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The Romanian GMES Context

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Title: The Romanian GMES Context


1
The Romanian GMES Context an update
JRC Information Day and ST Workshops Bucharest,
Romania, 11 May 2006
  • Marius-Ioan Piso
  • Romanian Space Agency (ROSA)

2
Contents
  • Romanian Space Agency
  • National update
  • International update
  • GMES related RTD projects
  • Space Applications
  • Security research
  • Space and Security

3
Romanian Space Agency
  • Established in 1991, ROSA become in 1995 an
    independent public institution under the
    authority of the Ministry of Education and
    Research
  • Mission
  • Coordinate the national space research and
    applications programs
  • Promote space development
  • Be the Government representative in the
    international space cooperation
  • Develop specific project oriented research
    through its own centres
  • Coordinate the Inter-ministerial group on
    Security Research
  • Law 40/93, Govt. Decisions 923/95 and 1574/2004

4
Romanian Space Agency
5
Romanian Space Agency
  • Attributes
  • Acting under the Authority of the Romanian
    Government - Ministry of Education and Research
  • Interagency coop. MoD, M. Foreign Affairs, M.
    Agriculture and Environment, M. of Interior, M.
    Telecomm. and IT
  • Contract authority and PMU for the national
    AEROSPACE RD Program
  • Contract authority and PMU for the national
    SECURITY RD Program
  • Executive president for the Inter-Ministerial
    Board on Security Research (2004) and
    Inter-agency INSPIRE Group of experts
  • Authorized to establish research and development
    Centers oriented on specific objectives of the
    Romanian Space Program
  • Government representative (mandated) for ESA, EC
    (FP6 AEROSPACE), UN-COPUOS, others (NASA, Russian
    Federation, . .)
  • Representative for COSPAR, other int.
    organizations . .

6
Romanian Space Agency
  • Integral extra-budgetary financed sources
  • RD contracts, consultancy, international
    cooperation, management
  • Staff 35 (21 research professionals)
  • ROSA Headquarters in the centre of Bucharest
  • Offices, information retrieval and processing
    facilities, GRID
  • http//www.rosa.ro
  • ROSA Research Centre
  • Core technologies and assets data mining,
    knowledge management, GRID, nanosatellite
    technologies
  • Shared facilities with INCAS and the Institute of
    Space Science
  • Laboratories, Library, Data processing and GRID
  • Ground station for EO satellites
  • Space Applications Centre (CRUTA)
  • Established 1993, fully equipped for satellite
    data processing
  • Data bases of EO and ground data, Land use / Land
    Cover for Romania

7
Romanian Aerospace Programme
  • Contribute to the national and global scientific
    development by participation to international
    space missions and development of new projects
  • Improve the national and regional security by
    means of peaceful space applications (2001)
  • Contribute to the infrastructure of the
    information society
  • Develop new space technologies, space spin-offs
    and commercial space applications
  • Human resources building to meet the space
    science and technology development for the 21st
    Century
  • Give a model of capacity building and support the
    national effort to continental and international
    integration

8
Romanian Aerospace Programme
  • Component sub-programs
  • Policy and infrastructure
  • Capacity building technology park, centres of
    excellence, quality management, GRID, concurrent
    engineering
  • Space exploration
  • Space missions (INTERBALL, CLUSTER, PLANCK,
    COROT, AMS . . ) Space science, microgravity
    life science
  • Space applications
  • Satellite communications, Earth observation,
    GNSS, precision farming, disaster management,
    telemedicine, GMES, GALILEO, LPIS, software
  • Aerospace science and technology
  • Aerodynamics and flight dynamics, C3 systems,
    onboard technology
  • Industrial development and spin-off
  • Aerospace platforms (UAVs, IAR-99, AEROTAXI),
    components, high speed facilities, infrastructure.

9
Romanian Aerospace Programme
  • Number of current projects
  • 108 (39 2001, 40 2002, 20 2003, 72 - 2004)
  • Participant organizations (Romanian) 121
  • Professional staff involved 630 full time
    equivalent
  • Funding
  • Budget engagement limit 2001 2006 31,25 Meuro
  • Budget engagement (present) 18,75 Meuro
    (2001-2005)
  • Co-financing 31 - private and public partners
  • Actors RD institutes, universities, companies,
    NGOs, SMEs public and private, most of them
    in consortia

