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What Will We Actually Do On the Moon?

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Demonstrate a method of communicating about the Vision for Space Exploration ... loiter 1-yr base ops with Mars-type systems 6-mth orbital loiter = simulation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What Will We Actually Do On the Moon?


1
What Will We Actually Do On the Moon?
  • Brent Sherwood
  • brent.sherwood_at_jpl.nasa.gov
  • New Brunswick
  • June, 2007

2
Purpose
  • Demonstrate a method of communicating about the
    Vision for Space Exploration that could begin
    motivating the public to support it

3
Global Lunar Strategy
  • NASA catalyzed global lunar-exploration planning
  • March 2006 workshop with 200 participants in
    seven teams
  • Open RFI
  • Gap-filling reviews by 10 NASA centers, 14
    international space agencies, two commerce
    roundtables, young-professional and advocacy
    interest groups, MEPAG, LEAG

4
Global Lunar Strategy Dec 2006
  • 800 ideas about what to do on the Moon
  • Yielded 188 discrete objectives
  • 6 themes about why

5
Theme Mapping
  • Orange Team 3/06
  • Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar
    activities
  • Conduct science to gain new knowledge
  • Improve the human condition
  • Provide economic growth
  • Enable deeper exploration of the solar system
  • Ultimately establish human settlements off Earth
  • Global Strategy 12/06
  • Scientific knowledge
  • Global partnerships
  • Public engagement
  • Economic expansion
  • Exploration preparation
  • Human civilization

6
Two Techniques
  • Future history as a story
  • Specific vignettes that provide glimpses

7
Pocket Guide to Lunar Activity
  • First we will reinstate the capability to land
    people there, sustain them for a few days, and
    return them. This time, we will not be
    fundamentally restricted to Nearside,
    near-equatorial sites. Small crews will explore
    their surroundings, collect samples, set up
    simple surface systems (for power,
    communications, and scientific and engineering
    experiments), and learn how their equipment
    really operates. We will use simple rovers to
    explore regions surrounding the landing site. We
    will use remote sensing and surface exploration
    to seek unique places where useful materials or
    scientific phenomena are concentrated.
  • After determining where it makes sense to put
    down roots, we will bring larger habitation and
    workshop elements, and construct radiation
    shields around them using assembled structure
    elements and lunar regolith. We will commission
    power plants that can operate through the
    two-week night time. We will explore the strange
    regions where permanent shadow and near-permanent
    sunlight are close together, where there may be
    ice resources, and locations on the Farside where
    Earth is never directly visible. We will grade
    and pave the surface locally to make it safer,
    cleaner, and more predictable for people, mobile
    equipment and automated machines to operate.
    Crew members will begin to specialize
    experiments, exploration, construction,
    housekeeping, jury-rigging, and repair.
  • Among the engineering experiments will be some
    that test practical ways of operating,
    constructing, excavating, beneficiating, and
    ultimately producing useful products from lunar
    material oxygen for propellant and life support
    masonry, glass, and iron for making things
    nitrogen and other light elements for air and
    nutrients. We will learn how to cultivate,
    protect, and harvest plants and animals. We will
    try a wide variety of solutions to these
    challenges, selecting and scaling up the ones
    that work well.
  • We will establish test sites where we can
    practice techniques being designed to explore
    near-Earth asteroids and Mars. We will build
    research facilities that Earthbound scientists
    use by proxy to perform unique astronomical
    observations, or uniquely dangerous experiments.
    If it turns out to be economically sensible, we
    will establish large-scale production of
    lunar-derived propellants and construction
    materials to enable cis-lunar development, and
    large-scale generation of energy for Earth. We
    will build destinations on the Moon for business
    and leisure visitors. Eventually the scale and
    viability of these activities will cross the
    threshold that defines settlement, and humanity
    will become a two-planet species.

8
Scenario Vignettes
  • The details double-paradox
  • Painting the pictureeven without pictures!
  • The value of novelty
  • Get professional help to excite non-nerds

9
Eleven Vignettes
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Pave for dust control
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Establish a colony of continuously active robots
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Kitchen science
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Designer biology
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Tend the machinery
Conduct science to gain new knowledge Search for pieces of ancient Earth
Conduct science to gain new knowledge Build simple observatories that open new wavelength regimes
Improve the human condition Establish a virtual real-time network to enable public engagement
Provide economic growth Institute a public-private lunar development corporation
Enable solar system exploration Rehearse planetary protection protocols for Mars
Establish human settlements off Earth Expand life and intelligence beyond Earth
10
Eleven Vignettes
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Pave for dust control
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Establish a colony of continuously active robots
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Kitchen science
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Designer biology
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar activities Tend the machinery
Conduct science to gain new knowledge Search for pieces of ancient Earth
Conduct science to gain new knowledge Build simple observatories that open new wavelength regimes
Improve the human condition Establish a virtual real-time network to enable public engagement
Provide economic growth Institute a public-private lunar development corporation
Enable solar system exploration Rehearse planetary protection protocols for Mars
Establish human settlements off Earth Expand life and intelligence beyond Earth
11
Enable increasingly sophisticated lunar
activities
12
Pave for dust control
  • Lunar regolith hard vacuum !
  • Design around mitigation of bad effects
  • Pave roadways and work areas
  • Grade, then stabilize
  • Compaction vs. using the natural resource
  • Paving alternatives
  • Compacted gravel
  • Paving blocks
  • Direct sintering
  • Imagine an investigation that prototypes various
    methods to determine what works best to control
    dust

13
Establish a colony of continuously active robots
  • Kurzweil singularity what will we expect of
    robots by 2025?
  • Benefit-to-cost ratio
  • Human extension and enhancement
  • How much of an outpost could be built
    robotically?
  • Shape a predictable environment
  • Establish, verify routine operations
  • Build radiation shelters
  • Remote, dynamic construction site
  • Productivity
  • Public interest
  • No downtime during, between human visits
  • Imagine looking in on a robotic colony as it
    changes every day

14
Kitchen science
  • How normal processes work on the Moon, and
    affect routine activities
  • Convection, mixing, drainage, evaporation
  • The practical things
  • How to cook, how to clean, how to live
  • Must be done in situ
  • Investigations akin to play
  • Inherently interesting defining a new way for
    humans to live
  • Make it personal what do you do every dayand
    how will we learn to do these things on the Moon?

