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CSOs, Evidence


Who are the connectors, mavens and salesmen? Get to know the policymakers. ... Sylvanus Abua, DIN. 24. ODI Civil Society Partnerships Programme and Development ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CSOs, Evidence

CSOs, Evidence Policy Influence
ODI Civil Society Partnerships Programme with
Development in Nigeria
Excellence Hotel, Lagos, Nigeria 18th March 2005
Seminar Programme
  • Introduction
  • Welcome Address, Ako Amadi, Community
    Conservation and Development Initiative
  • CSOs, Evidence Policy The RAPID Approach, John
  • Tea
  • Evidence and Policy A case study from Nigeria,
    Sylvanus Abua, Development in Nigeria
  • Discussion CSOs and Policy Processes in Nigeria
  • Closing Remarks, Ako Amadi
  • Informal drinks

Welcome Address Ako Amadi, Community Conservation
and Development Initiative
CSOs, Evidence and Policy Processes The RAPID
Approach John Young, ODI
Overseas Development Institute
  • Britains leading development Think Tank
  • 8m, 60 researchers
  • Research / Advice / Public Debate
  • Rural / Humanitarian / Poverty Aid / Economics
    (HIV, Human rights, Water)
  • DFID, Parliament, WB, EC
  • Civil Society

For more information see www.odi.org.uk
Partnerships Programme
Aim Strengthened role of southern civil society
organisations in development policy processes
  • Outcomes
  • Understanding how CSOs use evidence
  • Regional capacity to support CSOs
  • Improved information from ODI
  • Global collaboration

Regional Capacity
  • Ethical Principles of partnerships etc
  • Mapping of CSOs and organisations that support
  • Small-scale collaborations (internal)
  • Regional Workshops
  • Small-scale collaborations (external)
  • Identification of long-term partners
  • Support (and capacity-building)
  • Collaboration on global projects

  • CSOs increasingly being involved in policy
    processes (from service delivery).
  • Move from challenging state / overall governance
    to policy engagement.
  • But
  • the credibility and legitimacy of CSO involvement
    is questioned.
  • engagement often doesnt do justice to the
    breadth of evidence.
  • Southern research capacity has been denuded.
  • CSOs, researchers and policymakers seem to live
    in parallel universes.

The Opportunity
  • The results of household disease surveys
    informed processes of health service reform which
    contributed to a 43 per cent reduction in infant
    mortality between 2000 and 2003 in two districts
    in rural Tanzania.
  • TEHIP Project, Tanzania

HIV Prevalence 1990-2000
  • CSOs organizations that work in an arena
    between the household, the private sector and the
    state to negotiate matters of public concern.
  • Research any systematic effort to increase the
    stock of knowledge
  • Policy a purposive course of action followed by
    an actor or set of actors
  • Agendas / policy horizons
  • Official statements documents
  • Patterns of spending
  • Implementation processes
  • Activities on the ground

The linear logical model
Evaluate the results
Existing theory Relevant to Africa?
  • Linear model
  • Percolation model, Weiss
  • Tipping point model, Gladwell
  • Context, evidence, links framework, ODI
  • Policy narratives, Roe
  • Systems model (NSI)
  • External forces, Lindquist
  • Room for manoeuvre, Clay Schaffer
  • Street level bureaucrats, Lipsky
  • Policy as social experiments, Rondinelli
  • Policy Streams Windows, Kingdon
  • Disjointed incrementalism, Lindquist
  • The tipping point, Gladwell
  • Crisis model, Kuhn
  • Framework of possible thought, Chomsky
  • Variables for Credibility, Beach
  • The source is as important as content, Gladwell
  • Linear model of communication, Shannon
  • Interactive model,
  • Simple and surprising stories, Communication
  • Provide solutions, Marketing Theory I
  • Find the right packaging, Marketing II
  • Elicit a response, Kottler
  • Translation of technology, Volkow
  • Epistemic communities
  • Policy communities
  • Advocacy coalitions etc, Pross
  • Negotiation through networks, Sebattier
  • Shadow networks, Klickert
  • Chains of accountability, Fine
  • Communication for social change, Rockefeller
  • Wheels and webs, Chapman Fisher