10
GMES related projects
LCCSRO Thematic inventory of land use based on remote sensing, GIS and GPS Agriculture
ADAMRO Assimilation of remote sensing data applicable in rational and precision agriculture Agriculture
LPISRO Study for fitting the European regulations related to high resolution images utilization for Land Parceling Integrated System (LPIS-RO) development Agriculture
ADAMRO 2 Agriculture plans for national precision farming using remote sensing and dynamic production modeling monitoring systems Agriculture
MODVEGET Vegetation reflectance modeling for biophysical parameters assessment from remote sensing data (MODVEGET) Biodiversity
LCSSFORESTS Forest vegetation classification technology with satellite images utilization and geographical data base , support for FAO-LCCS methods fitting to Romania conditions Biodiversity
RISKEAB Space technology utilization for seismic risk evaluation in Romania. Pilot studies for Bucharest Disasters
STDM-RO Satellite images processing and utilization methods for disasters monitoring and management Disasters
VRANCEA Study for thermal, magnetic and gravimetric regional anomalies remote sensing methods for a better understanding of processes taking place in Vrancea seismic area Disasters
MONDUN Geospatial data processing methods for risk phenomena monitoring and management in Danube and its floodplains areas (MONDUN) Disasters
ORTOPRECIS GIS extension by orthorectified remote sensing images utilization Ecosystems
IMPACT Remote sensing techniques for assessment of environment modifications under influence of antropic factors due to urban development in Bucharest and surrounding areas - IMPACT Ecosystems
SATMEDELTA Telemedicine applications in Danube Delta Ecosystems
PRAF Methodology for dust content identification and evaluation in urban environment, based on aerial and satellite images in visible and infrared Ecosystems
11
GMES related projects
SISMIN System for remote sensing inventorying and monitoring of mining industry land areas Energy
RADARCOAST Interferometer applications in Black Sea Coastal area Water
RADARCOAST 2 Coastal zones remote sensing monitoring technologies Water
FLOODAN Lower Danube flooding modeling using satellite images Water
SATAPA Thermal infrared and microwave satellite data utilization for water resources monitoring for population security Water
STAR STAR - Receiving station for satellite data in real time. Functional model Capacity Building
STAR 2 Telecommunication platform for regional satellite data dissemination experiments Capacity Building
PRECISAT Studies towards development of a national system for collecting and transmission of 3D differential GNSS data Data Management
AIRTOPO Airborne system for spatial topographic data recording and processing Data Management
LUCIUS Building a National Network for GMES Applications Support by Setting Up a Land Use Land Cover Information Unified System Network
INSPAM Spatial Data Infrastructures with Applications in Environmental Protection Network
12
GMES Pathfinder Projects
  • ROSA coordinated Projects included in the
    National RTD CEEX Program
  • LUCIUS Building a National Network for GMES
    Applications Support by Setting Up a Land Use
    Land Cover Information Unified System
  • exploit experience acquired by consortium members
    and build a network providing the scientific and
    technological regional support for the
    development of GMES applications through
    institutional development and capacity building
    in geospatial data (space and in-situ)
    acquisition, processing and management
  • INSPAM Spatial Data Infrastructures with
    Applications in Environmental Protection
  • initiate and develop an interoperable framework
    able to contribute to establishing a national
    spatial data infrastructure following the
    European initiatives in this domain (GMES,
    INSPIRE, ORCHESTRA etc.)
  • SPIM Centre for disaster monitoring by space
    technology
  • Generate the infrastructure, procedures and
    knowledge management for flood and other natural
    disasters monitoring

Update 2005!
13
Security research programme
  • National RD Programme SECURITY
  • Drafted under the authority of GIMS
  • Included by Govt. Decision 2080/ Nov. 2004 in the
    National Research, Development and Innovation
    Plan
  • Goals
  • Research, technology and systems for security and
    defence
  • Prepare the national actors for the participation
    in the FP7 security research areas
  • Support for the integration in EU, NATO, WEO,
    other programs and organizations relevant for
    security and defence
  • Development of national capacity building and
    support for cooperation between research,
    industry and users
  • Increasing awareness and the new security culture
    among citizens and decision makers

14
Romanian Security Research Programme
  • Inter-ministerial Group for Security Research
    (2004)
  • Ministry of Education and Research, Ministry of
    Defense, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of
    Economy and Commerce, Romanian Intelligence
    Services, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romanian
    Space Agency
  • RTD programme launched in 2005
  • 84 projects and 114 organizations involved
    (Universities, RTD institutes, major companies
    and SMEs, NGOs)
  • In concordance with FP7 Security, NATO and
    National priorities
  • ROSA coordinator and contract authority

Update 2006!
15
Romanian Security Research Programme
  • Subprogrammes
  • Security policy and strategy
  • Protection against terrorism and security of
    infrastructures
  • Situation awareness and reconnaissance
  • Crisis management and interoperability
  • Industrial development

