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Your 1st day

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Title: Your 1st day


1
Your 1st day
  • Professional Sawing Drilling
  • New Hire Orientation

2
Welcome
  • This video is not designed as your entire
    training procedure, but as an introduction to
    your 1st day as an employee of a professional
    concrete cutting company.

3
History of the Sawing Drilling Industry
  • Diamonds are the hardest natural mineral. In this
    business will use synthetic diamonds to grind
    away at concrete and stone. The ideal shape for
    sawing drilling applications is a shape called
    cubo-octahedron.

4
Development of Concrete Related Materials
  • Cement has been around for at least 12 million
    years. When the earth was undergoing intense
    geological changes, natural cement was created.
    It was this natural cement that humans first put
    into use.
  • 1824 Portland Cement was invented
  • 1889 First concrete reinforced bridge built.
  • 1957 GE was issued patent to manufacture man made
    diamonds
  • 1992 Chicago built tallest reinforced concrete
    building

5
Job Description
  • Job Title Operator In this position will you be
    required to do several task that involve sawing,
    drilling removing of concrete. As each
    assignment changes your required task may change
    as well. Keep in mind that we will train you as a
    well diversified worker. As you grow with this
    position, you will be a master at your trade in
    the sawing and drilling industry.
  • At times you will work in the shop area. This
    will include repairing equipment, maintaining
    trucks and stocking trucks for future jobs.

6
General Contractor (GC)
  • The GC will over see the project and they in turn
    will hire trade subcontractors, material
    suppliers and will generalize the day to day
    management of a construction project.

7
Sub Contractor
  • Sub Contractors also called Trade subcontractors
    make a meaningful contribution as they bring in
    their practical field experience and specialize
    in their trade as in the sawing and drilling
    industry.

8
The Dos Donts while working here
  • Necessary Paperwork
  • Policies Procedures
  • Benefits
  • Discipline

9
Medical Physical Exams
  • In addition to completing your papers of
    employment, you may be requested to go to a local
    occupational clinic today. The clinic will
    perform required medical exams including the DOT
    medical exam, an HPE(Human Performance
    Evaluation), as well as a respiratory and hearing
    exam.
  • The testing will vary by location.
  • Based on scheduling of the appointment this time
    will vary but will be completed before your first
    day in the field.

10
Necessary Paperwork
  • Your 1st day will begin with the completion of
    the necessary forms of employment. Although the
    forms may vary from one company to another, all
    forms must be completed within 3 days of
    employment.

11
Employee Handbook
  • In your new hire packet you will find the
    employee handbook. This book will give you an
    over view of the company, your benefits, policies
    and procedures as well as many other items that
    will pertain to your daily employment with this
    company.

12
New Hire Forms
  • Lets discuss a few of the new hire forms you will
    be completing today.

13
Back Ground Release Forms
  • Release Authorization Form
  • Disclosure to Employment Applicant Regarding
    Procurement of A consumer report. (A copy should
    be given to you)
  • Summary of your rights. This information is for
    you to keep.
  • A copy of your drivers license will be needed.

14
W-4 Employees Withholding Allowance Certificate
  • The W-4 is a Federal Form
  • Fill out the Personal Allowance Worksheet. This
    will help you determine how many allowances you
    can claim.
  • Fill out the Employees Withholding Allowance
    Certificate. 5 should equal Line H from above.
  • Your signature and date is required.
  • Depending on the state you reside in you may need
    to fill out a state certificate also.
  • If your personal status changes, a new W-4 should
    be completed.

15
I-9 Employment Eligibility Verification Form
  • The I-9 is a Federal Form
  • It is to verify the identity and employment
    eligibility of anyone that is hired by this
    corporation. Instructions are in the new hire
    packet.
  • Complete Section 1 of the form.
  • Section 2 will be completed by management.
  • Two forms of identification is needed. A list of
    acceptable documents are listed on the back of
    the I-9 form.Present these to your supervisor.
  • Copies will be taken of your identification.

