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Internet2 101: Orientation and Overview

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Title: Internet2 101: Orientation and Overview


1
Internet2 101Orientation and Overview
Spring 2005 Member Meeting May 2, 2005
2
Agenda
  • Internet2 Marianne Smith
  • Background
  • Administration
  • Mission, Goals, Focus and Values
  • Membership Diversity
  • Member Opportunities, Expectations and
    Accomplishments
  • Network Services Steve Cotter
  • Middleware and Security Renee Frost
  • Applications Ann Doyle
  • Member Support Marianne Smith

3
Internet2 Background
  • Marianne Smith
  • Assistant Director, Member Partner Relations
  • melser_at_internet2.edu

4
Why Internet2?
  • The Internet was not designed for
  • Millions of users
  • Congestion
  • Multimedia
  • Real time interaction
  • But, only the Internet can
  • Accommodate explosive growth
  • Enable convergence of information work, mass
    media, and human collaboration

5
Why University Leadership?
  • The Internet came from the academic community
  • Stanford -- the Internet protocols
  • NSFNet -- the scaled-up Internet
  • CERN -- the WWW protocols
  • University of Illinois -- the Web browser
  • Research and education missions require an
    advanced Internet and universities have
    demonstrated they can develop it

6
Internet2 Beginnings and Growth
7
What we do
  • We provide our members with an Advanced
    Networking Environment to use for research and
    education
  • Abilene backbone
  • Network research
  • IPv6, Multicast
  • End-to-End Performance Initiative
  • End-to-End Applications e.g. Commons
  • Middleware
  • Security

8
What We Do
  • We provide our members with an environment for
    partnerships and collaborations in advanced
    networking
  • Among themselves
  • With other partners International, Federal
    agencies, K20 School networks, the Quilt
  • Applications Collaborations high energy
    physicists, arts humanities, health science

9
Internet2 Administration
10
Governance
  • Internet2 Board of Trustees
  • http//www.internet2.edu/about/board.html
  • Four Advisory Councils
  • Applications Strategy Council
  • Industry Strategy Council
  • Networking Planning and Policy Advisory Council
  • Network Research Liaison Council
  • http//www.internet2.edu/about/councils.html
  • Annual nominations
  • Three-year renewable terms

11
Internet2 Board of Trustees
  • Internet2 Board of Trustees
  • University Presidents and CEOs
  • Chairs of Advisory Councils
  • Meets twice/year
  • Advises broadly on strategy and Internet2s role
    within higher education

12
Internet2 Staff
  • Ann Arbor
  • 53 Staff 5 temps and interns
  • Washington, DC
  • 10 Staff
  • Throughout the Country
  • 38 Staff, Consultants, Shared Appointments

13
Internet2 Organizational Structure
  • Member and Partner Relations
  • Provides value to members through engagement
    activities
  • Deployment and Infrastructure Delivery
  • Provides service and products that translates
    technology into value
  • Technology Direction and Development
  • Explore and develop technologies and
    architectures that have potential value
  • Organizational Infrastructure
  • Supports the mission of other areas

14
Internet2 Revenue Other Support
6
6
27
61
Abilene fees
Member dues
Grants
Other
15
Internet2 Mission, Goals, Focus and Values
16
Internet2 Mission
  • Develop and deploy advanced network
    applications and technologies, accelerating the
    creation of tomorrows Internet.

17
Internet2 Goals
  • Re-create leading edge Research Education
    network capability
  • Enable new generation of applications
  • Transfer technology and experience to the global
    production Internet

18
Partnership as a core value
  • Internet2 universities are recreating the
    partnerships that fostered the Internet in its
    infancy
  • Industry
  • Government
  • Education

19
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Security
  • Middleware
  • Member Engagement
  • Applications

20
Internet2 MembershipA Wealth of Diversity
21
Internet2 Membership
  • University
  • United States institutions of higher education
  • Corporate
  • For-profit US-based companies
  • Affiliate
  • Non-profit and other research or education
    organizations
  • Association
  • Non-profit, higher education associations with
    national or international scope
  • http//members.internet2.edu/

22
Internet2 Universities206 University Members,
January 2005
23
University Member Types
  • Doctoral Research Extensive and Intensive
  • Masters
  • Medical Schools
  • Systems Offices