16
GMES-related projects
SNMC  Centrul pilot eLearning pentru dezvoltarea si distribuirea de continut digital in domeniul securitatii nationale si managementul crizelor - CPeL - SNMC  Crisis management
MASTER  MASTER - Modelul unui centru de excelenta in domeniul securitatii - CES  Capacity building
HARTMAG  Sisteme de masura si trasare a hartii magnetice si hidrografice a tarmului Marii Negre - HARTMAG Ecosystems, border security 
EWSGUV  Cercetari privind realizarea sistemului integrat de avertizare seismica in timp real a autoritatilor asupra iminentei unui cutremur vrancean catartrofal - EWSGUV  Disasters
SATExplor  Dezvoltarea de metode si demonstrarea unui sistem pilot pentru extragerea informatiei din imagini de teledetectie satelitara si aeriana pentru gestiunea situatiilor de criza sau dezastru aplicatii si demo pentru monitorizarea si cuantificarea efectelor inundatiilor - SATexplor  Disasters
SPIM  Sistem pilot integrat de monitorizare si determinare a efectelor inundatiilor in bazinul Siretului inferior - SPIM Disasters 
17
International Cooperation
  • ROSA is the national representative for
  • European Space Agency (ESA) by law
  • United Nations COPUOS by mandate from the
    Foreign Ministry
  • NATO Scientific Committee and RTO Space
    Advisory group
  • EC FP6 AEROSPACE PC, INSPIRE by mandate
    from the Ministry of Education and Research
  • NASA Government representative
  • CNES (French Space Agency), Russia
    (negotiations), Hungary, Bulgaria Azerbaijan
    Bilateral agreements
  • ASI (Italian Space Agency), DLR (German Space
    Agency) - projects
  • International organizations membership COSPAR,
    IAF, IAU, EURISY, SAF, GDIN, others, bilateral
    agreements with research organizations

18
European Space Agency
  • On 17 February 2006 Romania strengthened its
    relations with ESA by signing the European
    Cooperating State Agreement, becoming the third
    European country to join this status. Hungary was
    the first in April 2003 followed by the Czech
    Republic in November of the same year.

Update 2006!
  • The ceremony took place in Bucharest with the
    participation of Calin Popescu-Tariceanu, Prime
    Minister of Romania, Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA
    Director General, Anton Anton, Romanian Secretary
    of State for Science and Technology, Marius-Ioan
    Piso, President and CEO of the Romanian Space
    Agency, and cosmonaut Dumitru Dorin Prunariu,
    Chairman of the Board of the Romanian Space
    Agency.

19
European Space Agency
  • During the coming months Romania will define with
    ESA the specific areas and projects for
    cooperation, and the budget for the next five
    years.
  • Major participation will be in ESAs space
    science programme and the ESA/EC joint GMES
    (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security)
    initiative.
  • Other areas of cooperation will include ESAs
    microgravity and exploration programme and
    technology activities.
  • Participation in GMES will strengthen the
    countrys use of Earth observation data for
    agricultural planning, crop forecasting and flood
    monitoring.

20
European Space Agency GMES
  • 1. The space component, which includes
    development and operations of all satellite and
    ground segment infrastructure providing the
    required data streams
  • 2. The in-situ component, which includes
    development and operation of all ground based and
    airborne data gathering networks. This also
    includes socio-economic data such as demographic
    data, industrial output data and epidemiological
    data.
  • 3. Data harmonisation and standardisation,
    including infrastructure for data assimilation,
    standardised processing, data fusion, modelling
    and forecasting and service support
    infrastructure such as data access, catalogue,
    archive and customer support facilities
  • 4. User oriented services, including data
    procurement, information generation and delivery,
    product quality assurance and monitoring
    compliance with user domain working practices,
    standards and legislative requirements
  • The ROSA ESA common projects would include some
    of those components

21
United Nations COPUOS
  • COPUOS - The Committee on the Peaceful Uses of
    Outer Space was set up by the General Assembly in
    1959 ( resolution 1472 (XIV)) to review the scope
    of international cooperation in peaceful uses of
    outer space, to devise programmes in this field
    to be undertaken under United Nations auspices,
    to encourage continued research and the
    dissemination of information on outer space
    matters, and to study legal problems arising from
    the exploration of outer space.
  • Two standing Subcommittees of the whole
  • Scientific and Technical Subcommittee
  • Legal Subcommittee
  • Number of Member States in the Committee 67
  • Romania Chairman of the Scientific and
    Technical Subcommittee (2004-2006)