15
Designer biology
  • 1960s quiz Which will occur first?
  • Transgenic and knockout mice
  • DNA fingerprinting as admissible evidence
  • Cloned pets
  • Moon base
  • What biological miracles will be common by
    2030?
  • Plants and animals optimized for lunar conditions
  • Hard radiation, low atmospheric pressure,
    different partial pressures, long dark periods,
    strong ultraviolet, economical geometry, alien
    soil, nutrient concentration
  • Imagine a laboratory on the Moon devoted to
    developing a novel lunar ecology that meets our
    needs

16
Tend the machinery
  • You think YOU spend weekends working on your
    house
  • Economics will drive routine lunar ops to be
    machine-mediated
  • Highest and best uses of humans
  • Exploration
  • Jury-rigging new solutions
  • Maintenance and repair
  • Shirtsleeve workshop will emerge as critical need
  • Long night-time, diurnal rhythm
  • Imagine the public appeal when tending grows to
    include husbandry of living things

17
Conduct science to gain new knowledge
18
Search for pieces of ancient Earth
  • Oldest Earth rocks miss the first 1/5 of Earth
    history
  • Tectonic recycling, weathering obliterate the
    record
  • Lunar environment preserves solar system history
  • If SNCs could come from Mars to Earth
  • Lunar regolith must contain Earth rocks
  • How would we recognize them?
  • Imagine a scientific campaign using robots,
    humans, searches, modeling, sample recovery, and
    in situ and terrestrial lab analysis to gain
    insight into the missing history of Earth

19
Observatories to open new wavelength regimes
  • Every new wavelength window has yielded new
    discoveries about how the universe works
  • Space flight opened several windows above Earths
    atmosphere
  • Two unexplored windows remain they require both
    a space location and very large detectors
  • Low-frequency (? gt 10m) radio
  • Large array of simple dipole antennas
  • High-energy cosmic rays
  • Detector/regolith lasagna
  • Imagine robotic preparation and deployment of new
    kinds of observatoriesand imagine new
    discoveries being made

20
Improve the human condition
21
Virtual real-time network for public engagement
  • Voters of 2030 will not be born for another 5
    years
  • How much will they share our values?
  • Todays media world interests are a click away
  • Public will expect to be embedded in humanitys
    lunar adventures via high-fidelity telepresence
  • Anytime-broadband infrastructure
  • Privacy challenges
  • Not Education and Public Outreach
  • Digital-wallpaper live feeds of lunar wilderness
    or worksites
  • Moonwalks in immersive VR in junior high
  • Lunar inhabitant blogs and chat
  • Imagine how the issue of relevance will vanish
    as lunar living becomes just another part of our
    daily life

22
Provide economic growth
23
Public-private lunar development corporation
  • Public-private partnership is required to
    jumpstart viable commercial enterprise
  • Sparse and frangible business opportunities
  • High barriers to entry
  • Port authority model
  • Insures core service continuity, predictable
    business conditions
  • Promotes competitive growth via long-term,
    competitively-awarded service contracts
  • Reinvests its own profits to improve the port
    infrastructure
  • Accelerate commercial implementation of routine
    services
  • Habitation, energy, communications, propellant
    production, consumables resupply, food
    production, waste management, construction,
    maintenance, housekeeping, recycling, security

24
Enable solar system exploration
25
Planetary protection protocols for Mars
  • Mars is very different from the Moon
  • Yet, we can design lunar operations to validate
    Mars techniques
  • Key feature of human Mars exploration is
    investigation of special areas where life might
    be
  • Paradox require human field work, but most
    susceptible to contamination
  • Can sub-optimize lunar ops to emulate Mars
    conditions
  • Far-side outpost 6-mth orbital loiter 1-yr
    base ops with Mars-type systems 6-mth orbital
    loiter simulation
  • Help is days away, rather than months
  • Imagine rehearsing protocols for exploring
    special areas
  • Sterile robots, habitat gloveboxes, dust control,
    ops procedures

26
Establish human settlements off Earth
27
Expand life and intelligence beyond Earth
  • Über-objective focuses the others
  • Long-term purpose
  • Operations tailored for permanence, local supply,
    economic growth, self-sufficiency, survival,
    procreation, and new beginnings
  • Settlement resonates with people
  • A dwarf planet only three days awaywith
    resources
  • Opens alternative industrial space futures
  • Strategic destination for passenger travel
  • Noahs Ark reassurance
  • Key architecture and investment decisions
  • Reusable hydrogen/oxygen transportation systems
  • Sites selected to scale up resource production
  • Regenerable life support, genetic modification
  • Habitat construction
  • Genuine economic development
  • Imagine using settlement to focus what we do on
    the Moon now

28
What Happens Next?
  • More vignettes
  • Try this at home
  • Engage visionary illustrators
  • Doesnt matter if reality is different 25 years
    hence
  • Get professional help
  • Test-market
  • Be bold
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