24
Corporate Members
Par
25
Internet2 Affiliate Members
  • Regional and state networking organizations
  • Federal labs
  • Federal agencies
  • Fine arts institutions
  • Performing arts organizations

26
Internet2 Association Members
  • ACUTA
  • Campus EAI

27
International Partnerships
  • Ensure global interoperability
  • Enable global collaboration
  • Over 40 MOU agreements
  • http//international.internet2.edu/

28
International Partnerships
Current MoU Partners
Developing Partnerships
Related Efforts in Formation
29
Last updated September 2004
International Partnerships
Related partnerships
APRU (Asia/Pacific) IEEAF
30
Abilene International PeeringOctober 2004
31
Internet2 MembershipOpportunities, Expectations
and Accomplishments
32
Internet2 Membership Opportunities
  • Join working groups, special interest groups and
    advisory groups
  • Find collaborators for discipline and
    institutional projects and grants
  • Foster applications development and faculty
    outreach
  • Be an early adopter of new technologies and tools

33
Internet2 Membership Expectations
  • Contribute to the advancement of research and
    educational uses of high-performance networking
  • Commit to the sustained deployment of
    high-performance network infrastructure on an
    end-to-end basis
  • Deploy pre-commercial infrastructure and
    protocols
  • Collaborate on advanced applications
  • Engage in large-scale proofs of concepts

34
Internet2 Membership Accomplishments
  • Advanced applications development, broad and deep
  • Development and deployment of middleware
    capabilities, locally and nationally
  • Creation and support of national high-performance
    networks, including next generation optical
    networks
  • Strong partnerships with international networking
    organizations
  • Focused efforts on end-to-end performance, and
    network and host security

35
Community Engagement Opportunities
  • Working Groups
  • Projects and Initiatives
  • Member Meetings
  • SIGs and BoFs
  • Presentations
  • Advisory Councils
  • Program Committee

36
K20 Initiative
37
K20 Initiative
  • Brings together Internet2 member institutions
    and innovators from primary and secondary
    schools, colleges and universities, libraries,
    and museums to extend new technologies,
    applications, middleware, and content to all
    educational sectors

38
Sponsored Education Group Participants - 34
States 4/05
39
Internet2 K20 Connectivity Survey
More results from the 2002and 2004 surveys can
be found at http//k20.internet2.edu/connect_surv
ey_index.php
40
QA Break
41
Network Services Abilene FiberCo MAN LAN
  • Steve Cotter
  • Director, Network Services
  • scotter_at_internet2.edu

42
The Abilene Network
  • Abilene is
  • A high-performance backbone network that enables
    the development of advanced Internet applications
    and the deployment of leading-edge network
    services to Internet2 universities and research
    labs across the country.
  • Abilene isnt
  • Intended to carry any commercial traffic
    unrelated to Internet2 goals

43
Abilene Network Goals
  • Supporting cutting edge applications that require
    a high-performance network
  • Providing a platform for the deployment and
    testing of advanced services (IPv6, multicast,
    etc.)
  • Provide connectivity to other research
    education networks around the world as well as
    peering with other federal research networks to
    foster collaboration
  • Provide access to network characterization data
    in support of innovation and advanced
    applications

44
Abilene Network Topology
45
Abilene Network Topology
  • First Level Bullet
  • Second Level Bullet
  • Third Level Bullet
  • Fourth Level Bullet

46
Abilene Network Topology
  • First Level Bullet
  • Second Level Bullet
  • Third Level Bullet
  • Fourth Level Bullet

47
Abilene Network Topology
  • First Level Bullet
  • Second Level Bullet
  • Third Level Bullet
  • Fourth Level Bullet

48
Abilene Network Topology
  • First Level Bullet
  • Second Level Bullet
  • Third Level Bullet
  • Fourth Level Bullet

49
Abilene Network Topology
  • First Level Bullet
  • Second Level Bullet
  • Third Level Bullet
  • Fourth Level Bullet

50
Abilene Network Topology
51
Abilene Community
  • 230 Primary Participants
  • Internet2 members across membership categories
  • 115 Sponsored Participants
  • Individual institutions, K-12 schools, museums,
    libraries, research institutes
  • 34 Sponsored Educational Group Participants
  • State-based education networks
  • http//abilene.internet2.edu/

