene 5 misunderstanding, potential for
    happy ending is thwarted
  • Constable Dogberry meets with Leonato to inform
    him that during the night, the Watch arrested two
    men. He says that they need to be examined.
    However, Leonato who is in a hurry to leave for
    the church with Hero, cannot understand what
    Dogberry and Verges are trying to say. He orders
    them to conduct the examination themselves.

Please continue to next slide
11
Summaries Act 4
  • Act 4, scene 1 evil plot takes hold, love plot
    develops
  • Everyone meets at the church for Hero and
    Claudios wedding. When the friar asks if Claudio
    is here to marry Hero, he says no. He denounces
    Hero as unchaste-calling her a "rotten orange.
    Hero is upset and faints, her father is confused
    but believing.
  • Beatrice, Benedick, Leonato, and the friar try
    to understand what has happened. Beatrice insists
    on her cousins innocence and Benedick supports
    her. He suspects that Don John is behind the
    accusations and suggests this as a believable
    explanation. The Friar hatches a plan. He
    suggests that people should be allowed to think
    Hero has died. Claudio will feel remorse, and
    they will have time to find out what has
    happened.
  • Benedick confesses his love to Beatrice, who
    finally admits that she loves him also. As a sign
    of his love, Beatrice asks Benedick to seek
    revenge against Claudio by killing him for his
    wrongdoing. Benedick eventually agrees to
    challenge Claudio.
  • Act 4, scene 2 potential for a happy ending
    aided
  • The Constables assemble to interrogate the
    prisoners, and after much confusion caused by
    Dogberry's incompetence, the Sexton accuses
    Borachio and Conrade of plotting against Hero and
    sends them to Leonato.

Please continue to next slide
12
Summaries Act 5
  • Act 5, scene 1 evil plot is thwarted, deception
    for good
  • Leonato is upset at events and the possible
    slander against Hero. He refuses to be comforted
    by his brother who may think Hero dead. When Don
    Pedro and Claudio appear, Leonato and then his
    brother Antonio challenge Claudio to a duel to
    regain Heros honour, but Claudio and Don Pedro
    dismiss the old men.
  • Benedick meets with Claudio and Don Pedro. He
    challenges Claudio to a duel. He also tells Don
    Pedro that Don John has fled Messina and that
    they are guilty of falsely accusing and killing
    an innocent lady.
  • The constables arrive and reveal Don Johns evil
    scheme. Don Pedro and Claudio are shocked, and
    Claudio returns to his first loving thoughts of
    Hero. Leonato enters and accuses Don Pedro and
    Claudio of being villains for causing the death
    of Hero by believing the accusations against her.
    When they beg for forgiveness, Leonato orders
    that they announce Hero's innocence to the
    people. Also, Leonato states that Claudio must
    marry his niece the next day. They agree to all.
  • Act 5, scene 2 love plot develops
  • Benedick meets with Beatrice to declare his love
    again and to tell her that he has challenged
    Claudio. Ursula arrives with the news about Don
    John's scheme.

Please continue to next slide
13
Summaries Act 5 Continued
  • Act 5, scene 3 deception for good
  • At the family monument of Leonato, Claudio and
    Don John demonstrate their grief at Heros death.
    Claudio recites an epitaph to Hero and the two
    then leave as dawn breaks to change for the new
    wedding.
  • Act 5, scene 4 all is resolved
  • Leonato awaits Claudio whom he plans to wed to
    his daughter, Hero., although Claudio thinks he
    is to wed Antonios daughter. He grants Benedick
    permission to marry Beatrice. The women come
    forward masked. Claudio declares himself husband
    to the masked woman he stands beside, and Hero
    then reveals herself, much to his joy.
  • Beatrice and Benedick begin to argue about
    whether they really love one another, but their
    friends have proof of their love poems they have
    written. They kiss and everyone joins together in
    a dance to celebrate the marriages, just as a
    messenger arrives to say that Don John has been
    captured.

Press escape to return to main presentation
14
Act 1 Scene 3
Lets go back
Don John is a melancholic character
He refuses to change himself and revels in his
melancholy
15
Love Extension Work
Read the following extract from As You Like It
and see if you can liken it to anyones
sentiments in Much Ado About Nothing? (Hint look
at 2.1) No, no, Orlando men are April when they
woo, December when they wed maids are May when
they are maids, but the sky changes when they are
wives. Love has been the subject of literature
for centuries. Chaucer (the father of English
poetry) referred to it, Dante, Petrarch, Marlowe,
Shakespeare, Keats and many more did likewise.
It is now commonly expressed in songs, films and
modern tales. Try to find one Chaucer tale that
deals with love. Read Marlowes poem The
Passionate Shepherd to his Love and Keats La
Belle Dame San Merci. What kind of love is
expressed in each? Find an example of a modern
love poem, song or tale. Does it have anything
in common with older tales? Please continue
to next slide
16
Love Extension Work Continued …
Lets go back
17
Top Tips
  • Remember to
  • Speak clearly and loud enough to be heard
  • Vary your tone and pace to convey different
    emotions
  • Pause to suggest contemplation and thought
  • Use actions for movement and emotion
  • Think about your character
  • What status do you hold? Are you very important
    and respected? Are you a comic character?
  • Are you big/ small, happy, angry, sad, evil,
    good-hearted, bossy?
  • Think about how you could convey your characters
    nature and emotions……
  • For example
  • If you are playing Don John in Act 1 Scene 3,
    remember you are embittered and melancholic. You
    are sad and plotting, unwilling to change and
    looking for an opportunity to get revenge, so
    perhaps you would be scowling your voice would
    be low and serious. What movements might
    accompany this? Would you be stationary on stage
    or pacing? Would your hands be still or flailing?

