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Hazard Communication

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IMMEDIATE HAZARD WARNING. ... Appropriate hazard warning in English ... You have completed the Hazard Communication Signs and Labels Training Module. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hazard Communication


1
Hazard Communication
  • Understanding Signs Labels

2
Hazard Communication Standard
  • to ensure that the hazards of all chemicals
    produced or imported are evaluated, and that
    information concerning their hazards is
    transmitted to employers and employees.
  • Required by Law OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1200
  • Established in 1983
  • Right-to-Know
  • 5 Major Sections
  • Identification of hazardous chemicals
  • Written program
  • Labels and other forms of warning
  • MSDSs
  • Information and training

3
Objectives
  • Recognize the purpose of labels
  • Identify the 3 key requirements of labels under
    the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
  • Identify the hazard indicated on a label

4
What is a label?
  • Any written, printed or graphic material
    displayed on or affixed to a container of
    hazardous chemicals.

5
Purpose of labels and other forms of warning
  • Manufacturers, suppliers and importers must label
    containers of chemicals.
  • IMMEDIATE HAZARD WARNING.

6
Requirements --Three pieces of information
  • Name of hazardous chemical, as it appears on the
    MSDS and chemical list
  • Appropriate hazard warning in English
  • Other languages may be added as long as the
    English warning is present
  • Name and address of the manufacturer, importer,
    or supplier.
  • If any one of the three is missing, the material
    should not be accepted.

7
Label Requirements
Name Hazard Manufacturer
Manufacturer is not required on workplace
containers
8
Sample LabelRequirements
  • Types of Containers
  • Incoming Container
  • Stationary Container
  • Racks of Samples
  • Transfer Containers

9
Names and Hazard Warnings
10
RequirementsLabels on Incoming Containter
  • Must not be destroyed, removed or defaced unless
    immediately replaced with another label
    containing the required information

11
RequirementsStationary Containers
  • Labels on containers and vessels must contain
  • Name of substance
  • Warning

12
RequirementsRacks of Samples
  • The rack in which samples are placed could be
    labeled in lieu of labeling individual samples if
    the contents and hazards are similar.

13
RequirementsTransfer Containers
  • Chemicals transferred from a larger container
    Must be labeled if not used within one work shift.

14
Exceptions
  • Pesticides
  • TSCA-regulated substances
  • Food, food additives and veterinary devices
  • Distilled spirits for non-industrial use
  • Consumer products
  • Agricultural or vegetable seed
  • These fall under labeling requirements of other
    government agencies

15
Labeling and Placarding Systems
16
Labeling and Placarding SystemsANSI
  • Most common
  • Labels include
  • Chemical Name
  • A Signal Word (Danger, Warning, or Caution)
  • Hazards
  • Precautionary Statement
  • First Aid Procedures

17
Labeling and PlacardingNFPA Label
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
    diamond-shaped labels
  • Protect emergency response personnel
  • Contain sections showing the degree of hazard
    for
  • Health
  • Fire
  • Reactivity
  • Specific Hazards

18
(No Transcript)
19
Labeling and Placarding SystemsHMIS
  • Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS)
  • Similar color coding and number system to NFPA
    label.

20
Labeling and PlacardingDOT Labels
  • Department of Transportation (DOT)
  • Labels must not be removed until all containers
    are emptied and cleaned.

21
Labeling and Placarding SystemsDOT Placards
  • Like DOT labels, these use
  • Graphics
  • Words
  • UN identification system
  • Color coding
  • Shipping and receiving personnel receive special
    training in DOT requirements

22
DOT Placards
23
Common Hazard Signs
Caution
Low Temperature
Warning
Remote Control Equipment
Toxic
Magnetic Field
Optical Radiation
Radiation
Laser Hazard
Ionizing Radiation
Non-Ionizing Radiation
Biohazard
High Voltage
Chemical Weapon
24
LabelsEuropean Hazard Symbols
Explosive (E)
Oxidizing agent (O)
Highly flammable (F)
Extremely flammable (F)
Toxic (T)
Very toxic (T)
Harmful (Xn)
Irritant (Xi)
Corrosive (C)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
  • Annex II of Directive 67/548/EEC