52
FiberCo Overview
  • Tool designed to support optical initiatives in
    the regions or nationally
  • Spun off from NLR governance discussions
  • Internet2 took responsibility for forming the LLC
  • Operates on behalf of U.S. higher education and
    affiliates Internet2 membership
  • Not an operating entity
  • Will not light the fiber only a holding company
  • Functions
  • Market maker
  • Assignment vehicle for both national regional
    optical initiatives

53
FiberCo and Dark Fiber
  • Aggregate dark fiber assets acquired by U.S. RE
    optical initiatives (segment-miles)
  • CENIC (for CalREN NLR)
    6,200
  • FiberCo (via Level 3 for NLR RONs)
    6,560
  • SURA (via ATT)
    6,000
  • Plus 2,000 route-miles for research
  • NLR Phase 2 (WilTel Qwest)
    4,000
  • OARnet
    1,600
  • ORNL (via Qwest)
    900
  • NEREN
    670
  • Other projects (IN,IL,MI,OR, )
    2,200
  • Total (conservative estimate) 28,130
  • Over 55 of these assets are now outside NLR
  • NLR will hold 11,250 route-miles

54
MAN LAN Exchange Point
  • Manhattan Landing in New York City - partnership
    with NYSERNet, Indiana University, and the IEEAF
  • Provides a high performance exchange facility for
    research and education networks
  • Located at 32 AoA in NYC - easy interconnection
    to many national and international carriers and
    other research and education networks
  • Peering model is open and bilateral
  • Cost recovery model - minimal connection charges
    for layer 2 facility, none for layer 1
    connections
  • Working with AtlanticWave on future distributed
    exchange point along U.S. East Coast (NYC?Miami)

55
MAN LAN Services
  • Layer 2 - Ethernet switch for IPv4/v6 peering
    with 1GigE and 10 GigE interfaces
  • Layer 1 - TDM based optical equipment (SONET /
    Ethernet interfaces)
  • Cisco 15454
  • Nortel OME 6500
  • Nortel HDXc
  • Layer 0 equipment to be installed soon
  • Optical cross connect to facilitate changes

56
QA Break
57
Middleware and Security
  • Renee Frost
  • Associate Director, Middleware Security
  • rwfrost_at_internet2.edu

58
Making it happen
  • Much as at the network layer, create a ubiquitous
    common, persistent and robust core middleware
    infrastructure for the RE community
  • Foster effective and consistent campus
    implementations
  • Motivate institutional funding and deployment
    strategies
  • Solve the real world policy issues
  • Integrate key applications to leverage the
    infrastructure
  • Nurture open-source solutions
  • Address scaling issues for the user and
    enterprise
  • In support of inter-institutional and inter-realm
    collaborations, provide tools and services (e.g.
    registries, bridge PKI components, root
    directories) as required

59
A Map of Campus Upper and Core
Middleware Land
60
Core Middleware Scope
  • Identity and Identifiers namespaces, identifier
    crosswalks, real world levels of assurance, etc.
  • Authentication campus technologies and
    policies, inter-realm interoperability via PKI,
    Kerberos, etc.
  • Directories enterprise directory services
    architectures and tools, standard objectclasses,
    inter-realm and registry services
  • Authorization permissions and access controls,
    delegation, privacy management, etc.
  • Integration Activities open management tools,
    use of virtual, federated and hierarchical
    organizations, enabling common applications with
    core middleware

61
(No Transcript)
62
Internet2 MiddlewareKey Concepts
  • Use federated administration as the lever have
    the enterprise broker most services
    (authentication, authorization, resource
    discovery, etc.) in inter-realm interactions
  • Develop a consistent directory infrastructure
    within RE
  • Provide security while not degrading privacy
  • Foster inter-realm trust fabrics federations and
    virtual organizations
  • Leverage campus expertise and build rough
    consensus
  • Influence the marketplace develop where
    necessary
  • Support for heterogeneity and open standards

63
MACE (Middleware Architecture Committee for
Education)
  • Purpose - to provide advice, create experiments,
    foster standards, etc. on key technical issues
    for core middleware within higher education
  • Membership - Bob Morgan (UW) Chair, Tom Barton
    (Chicago), Scott Cantor (Ohio State), Steven
    Carmody (Brown), Michael Gettes (Duke), Keith
    Hazelton (Wisconsin), Paul Hill (MIT), Jim Jokl
    (Virginia), Mark Poepping (CMU), Bruce Vincent
    (Stanford), David Wasley (retired California),
    Von Welch (Grid)
  • European members - Brian Gilmore (Edinburgh), Ton
    Verschuren (Netherlands), Diego Lopez (Spain)
  • Creates working groups in major areas
    directories, inter-realm access control, PKI,
    video, middleware diagnostics etc.

