Geography of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 26
About This Presentation
Title:

Geography of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Description:

Loch Ness. Scotland's most famous lake. home of the Loch Ness monster. next to the lake is the Urquhart Castle. Places to visit ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:3646
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: Mate153
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Geography of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


1
Geographyof the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
2
General information
  • northern Europe (meridian)
  • statesEngland, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland
  • territories Great Britain, part of Ireland, a
    lot of outlaying islands
  • population of 61.1 million people
  • Great Britain is the fourth most
  • populated island
  • it takes the area of 209,331 km2
  • the capital city is London

3
General information
  • separated from the continent by the North Sea and
    by the English Channel
  • between GB and Ireland is also the Celtic Sea,
    the Irish Sea and in the north of GB is Atlantic
    Ocean
  • borthers with Ireland

4
Climate
  • coastal, moderate
  • not so big differences between summer and winter
  • temperatures from -10 to 35C
  • average temperature 15C
  • the Gulf Stream
  • a lot of rains
  • strong winds on the coasts

5
(No Transcript)
6
Surface
  • rolling landscape
  • almost all area of the England are lowlands
  • Except the Pennin Chain in the north of England
  • Wales highland
  • Cambrian Mountains
  • Scotland highland
  • The North West Highlands
  • The Grampian Highlands
  • Ben Nevis (1343 m)

7
Surface
  • a lot of firths
  • Moray Firth, Firth of Forth, Firth of Lorne
  • main rivers
  • Thames, Severn, Tweed
  • lakes
  • Loch Lomond, Loch Awe, Loch Ness, Lough Neagh

8
Agriculture
  • big influence of the countrys surface
  • England, Northern Ireland
  • lowland products (wheat, vegetable, potatoes,
    cattle, poultry)
  • products typical for the moderate climate
  • fishing
  • Scotland, Wales
  • highland breeding (sheeps, cattle...)
  • fishing

9
Industry
  • GDP (per capita) 43.733 (20th)
  • England is the center of european industry
  • hisotrical tradicions
  • car industry Rover, Jaguar, Bentley
  • electronics
  • clothes (Manchester and Northern Ireland)
  • engineering
  • chemistry
  • mining (also in Scotland and Wales)

10
Population
  • about 61.1 million people at all
  • England 51.4 million
  • Scotland 5.1 million
  • Wales 3 million
  • Northern Ireland 1.8 million
  • density 246 people/km2
  • at least 5.5 million British-born people live
    abroad (Australia, Spain, United States, Canada)
  • the most increasing group of immigrants Eastern
    European countries, Commonwealth countries

11
Population
  • a lot of immigrants and minorities
  • the greatest minorities Indian, Pakistani
  • languages no official language
  • English
  • 4 Celtic languages Welsh, Irish Gaelic,
    Scottish Gaelic and Cornish
  • religion
  • Christianity (protestants) 71
  • Ateists 15.1
  • Islam 2.8
  • Hinduism 1

12
Politics and administration
  • constitutional monarchy
  • Queen Elizabeth II.
  • parliament (legislative)
  • House of Commons (646)
  • House of Lords (700)
  • Prime minister Gordon Brown (executive)
  • Government
  • no constitution (uncodified)

13
Cities
  • London
  • capital city of England and United Kingdom
  • population of 7,556,900 (2007)
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vfBiEhS1t1s4

14
Cities
  • Edinburgh
  • capital city of Scotland
  • population 471,650 (2008)
  • the seat of the Scottish Parliament
  • The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh
    are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • places to visit the Edinburgh Castle, the Royal
    Mile, The Edinburgh Festival

15
(No Transcript)
16
Cities
  • Cardiff
  • capital city of Wales
  • Population 324,800 (2008)
  • places to visit the Cardiff Castle

17
Cities
  • Liverpool
  • population 435,500
  • one of the major port in UK
  • several areas throughout the city centre are
    listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • native town of The Beatles
  • places to visit Liverpool Cathedral, Royal Liver
    Building, St. George's Hall

18
(No Transcript)
19
Cities
  • Manchester
  • population 458,100 (2007)
  • economically fastest-growing city in UK
  • places to visit Manchester Cathedral

20
Cities
  • Belfast
  • the capital city of Northern Ireland
  • population 267,500 (2008)
  • place where the Titanic was built
  • place to visit Belfast City Hall

21
Places to visit
  • Stonehenge
  • Neolithic and Bronze Age stone monument (probably
    built 2500 BC)
  • listed in a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • served as a burial ground

22
Places to visit
  • White cliffs of Dover
  • symbolic guards of the UK

23
Places to visit
  • Hadrian's Wall
  • stone or turf and timber fortification
  • built by Romans in 122 AD to protect Roman Empire
    from scottisch tribes
  • listed in a UNESCO World Heritage Site

24
Places to visit
  • Loch Ness
  • Scotland's most famous lake
  • home of the Loch Ness monster
  • next to the lake is the Urquhart Castle

25
Places to visit
  • Giant's Causeway
  • area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns
  • the result of an ancient volcanic eruption
  • listed in a UNESCO World Heritage Site

26
Places to visit
  • The Eden Project
  • world's largest greenhouse
  • plants from all around the world
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com