Lets go back
18
Essay Writing
  • Critical essays are essays that you write about
    literature texts. They are analytical and they
    examine different aspects of a text character,
    theme, setting, structure, style.
  • Like all pieces of work they are organised and
    make sense.
  • To do this you follow a pattern of INTRODUCTION,
    MAIN BODY OF ESSAY and CONCLUSION.
  • Please continue to next slide….

The people in the text
The ideas or key messages in a text
The kind of text - comedy, horror e.t.c and the
language, imagery and symbols
Where the action takes place
How the text is organised
19
Essay Writing Continued …
  • The introduction addresses the question you are
    answering and briefly outlines the argument of
    your essay.
  • The main body of your essay is made up of several
    paragraphs. It is a detailed examination of the
    question. In it, you make statements about the
    text and you support what you say in an
    analytical way.
  • Each paragraph should deal with a separate point
    and should follow smoothly from the last.
  • You should follow the formula of STATE, QUOTE,
    ANALYSE in this section of the essay.
  • Your conclusion comes last and this is your
    chance to sum up the main points of your essay
    and to throw some new light on the subject….

Please continue to next slide
20
How To Get Top Marks…
  • In order to score at the highest levels in essays
    you need to
  • Focus on the question throughout the essay
  • Show a good knowledge and understanding of the
    text
  • Quote appropriately and analyse what you write
  • Examine language as part of meaning where
    appropriate
  • Refer to the context of the play - its social and
    historical background, but do not do this as an
    add-on paragraph. Do this fluently and where
    relevant in the essay.
  • Show an awareness of how meaning can be ambiguous
    so other readings of the text are possible. You
    can refer to different approaches to the text-
    feminist readings, Marxist, formalist or you can
    refer to a critic or to a production that
    interpreted a character or a scene in a different
    way.

Press escape to return to the main presentation
21
Passage Question 1
Effective drama is entertaining and informative
Examine the following passage in terms of its
dramatic effectiveness
irony
Exaggeration used for comic effect- Benedick as
the Petrarchan lover
irony
Beatrices character is reinforced comically
References to appearance and reality
Please continue to next slide
22
Passage Question 1 Continued
Lets go back
Both speak blank verse
Hunting imagery
irony
Last ten lines of a sonnet love
Comedy through deception
His name is linked to Beatrices
23
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
Lets go back
  • Come live with me and be my love,
  • And we will all the pleasures prove
  • That valleys, groves, hills, and fields,
  • Woods or steepy mountain yields.
  • And we will sit upon the rocks,
  • Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks,
  • By shallow rivers to whose falls
  • Melodious birds sing madrigals.
  • And I will make thee beds of roses
  • And a thousand fragrant posies,
  • A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
  • Embroidered all with leaves of myrtle
  • A gown made of the finest wool
  • Which from our pretty lambs we pull
  • Fair lined slippers for the cold,
  • With buckles of the purest gold
  • A belt of straw and ivy buds,
  • With coral clasps and amber studs
  • And if these pleasures may thee move,
  • Come live with me and be my love.
  • The shepherds' swains shall dance and sing
  • For thy delight each May morning
  • If these delights thy mind may move,
  • Then live with me and be my love.
  • Marlowe

24
La Belle Dame Sans Merci
Lets go back
  • 'O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms,     Alone
    and palely loitering? The sedge is wither'd from
    the lake,             And no birds sing.
  • 'O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms,     So
    haggard and so woe-begone? The squirrel's granary
    is full,             And the harvest 's done.
  • 'I see a lily on thy brow     With anguish moist
    and fever dew And on thy cheeks a fading
    rose             Fast withereth too.'
  • 'I met a lady in the meads,     Full beautifula
    faery's child, Her hair was long, her foot was
    light,             And her eyes were wild.
  • 'I made a garland for her head,     And bracelets
    too, and fragrant zone She look'd at me as she
    did love,             And made sweet moan.
  • 'I set her on my pacing steed     And nothing
    else saw all day long, For sideways would she
    lean, and sing             A faery's song.
  • 'She found me roots of relish sweet,     And
    honey wild and manna dew, And sure in language
    strange she said,             "I love thee true!"
  • 'She took me to her elfin grot,     And there she
    wept and sigh'd fill sore And there I shut her
    wild, wild eyes             With kisses four.
  • 'And there she lulled me asleep,     And there I
    dream'dAh! woe betide! The latest dream I ever
    dream'd             On the cold hill's side.
  • 'I saw pale kings and princes too,     Pale
    warriors, death-pale were they all They
    cried"La belle Dame sans Merci             Hath
    thee in thrall!"
  • 'I saw their starved lips in the gloam     With
    horrid warning gaped wide, And I awoke and found
    me here,             On the cold hill's side.
  • 'And this is why I sojourn here     Alone and
    palely loitering, Though the sedge is wither'd
    from the lake,             And no birds sing.'

Keats
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