64
The National Science Foundation Middleware
Initiative (NMI)
  • NSF program to support and deploy middleware for
    research and education
  • Two types of awards
  • System Integrators to do widely used tools and
    services
  • Separate awards to academic pure research
    components
  • Issues periodic NMI releases of software,
    services, architectures, object classes and best
    practices Release 7 due out soon
  • Primary System Integrator awardees
  • EDIT Internet2, EDUCAUSE, SURA
  • Grids ISI, Wisconsin, Argonne, Michigan,
    Indiana
  • Two rounds of awards 2001 and 2003

65
Landmark Work
  • Consensus standards eduPerson, eduOrg,
    commObject (H.350)
  • Best Practices and Deployment Strategies LDAP
    Recipe, Group Management, Metadirectories,
    Enterprise Directory Implementation Roadmap
  • Tools KX.509, LDAP Analyzer, LOOK
  • Software systems OpenSAML, Shibboleth
  • Outreach CAMPs, presentations, publications

66
What is Shibboleth? (Biblical)
  • A word which was made the criterion by which to
    distinguish the Ephraimites from the Gileadites.
    The Ephraimites, not being able to pronounce
    sh, called the word sibboleth. See --Judges
    xii.
  • Hence, the criterion, test, or watchword of a
    party a party cry or pet phrase.
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

67
Shibboleth Architecture
68
Shib Development Milestones
  • Project formation - Feb 2000 process began late
    summer 2000 with bi-weekly calls to develop
    scenarios, requirements and architecture
  • Linkages to SAML established - Dec 2000
  • Architecture and protocol completion - Aug 2001
  • Design - Oct 2001
  • Coding began - Nov 2001
  • Alpha-1 release - April 24, 2002
  • OpenSAML release - July 15, 2002
  • v1.0 April 2003 v1.1 July 2003 v1.2 May 2004
  • v1.3 Q2 2005 e-auth certified
  • v1.4 Q1 2006 WS-Fed compliant
  • v2.0 likely end of the major evolution

69
Current Status Shibboleth v. 1.2.1
  • Open-source, standards-based, privacy-preserving
    federating software
  • Accelerating deployment globally federations in
    Switzerland (SWITCH), Finland, Netherlands,
    United Kingdom (three), Australia, US (InCommon,
    NSDL, InQueue) interop initiative in League of
    Federations
  • Commercial information providers in production
    Elsevier Science Direct, OCLC, etc.
  • Working on Underlying Attribute Authority GUI and
    resource protection
  • Growing international development interest
    providing resource manager tools, email list
    software, etc.

70
What are Federations?
  • Associations of enterprises that come together to
    exchange information about their users and
    resources in order to enable collaborations and
    transactions
  • Enroll and authenticate and attribute locally,
    act federally.
  • Uses federating software (e.g. Liberty Alliance,
    Shibboleth, WS-) common attributes (e.g.
    eduPerson), and a security and privacy set of
    understandings
  • Enterprises (and users) retain control over what
    attributes are released to a resource the
    resources retain control (though they may
    delegate) over the authorization decision.
  • Several federations now in construction or
    deployment

71
Policy Basics for Federations
  • Enterprises that participate need to establish a
    trusted relationship with the operator of the
    federation in small or bilateral federations,
    often one of the participants operates the
    federation
  • Participants need to establish trust with each
    other on a per use or per application basis,
    balancing risk with the level of trust
  • Participants need to agree on the syntax and
    semantics of the information to be shared
  • Privacy issues must be addressed at several
    layers
  • All this needs to be done on scalable basis, as
    number of participants grow and number of
    federations grow