16
I-9 Forms Are Mandatory
  • If you are unable to present the required
    document(s) within 3 business days, you must
    present a receipt for the application of the
    document(s) within 3 business days and the actual
    document(s) within 90 days.

17
Employee Handbook
  • Sign the Acknowledgement Page of your handbook,
    this will be towards the end of the book.
  • The handbook is an overview of company policy,
    benefits and procedures that pertain to your
    daily employment with the company.
  • The handbook is not all inclusive of company
    policies and procedures.

18
Safety Handbook
  • Sign the Acknowledgement Page of the book. It is
    located towards the back of the handbook.
  • This handbook is an overview of CSDA safety
    manual and are pertinent to you as an operator
    while working on various job sites.
  • Read it, know it, live it and use it.

19
Policies and Procedures
20
Job Tickets
  • A job ticket will give you the customer name and
    address, job location, contact person, and the
    work to be performed. On a daily basis you may
    receive more than one job ticket. Some jobs are
    continuously running and therefore a job ticket
    may not be produced.
  • Depending on the job, it may require a few hours
    to a few weeks of sawing or drilling.

21
Uniforms Appearance
  • Many offices require you to wear a uniform to
    work. As a professional cutting company, we
    require you to report to your job site in a neat
    and orderly fashion. Many uniforms are not given
    to you until 30 days of employment. Until you are
    assigned an uniform, apparel to be worn should be
    a tee shirt, jeans and steel toed boots.

22
Time Sheets Documentation of Time Worked
  • Many locations will require you to complete a
    time sheet. In some locations your time will be
    computed on your job tickets, other locations
    will require you to complete a separate time
    sheet. It is important that you keep track of
    your time and confirm it with your pay check.

23
Vacations Holidays
  • Although we are closed on many of the customary
    holidays, our customers may require us to work
    them.
  • Based on your location and if you are union or
    non-union, your pay scale will be adjusted
    accordingly
  • Vacation days will vary by length and location of
    employment.

24
Pay Scale
  • The pay scale at every location will vary by
    seniority, position worked and whether or not you
    are union or non-union. All rates of pay should
    be kept to yourself.

25
Employee Reviews
  • Remember the feeling you got in the pit of your
    stomach when it came time for your teacher to
    hand out report cards? Whether or not you felt
    you deserved a good report, you still had that
    moment of doubt. With school now behind us, you
    would think report cards were part of our pasts.
    Unfortunately, this is not the case. As working
    adults we must deal with employee performance
    reviews, also referred to as employee appraisals
    or performance evaluations. Whatever you call
    them, employee reviews evaluate our performance
    on the job. They often determine raises,
    promotions, and sometimes whether we get to keep
    our jobs. That can explain, why even as adults,
    these report cards often make us feel uneasy.

26
Prohibited Articles Policy
  • It is the policy of this company to maintain its
    property and working environment so that is is
    safety for both our employees and others doing
    business with us. This policy restricts certain
    items and substances from being brought on or
    being present while in the course of employment.

27
Weapons Policy
  • The company strictly prohibits weapons of any
    type on company premises. This includes but is
    not limited to company offices, work locations,
    company provided or designated parking areas,
    desks, lockers, vehicles engaged in company
    operations, and any personal belongings. This
    includes visible and concealed weapons, even
    those for which the owner of the weapon has
    obtained the necessary permits.

28
EEOC
  • This company is an EEOC (Equal Employment
    Opportunity Commission) employer. It is the
    intent of the company to provide equal employment
    opportunity to all employee's or applicants for
    employment, without regard to race, creed,
    color, sex, age, disability, religion, disabled
    or Vietnam-era veteran status or national origin.
    Equal employment opportunity includes, but is not
    limited to hiring, training, promoting,
    transferring, demoting and terminating.

29
Sexual Harassment
  • It is the intent of the company that all
    employees have a work environment free from all
    forms of discrimination, including harassment.
  • Harassment based on race, creed, color, sex, age,
    disability, religion, disabled or Vietnam-era
    veteran status or national origin is considered a
    violation of the companys policy on Equal
    Employment Opportunity.

