TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 1f671d-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH

Description:

TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:51
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 59
Provided by: MSis4
Learn more at: http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH


1
TAKING THE MYSTERY OUT OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH
  • Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee
  • January 11-13, 2005
  • Michael Sissenwine

2
MARINE FISHERIES ADVISORY COMMITTEE
  • Recommends NMFS begin a long term process toward
    an ecosystem approach
  • Report of the Ecosystem Task Team,
  • San Diego, 14 May 2003

3
TOPICS
  • An ecosystem approach
  • What is it, and why do it?
  • Whats happening now?
  • What next?

4
SOME COMMON CAUSES OF SETBACKS!
  • Ecosystem Approach to what?
    fisheries or whole ecosystems?
  • Second guessing ourselves.
  • Lack of resolve.
  • Failure to engage stakeholders.
  • Trying to make one-size-fits-all.

5
WHATS AT STAKE?
  • Integrity
  • commitments have been made!
  • Honor
  • do we believe in what we have been
    doing to be responsible stewards?
  • Opportunity
  • do we want to be leaders?

6
WHATS AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH ALL ABOUT?
  • Some key messages
  • Its Common Sense - EA takes into account (1)
    ecosystem knowledge uncertainties, (2) strives
    to balance diverse societal views, (3)
    preserves options for future generations.
  • Its an Incremental Process, Not a Prescribed
    Outcome.
  • Its Evolutionary, Not Revolutionary.

7
MORE ON MESSAGE
  • An Evolution Progressing from Bottom-up (i.e.,
    within sectors) from Top-down (i.e., for whole
    ecosystems).
  • Fisheries Sector is leading the way in Applying
    an Ecosystem Approach
  • more so than 5 years ago, but less so
  • than we expect 5 years from now!
  • Need to seize the agenda for Ecosystem Approach
  • or fall victim to it!

8
MORE ON MESSAGE
  • An Ecosystem Approach is a Win for Fisheries.
  • Living Marine Resources Integrate Ecosystem
    Conditions.
  • This Makes Fisheries the Universal Stakehold.
  • with influence on non-fisheries.
  • Fisheries stakeholders (including environmental
    and protected species interests) are already at
    the table.

9
ECOSYSTEM APPROACH ITS NOT NEW TO US
  • Fisheries have always embraced an Ecosystem
    Approach
  • Spencer Bairds vision.
  • ICNAFs ecosystems approach.
  • MARMAP in 1970s.
  • Ecosystem models of Georges Bank Bering Sea in
    the 1970s-80s.
  • O.E. Settee Reuben Lasker (to name a few) were
    pioneers of Fisheries Oceanography.
  • Large Marine Ecosystems (1986).
  • NMFS PDP for Ecosystems Monitoring Fisheries
    Management (1987).

10
SPENCER BAIRDS VISION
  • Ascertain, among other facts, at what time
    the fish reach our coasts and during what period
    they remain when they spawn and where what is
    the nature of their food what localities they
    prefer what agents interfere with the spawn of
    the young fish Many other points of equal
    importance omit nothing, as without thorough
    knowledge it would be impossible to determine
    causes affecting the abundance of animal life in
    the sea and the methods of regulating it.
  • Baird 1872

11
CALL TO ACTION AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH DISCOVERED
  • Conservation Communitys Alternative to
  • ..failed single-species approaches...
  • Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, FAO
    Guidelines.
  • NMFS Ecosystems Principles Report.
  • NRC Panel on Sustainable Fisheries.
  • ESA WWF Reports/Guidelines.
  • WSSD Johannasburg Calls for EA.
  • Marine Fisheries Advisory Committee
  • PEW Commission and USCOP Calls for EA.

12
EVERY ONE IS SAYING IT, BUT WHAT ARE THEY SAYING?
  • Specificity lacking in most cases, but many
    common themes
  • Consider Trophic Interactions.
  • Consider Natural Anthropogenic Environmental
    Influences.
  • Stop Externalizing Adverse Impacts
  • (e.g., habitat alterations, pollution).
  • Engage stakeholders to set objectives .
  • Preserve options for future generation.

13
NOAAs DESCRIPTION OF AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH
  • Management that is adaptive
  • geographically specified, takes
  • account of ecosystem
  • knowledge, uncertainties,
  • considers multiple external
  • influences, strives to
  • balance diverse societal objectives.
  • The transition to an Ecosystem
  • Approach to management needs to
  • be incremental collaborative.