72
Federation
  • A permanent federation for the RE US sector
  • Federation operations Internet2
  • Federating software Shibboleth 1.2 and above
  • Federation data schema - eduPerson200210 or later
    and eduOrg200210 or later
  • Federated approach to security privacy with
    posted policies
  • Became fully operational September 2004, with
    several early entrants shaping the policy
    process issues.
  • http//www.incommonfederation.org

73
LLC Management
  • Governance
  • Steering Committee Carrie Regenstein, Chair
    (Wisconsin)
  • Two Steering Committee working groups
  • Policy
  • Communication, Membership, Pricing/Packaging
  • Technical Advisory Group
  • Operations Internet2
  • InCommon Certificate Authority
  • Issuing the enterprise certificate signing keys
  • Metadata and Certificate submission
  • Hosting the WAYF (where are you from)
  • Supporting Campuses in posting their policies
  • Store front (process maps, application process,
    billing, registry authority

74
Current Middleware Activities
  • Authorization
  • A group-oriented, role-based approach
  • Presumes enterprise has done some structuring of
    authorizations and roles
  • Permits delegation, audit controls, etc.
  • Implemented as attributes housed in directories
  • Anchored with registries for roles, policies,
    authorities, etc.
  • Status early versions of Signet and Grouper
  • Authentication Implementation Framework
  • PKI, HEBCA, USHER
  • Middleware Diagnostics model and software
  • Virtual Organization Support

75
Additional Middleware Information
  • http//middleware.internet2.edu
  • http//middleware.internet2.edu/MACE
  • http//www.nmi-edit.org
  • http//www.nsf-middleware.org

76
Security
77
Context and Background
  • EDUCAUSE/Internet2 Security Task Force
  • Reassessments of Internet2 Work
  • Community-centric work
  • SALSA
  • Tools for today
  • Services
  • Community tool development
  • Tools for tomorrow NetAuth, FWNA
  • The Big Picture Rethinking the Problem
    Workshop
  • New emphasis Internal work
  • Integrate security with services Abilene,
    InCommon, etc
  • Integrate security with development HOPI,
    Pipes, etc

78
Traditional Internet2 Security Goals
  • Advanced network security
  • Fit into overall RE security activities
  • Much of our middleware work addresses security
    and privacy issues

79
Expanded/Additional Directions
  • Community security initiatives including some
    with short-term goals
  • Strengthen security aspects of operational
    services offered by Internet2, from Abilene
    through meeting wireless technologies
  • Engagement w/ Indiana on both network operational
    and network security services
  • Better consideration of Security issues within
    technology development initiatives and
    cross-leveraging security developments at other
    layers of the stack

80
Community-based Security Activities
  • SALSA overarching advisory/coordinating group
    for Internet2 member security activities
  • Development of tools, data processes for today
  • Intracampus incident handling tools
  • Intercampus and intersector information and tools
  • Tools for 1-3 years activities to produce
    security infrastructure tools deployable
    relatively soon
  • Net-auth
  • Federated network access
  • Integration with middleware
  • Big Picture activities to rethink our approaches
    to networking integrated with security

81
SALSA
  • Technical steering committee composed of senior
    campus security architects to
  • Create understanding in the Internet2 community
    regarding the multiple aspects of security as it
    applies to advanced networking
  • Identify deliverables that address needs of
    members and produce tangible benefits
  • Membership Mark Poepping (CMU), chair, Chris
    Cramer (Duke), Gary Dobbins (Notre Dame), Terry
    Gray (UWash), Deke Kassabian (UPenn), Chris Misra
    (UMass), Doug Pearson (Indiana), Jim Pepin (USC),
    James Sankar (AARNet), Jeff Schiller (MIT), Joe
    St. Sauver (Oregon), Steve Wallace (Indiana)
  • Prioritizing opportunities and identifying
    resources
  • Focused activities
  • Interested in RD security topics that can be
    smoothly transitioned to deployment

82
Today
  • Problems of Today
  • Network layer DDOS, firewalls, sniffing, etc
  • Middleware layer authentication and
    authorization
  • Operating system spybots, exploits
  • Applications of today privacy spills, spam,
    etc.
  • Procedures and policies shifting directives,
    lack of case law, etc.
  • Internet2 Security effort will focus on
    network/operating system threats, etc. - both
    intra-realm and inter-realm approaches
  • Tools and Services for Today
  • Correlating goals and expectations
  • Addressing campus incident handling and
    preventative capabilities first