25
GHS Symbols
26
WHMIS
CLASS A
CLASS C
CLASS D-1
CLASS B
Compressed Gas
Flammable and Combustible Material
Oxidizing Material
Poisonous and Infectious Material (Immediate and
serious effects)
CLASS D-2
CLASS D-3
CLASS E
Poisonous and Infectious Material (Causing other
toxic effects)
CLASS F
Poisonous and Infectious Material (Biohazardous
Infectious Material
Corrosive Material
Dangerously Reactive Material
27
Labeling and Placarding SystemsUniversal
Laboratory Signage
28
Exploding Bomb
  • Explosives
  • Self-Reactives
  • Organic Peroxides
  • Be sure to read the warning label or the MSDS for
    safe handling procedures.

29
Burning Flame
  • Flammables
  • Self-Reactives
  • Pyrophorics (spontaneous combustion materials
    that burst into flames on their own at
    temperatures below 130 degrees Fahrenheit)
  • Self-heating
  • Emits flammable Gas

30
Round Flame (Burning O)
  • Oxidizers
  • cause other substances to burn more easily
    through a chemical reaction or change.
  • Organic Peroxides
  • contain oxygen and act as powerful oxidizers.

31
Reactive Warnings
32
Gas Cylinder
  • Gases Under Pressure
  • Examples
  • Nitrogen
  • Oxygen
  • Acetylene
  • Handle with care
  • Do not damage when moved or used
  • Read MSDS and labels

33
Skull and Crossbones
  • Acute Toxicity
  • Poisonous and Infectious Material (Causing
    Immediate and serious effects)

34
Exclamation Point or X
  • Acute Toxicity
  • Skin Irritation
  • Eye Irritation
  • Skin Sensitizers

Harmful (Xn)
Irritant (Xi)
35
Corrosive
  • Eye Corrosion
  • Skin Corrosion
  • Corrosive to Metal

36
Toxic Hazards
  • Carcinogens
  • Mutagens
  • Teratogens
  • Respiratory sensitizers
  • Substances which have target organ toxicity
  • Germ Cell Mutagens

37
Environmental Toxicity
  • Aquatic Toxicity
  • Dangerous for the Environment

38
Labeling and Placarding SystemsLaboratory
Signage
39
Danger
  • Indicates Hazardous situations with a high
    probability of death or severe injury.
  • Is not used for Property damage unless personal
    injury risk is present.

40
Warning
  • Indicates Hazardous situations that have some
    probability of death or severe injury.
  • Is not used for Property damage unless personal
    injury risk is present. 

41
Caution
  • Indicates Hazardous situations which may result
    in minor or moderate injury.
  • Is not used for Situations when there is a
    possibility of death or severe injury.

42
Notice
  • Indicates A statement of company or workplace
    policy as the message relates directly or
    indirectly to the safety of personnel or
    protection of property.
  • Is not used for Hazardous situations where death
    or severe injury may occur.

43
Safety First
  • Indicates General instructions relative to safe
    work practices, reminders of proper safety
    procedures and the location of safety equipment

44
Sources
  • Inspection Procedures for Hazard Communication
  • Draft Model Training Program for Hazard
    Communication
  • Hazard Communication A Review of the Science
    Underpinning the Art of Communication

45
Additional Training
  • Understanding Hazard Communication
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
  • Labels
  • Health Effects
  • Toxics
  • Corrosives
  • Reactives
  • Flammables

46
For More Information
  • OSHA's Standard for Hazard Communication (29 CFR
    1910.1200)
  • Wright State Universitys Hazard Communication
    Program
  • Wright State Universitys Environmental Health
    and Safety Website
  • Marjorie.Markopoulos_at_wright.edu

47
Congratulations!
  • You have completed the Hazard Communication Signs
    and Labels Training Module.
  • Please click the following link to document your
    training
  • Training Certification
  • Thank You!
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