22
United Nations COPUOS - DMISCO
  • Recommendation UNISPACE III 5 Action team 7
  • An international space coordination body for
    disaster management nominally identified as the
    'Disaster Management International Space
    Coordination Organization (DMISCO)' should be
    established
  • Such a body would have the mandate to provide the
    necessary means to optimize the efficiency of
    services for disaster management.
  • It would ensure affordable, comprehensive and
    universal space-based delivery by fully utilizing
    existing and planned space and ground assets and
    infrastructures, and with the full participation
    of organizations and mechanisms currently in
    place.
  • The proposed organization would act as a focal
    point for global space efforts in support of
    disaster management.

23
United Nations COPUOS - DMISCO
  • Experts were nominated as members of the ad hoc
    expert group and have participated in the
    elaboration of the DMISCO study
  • Algeria, Argentina, Austria, Belarus, Canada,
    China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Finland, France,
    Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy,
    Japan, Latvia, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines,
    Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation,
    Spain, United States of America,
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and
    Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World
    Meteorological Organization (WMO), Committee on
    Space Research (COSPAR), International
    Astronautical Federation (IAF) and International
    Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
    (ISPRS).
  • The work of the ad hoc expert group was supported
    by the Office for Outer Space Affairs of the
    Secretariat.
  • Romania by ROSA - in charge with the DMISCO
    Implementation Action group

24
United Nations COPUOS - DMISCO
  • International functions
  • One-Stop Shop for Information
  • Awareness Raising and Outreach Activities
  • Knowledge Management and Transfer
  • Coordination functions
  • Platform for Fostering Alliances
  • Bridge the gap between the disaster management
    and space communities - Communities of Practice
  • Support to Capacity Building
  • Operational functions
  • Regional and Country Profiles
  • National Disaster Management Planning and
    Policies
  • Implementation of National Activities defined by
    National Focal Points.

25
NATO Security through Science
  • The Security Through Science Programme offers
    grants to scientists in NATO, Partner and
    Mediterranean Dialogue countries to collaborate
    on priority research topics.
  • The aim of the Security Through Science Programme
    is to contribute to security, stability and
    solidarity among nations, by applying science to
    problem solving.
  • Topics in priority research areas
  • Defence Against Terrorism
  • Countering Other Threats to Security
  • Partner-Country Priorities.
  • ROSA representing Romania in the SCOM

Update 2004!
26
NATO Security through Science
  • ENVSEC
  • The OSCE, UNEP and UNDP set up the Environment
    and Security Initiative in 2002 with the aim of
    identifying, together with regional stakeholders
    (such as governmental representatives and NGOs),
    environmental issues that are a threat to
    stability and peace and using environmental
    co-operation as a confidence-building exercise in
    vulnerable regions.
  • Since 2004, NATO - associated with ENVSEC through
    the NATO Programme for Security through Science
    and the activities of the Committee on the
    Challenges of Modern Society
  • The NATO Science Committee (October 2005) agreed
    to provide financial support through the Security
    through Science Programme for the extension of
    the Environment and Security Initiative (ENVSEC)
    to Eastern Europe (Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine).
    ENVSEC has so far focused on Central Asia, the
    South Caucasus and Southeast Europe

Update 2005!
27
NATO Security through Science
  • Defence against Terrorism
  • Rapid Detection of Chemical, Biological,
    Radiological Nuclear (CBRN) Agents or Weapons,
    and Rapid Diagnosis of their effects on people
  • Novel and rapid methods of detection (e.g.,
    chemical and biosensors, multisensor processing,
    gene chips)
  • Physical Protection against CBRN agents
  • Decontamination of CBRN agents
  • Destruction of CBRN agents and weapons (e.g.,
    chemical and vaccine technologies)
  • Medical Countermeasures
  • Explosive Detection
  • Eco-Terrorism Countermeasures
  • Computer Terrorism Countermeasures

28
NATO Security through Science
  • Countering Other Threats to Security
  • Environmental Security (e.g., desertification,
    land erosion, pollution, etc.)
  • Water Resources Management
  • Management of Non-Renewable Resources
  • Modeling Sustainable Consumption (e.g., food,
    energy, materials, fiscal measures and
    environmental costings)
  • Disaster Forecast and Prevention
  • Food Security
  • Information Security
  • Human and Societal Dynamics (e.g. new challenges
    for global security, economic impact of terrorist
    actions, risk assessment, management of science,
    science policy, security-related political
    science, and international relations in general)