83
Improved Data Sharing and Tools
  • Two related agendas
  • Identify provide, with Indiana, data services
    to help campus incident response offices
    central, inter-sector, national, multilateral
    exchange develop associated tools to process
    data and improve human handling
  • Bring campus incident handling leads together to
    exchange information and build an agenda for tool
    development for prevention, detection
    remediation
  • Customer focus group for the former is being set
    up will feed larger working group that addresses
    campus tools development

84
Tools for Tomorrow
  • Charter
  • using the scenarios-requirements-specifications-de
    velopment cycle, create documents, frameworks,
    subsystems, etc that will improve network
    security while facilitating the research and
    education missions of our members
  • Major themes
  • Authenticated and authorized networks
  • Meet those needs not likely to be met by the
    marketplace
  • Collaborative security approaches
  • Delivery of tools in 1-3 year time frames, with
    intermediate products along the way
  • Working Groups
  • NetAuth managing the connection of a device to
    a network
  • FNWA extending connection management to a
    federated community
  • Others may happen

85
Rethinking the Problem
  • Workshop the first step in the Big Picture work
  • Towards a needs assessment for RE networking
    cyberinfrastructure
  • Bring together strategic thinkers key
    practitioners from higher ed to identify the
    basic services capabilities that network layer
    cyberinfrastructure must support conduct a needs
    assessment on the current status.
  • Where appropriate, recommendations on fundamental
    directions that should be considered, eg.
    Trust-mediated transparency
  • Sharing current problem case studies, organizing
    the issues, tying them back together, next steps
  • Will consider disruptive change, and then
    engineer transitions from current Internet
  • Aiming for September

86
Inward-oriented Security Planning
  • Abilene and Security
  • Internal operations security efforts
  • Wireless at meetings moving towards security and
    federation
  • Internal network and security improvements
  • Will be slower to develop an approach to
    integrating security into technology
    developments, and leveraging the security
    capabilities at one layer for another layers
    use.

87
Service and Security Abilene
  • Revising procedures for problem resolution
  • Setting up a web site and information packet for
    Abilene security
  • Abilene NOC has in alpha testing a new IETF
    routing mechanism (flow-spec) to allow connectors
    to defend against DDoS without taking a service
    offline
  • In discussion with vendors about enhanced
    diagnostic security tools for the backbone
  • Abilene TAC will add security to its agenda

88
Outreach
  • Security sessions at Spring Member Meeting
  • Integration of security with applications as well
    as network security
  • Working with the Campus Expectations Task Force
  • Consider security issues
  • Designate security personnel on campuses
  • Security-announce list set up, web site rework,
    etc. to follow shortly

89
Working with Others
  • EDUCAUSE
  • Outsourcing key policy issues to Security TF
  • Close coordination with Effective Practices Group
  • Visible participation in security lists and
    conferences
  • Indiana
  • As Abilene NOC
  • As center for information sharing
  • As tool developer

90
Additional Security Information
  • http//security.internet2.edu/
  • http//security.internet2.edu/salsa/
  • http//www.educause.edu/security/task-force.asp

91
Applications
  • Ann Doyle
  • Arts Humanities Program Manager
  • Member Partner Relations
  • adoyle_at_internet2.edu

92
Internet2 Advanced Applications
  • To the letter, an Internet2 application is
  • Anything that runs across Abilene
  • In spirit, advanced applications
  • Deliver qualitative and quantitative improvements
    in how we conduct research and engage in teaching
    and learning
  • Rely on aspects of Abilene that are not available
    on the commodity internet
  • Support activities and research that simply are
    not possible without advanced networks

93
Direction and Leadership
  • Application Strategy Council
  • Working Groups
  • Special Interest Groups (SIGs)
  • Birds of a Feather Sessions (BoFs)
  • Advisory Groups

94
Internet2 Communities
  • Advanced applications are being created and
    used by a wide variety of communities
  • Health Sciences
  • Sciences and Engineering
  • Arts and Humanities
  • Business and Law

95
Program Managers
  • Health Sciences
  • -- Mike McGill
  • Science and Engineering
  • -- Charles Yun and Russ Hobby
  • Arts Humanities
  • -- Ann Doyle
  • Business and Law
  • -- Charles Yun

96
Program Managers
  • What we do
  • Coordination and Outreach
  • Connect you with resources and people doing
    similar work
  • Help learn from other projects
  • Watch for trends and emerging technologies
  • Consult with you on projects
  • What you do
  • Run your Internet2 project
  • Lay wires, code applications, etc.