30
Job Complete
  • When a job is complete or your are finished for
    the day, it is recommended that you call back
    into the dispatcher and indicate job completed.
  • Some times a customer will have additional work
    or the dispatcher may need to route you to
    another job.

31
Take pride in yourself and your company
  • Taking pride in yourself and your company goes
    along way. If you show up at a job site and your
    truck is clean, you are wearing your uniform, you
    have all the necessary equipment for the job and
    you are on time, the customer will know he is
    dealing with a professional concrete cutter.

32
Safety Audits
  • From time to time someone will inspect your job
    site to make sure you are not in harms way.
  • Your site will be inspected to make sure you are
    wearing all required PPEs and that all the
    proper equipment is in use.

33
Drug Free Work Place
  • In keeping with the Drug-Free Workplace Act of
    1988, it is the firm policy of this company to
    prohibit the unlawful manufacture, distribution,
    dispersion, possession, or use of any controlled
    substance in the workplace. Any violation of the
    is policy will not be tolerated and will result
    in sanctions against the offending employee up to
    and including termination of employment.

34
Company Vehicles
  • In some instanced you may be allowed to drive a
    company vehicle home at the end of the work day.
    You are not permitted to allow anyone else to
    drive or ride in the company vehicle unless your
    have written permission.
  • The company vehicle shall not be used for other
    business ventures outside of this corporation.

35
Motor Vehicle Safety / DOT
  • It is the policy of this company that only
    properly licensed and trained employees will be
    permitted to drive a company vehicle. Any person
    driving a commercially licensed vehicle must have
    a current DOT medical exam.
  • Only employees with a valid drivers will be able
    to operate a company vehicle.

36
Safety Meetings
  • Each location will have a set date and time for a
    safety meeting. Some locations will be weekly
    while others maybe monthly. These meetings are
    mandatory unless you have been excused. If you
    are excused you must read the topic and take a
    short quiz over the material covered.

37
Job Safety Analysis
  • Before you begin a job it is important to review
    the principals of a job safety analysis. Who is
    your job contact? What is the scope of your job
    today? Are there any hidden dangers? What can you
    do to make the job safer? A complete overview of
    the task assigned is important and can possibly
    even save your life.

38
Accidents, Injuries Illnesses
  • Accident Reporting
  • Injury Reporting
  • Workplace Illnesses
  • Emergency Action Plan

39
Accident Reporting
  • If you are involved in a motor vehicle accident,
    it is mandatory that the police department be
    called out. Never leave the scene of an accident.
    If there are injuries involved, call 911. Then
    back to the dispatcher. Some offices will require
    you to report losses to the safety director first
    and the dispatcher second. Many locations will
    require a drug screen at the time of the
    accident.

40
Emergency Procedures
  • The purpose of the plan is to eliminate or
    minimize hazards to employees in the event of a
    fire or other emergency

41
Emergency Action Plan
  • An emergency action plan describes the actions
    employees should take to ensure their safety if a
    fire or other emergency situation occurs. Well
    developed emergency plans and proper employee
    training (such that employees understand their
    roles and responsibilities within the plan) will
    result in fewer and less severe employee injuries
    and less structural damage to the facility during
    emergencies. A poorly prepared plan, likely will
    lead to a disorganized evacuation or emergency
    response, resulting in confusion, injury, and
    property damage.

42
Return to Work Program
  • It is an innovative process that ensures our
  • injured/ill employees are provided the best
    medical
  • services possible.
  • Retain our valued, experienced employees
  • Provide enhanced benefits to our injured/ill
  • employees
  • Safe, timely return of our injured/ill employees
  • back to the work force
  • Reduce the costs related to disability

43
Ergonomics
  • Ergonomics is the understanding the proper body
    mechanics of operating equipment or the day to
    day repetitive motion that maybe involved while
    working here.

