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Aruba

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Major trading partners: Netherlands, Panama, Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles, Colombia, U.S. ... independence from the Netherlands Antilles on January 1, 1986, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aruba


1
Aruba
2
Arubas Flag
  • Blue represents the sea that surrounds Aruba
  • Yellow is the color of abundance, representing
    the island's past and its industries of gold,
    aloe and oil
  • Red is for the love each Aruban has for the
    country and the ancient industry of Brazilwood
  • White symbolized the snow-white beaches as well
    as the purity of the hearts of Aruba's people who
    strive for justice, order and liberty
  • The red star represents the four points of the
    compass, with the island having drawn people from
    around the world and the island itself,
    surrounded by the beautiful blue sea
  • Horizontal yellow stripes denote the free and
    separate position Aruba enjoys in the Kingdom of
    the Netherlands

3
Map of Aruba
  • The capital city,as well as the largest city in
    Aruba is Oranjestad!! Populated with
    approximately 22,000 people

4
Coat of Arms
  • 1. Aloe represents the first source of wealth
    for the island 2. Outline of Hooiberg hill
    symbolizes Aruba arising out of the sea3.
    Handshaske represents the friendly ties Aruba
    maintains with other nations and peoples4. Cog
    symbolizes industry as the islands main source
    of progress5. Cross in the center is the symbol
    of devotion and faith 6. lion atop of the Coat
    of Arms represents power and generousity7.
    laurel leaves are symbols of peace and friendship

Motto One Happy Island
5
Aruban People
  • Population 100,018 peopleAge structure
  • 0-14 years 19.7
  • 15-64 years 70.2
  • 65 years and over 10.1
  • Religions
  • Roman Catholic 82
  • Protestant 8,
  • Hindu, Muslim, Confucian, Jewish, etc 10
  • Languages
  • Dutch 2.2
  • Papiamento 66.3
  • English 7.7
  • Spanish 12.6
  • Literacy
  • total population 97.3
  • Ethnic groups

6
Economy
  • Economic summary GDP/PPP (2004 est.) 2.13
    billion per capita 21,800.
  • Real growth rate 2.4.
  • Inflation 3.4 (2005 est.).
  • Unemployment 6.9.
  • Arable land 11 aloe plantations included
    (0.01).
  • Agriculture aloes livestock fish.
  • Labor force 41,500 (2004 est.) most employment
    is in wholesale and retail trade and repair,
    followed by hotels and restaurants oil refining.
  • Industries tourism, transshipment facilities,
    oil refining.
  • Natural resources negligent, no native NR!!
  • Exports 80 million (including oil re-exports)
    (2004 est.) live animals and animal products,
    art and collectibles, machinery and electrical
    equipment, transport equipment.
  • Imports 875 million (2004 est.) machinery and
    electrical equipment, crude oil for refining and
    re-export, chemicals foodstuffs.
  • Major trading partners Netherlands, Panama,
    Venezuela, Netherlands Antilles, Colombia, U.S.
  • Currency Aruban Florin (AWG) (1 Dollar
    1.80AWG)

7
History
  • Aruba's first inhabitants were the Caquetios
    Indians from the Arawak tribe, who migrated there
    from Venezuela to escape attacks by the Caribs
  • Europeans first learned of Aruba when Amerigo
    Vespucci and Alonso de Ojeda came across it in
    August 1499.
  • In 1508 Alonso de Ojeda was appointed as Spain's
    first Governor of Aruba, as part of "Nueva
    Andalucia".
  • Aruba has been under Dutch administration since
    1647, initially under Peter Stuyvesant. Under the
    Dutch W.I.C. administration, as "New Netherlands
    and Curacao" from 1648-1664 and the Dutch
    government regulations of 1629, also applied in
    Aruba. The Dutch administration appointed an
    Irishman as "Commandeur" in Aruba in 1667.
  • Aruba was under British occupation from
    1799-1802, and again from 1805-1816. General
    Francisco de Miranda and a group of 200 freedom
    fighters on their voyage to liberate Venezuela
    from Spain stayed for several weeks in Aruba in
    August 1806.
  • During World War II Aruba became a British
    protectorate from 1940-1942 and a U.S.
    protectorate from 1942-1945

8
continued
  • On February 16, 1942, its oil processing
    refinery, which was at the time one of the
    largest in the region, was attacked by a German
    submarine (U-156) under the command of Werner
    Hartenstein. Miraculously, the mission failed.
    Aruba's Refinery was the main supplier of oil to
    the Allies at the time. The U-156 was later
    destroyed by a US plane!!
  • In August 1947, Aruba presented its first
    "Staatsreglement", for the status of a completely
    autonomous State within the Kingdom of the
    Netherlands, under the authority of the crown,
    which is defined the same as in Britain's Statute
    of Westminster, an equal status of the Dominion
    Parliaments with the British Parliament,
    establishing that the Dominions were under the
    authority of the Crown, and not the government of
    Britain
  • In 1972, at a conference in Surinam, Betico Croes
    (MEP) proposed a "sui-generis" Dutch Commonwealth
    of four states Aruba, the Netherlands, Surinam
    and the Netherlands Antilles. Mr. C. Yarzagaray,
    a parliamentary member representing the AVP
    political party proposed a referendum to be held
    in Aruba for the people of Aruba to determine
    Aruba's separate status or "Status Aparte" as a
    completely autonomous state under the authority
    of the crown

