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Conflict Resolution Education: The Challenge of Institutionalization

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Legislation, mandates and requirements range in implementation from: ... Legislative Database: http://law.gsu.edu/area51/crisp. Challenges of Institutionalization ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Conflict Resolution Education: The Challenge of Institutionalization


1
Conflict Resolution Education The Challenge of
Institutionalization
  • Persistently Safe Schools Conference
  • Hamilton Fish Institute
  • September 19th, 2006

2
Presented by Tricia S. Jones, Ph.D.Dept. of
Psychological Studies in EducationTemple
UniversityPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania,
USAtsjones_at_temple.edutel/fax 215-204-7261/6013
3
Three Critical Questions for Institutionalization
  • What Is Conflict Resolution Education?
  • Is It Effective?
  • What are the Challenges of Institutionalization?

4
Conflict Resolution Education An Introduction
5
Defining CRE
  • Conflict Resolution Education (CRE) models and
    teaches, in culturally meaningful ways,
    processes, practices and skills that help
    individuals understand conflict processes and
    empower them to use communication and creative
    thinking to build relationships and manage and
    resolve conflicts fairly and peacefully
    (Association for Conflict Resolution, 2002).

6
The World of CRE
Expressive Arts And CRE
After School Programs
Dialogue Processes
Peer Mediation
Negotiation Skills
Bullying Prevention
Restorative Justice
Conflict Classes
Curriculum Infusion
Social and Emotional Learning Emotional
Awareness Perspective taking Strategic
expression Cultural Sensitivity
7
USDE On-line CRE Course
  • Managing and Resolving Conflicts Effectively in
    Schools and Classrooms was developed through the
    National Training and Technical Assistance Center
    for Drug Prevention and School Safety
    Coordinators, through a contract with the U.S.
    Department of Educations Safe and Drug Free
    Schools Office. The course can be found at
    www.k12coordinator.org and on www.ed.gov.

8
Is CRE Effective?
  • DOES CRE
  • Enhance Students Social and Emotional
    Development?
  • Create a Safe Learning Environment?
  • Create a Constructive Learning Environment?

9
CRE Enhances Students Social and Emotional
Development
  • increases perspective-taking
  • increases empathy
  • improves emotional awareness and management
  • reduces aggressive orientations and hostile
    attributions
  • increases use of constructive conflict behaviors
    at school and at home

10
CRE Creates a Safe Learning Environment
  • decreases conflicts between groups of students
  • decreases suspensions, absenteeism, and drop out
    rates
  • decreases incidents of violence

11
CRE Creates a Constructive Learning Environment
  • improves school climate
  • Improves classroom climate
  • promotes a respectful and caring environment
  • Increases academic achievement

12
Supports for Institutionalization
  • Excellent Programs and Curricula
  • History of Implementation in In-Service Delivery
  • Solid Research
  • Legislative/Policy Advances

13
More on Legislation/Policy Mandates
  • CRE-related legislation in nearly all 50 states
    and at the federal level on topics including, but
    not limited to
  •   school safety   violence prevention  
    character education   mediation   conflict
    resolution
  • Legislation, mandates and requirements range in
    implementation from
  • Integration into curriculum standards
  • Integration into school mission and discipline
    policy
  • Integration into teacher training
  •     Legislative Database http//law.gsu.edu/area
    51/crisp

14
Challenges of Institutionalization
  • Insufficient Pre-service Teacher Education
  • Inadequate Administrator Education
  • Ineffective Parent Education Approaches

15
Insufficient Pre-Service Teacher Education
  • Currently only two Colleges of Education have
    Pre-Service CRE Initiatives CRETE Program
    funded by USDEs FIPSE program
  • Temple University
  • Cleveland State University
  • North Carolina has 3 credit hour requirement
    training offered externally
  • Wisconsin has 6 credit hour requirement with
    training offered externally and internally
    varied approaches for fulfilling the requirement

16
Possible Consequences of Lack of Pre-Service CRE
Education
  • Unsafe Learning Environments
  • Nationally
  • NCES survey indicates 40.5 of teachers feel
    student disruptive behavior prevents learning
  • CDC survey indicate 9-10 of students regularly
    miss school because of fear from unsafe learning
    environments
  • 10 of students drop out of school because of
    persistent bullying
  • 90 of 4-8 graders report experiencing serious
    bullying

17
Possible Consequences of Lack of Pre-Service CRE
Education
  • Teacher Attrition
  • Nationally
  • 1/3 of new teachers leave in five years
  • 1/2 of new teachers in urban environments leave
    within 5 years
  • One of main reasons cited is inability to manage
    chaotic and conflict-ridden classrooms

18
Inadequate Administrator Preparation
  • Graduate Programs in Educational Leadership and
    Policy Studies lack Courses Addressing CRE
  • Exception MA in Conflict Resolution in Education
    at Lesley College
  • Exception Certificate in Social and Emotional
    Learning at Hunter College, CUNY (Dr. Janet Patti)

19
Ineffective Parent Training and Involvement
  • Difficult to establish and sustain parent
    training and involvement especially in urban
    education environments
  • Some programs (e.g., RCCP Responding to
    Conflict Creatively Program) have parent training
    initiatives
  • Some organizations moving in this direction
    (Words Works project, ABADR)
  • Vast majority of CRE efforts do not include
    parent training

20
Call to Action
  • Explore partnerships with Colleges of Education
  • Ask about their current course content and
    coverage of CRE and related fields
  • Identify faculty who may be interested in
    expanding their pre-service offerings
  • Explore partnerships with regional and local
    funders who may support such initiatives.

21
Interested in CRETE (Conflict Resolution
Education in Teacher Education?
  • The mission of the CRETE project is to provide
    pre-service teachers with critical skills and
    knowledge of conflict education and classroom
    management necessary for cultivating constructive
    learning environments for children, enhancing
    student learning and bolstering teacher
    retention.
  • Infusion in Pre-Service Coursework
  • External CRE Training for Pre-Service Majors
  • Training for Mentor Teachers to Support New
    In-Service Teachers
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