14
WHATS HAPPENING NOW?
  • FMCs are progressively applying EA.
  • Four FMCs are fulfilling Congressionally
    initiative for ecosystem approaches.
  • Decision support tools for EAF are being
    developed.
  • NOAA is refining its action plan for EAM (broader
    than just fisheries)

15
NOAAs Strategic Goals
NOAAs Vision To move NOAA into the 21st century
scientifically and operationally, in the same
interrelated manner as the environment that we
observe and forecast, while recognizing the link
between our global economy and our planets
environment.
Weather and Water
Transportation and Commerce
Ecosystems
Climate
Protect, restore, and manage the use of coastal
and ocean resources through ecosystem-based
management
16
TODAYS ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO FISHERIES (EAF)
  • Many examples taking into account
  • Environment Climate Regimes.
  • Habitat Affected by Fishing.
  • Non-Fishing Impacts on LMRs.
  • Bycatch.
  • Endangered Species.
  • Uncertainty Risk.
  • Scientific Needs.

17
INTEGRATED OCEAN OBSERVING SYSTEM (IOOS)
  • NOAAs Ecosystem Observing Program
  • Built on decade of LMR and ecological surveys
  • Integration, modernization, expansion to fill
    gaps
  • Modernizarion, metadata, quality assurance, value
    added products
  • State of the art fishery survey vessels
  • A commitment to sustained time series music to
    our ears!

Part of EOS championed by VADM Lautenbacher
18
(No Transcript)
19
F/V H. B. Bigelow
20
(No Transcript)
21
NOAA Fisheries Northwest
NWFSC Observation Data
22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
(No Transcript)
25
Ecosystem Approach for Alaska
26
Ecosystem Approach to Management North Pacific
Council
Conservative single species targets
  • TAC less than ABC for individual stocks
  • OY cap on total groundfish yield
  • No target fisheries on forage
  • Short-tailed albatross take restrictions, Seabird
    bycatch mitigation devices
  • No fishing in Steller sea lion foraging area and
    minimum biomass threshold for sea lion prey
  • Trawl closures, bottom trawling restrictions
  • Bycatch and discard controls

CAP on TOTAL TARGET CATCH BSAI Total yield lt 2
million tonnes
27
BSAI Summary for 2003
ABC 3,664,065 mt Max TAC 2 million mt (lt 55
of ABC due to 2 million mt cap 2003 Reported
Catch thru Nov 8 1,957,029 mt)
28
Steller Sea Lion Protection Measures
29
Cold-water Coral Research and Protection
30
Cooperative Research to Develop Seabird Bycatch
Mitigation Devices
31
Example Western Pacific FMC Coral Reef Ecosystem
FMP
  • Fulfills permit reporting requirement for
  • monitoring harvest of coral reef resources.
  • Strives to minimize impacts on coral reef
    habitat
  • incorporates adaptive management approach
  • framework process for rapid regulatory
    modifications
  • in event of major changes within coral reef
    ecosystems
  • or coral reef fisheries.
  • Provides specific objectives to promote
    sustainable
  • fisheries, while providing for substantial
    protection of
  • coral reef ecosystem resources habitats
  • establishment of network of MPAs.

32
(No Transcript)
33
BYCATCH REDUCTION Harbor porpoise bycatch in
the Northeast sink gillnet fishery has declined
steadily due to the use of acoustic pingers,
effort reduction time/area closures
34
  • Raised Foot rope trawl for whiting off New
    England
  • reduces cod bycatch.
  • Used in Cape Cod Bay.

35
2003 VMS Positions (for speeds lt 3.5 km/hr)
Effort Highly aggregated
36
Non-Resource Species Barndoor Skate back from
the dead
Goal
37
Example South Atlantic FMC FEP
  • Taking proactive approach to protecting
    enhancing EFH for all managed species by
  • Regulating fisheries to protect habitat from
    direct indirect
  • effects.
  • Commenting on, developing, approving policies
    on non-
  • fishing activities that may impact fish
    habitat.
  • Developing a Habitat Plan Comprehensive
    Amendment
  • Addressing EFH in the FMPs for the South
    Atlantic Region.
  • Developing an FMP for Sargassum (a seaweed).
  • Implementing Coral and Coral Reefs FMP to
    protect fragile
  • coral in Oculina Bank Habitat Area of
    Particular Concern
  • (now 300 sq. miles).

38
Parts of the Oculina Bank are habitat for 23
managed snapper-grouper species, including
several overfished species.
39
Habitat Protection South Atlantic Oculina
  • Oculina varicosa - Ivory Tree Coral
  • Forms dense thickets supporting
  • diverse invertebrate and finfish
  • communities.
  • Slow growing.
  • Fragile.
  • Oculina Bank
  • 90 mile strip of coral reefs
  • near continental shelf edge
  • off central eastern Florida.