44
Safe Lifting Practices
  • Proper care of your back is very important as
    your back is the mainstream of your day to day
    functions.
  • Proper rest and a good diet are vital.
  • Breaking down a load or asking for assistance
    will reduce and even eliminate a back injury.

45
Nurse Case Management
  • Some office will employ a nurse case manager.
  • This person will be on call to answer any medical
    questions relating to any workers compensation
    claim that the company may encounter.
  • Often times the nurse will also answer calls
    before a claim may develop, these calls are
    called early intervention.

46
First Aid / CPR
  • It is not required that you are trained in first
    aid or CPR, but if you have been trained and
    certified, please let us know.

47
First Aid Kits
  • Each truck is equipment with a First Aid Kit. If
    the supply in your kit runs low, ask the
    dispatcher for proper replacement of items.

48
Accident Prevention
  • Whether you are opening equipment or driving a
    company vehicle, slow down and tackle the
    assignment with a clear head.
  • All equipment should be maintained properly.
  • Allow the proper following distance between
    vehicles.

49
Injury Reporting
  • No matter what type of claim you have, all
    injuries are to be reported the day they occur.
    Proper medical attention will reduce the over all
    claim. Return to full work status is much greater
    as well.

50
Slips, trips falls
  • Occasionally you will encounter a fall hazard
    that might be caused by slipping on a wet
    surface, or trip over an object or even fall from
    another level.
  • A clean work area will prevent many of these
    hazards.

51
Near Miss Reporting
  • All employees are instructed to report all claims
    and near misses to the Safety Director and/or the
    dispatcher as soon as they occur. If you are
    involved in an auto accident you must call 911.
    Do not leave the scene of the accident.
  • Liability incidents while on a job site must be
    noted on your job ticket and reviewed with the
    customer before you leave the job site.

52
Blood borne Pathogens
  • Disease-causing germs(microorganisms) in human
    blood and other bodily fluids including
    hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human
    immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which are
    specifically identified in the Blood borne
    Pathogens Standard. However, microorganisms may
    cause a number of other diseases, including the
    hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, which is the
    most common chronic blood borne infection in the
    U.S. according to the Center for Disease Control
    and Prevention.
  • Your employer may offer you a vaccination for HEP
    A B

53
Respiratory Protection
  • The purpose of respirator protection is to
    control of those occupational diseases caused by
    breathing air contaminated with harmful dust,
    fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays, or
    vapors. The primary objective of this Safety
    Health Guideline (SHG) will be to prevent or
    minimize worker exposure to airborne
    contaminants. This will be accomplished as far as
    feasible by accepted engineering control
    measures. When effective engineering controls are
    not feasible, or while they are being instituted,
    appropriated respirators shall be used pursuant
    to the requirements of this SHG.

54
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55
Heat Stress
  • Four factors that cause heat stress are changes
    in temperatures, humidity, the radiant heat and
    the air velocity. Personal factors that effect
    heat stress are age, weight, fitness, medical
    condition and your bodys ability to adjust to
    changes in weather.
  • The body reacts to high external temperature by
    circulating blood to the skin, which increases
    skin temperate and allows the body to give off
    its excess heat through the skin. However, if the
    muscles are being used for physical labor, less
    blood is available to flow to the skin to release
    the heat.

56
Hearing Conservation
  • As part of the everyday work environment, our
    employees may be exposed to high noise levels,
    which could lead to permanent hearing loss.
  • This company has developed a Hearing Conservation
    Program to protect our employees hearing, which
    includes noise exposure monitoring, audiometric
    hearing tests on employees, and hearing
    protection devices, training and record keeping.

57
Silicosis
  • Silica is the name which collectively describes
    various forms of silicon dioxide, including both
    the crystalline and non-crystalline (amorphous)
    forms of silica. While amorphous silica can be
    transformed into crystalline forms such as
    tridymite and criticality by heating to high
    temperatures it is generally only the crystalline
    forms of silica which are fibrogenic. Quartz is
    the most common form of crystalline silica found
    in workplaces. In the concrete sawing and
    drilling industry most cutting is done wet and
    thus the particles that you would be exposed to
    are below OSHAs PEL.