97
Major Activity Areas
  • Technology evaluation and advocacy
  • Advanced applications deployment
  • Prototyping
  • Demonstrations
  • Meetings
  • Flyers, testimonials, web site
  • Campus presentations
  • Installing storage servers (with Tennessee), VRVS
    videoconferencing servers (with Caltech), Access
    Grid deployment assistance

98
Science and Engineering
99
High Energy and Nuclear Physics (HENP)
  • Physics has traditionally been one of the power
    users of all networks
  • Physicists are generating Terabytes of data
    (1,000,000,000,000 or 1x1012) per experiment from
    the CERN lab in Switzerland
  • Types of network usage
  • Bulk data transfers that are extremely resistant
    to data loss.
  • VRVS expects multicast and low-latency/jitter
    networks for effective video conferencing

100
NEES
  • Earthquake research using real buildings and
    computer simulations
  • Remote control of physical experiments
  • Video is crucial both for conferencing and as
    scientific data
  • Types of network usage
  • Remote control of resources
  • Bulk data transfer and distributed data storage
  • Video as data

101
VLBI
  • Astronomers collect data about a star from earth
    based antennae and for analysis on a 24x7 basis.
  • VLBI is less concerned with data loss than with
    long term stability.
  • End goal is to send data at 1Gb/s from over 20
    antennae located around the globe.
  • Types of network usage
  • Long time duration data streaming
  • Distributed data storage, real-time dynamic
    retrieval,
  • and distributed processing

102
NEON and Earthscope
  • Both in the early stages of their development
  • Their research goals and science plan is fairly
    well understood.
  • Using advanced networks to connect researchers,
    data and sensors is assumed.
  • As a new group in the Internet2 community, the
    Program Managers are identifying areas in which
    advanced networking experience can be used to
    further their research

103
Arts Humanities
104
Collections
  • A 180 terabyte multimedia archive of Holocaust
    testimonies
  • Currently being accessed by
  • University of Southern California
  • Rice University
  • Yale University
  • University of Michigan

105
Master Classes
  • Active involvement
  • Columbia University
  • Manhattan School of Music
  • Cleveland Institute of Music
  • New World Symphony
  • Curtis Institute of Music
  • University of Michigan
  • Eastman School of Music
  • University of Oklahoma
  • Florida State University
  • Wayne State University
  • Indiana University
  • And many others

Michael Tilson Thomas
Pinchas Zukerman
106
Live Performance Events
Transcontinental reading of Kenneth Koch's
poems
  • Case Western Reserve and Cleveland Institute of
    Music

107
Assessment
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Integrated Media Systems Center
  • at the University of Southern California

The Miró QuartetLive Virtual
108
Additional Communities
  • Museum Community
  • Education
  • Conservation
  • Foreign Language Instruction
  • Less commonly taught languages
  • Archaeology
  • Shared project planning
  • Shared imaging
  • Fall 2005 MM SIG Kickoff

109
Health Sciences
110
Internet2 Health Science Communities
  • Educators
  • Access to unique educational resources
  • Access to developed curricula material
  • Access to unique expertise
  • Examples
  • SUMMIT -- Stanford
  • use of technology to improve medical education
  • Tusk
  • Tufts University Sciences Knowledgebase (TUSK) is
    a password-protected, multimedia database
    containing full-text syllabi, slides, lecture
    recordings (audio and video) and notes, exam
    questions, evaluation forms, bibliographies
    linked to full-text articles, and other resources
    made available by faculty

111
Internet2 Health Science Communities
  • Clinical Practice
  • Remove constraints
  • Time
  • Size
  • Distance
  • Examples
  • DREAMS
  • Center for Surgical Innovation

112
Problems Health Scientists are Working to Overcome
  • Size and diversity of the data resources
  • Cross-Disciplinary Teams
  • Geographic Independence

