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Title: Ridvan BOZKURT


1
INTRODUCTION TO ENGINEERING IE 101 ATILIM
UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING 2009 2010 FALL SEMESTER
  • Ridvan BOZKURT

2
OZGEÇMIS
  • 1980 yilinda ODTÜ Maden Mühendisligi bölümünden
    mezun oldu, daha sonra ayni bölümde Yüksek Lisans
    çalismasini tamamladi. 1980 1988 yillari
    arasinda Yeni Çeltek Kömür ve Madencilik A.S.ye
    bagli Merzifon ve Bolu Linyit Isletmelerinde
    çesitli pozisyonlarda çalisti.
  • 1988 1989 yillari arasinda Goodyear Lastikleri
    T.A.S.de Satis Direktörlügüne bagli olarak
    Bölge Teknik Temsilciligi görevinde bulundu. 1989
    2003 yillari arasinda uzman olarak çalistigi
    Milli Prodüktivite Merkezinde çok sayida
    danismanlik projesi ve egitim programi
    gerçeklestirdi. 2003 2005 yillari arasinda
    Milli Prodüktivite Merkezi Danismanlik Bölüm
    Baskanligi görevini üstlendi. Ekim 2005den bu
    yana serbest danisman ve egitmen olarak
    çalisiyor. Halihazirda satilmakta olan 6 kitabi
    ve çeviri ekibine katildigi bir ILO yayini, Milli
    Prodüktivite Merkezi tarafindan yayimlanmistir.
    Ayrica, çesitli yayin organlarinda çok sayida
    makalesi yayimlanmis ve çesitli kongre ve
    sempozyumlarda bildiriler sunmustur.
  • Halen, danismanlik ve egitim çalismalarini
    sürdürmektedir.
  • rbozkurt_tr_at_yahoo.com

3
EGITIMLER
  • Stratejik Yönetim
  • Etkili Kurumsal Performans Yönetimi Için Balanced
    Scorecard (Dengeli Karne) Kullanilarak
    Stratejilerin Uygulamaya Alinmasi
  • Yönetsel Becerilerin Gelistirilmesi
  • Aile Sirketlerinde Yönetim ve Sürekliligin
    Saglanmasi
  • Toplam Kalite Yönetimi (TKY)
  • Etkili Sunum Yapma Teknikleri
  • Motivasyon
  • 5 S Endüstriyel Temizlik ve Düzen
  • Sorun Çözme Teknikleri
  • Istatistiksel Süreç Kontrolü
  • Kalite Maliyetleri

4
DANISMANLIKLAR
  • Aile Sirketleri Yönetim Danismanligi
  • Kurumsal Performansi Artirma Planlamasi (OD/PIP)
    Danismanligi
  • Güçlü Yönler, Zayif Yönler, Firsatlar ve
    Tehditler (GZFT- SWOT) Analizi Danismanligi
  • Süreç Analizi ve Iyilestirme Firsatlarinin
    Belirlenmesi Danismanligi
  • Verimlilik Sorunlarinin Teshisi ve Çözüm
    Önerilerinin Gelistirilmesi Danismanligi
  • Yönetici Performans Düzeyinin Belirlenmesi ve
    Iyilestirilmesine Yönelik Öneriler Gelistirilmesi
    Danismanligi
  • Organizasyonel Yeniden Yapilanma Danismanligi
  • Is Degerlendirme ve Ücretlendirme Danismanligi
  • Çalisan Memnuniyetinin Ölçülmesi Danismanligi
  • Müsteri Memnuniyetinin Ölçülmesi Danismanligi