58
CSDA
  • The CSDA is the Concrete Sawing Drilling
    Association. Your company is a member of the CSDA
    and a leader in the industry. The CSDA combines
    contractors and manufactures and finds a common
    ground on how to be a professional contractor.
  • www.csda.org

59
Housekeeping
  • Your day to day appearance is a reflection on you
    and your company.
  • Your truck should also be in neat and clean.
  • Excess trash should be discarded daily.
  • Also, your job site should be kept as neat as
    possible. Being organized will make your job
    easier to complete

60
OSHA
  • OSHA stands for the Occupational Safety and
    Health Administration. OSHA was set up in 1970 to
    hold employers responsible for a safe working
    environment.
  • All employees should be take an OSHA 10-Hour
    Construction course within 6 months of
    employment.

61
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62
General Safety
  • With this being your 1st day with this company,
    we do not expect you to know every rule and
    regulation of our company. The construction
    industry is very risky and should not be taken
    lightly. Common sense will keep you safe. Always
    follow your job site safe practices as they may
    exceed ours.

63
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64
Aerial Work Platforms
  • Before an aerial work platform can be used (Boom
    Lifts and Scissor-lifts), it is the
    responsibility of the individual to make sure
    that he has been trained on the model that he/she
    will be using. Therefore, whenever a user directs
    or authorizes an individual to operate an aerial
    work platform, the user must ensure that the
    individual has been trained in accordance with
    the manufacturers operating and maintenance
    manual, the users work instructions and the
    requirements of operators in the ANSI Standard
    before operation.

65
Asbestos / Lead Awareness
  • Asbestos is the name given to certain inorganic
    materials in their fibrous form. These fibers can
    be processed into various materials that are
    uniquely resistant to fire, heat, and corrosion.
    They are also extremely fine and easily inhaled.
    Exposure to them has been linked to lung cancers
    and to asbestosis, a severe lung impairment.

66
Assured Grounding
  • The assured grounding conductor program entails
    and employee to identify the hazard on the job
    site that are relative to electrical hazards and
    then take the corrective action.
  • Only plug into GFCI outlets, all hand tools must
    be double insulated, GFCIs on generators tested
    weekly and all damaged equipment taken out of
    service until it is repaired or replaced.

67
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68
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69
Chemical Spills
  • Any business whose chemicals may result in an
    uncontrolled hazardous substance release needs to
    have an emergency response plan and needs to be
    handled by a special response team. The chemicals
    that you will be working with will all be listed
    on the MSDS pages and will include the
    information on how to clean up a spill.

70
Compressed Gases
  • Proper transportation is key.
  • No tank shall be transported unless it has been
    secured with either chains or straps.
  • Tanks need to be in an upright position

71
Confined Space A confined space is defined as a
space that is large enough that an employee can
bodily enter and perform the assigned work, but
has limited or restricted means for entry or exit
and is not designed for continuous employee
occupancy. Some of our jobs are considered
confined spaces such as silos, vaults and man
hole boxes.
72
Craning Rigging
  • The removal on concrete is only limited to the
    ability to remove the piece that is cut. A cubic
    square of concrete weights approximately 150
    pounds.
  • Proper rigging is key to the removal. The
    positions of the straps must be equal in weight
    distribution.

73
Electrical Safety
  • Only trained and authorized personnel will be
    allowed to service electrical equipment.
  • Safety devices which have been installed on
    equipment such as interlocks, covers, GFCIs,
    they are there for your protection.
  • You should also read and follow the equipment
    manufactures recommendations on the safe use of
    all equipment.

74
Trenching
75
Excavation Trenching
  • Excavation is any man-made cut, cavity, trench,
    or depression in an earth surface that is formed
    by earth removal.
  • Trench is a narrow excavation made below the
    surface of the ground, which has a width of less
    than 15 feet.
  • A competent person that knows all trenching
    excavation standards must approve all trenches.
  • A protective system must be used in ALL
    excavation, which are 5 feet deep or greater
    (except for excavations in stable rock). Type A
    soil includes silt and sand, Type B includes sand
    and gravel, type C is mostly clay and stable rock
    is natural stone that can be excavated with
    vertical sides and will remain intact.