113
EACH BRAIN REPRESENTS A LOT OF DATA
AND COMPARISONS MUST BE MADE BETWEEN MANY MRI
IMAGES
Slide courtesy of Arthur Toga
114
Research Team of the FutureCancer Biomedical
Informatics Grid
  • Global Cancer Research Community
  • Grid deployment to Cancer Centers
  • Bioinformatics infrastructure
  • Public data sources

Funded by NCI/NIH http//cabig.nci.nih.gov/ Dav
id States, MD, PhD
115
Biomedical Informatics Research Network (BIRN)
Funded by NCRR/NIH Mark Ellisman, PhD Univ.
California San Diego SDSC www.nbirn.net
116
New Capabilities Virtual Human Project
  • Visible Human Dataset is a public resource
  • Virtual Anatomy toolkit for enabling
    applications
  • Teaching resources for faculty
  • Multi-simultaneous access (classrooms of students
    task aggregate use of network capacity)
  • Anatomy curricula for medical schools, K-20, and
    the public
  • Internet2/National Library of Medicine
    leadership
  • Two decades of investment
  • Development led by Internet2 university members

117
Business and Law
118
Business and Law Applications Working Group
  • Faculty from
  • Harvard
  • University of Washington
  • MIT
  • Boston University
  • Temple University
  • Marquette University
  • University of Michigan
  • Industry CIOs and Consultants
  • Becoming Cross-Disciplinary
  • Business
  • Law
  • Information
  • Engineering

119
QA Break
120
Member Support
121
Member Support
  • Member Meetings
  • Working Group Flywheel Support
  • Collaboration Opportunities
  • Internet2 Days
  • The Commons
  • Communication
  • Loaner Equipment and Demos

122
Internet2 Days
123
Internet2 Days
  • Campus-based events that demonstrate the
    potential of advanced networks
  • Build interest among faculty and staff at member
    institutions for advanced network activities

124
Internet2 Days
  • Half or full day events
  • Internet2 provides presenters, equipment,
    communications, and planning resources
  • See Hosting an Internet2 Day
  • apps.internet2.edu/host-Internet2-day.html

125
National Internet2 Day
  • Day-long virtual event
  • Generate awareness of Internet2 capabilities to
    member institutions
  • Over 25 speakers
  • 38 participating institutions held simultaneous
    local events
  • Over 1000 viewers
  • Planned again for 2006
  • events.internet2.edu/2004/Internet2Day/

126
The Internet2 Commons
127
Internet2 Commons Services
  • H.323 Videoconferencing Service
  • Production, subscription-based service
  • Feature-rich Firewall traversal
  • Conference streaming and archiving
  • Variety of display options
  • Diagnostic tools
  • Multiple MCU offerings
  • HELP! 24/7 NOC (OARnet/OSU)
  • Available now atwww.commons.internet2.edu

128
H.323 Multipoint Videoconferencing
  • Web Collaboration Service
  • Hosting member-developed tool suites
  • inSORS, Wave3, Marratech, Conference XP, VRVS
  • H.323/SIP Gateway
  • Quarterly Trainings (200 site coordinators)

129
Communications
130
Weekly Showcases
131
Infosheets
132
Infokit
  • InfoKit provides a complete collection of
    Internet2 information resources, including
    infosheets, network maps, FAQs, PowerPoint
    presentations, and the member list.
  • www.internet2.edu/info/infokit.html

133
Loaner Equipment Advanced Application Demos
134
Loaner Equipment
  • One PIG (Personal Interface to the Grid, smaller
    version of the Access Grid Node)
  • 4 Camera/video inputs, 2 VGA outputs
  • Four VBrick 6200 MPEG-2 units
  • Four Internet2 Cakebox units (network monitoring
    boxes)
  • Two NCast Telepresenter units
  • Two DVIP (Digital Video over IP) units (small PC
    with Fujitsu DVIP cards)

135
Support
  • Limited technical support
  • Most equipment can be preconfigured, or
    assistance with initial configuration and
    implementation

136
Demos Purpose and Kind
  • Demonstrate the value of advanced networking and
    facilitate member collaborations
  • Scientific applications such as e-VLBI
  • Health science applications such as remote
    surgery
  • Performance events
  • Streaming video applications

137
In Summary
  • Benefits of Membership
  • Network
  • Collaboration
  • Community
  • Membership Support
  • Meetings
  • Services
  • Collaboration support
  • Outreach and Communication

138
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