40
(No Transcript)
41
(No Transcript)
42
(No Transcript)
43
(No Transcript)
44
(No Transcript)
45
Bocaccio rockfish recruitment depends on
upwelling off Pacific Coast. Climate regimes
being used in setting fishing Strategies.
46
MPAs Rockfish Conservation Areas (RCAs) off US
West Coast
47
(No Transcript)
48
(No Transcript)
49
Congressional Initiative Fisheries Ecosystem
Projects
  • In FY2004, Congress allocated 2 million for
    NOAA Fisheries to conduct ecosystem management
    pilot projects in four regions
  • New England
  • Mid-Atlantic
  • South Atlantic
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Report language from the Senate further explains
  • The pilots purposely cover bodies of water that
    are contiguous,
  • because the one influences the others.
  • Ultimately, should the pilots prove successful,
    the Committee would
  • expect to fold more specific initiatives into
    the larger ecosystem approach.
  • NMFS is directed to report to the Committees on
    Appropriations not later
  • than December 1, 2003 on its plans for
    implementing the pilots.

50
Spending Plan (FY2004 - 1.948 M)
  • Enhance Regional Ecosystem Governance Structures
    through Fishery Management Councils (945K)
  • Determine Management Objectives, Threats,
    Options
  • Alternatives
  • Evaluate ability of Councils to expand their
    remit
  • Conduct Technical Workshops (193K)
  • Establish dialog between science management in
    applying
  • ecosystem principles to fisheries
  • Assess the state-of-the-art
    facilitate dialog,
  • Determine technical needs.
  • Develop Quantitative Decision Support Tools
    (810K)
  • Develop quantitative methods, frameworks and
    software to aid
  • decision makers in evaluating management
    options and their
  • consequences(models and GIS tools)

51
EcoGIS Workshop (cont.)
  • Two specific projects (NE, SA) to collect data
    sources and
  • coordinate activites.
  • Some data (e.g., bathymetry, environmental data)
    need to
  • be mined from existing NOAA and other
    government databases.
  • Biological data from states, NOAA-Fisheries and
    other sources.
  • Critical for Councils to identify the types of
    analyses they need
  • (e.g., predator-prey overlap, habitat
    type-trawling frequency, etc.).
  • Full time staff at NOS devoted to the project (2
    years), and
  • additional data sets and some staff at NEFSC
    SEFSC.
  • Some Councils have GIS capabilities.
  • Training is a need for scientists, staffs,
    decision makers.

52
More Ecosystem Projects
  • Social Science Survey Instrument Workshop
  • (Nov 29 - Dec 2, 2004 Miami, FL).
  • Decision Support Tool Workshop (February 14-19,
    2005
  • Key Largo)
  • - Primarily a science needs assessment to
    support EAF.
  • - What constitutes an Integrated Ecosystem
    Assessment?
  • Look for new opportunities to engage
  • science and management
  • making sure we get the
  • (science) cart the (management)
  • horse working in harmony.

53
Technical Guidelines for Developing FEPs
Follow-up to Report on Ecosystem Principles and
MAFAC Recommendations
54
EAF Management Plan Sequence
The process of unpacking the high level
objectives into operationally meaningful
objectives and measurable indicators
High level policy goals (Economic, Social,
Environmental)
Broad objective for the fishery
Priority issues (level at which management can
address)
Operational objectives
Indicators performance measures
Review and performance evaluation
55
WHAT NEXT (cont.)
  • For Fisheries
  • Learn from others (e.g., Australia).
  • Collaborate (FMCs and NOAA NMFS as Partners) with
    stakeholders to develop guidelines for Fishery
    Ecosystem Plans.
  • Make EA operational--translate generalities into
    operational objectives (i.e., control rules for
    and Ecosystem Approach).
  • Prepare demonstration plans for Fishery
    Ecosystems.

56
WHAT ABOUT AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH FOR ENTIRE
ECOSYSTEMS?
  • Called for by USCOP and NOAA Strategic Plan.
  • The dialog is just beginning.
  • Must evolve incrementally collaboratively.
  • No call for change in regulatory authorities
    (e.g., fisheries managed by FMCs and NOAA
    Fisheries as partners).
  • An opportunity for sectoral cross-talk.
  • NOAAs Ecosystem Goal Team is responding to the
    Challenge

57
WHAT ABOUT AN ECOSYSTEM APPROACH FOR ENTIRE
ECOSYSTEMS? (cont.)
  • Fisheries have more to gain than other sectors.
  • Fisheries are everyones stakehold.
  • All of Fisheries stakeholders already at the
    table.

Common sense, not nonsense!
58
THE END
About PowerShow.com