5
ATÖLYE ÇALISMALARI
  • Aile Sirketlerinde Sürekliligin Saglanmasi Atölye
    Çalismasi
  • Aile Sirketlerinde Kurumsallasma Atölye Çalismasi
  • Aile Isletmelerinde Çatisma Alanlari ve Çözüm
    Önerileri
  • Kurumsal Performansi Artirma Planlamasi (KPAP)
    Atölye Çalismasi
  • Ilgili Taraf (Paydas) Beklenti Analizi (Ortak
    Akil Toplantisi) Atölye Çalismasi
  • Okul Bütçesi Hazirlama ve Kaynak Bulma
  • Kaizen Is Örneklemesi Yapilarak Kayip Zamanlarin
    ve Nedenlerinin Belirlenmesi ve Azaltilmasi

6
ENGINEER
  • From engine and ingenious, from Latin root in
    generate- to create
  • Ingenieus- from old French engeigneus derived
    from engine- a war machine throwes stones,
    dead horses, diseased human as a biological
    warfare.

7
Engineer Identification Test
  • You walk into a room and notice that a picture
    is hanging crooked. You
  • straighten it
  • ignore it
  • buy a CAD system and spend the next six months
    designing a solar powered, self adjusted picture
    frame whilw often stating aloud your belief that
    the inventor of the nail was a total moron.

8
ENGINEER
  • All man made objects result from the efforts of
    engineers

9
Please write down ten answers to each of these
questions
  • How much do you know about engineering?
  • Why did you choose to study engineering?
  • What reasons lead you to believe that you are
    ready and equipped to study engineering?
  • What new success skills do you need to succeed in
    engineering study?

10
Why did you choose to study engineering?
  • To work for and with people
  • Always liked science and math

11
ENGINEERING
  • What is engineering?
  • What do engineers do?
  • Why choose to study engineering?

12
ENGINEERING
  • You must develop the necessary
  • work strategies
  • study strategies
  • attitudes
  • communication skills
  • ability to work as a part of a group
  • time management skills

13
ENGINEERING
  • APOLLO PROGRAM
  • An engineering achievement
  • US landed on the moon in 1969

14
ENGINEER
  • A designer or builder of engines
  • A person who is trained in or follows as a
    profession a branch of engineering
  • A person who carries through an enterprise by
    skillful and artful contrivance

15
ENGINEER
  • A person who combines knowledge of science,
    mathematics and economics to solve technical
    problems that confront society
  • A person who is ingenious problem solver
  • Skilled producers or creators of things

16
ENGINEER
  • Apply science and mathematics to useful ends
  • Solve problems creatively
  • Optimize
  • Make choices
  • Help others

17
ENGINEERING
  • A diverse collection of professions, academic
    disciplines and skills
  • Ingenium skills
  • Ingenium intgignere (to produce)
  • The application of scientific knowledge to solve
    practical problems

18
ENGINEERING
  • The application of scientific principles to
    provide goods to satisfy human needs
  • Creating, designing and improving systems
  • A profession by which you utilize mathematical,
    scientific and physical knowledge for the
    betterment of the world

19
ENGINEERING
  • The practical application of mathematics and
    science to create, design, test, improve and
    develop knowledge, research, money, business,
    economics and technology

20
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Scientists
  • Engineers
  • Technologists
  • Technicians
  • Artisans

21
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Scientists
  • Who study nature in order to advance human
    knowledge (BSc, MSc, PhD)

22
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Engineers
  • Who apply their knowledge of science, math and
    economics to develop useful devices, structures
    and processes (BSc, MSc, PhD)

23
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Technologists
  • Who apply science and math to well defined
    problems that generally do nor require the depth
    of knowledge possessed by engineers and
    scientists (BSc)

24
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Technicians
  • Who work closely with engineers and scientists
    to accomplish specific tasks such as drafting,
    lab procedures and model building (2 yeas
    associates degree)

25
TECHNOLOGY TEAM
  • Artisans
  • Who have manual skills (welding, machining,
    carpentary) to constract devices specified by
    scientists, engineers, technologists and
    technicians (high school diploma experience)

26
SUCCESSFUL TEAMWORK
  • Mutual respects for the ideas or fellow team
    members
  • The ability of team members to transmit and
    receive the ideas of the team
  • The ability to lay aside criticism of an idea
    during early formulation of solutions to a problem

