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Feudal Japan

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Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture: Confucianism. Language (kanji characters). Buddhist sects. Chinese art & architecture. Government structure. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feudal Japan


1
  • Feudal
  • Japan

By Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS
Chappaqua, NY
2
Yamato Period 300-710
  • Began promoting the adoption of Chinese culture
  • Confucianism.
  • Language (kanji characters).
  • Buddhist sects.
  • Chinese art architecture.
  • Government structure.

Great Kings era
3
Prince Shotoku 573-621
  • Adopted Chinese culture and Confucianism.
  • Buddhist sects allowed to develop.
  • Created a new government structure
  • 17 Article Constitution in 604. ?

4
Heian Period 794-1156
  • Characteristics
  • Growth of large landed estates.
  • Arts literature of China flourished.
  • Elaborate court life highly refined
  • ETIQUETTE. ?
  • Personal diaries
  • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon 10c
  • Great novel
  • The Tale of Genji by Lady Murasaki Shikibu
    1000 pgs. ?
  • Moving away from Chinese models in religion,
    the arts, and government. ?

5
Heian PeriodCultural Borrowing
  • Chinese writing.
  • Chinese artistic styles.
  • Buddhism in the form of ZEN.
  • BUT, not the Chinese civil service system! ?

6
Heian Court Dress
7
The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
8
The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
9
Tale of Genji (first novel)
10
Tale of Genji Scroll(first novel)
11
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
She contributed much to the Japanese script known
as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters,
kanji.
12
Minamoto Yoritomo
Founded the Kamakura Shogunate 1185-1333
13
The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
Feudal Society
14
Feudalism
A political, economic, and social system based on
loyalty, the holding of land, and military
service. Japan
Shogun
Land - Shoen
Loyalty
Daimyo
Daimyo
Land - Shoen
Loyalty
Samurai
Samurai
Samurai
Food
Protection
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
15
Code of Bushido
  • Fidelity
  • Politeness
  • Virility
  • Simplicity

16
Seppuku Ritual Suicide
It is honorable to die in this way.
Kaishaku his seconds
17
Full Samurai Attire
18
Samurai Sword
19
Early Mounted Samurai Warriors
20
Underpinnings Basic Steps in Self Defense
A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the
chest was the basic undergarment of a samurais
costume
A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO, or armor robe, was
tied snugly at the waist with a special knot
(lower right)
21
BILLOWING PANTALOONS,worn over the armor robe,
fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of
movement
AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richly worked with a design
of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials
used in an armor robe that may have been made for
a 14th Century imperial prince
STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were
reinforced with strips of iron to give protection
from the front
22
Samurai Charging
23
Modern-Day Samurai Warriors
24
Zen Buddhism
  • A Japanese variation of the Mahayana
    form of Buddhism, which came from India
    through China.
  • It reinforced the Bushido values of mental and
    self-discipline.

25
Ashikaga Age 1338-1573
  • Shoguns fought for power.
  • Laws are unclear.
  • Less efficient than the Kamakura.
  • Armies of samurai protected the country. ?

26
Chapter 12 info ends here
  • No info beyond here on the test

27
Feudalism
A political, economic, and social system based on
loyalty, the holding of land, and military
service. Europe
King
Land - Fief
Loyalty
Lord
Lord
Land - Fief
Loyalty
Knight
Knight
Knight
Food
Protection
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
28
Code of Chivalry
  • Justice
  • Loyalty
  • Defense
  • Courage
  • Faith
  • Humility
  • Nobility

29
Medieval Warriors
vs.
European knight
Samurai Warrior
30
Medieval Warriors
vs.
Knights Armor
Samurai Armor
31
MongolInvasionsof Japan
4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds
stopped them.
32
CASTLES
33
Osaka Castle
34
Main Gate of Hiroshima Castle
35
Caernorfon Castle, Wales
36
Warwick Castle, England
37
R O E N S
38
The Age of the Warring States(1467 - 1568)
  • Castles built on hills in different
    provinces.
  • Power shifts from above to below.
  • Europeans arrive in Japan ? bringing
    firearms Christianity.
  • Christianity foreign trade flourish.

39
Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)
  • Banishes the last Ashikaga shogun.
  • Unifies a large part of Japan.

40
Catholic Jesuits in Japan
St. Francis XavierFirst Catholic Missionaries
in Asia
41
Toyotomi Hideyoshi(1536-1598)
  • Becomes suspicious of European
    territorial ambitions.
  • Orders all European missionaries expelled
    from Japan. ?
  • Tries to invade Korea, but fails.

42
First Christian Martyrs (1597) Shrine in
NagasakiToday
43
Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)
  • Appointed shogun by the Emperor.
  • Four-class system laid down with marriage
    restricted to members of the same class! ?
  • Warriors.
  • Farmers.
  • Artisans.
  • Merchants.

44
Tokugawa Shogunate Period
  • Japan closed off to all trade except to the
    Dutch and Chinese. ?
  • The Dutch were restricted to a small island
    in Nagasaki harbor.
  • Japanese Christians persecuted and
    Christianity is forbidden.
  • The government is centralized with all power
    in the hands of the shogun.
  • Domestic trade flourishes.
  • Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
  • Merchant class becomes rich! ?
  • New art forms ? haiku poetry, kabuki theater.
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