76
Fall Protection
  • Working in construction you will be exposed to
    fall hazards. The OSHA standard is that you must
    have a fall arrest system in place if you are
    working within 4 of a leading edge with a fall
    greater than 6. The fall arrest system can
    include the use of a harness, lanyard, and
    lifeline, or barricades, netting.

77
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78
Fire Extinguisher
  • Different types of fire extinguishers are
    designed to fight different classes of fire. The
    three most common types of fire extinguishers
    are
  • Water (APW)
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Dry Chemical (ABC, BC, DC)

79
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80
Forklift Safety
  • Although we do not operate fork lifts on a daily
    basis, some jobs will require the use of a fork
    lift to move equipment and concrete from the job
    site. Courses are taught on the proper use of a
    fork lift and all applicable rules and
    regulations must be followed if you are required
    to us this piece of equipment.

81
Ground Fault Interrupters (GFI)
  • A device which protects both the worker and the
    tool against line ground fault (short circuits).
    It does this by detecting and imbalance in the
    current flow to and form the tool. If a ground
    fault should occur, the current imbalance will
    trip the G.F.I. before the operator is shocked.

82
Hand Tool Safety
  • Always use the proper tool for the job. Never
    carry tools by the cord or hose. Disconnect tools
    from the power source before you work on the
    tool. All guards must be kept in place and are to
    be in working order. And always wear the proper
    PPE for the tool you are using

83
Hazardous Communications
  • Hazardous communications is your right to know
  • What am I working with
  • What are the heath hazards
  • How will it harm me.
  • You have the right to ask anyone on your job site
    to see there MSDS sheets and refuse a job if it
    appears unsafe do to a lack of hazardous
    communications

84
Hazardous Communications
85
Hazwoper
  • Hazardous Material is a serious safety and health
    problem that continues to endanger human life,
    animal life and environmental quality. Unless
    hazardous materials are properly treated, stored,
    or disposed of, it will continue to do great harm
    to our environment. There are an estimated
    575,000 existing chemical products, and hundreds
    of new ones being introduced annually. This poses
    a serious problem for exposed workers and their
    employer

86
Hot work permits
  • Some jobs will require a hot work permit before
    any sawing or drilling begins.
  • A hot work permit must be completed and kept on
    file if you are working on a potentially highly
    flammable job site.
  • The permit will list the equipment in use and all
    individuals working at your location.

87
Ladder Safety Working off of a ladder is not the
preferred method in sawing drilling. However
from time to time you may have to work off of a
ladder. The ladder is to be placed next to the
wall with at least 3 feet above the top surface,
the ladder must be tied off and the ladder must
also be on secured footing. All equipment should
be pulled up to the working location with the use
of a rope. A three point contact with the ladder
is required by OSHA.
88
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89
Lock-out Tag-out
  • Lock-Out/Tag-Out is also referred to as control
    of hazardous energy. This will protect you by
    making sure that machines and equipment are shut
    down during any service or maintenance.

90
MSDS
  • MSDS standards for material safety data sheets.
    This form will show you the name of the product
    you are working with, how it will harm you,
    ingredients, how to clean up a spill as well as
    other important information. You should take the
    time to familiarize yourself with the chemicals
    you are working with.

91
Machine Guarding
  • Moving machine parts have the potential for
    causing severe workplace injuries, such as
    crushed fingers or hands, amputations, burns, or
    blindness. Safeguards are essential for
    protecting workers from these needless and
    preventable injuries. Any machine part, function,
    or process that may cause injury must be
    safeguarded. When the operation of a machine or
    accidental contact with it can injure the
    operator or others in the vicinity, the hazards
    must be either eliminated or controlled.