27
SUCCESSFUL TEAMWORK
  • The ability to build an initial or weakly formed
    ideas
  • The skills to accurately criticise a proposed
    solution and analyze for both strengths and
    weaknesses

28
Engineering as an applied discipline
mathematics
Natural sciences
New ideas
New technology
New products and processes
Pure Scientist (idea side)
Pure Engineer (applied side)
Working scientist
Working engineer
29
Engineering as an applied discipline
  • Engineers care more about using basic knowledge
    than generating basic knowledge
  • They care more about converting basic science
    into technology and converting technology into
    useful products than in expanding basic science

30
Engineering as creative problem solving
  • Engineers must be able to listen to a concern and
    map out a solution
  • To make cars that pollute less
  • To make oil refining more efficient
  • To reduce the manufacturing cost of a childs toy

31
Engineering as creative problem solving
Understand the problems clearly
The scientist describes what is The engineer
creates what never was
32
Engineering as constrained optimization
  • There are always constraints in solving problems
  • Electrical engineers rarely seek to design the
    fastest computer chip, to be useful, computer
    chips must exhibit other characteristics as well

33
Engineering as constrained optimization
  • Engineering solutions must take into account the
    probability of failure
  • A civil engineer does not design a bridge that
    will never fall down. Rather, she/he ewamines
    theprobabilities that certain loads will occur on
    the bridge from traffic, earthquakes, and wind.

34
Feasibility
  • The ability of an engineering project to meet its
    constraints is often expressed as in terms of
    feasibility
  • Technical feasibility
  • Economic feasibility
  • Fiscal feasibility

35
Feasibility
  • Technical feasibility
  • Measures whether or not a project meets its
    technical goals
  • Does the new road handle the traffic?

36
Feasibility
  • Economic feasibility
  • Whether the project benefits outweigh the
    project costs
  • Are road benefits are greater than the road
    construction and maintenance costs.?

37
Feasibility
  • Fiscal feasibility
  • measures whether sufficient funds can be
    generated to build the project
  • Projects must be socially acceptable, have
    political backing, and result in an acceptable
    environmental impact.

38
Engineering as Making Choices
  • Engineers
  • listen carefully to the problem
  • Develop a list of feasible solutions ar
    alternatives by using accepted and creative
    methods
  • Select an alternative from among the feasible
    solutions and recommend it to their client

39
Engineering as Helping Others
  • Medicine
  • Nursing
  • Social work
  • Teaching
  • Engineering

Every project that an engineer completes,
satisfies a need or concern of the public
40
Engineering as Helping Others
  • Sensors to make powerful neonatal incubators
  • Earthquake-resistant buildings
  • Drinking water treatment systems for less
    developed countries
  • Devise systems to help non-profit organizations
    better serve their clients
  • Develop a robust heart valve for premature infants

41
Job Satisfaction
  • Accomplishments what they have contributed to
    society
  • Work environment independence, responsibility,
    the degree to which they are challenged by their
    work and where they work
  • Monetary issues salary, benefits, opportunities
    for promotion

42
Engineering Disciplines and Related Fields
  • Mechanical engineering
  • Electrical engineering
  • Civil engineering
  • Chemical engineering
  • Industrial engineering
  • Materials engineering
  • Computer engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Mining Petroleum engineering
  • Agriculture Biosystems engineering
  • Manufacturing engineering
  • Ocean engineering / Naval architecture

43
Engineering Disciplines and Related Fields
44
Mechanical Engineering
  • Analysis, design and development of structures,
    machnes, devices and mechanical systems
  • Design and development of machinery and devices
  • Analysis of mechanical systems and the vibrations
    of structures
  • Design and development of manufacturing processes
    and energy conversion systems
  • Design of heating, ventilation and air
    conditioning systems

45
Mechanical Engineering
  • Solid mechanics
  • Fluid mechanics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Mechanical design