in reality
  • The whole life of policy is a chaos of purposes
    and accidents. It is not at all a matter of the
    rational implementation of the so-called
    decisions through selected strategies 1
  • Most policy research on African agriculture is
    irrelevant to agricultural and overall economic
    policy in Africa2
  • policymakers seem to regard research as the
    opposite of action rather than the opposite of

1 - Clay Schaffer (1984), Room for Manoeuvre
Heineman Educational Books, London 2 - Omamo
(2003), Policy Research on African Agriculture
Trends, Gaps, and Challenges, ISNAR No 21 3 -
Surr (2003), DFID Research Review
RAPID Programme
  • Research
  • Desk-based literature reviews
  • Bridging Research and Policy
  • Communications
  • Knowledge Management
  • GDN project
  • 50 preliminary case studies
  • Phase II studies (25 projects)
  • ODI projects
  • 4 detailed case studies
  • Advisory work
  • Workshops and seminars

An Analytical Framework
External Influences Socio-economic and cultural
influences, donor policies etc
A Practical Framework
political context
Politics and Policymaking
Media, Advocacy, Networking
Research, learning thinking
What you need to do
  • Work with them seek commissions
  • Strategic opportunism prepare for known events
    resources for others
  • Get to know the policymakers.
  • Identify friends and foes.
  • Prepare for policy opportunities.
  • Look out for policy windows.
  • Who are the policymakers?
  • Is there demand for ideas?
  • What is the policy process?
  • Establish credibility
  • Provide practical solutions
  • Establish legitimacy.
  • Present clear options
  • Use familiar narratives.
  • Build a reputation
  • Action-research
  • Pilot projects to generate legitimacy
  • Good communication
  • What is the current theory?
  • What are the narratives?
  • How divergent is it?
  • Build partnerships.
  • Identify key networkers, mavens and salesmen.
  • Use informal contacts
  • Get to know the others
  • Work through existing networks.
  • Build coalitions.
  • Build new policy networks.
  • Who are the stakeholders?
  • What networks exist?
  • Who are the connectors, mavens and salesmen?

Skills of (pro-poor) policy entrepreneurs
Practical Tools
Overarching Tools - The RAPID
Framework - Using the Framework -
The Entrepreneurship Questionnaire
Context Assessment Tools - Stakeholder Analysis
- Forcefield Analysis - Writeshops -
Policy Mapping - Political Context
Communication Tools - Communications
Strategy - SWOT analysis - Message Design -
Making use of the media
Research Tools - Case Studies
- Episode Studies - Surveys -
Bibliometric Analysis - Focus Group Discussion
Policy Influence Tools - Influence Mapping
Power Mapping - Lobbying and Advocacy -
Campaigning A Simple Guide - Competency
Implications for CSOs
  • Need to be able to
  • Better understand the political context
  • Collect more credible research
  • Communicate more effectively
  • Work better with others
  • Need organisational capacity
  • Staff
  • Internal processes
  • Funds

Further Information / Resources
  • ODI Working Papers
  • Bridging Research and Policy Book
  • Meeting series Monograph
  • Tools for Policy Impact
  • RAPID Briefing Paper
  • www.odi.org.uk/rapid

Evidence and Policy A case study from
Nigeria Sylvanus Abua, DIN
  • What are the key factors influencing
    evidence-based policy in Nigeria?
  • What are the key constraints faced by CSOs
    seeking to influence policy in Nigeria?
  • What could ODIs CSPP do to help?

  • Contact Details

CSPP Programme www.odi.org.uk/cspp RAPID
Programme - www.odi.org.uk/rapid Cecilia Luttrell
c.luttrell_at_odi.org.uk John Young
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