92
Material Handling Storage
  • Avoid lifting where possible and practical by
    pushing, pulling, rolling or sliding the object
    to be moved. Use mechanical aids or request help
    from other employees when necessary, particularly
    when you find yourself in a difficult or awkward
    lifting situation. Proper lifting requires you to
    bend yours knees, not your back and let your leg
    muscles do most of the work.

93
Personal Protective Equipment
  • This company has a mandatory policy for 100 of
    personal protective equipment. You are required
    on all jobs to wear a hard hat, hearing eye
    protection, steel toed boots and respiratory
    projection as required by your specific job.

94
Process Safety Management
  • To help assure safe and healthful workplaces,
    OSHA has issued the Process Safety Management of
    Highly Hazardous Chemicals standard (1910.119),
    which contains requirements for the management of
    hazards associated with processes using highly
    hazardous chemicals. OSHA's standard emphasizes
    the management of hazards associated with highly
    hazardous chemicals and establishes a
    comprehensive management program that integrates
    technologies, procedures, and management
    practices. The following questions link to
    resources that provide safety and health
    information about process safety management

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Scaffold Safety
  • If you are working off a scaffold unit, than the
    height is not to be greater than 2 levels unless
    the scaffold is secured to the building. The
    scaffold must be able to with stand a weight of 4
    times the maximum intended load. All scaffold
    needs to have top rail no higher than 45 and a
    mid rail ½ the distance from the top rail.

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Signs Barricades
  • If you are working on a job that involves
    pedestrians or traffic, then the proper signs or
    barricades need to be in place.
  • Often times the general contractor will provide
    all traffic control.

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Signs, Signals Barricades
  • As part of sawing drilling, many of our jobs
    will require work to be done on bridges and
    roadways. Proper signage and barricades will save
    your life!

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Welding Cutting
  • From time to time you may be asked to torch rebar
    or cut through roof decking, but proper training
    is a must when welding or cutting with torches.
    If you are not familiar with this process it is
    important that you dont attempt to do this
    unless you have been trained.

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The Shop, Equipment Usage
  • Introduction to the Shop
  • Description of Equipment
  • Usage of Equipment
  • Types of Concrete

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Tour of the shop
  • After you have completed your necessary paperwork
    you will be given a tour of the shop.
  • The shop tour will show you an overview of the
    day to day operation. Equipment on hand will be
    described to you and the appropriate use of the
    equipment will be described.

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Items to be repaired or replaced
  • Each office will have a selected area for
    equipment to be repaired or replaced.
  • It is very important to tag items that are out
    service and that a very descriptive problem be
    listed on the repair tag.

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Core Drilling
  • Core drilling is one of the most basic jobs that
    we will do on a daily basis. The standard size of
    core drilling is 1 to 12. Core drilling can be
    done with electric or hydraulic power. The drills
    can be hand held or mounted by anchors. Other
    forms of drilling can be done based on the job
    demand.

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Bit Blade Safety
  • Before each use, the bits and the blades need to
    be inspected.
  • If a blade is not used properly than it may
    develop a core crack, the blade should be taken
    out of service.
  • Cores should also be inspected as they may have
    dropped and dented making it very hard to core an
    opening.

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Flat Sawing or Slab Sawing
  • Flat sawing or slab sawing refers to saws that
    cut on a flat surface. The horsepower of a saw
    can range from 10 to 120 hp. The saws can be in
    gas, diesel, hydraulic, electric or propane.

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Hand Sawing
  • There are many different hands saws in use. These
    saws can be gas, electric and hydraulic. The
    purpose of these saws is for quick and easy cuts.
    Often times this type of saw is missed used
    causing bodily injury or property damage. The
    other down side to this type of sawing is that
    the cuts are not as straight as a track mounted
    saw.

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Wall Sawing
  • Wall sawing is also called track sawing. This
    type of sawing can be done either electric or
    hydraulic. The wall saws come in many forms and
    can range in weights from 50 s up to 115 s.
  • Although this type of sawing is called wall
    sawing, this application can be applied to flat
    surfaces as well.