46
Mechanical Engineering Solid mechanics
  • Concerned with analyzing the behaviour of solid
    bodies subjected to stresses and externel loads
  • Tribology (science of friction, lubrication and
    wear)
  • Aerospace
  • Designmanufacture of advanced materals, textiles
    and composite materials
  • Design and manufacture of engines
  • Acoustics
  • Management
  • Nondestructive evaluation
  • Design and manufacture of pressure vessels
  • Dynamical systems control

47
Mechanical Engineering Fluid mechanics
  • Concerned with behaviour of liquids and gases
    and the design and development of machinery such
    as pumps, pipes, fans and turbines
  • Meteorology
  • Oceanography
  • Acoustics and noise control
  • Fluid power systems
  • Aearodynamics
  • Design and manufacture of pressure vessels

48
Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Concerned with the conversion of one form of
    energy to another

Coal Oil Natural gas
combustion
energy
drives
generator
49
Mechanical Engineering Thermodynamics
  • Environmental control
  • Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems
  • Alternative fuel sources
  • Pollution control
  • Solar energy

50
Mechanical Engineering Mechanical Design
  • a process that translates an idea, demand or
    identified need into a working prototype of a
    product or service
  • Manufacture and development of automobiles and
    aircraft to the production of office equipment
    (photocopiers, fax machines, pens, pencils, etc),
    computers and kitchen and home appliances

51
Mechanical Engineering Mechatronics (control and
automation eng)
  • combines disciplines of mechanics, electronics
    and computing to design, manufacture and control
    advanced hybrid systems
  • Robotics systems
  • Advanced automobile systems
  • Microdevices (biotechnologies)

52
Mechanical Engineering Nano technology
  • nanometer one billionth of a meter
  • Deals with technology at the molecular level and
    is used to design and study devices ans systems
    made from single atoms and molecules

53
Electrical Engineering
  • embodies the study of al things electrical
    (electrical devices, electrical systems and
    electrical energy)
  • Electric power engineering
  • Communications
  • Control systems engineering
  • Digital systems engineering
  • Electronics

54
Electrical EngineeringElectric power engineering
  • design, develop and maintain systems and devices
    for the genaration, transmission and distribution
    of electrical power

55
Electrical EngineeringCommunications
  • concerned with the transmission of information
    using wires, coaxial cable, fiber optics or radio

56
Electrical EngineeringControl systems engineering
  • concerned with the design and development of
    machines or systems that control automated
    processes
  • Robotics
  • Manufacturing
  • Aerospace industry
  • Offshore oil and gas extraction
  • Power systems
  • Manufacture of automobiles and household
    appliances

57
Electrical EngineeringDigital systems engineering
  • draws on expertise in the areas of digital
    system design and digital electronics to design
    hardware for a broad range of applications
    including digital signal processing,
    communications, computers and instrumentation
  • Commercial aviation
  • Oil exploration
  • Telecommunications
  • Banking

58
Electrical EngineeringElectronics
  • concerned with the design and development of
    electronic devices and electrical circuits for
    the production, detection and control of
    electrical signals
  • Personal computers
  • Carstrucks
  • Household appliances

59
Civil Engineering
  • plan, design, construct, operate and maintain
    many of the structures and facilities around us
    (airports, buildings, bridges, harbors, highways,
    transit systems, offshore drilling platforms,
    waste collection structures, water supply
    facilities)

60
Civil Engineering
  • Construction engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Structural engineering
  • Surveying engineering
  • Transportation engineering
  • Water resources engineering

61
Civil EngineeringConstruction Engineering
  • combine engineering and management skills to
    plan and complete projects designed by architects
    and consulting engineers (bridges, buildings,
    shopping mall)

62
Civil EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering
  • provide technical solutions to environmental
    problems (water, oil and land)
  • Safe drinking water
  • Disposal and recycling of waste
  • Provision of municipal services (sewer, water
    mains, garbage disposal)
  • Air pollution control
  • Reclamation of industrial land and cleanups at sea