9
continued again ?
  • In 1976, preparing the people of Aruba to
    exercise Aruba's self-determination Right and
    Independence, the National Flag and National
    Anthem were introduced by a special committee
    appointed by Betico Croes. The National Flag
    symbolized Aruba's "Status Aparte", obtaining
    hereby for Aruba the status of an autonomous
    state, with special ties with a Commonwealth of
    Nations.
  • In 1977, the first Referendum for Self
    Determination was held with the support of the
    United Nations.
  • In 1983, Aruba reached a final official agreement
    with the State of the Netherlands, the State of
    the Netherlands Antilles and the Island
    Governments, to become a Member State within the
    Kingdom of the Netherlands, with its own
    Constitution/Grondwet. Aruba's constitution and
    autonomy were unanimously approved and proclaimed
    in August 1985, and an election was held for the
    people to elect the State of Aruba's first
    national parliament and institute its first
    national government.
  • Aruba's gained independence from the Netherlands
    Antilles on January 1, 1986, as an autonomous,
    self-governing member state of the Kingdom of the
    Netherlands, in preparation for its full
    independence in 1996. This last achievement is
    largely due to the diplomatic prowess of the late
    Betico Croes and his political support of other
    nations like the USA, Panama, Venezuela and
    various European Countries.

10
and once again ?
  • Movement toward full independence by 1996 was
    postponed upon the request of Aruba's prime
    minister, Nelson O. Oduber, in 1990. It was
    decided to postpone Aruba's independence date
    until the people decide otherwise through a
    referendum. Betico Croes, after his death in
    1986, was proclaimed as the Libertador di Aruba

11
Weather
  • With an average rainfall of less than 20 inches a
    year, an average daytime temperature of 82
    Fahrenheit (27 Celsius), a location completely
    outside the hurricane belt, and the constant
    cooling influence of the trade winds, Aruba is
    one of the most temperate islands in the
    Caribbean.
  • The difference between median day and night
    temperatures, and between summer and winter
    temperatures, is just 3.6

12
Government
  • Government type parliamentary democracy
  • Legal system based on Dutch civil law system,
    with some English common law influence
  • Executive branch chief of state Queen
    Beatrix of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980)
    represented by Governor General Fredis Refunjol
    (since 11 May 2004) head of government Prime
    Minister Nelson O. Oduber (since 30 October 2001)
    cabinet Council of Ministers elected by the
    Staten elections the monarch is hereditary
    governor general appointed for a six-year term by
    the monarch prime minister and deputy prime
    minister elected by the Staten for four-year
    terms election last held in 2005 (next to be
    held by 2009) Recent election results Nelson O.
    Oduber elected prime minister
  • Legislative branch unicameral Legislature or
    Staten (21 seats members elected by direct
    popular vote to serve four-year terms)
    elections last held 23 September 2005 (next to
    be held in 2009)
  • Judicial branch
  • Common Court of Justice of Aruba (judges are
    appointed by the monarch)

13
Some Political Parties
  • Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement or MSA Robert
    WEVER
  • Aruban Liberal Organization or OLA Glenbert
    CROES
  • Aruban Patriotic Movement or MPA Monica
    ARENDS-KOCK
  • Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA Benny NISBET
  • Aruban People's Party or AVP Mike EMAN
  • People's Electoral Movement Party or MEP Nelson
    O. ODUBER
  • Real Democracy or PDR Andin BIKKER
  • RED Rudy LAMPE Workers Political Platform or
    PTT Gregorio WOLFF

14
Aruba Holidays
  • 2007
  • 1 Jan New Years Day.
  • 25 Jan GF Croes Day.
  • 18 Mar National Anthem and Flag Day.
  • 6-9 Apr Easter.
  • 30 Apr Queens Birthday.
  • 1 May Labour Day.
  • 17 May Ascension Day.
  • 25-26 Dec Christmas.

15
Native/Traditional Food
  • The most popular Dominican Republic native foods
    include Sancocho, pork roasted on a spit, pastel
    en hoja, moro, La Bandera, cassava, platano or
    plantain, longaniza or sausage, stewed goat, fish
    cooked with coconut milk, and bunuelos or
    Dominican donuts.
  • The La Bandera meal includes rice, meat, and
    beans and often with side dishes such as fried
    plantain or salads, and embodies their staple
    diet.
  • The Sancocho is a favorite to celebrate a weekend
    with family and friends it is a type of hearty
    and filling soup that usually consists of several
    kinds of roots such as yucca, cassava, or
    probably potatoes. An essential ingredient is
    green plantain together with chicken or beef.
    Usual Sancocho will contain pork or beef, but a
    luxurious Sancocho recipe served on special
    occasions is called Siete Carnes consisting of
    seven different types of meat. Sancocho is at all
    times served with boiled rice and often with
    slices of avocado on the side. Others add a few
    drops of chili sauce to add a little spice,
    however spices are not generally typical in
    Dominican Republic native foods.
  • Other native foods include Chicharrones de pollo
    which are small pieces of fired chicken, fired
    yucca or cassava, Moro de habichuelas made up of
    rice and beans, sopa criolla dominicana which is
    a native soup of meat and vegetables, and
    pastelón or baked vegetable cake.
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