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Wire Sawing
  • The purpose of wire sawing is to cut a large
    section of concrete with a limited amount of
    room. The size cut is only limited to the
    contractors ability to move the piece after it is
    cut. Wire sawing does not use bits or blades,
    instead it uses a wire either coated with or with
    out plastic surrounded by diamond embedded beads.

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Specialized Equipment
  • Each truck is equipped with the basic items you
    will need on a daily basis. Certain jobs will
    require you to carry specialized equipment. This
    equipment should be used for that job and
    returned back to the shop at the end of the day.
    Specialized equipment may include flush cut saws,
    odd sized core bits as well as many other items.

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Bridge work
  • Bridge work generally is done to remove parapet
    walls and bridge decking. Fall hazards are always
    present and therefore the proper PPEs are
    required on all bridge work.

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Precision Demolition
  • Some offices will provide a service of precision
    demolition.
  • This service would include the haul off of
    concrete and the disposal.

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Decorative Cutting
  • From time to time your company may be called out
    to make a decorative cut. This type of cutting is
    very difficult and is time consuming. If the cut
    is made correctly, it will add value to property
    and confidence in the operator.

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Fuel Powered Equipment
  • Many pieces of equipment will run off a fuel
    sources
  • Gas
  • Diesel
  • Propane
  • When operating fuel powered equipment indoors,
    proper ventilation is required before cutting
    begins.

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Hydraulics
  • A large amount of equipment you will operate will
    be done with hydraulics.
  • Make sure you inspect your hoses daily for any
    leaks and do not over pressure the equipment you
    are using. If you are checking hydraulic hoses
    and they are pressurized, you must wear gloves.

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Other power sources
  • Hydro gen units are relatively new to the
    industry. This type of energy source can power
    electric and hydraulic equipment.

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Pour in Place
  • Concrete can be formed or poured in place.
  • When it is poured it place the sawing application
    can vary. Some cuts may be hand sawed, wall
    sawed, core drilled or wire sawed depending on
    the depth, width weight.

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Precast Concrete
  • Pre-cast concrete is made at a plant based on the
    specs of the job. Often times incorrect measures
    are made and modifications must be made using
    concrete sawing drilling applications.

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Brick Block
  • Brick and block construction is the least
    expensive to build and can be the quickest form
    of demolition.

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Hardness of Aggregate
  • There are many different types of rock used as
    aggregate. Generally hard aggregate breaks down
    the cutting diamonds faster which means the bond
    must be softer to expose new diamonds. Softer
    aggregate generally does not break down the
    cutting diamonds as quickly and therefore
    requires a harder bond to hold the diamonds in
    place to use their full potential.

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Green or Cured Concrete
  • The drying or curing of concrete greatly affects
    how the concrete will interact with a demand
    blade. Green concrete is freshly poured concrete
    that has not yet cured. It is softer and more
    abrasive than cured concrete. A harder bond with
    undercut protection should be used in this
    application until it is cured at which point a
    softer bond would be appropriated. The definition
    of green concrete can vary widely. Water,
    temperature, moisture in the aggregate, time of
    the year and the amount of water in the mix.

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Reinforcing Steel
  • Steel reinforcing tends to make a blade cut
    slower. Less reinforcing allows a blade to cut
    faster. Heavy rebar can also result from
    different grades of steel. Typical rebar is grade
    40 but grade 60 is also common. Rebar gauges are
    in eights of an inch. 4 is ½ diameter, 5 is
    5/8 diameter etc.

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Items to be repaired or replaced
  • Each office will have a selected area for
    equipment to be repaired or replaced.
  • It is very important to tag items that are out
    service and that a very descriptive problem be
    listed on the repair tag.

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The End
  • Now that you have reviewed this new hire
    orientation you will take a review test. This
    test will help us and you understand items that
    may need additional explanation.
  • Although we have addressed many issues in this
    presentation, there will be many other safety
    concerns arise as the jobs may change that will
    require additional training.
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