63
Civil EngineeringGeotechnical Engineering
  • Concerned with the analyses of the properties of
    soils and rock that support and influence the
    behaviour of structures pavements and underground
    facilities
  • Work closely with structural engineers in the
    design and construction of dams, tunnels and
    building foundations

64
Civil EngineeringStructural Engineering
  • Responsible for the planning and design of all
    types af structures from bridges and containment
    facilities to buildings, high towers and drilling
    platforms

65
Civil EngineeringSurveying
  • A surveyor makes precise measurement to obtain
    reliable information which is used to locate and
    design engineering projects
  • Uses most uptodate technology including
    satellites, aerial and terrestrial photogrammetry
    and computers

66
Civil EngineeringTransportation Engineering
  • Transportation plan, design, construct and manage
    all types of transportation facilities, including
    streets and highways, transit systems, airports,
    railroads, ports and harbors

67
Civil EngineeringWater Resources Engineering
  • Concerned with the control and use of water,
    including flood control and protection, water
    distribution systems, waste water collection
    systems, irrigation, drainage, hydroelectric
    power, harbor and river development and road and
    pipeline river crossings

68
Chemical Engineering
  • Design, build, maintain and develop the complex
    systems required to convert the laboratory
    experiment into an industrial operation capable
    of largescale production

69
Chemical Engineering
  • Chemical, pertochemical, food processing,
    forestry and pharmaceutical ind.
  • Polymer engineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Process control engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Engineering management
  • Oil and natural gas

70
Chemical EngineeringPolymer Engineering
  • Plastics, rubbers, fibers, films and composites

71
Chemical EngineeringBiotechnology
  • Produce a range of products for medical,
    agricultural, food and chemical applications

72
Chemical EngineeringProcess Control Engineering
  • Concerned with the design and developmant of
    control systems to maintain in the efficient
    operation of large scale industrial processes

73
Chemical EngineeringEnvironmental Engineering
  • Design and develop technical and economically
    feasible solutions to environmental pollution
    premlems in an effort to protect and improve our
    environment

74
Chemical EngineeringEngineering Management
  • Assure the responsibilities of technical managers
    by becoming involved in the design and
    implementation of optimal operating conditions
    inside a complex, large scale industrial plant

75
Chemical EngineeringOil and Natural Gas
  • Industries that produce, process and refine
    natural gas and petroleum and in those industries
    that manufacture petroleum products including
    soaps and cosmetics

76
Industrial Engineering
  • Concerned with the efficiency or more precisely
    how to design, organize, implement anr operate
    the basic factors of production (materials,
    equipment, people, information and energy) in the
    most efficient manner possible

77
Industrial Engineering
  • Concerned with optimum performance, reliability,
    cost efficiency, quality control, plant design
    and management of human resources

78
Industrial Engineering
  • Manufacturing
  • Work design
  • Ergonomics (human factors)
  • Management decision making
  • Quality control
  • Facility design
  • Engineering management

79
Industrial EngineeringManufacturing
  • Engaged in the continuing development of
    efficient systems for the production of goods and
    services
  • Most effective and efficient use of equipment and
    human resources to build high quality products
    with minimal costs

80
Industrial EngineeringManufacturing
  • Procedures to be followed by workers in order to
    manufacture products most efficiently
  • Optimal arrangement of buildings and equipment
    for efficient production
  • The capacity of the production system while
    establishing and maintaining quality control
    systems

81
Industrial EngineeringWork Design
  • Design the jobs individual workers do in
    performing the work of the organization
  • Determine the objectives to be accomplished by an
    individual employee and the skills, abilities,
    and knowledge of the employee must possess to do
    the job

82
Industrial EngineeringWork Design
  • Used to determine production capabilities,
    improve efficiencies and to determine pay scales
    and salaries
  • Production and manufacturing engineer
  • Operations engineer
  • Management engineer
  • Work measurement engineer