29
NATO Space Science and Technology Advisory Group
(SSTAG)
  • NATO uses information from space assets in most
    of its military operations from situational
    awareness to space weather. Better understanding
    and improved situational awareness has been
    extended to space operations. The improvements in
    both ground and space based sensing to accomplish
    the full operational picture are required.
    Coalition forces must also understand the utility
    of new sensing techniques. Small satellite
    techniques will allow most nations to develop
    space assets and to launch on demand.
  • Space Science and Technology Advisory Group
    (SSTAG) created in May 2005 within the NATO
    Research and Technology Agency (RTA)
  • ROSA expert member in the 10 nations SSTAG
  • Established recommendations via peer review
    process for new technical activities in the
    research panels related to use of space
  • First Specialist Meeting to be held in Romania
    September 2006

Update 2005!
30
NATO Space Science and Technology Advisory Group
(SSTAG)
Update 2005!
  • Recommended topics related to GMES
  • Space Based Multi- and Hyperspectral Sensors
    Technology and Applications
  • Space Based RADAR Technology and Applications
  • Satellite Constellations and Formation Flying in
    the Networked Environment
  • Use of Commercial Satellite Remote Sensing
    Information for Maritime Surveillance and
    Oceanography
  • 3D Urban Mapping
  • Exploitation of Satellite Remote Sensing Data for
    Change Detection
  • Radar Polarimetry from Space
  • Ground Segment Antenna for Multi-Mission
    Applications
  • Systems of Systems for Early Warning
  • Image and Data Compression Algorithms for Remote
    Sensing and Communication
  • Near Real-Time Automatic and Semi-Automatic
    Multi-Sensor Data Fusion
  • Geospatial Information Systems (GIS)

31
Regional cooperation in space applications
  • UNISPACE III Regional Preparatory Conference for
    Eastern Europe, UN/Romania (ROSA), Bucharest,
    25-29 January 1999
  • A total of 89 persons attended the Preparatory
    Conference, from 21 countries and 8 international
    organizations
  • The Earth and its environment
  • Communication and navigation systems
  • Benefits of space exploration, including the role
    of Microsatellites and
  • Information, education and cooperation.

32
Regional cooperation in space applications
  • United Nations Regional Workshop on the Use of
    Space Technology for Disaster Management for
    Europe , 19-23 May 2003, Poiana Brasov.
  • Joint initiative of the United Nations Office for
    Outer Space Affairs (OOSA) and the Romanian Space
    Agency (ROSA), on behalf of the Government of
    Romania, and co-sponsored by the European Space
    Agency (ESA), the Centre National dÉtudes
    Spatiales (CNES), and the United Nations
    International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
    (ISDR).
  • Brought together practitioners, space agencies
    and those responsible for dealing with disaster
    management to present experiences and best
    practices on the space technology-based solutions
    to disaster management in Europe

33
United Nations Regional Workshop on the Use of
Space Technology for Disaster Management for
Europe , 19-23 May 2003, Poiana Brasov.
34
Regional cooperation in space applications
  • UN/ESA/Eurisy/ROSA
  • The Danube and Europe Integrated Space
    Applications in the Danube Basin, 23-25 June 2004
    - Mamaia, Romania
  • Environment, Security and Space Applications
  • Integrated Space Applications to Water Resources
    Management
  • Natural Resources Related Issues
  • Human Security

35
Space and Security National
  • ROSA further development as a technology
    development and capacity building organization
  • Integrate gradually the national space
    exploration and industrial programmes to ESA
  • Keep the role of a single national voice for the
    EU programmes on space, security and aerospace
  • Concentrate the national public and private
    resources to critical masses and develop its own
    niches
  • Maintain the wider field of international
    cooperation with the major global actors in space
    and security
  • Build gradually its space applications center
    towards the EU and become a regional partner for
    JRC

36
ROSA Update
  • The Romanian Space Agency (ROSA)
  • National Space, Aerospace and Security Research
  • International Space programs (ESA), Space
    applications (EU FPs), Space for security (NATO)
  • Regional partner for GMES and JRC

Update 2007!
37
Floods 2005-2006
  • International Charter Space and Major Disasters
  • July 2005
  • Charter Call 91
  • CNES ROSA SERTIT
  • April 2006
  • Charter Call 121
  • DLR ROSA
  • Data from ERS-2, RADARSAT, SPOT 4, SPOT 5, DMC,
    FORMOSAT, IRS, MODIS
  • Local data CRUTA, ROSA, DTM

38
Floods 2005-2006
  • From space technology . .

39
  • To Practical results!

40
ROSA GMES Update
  • Questions?
  • Thank you for your attention!
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