83
Industrial EngineeringErgonomics or Human Factors
  • Study human physiology and psychology in order to
    understand the interface between workers and
    their environment (building, work space,
    equipment, etc)
  • Aim to design the workplace to better accomodate
    the human factor
  • Ergonomist
  • Design engineer
  • Safety engineer

84
Industrial EngineeringManagement Decision Making
  • Often analyze data in order to develop
    information about a company, its customers, or a
    product/service to help managers make decisions
    on, for example improving competitiveness

85
Industrial EngineeringManagement Decision Making
  • Use operations research techniques to determine
    efficient scheduling of operations, the optimal
    location of new facility or to answer routine
    questions such as the number of cashiers needed
    in a new grocery store

86
Industrial EngineeringQuality Control
  • Use a variety of quality control techniques to
    continually evaluate the quality of products and
    services provided by an organization
  • Quality control engineer
  • Quality assurance engineer
  • Quality engineer
  • Quality manager

87
Industrial EngineeringFacility Design
  • Help design facilities required by an
    organization in order to carry out its objectives
  • Analyze and predict the size and shape of the
    physical space required to house the
    organizations employees, equipment and materials
    and designing any special facilities (restrooms,
    loading docks, special storage vaults, etc)

88
Industrial EngineeringEngineering Management
  • Plant manager
  • Production manager
  • Vice president of operations

89
Materials Engineering
  • Involved in materials (polymers, ceramics,
    composites and electronic materials) production,
    materials processing, and materials application
    and design
  • Steel production, aluminium smelting, mineral
    processing, aerospace, automative, electronics,
    petrochemical industries, tribology, fracture
    mechanics, failure analyses and recycling

90
Computer Engineering
  • Utilize knowledge both from electrical eng and
    compter science to design and implement computer
    systems in which the hardware and software
    components are connected with the critical to the
    success of the design
  • Software design
  • Systems analyses

91
Biomedical Engineering
  • Concerned with the application of engineering
    concepts and technologies to solve biological and
    medical problems

92
Environmental Engineering
  • Deals with the issues concerning the environment
    such as urban, regionel and global air quality,
    water supply and water quality control, hazardous
    waste treatment, global environmental change, the
    maintenance of stable ecosystems, prevention and
    control of air pollution, waste water management,
    hazardous waste management

93
Aerospace Engineering
  • Design, develop and implement new and existing
    technologies in both civil and military aviation,
    including the design and development of al types
    of commercial and military aircraft such as
    vehicle used for space exploration
  • Acoustics
  • Rocket technology
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Thermodyanamics

94
Nuclear Engineering
  • Deals with all aspects of nuclear power from the
    design, development and implementation of
    different forms of nuclear power to the handling
    and safe disposal of nuclear fuels used in
    commercial and military sectors of the economy

95
Mining and Petroleum Engineering
  • Concerned with the extraction of minerals and
    hydrocarbons from the earth and the processing of
    these minerals in preperation for further use

96
Mining and Petroleum Engineering
  • Mining companies
  • Oil companies
  • Government and industry research facilities
  • Financial institutions which invest heavily in
    these types of industries
  • Design mines and mining equipment
  • Supervise and manage mining operations
  • Manage and design blasting operations
  • Occupational health and safety

97
Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering
  • Concerned with efficient food production while
    maintaining or improving the environmental
    quality of the agro-ecosystems
  • Deal with the design, development, construction
    and operation of systems for food production,
    storage, handling and processing

98
Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering
  • Government agencies
  • Food
  • Businesses
  • Consulting companies
  • Institutions

99
Manufacturing Engineering
  • Concerned with the design, development and
    implementation of all aspects of manufacturing
    operations from the product, equipment and
    inventory to quality management on time delivery,
    capacity and manufacturing cost

100
Manufacturing Engineering
  • Private and public sectors employ them in any
    operation that involves the manufacture of a
    product or service

101
Ocean Engineering and Naval Engineering
  • Concerned with the application of ocean science
    and engineering design to the ocean environment
  • Design offshore drilling platforms, harbors and
    the corresponding equipment required for their
    maintenance

102
Ocean Engineering and Naval Engineering
  • Government
  • Shipbuilding
  • Offshore drilling platforms
  • Environmental agencies
  • Consulting firms
  • Finance

103
Engineering Job Classifications
  • Research engineers Search for new knowledge to
    solve difficult problems that do not have readily
    apparent solutions. They require the greatest
    training, especially MSc or PhD

104
Engineering Job Classifications
  • Development engineers Apply existing and new
    knowledge to develop prototypes of new devices,
    structures and processes.
  • Design engineers apply the results of search and
    development engineers to produce detailed designs
    of devices, structures and processes that will be
    used by the public.

105
Engineering Job Classifications
  • Production engineers are concerned with
    specifying production schedules, determining raw
    material availability and optimizing assembly
    lines to mass produce the devices conceived by
    design engineers.
  • Testing engineers perform tests on engineered
    products to determine their reliability and
    suitability for particular applications.

106
Engineering Job Classifications
  • Construction engineers build large structures.
  • Sales engineers have the technical background
    required to sell technical products.
  • Operations engineers run and maintain production
    facilities such as factories and chemical plants.

107
Engineering Job Classifications
  • Managing engineers are needed in industry to
    coordinate such as factories and chemical plants.
  • Consulting engineers are specialists who are
    called upon by companies to supplement their in
    house engineering talent.

108
A new battery production suitable for automative
propolsion
109
A new battery production suitable for automative
propolsion
110
A new battery production suitable for automative
propolsion
111
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Interpersonal skills Success is a group effort.
    They effectively communicate with other
    engineers, artisans, other professionals
    (marketing, finance, psychology)
  • Communication skills engineers generate
    drawings, an electric circuit, flowchart of a new
    computer code, document test results in reports,
    write memos, manuals, proposals to bid on jobs,
    technical papers for trade journals, give sales
    presentations, make oral presentations at
    technical meetings, communicate with the workers,
    speak at civil groups to educate the public, etc.

112
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Leadership They assess the situation and develop
    a plan to meet the groups objectives.
  • Competence You are hired for your knowledge is
    faulty, they are of little value to your employer.

113
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Logical thinking Base decisions on reason rather
    than emotions. Mathematics and science are based
    upon logic and experimentation.
  • Qualitative thinking They transform qualitative
    ideas into quantitative mathematical models that
    we use to make informed decisions.

114
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Follow-through Many engineering projects take
    years or decades to complete. People who need
    immediate gratification may be frustrated in many
    engineering projects.
  • Continuing education University education is
    just the beginning of the lifetime learning.
    Knowledge will expand dramatically unless you
    stay current, you will quickly become obsolete.

115
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Maintaining a professional library Textbooks.
    Generally textbooks contain useful information
    for your career. Once you graduate, you should
    continue purchasing handbooks and specialized
    books. YOU WILL BE EMPLOYED FOR YOUR KNOWLEDGE.
  • Honesty As much as technical skills are valued
    in industry, honesty is valued more.

116
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Dependability Industries operate with deadlines.
    As a student, you also have many deadlines for
    homework, reports, tests and so forth. IF YOU
    HAND HOMEWORK AND REPORTS IN LATE, YOU ARE
    DEVELOPING BAD HABITS THAT WILL NOT SERVE YOU
    WELL IN THE INDUSTRY.

117
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Organization Many engineering projects are
    extremely complex. Think of all the details that
    had to be coordinated to construct these
    buildings.
  • Curiosity You must constantly learn and attempt
    to understand the world. YOU SHOULD ALWAYS ASK,
    WHY?.

118
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Common sense A lack of common sense can be
    disastrous (A library was recently built that
    required pilings to support it on soft ground.
    The engineers very carefully designed the pilings
    to support the weight of the building, but
    neglected the weight of the books. The library is
    now slowly sinking into ground.

119
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Involvement in the community Chambers, Rotary or
    Lions Clubs etc. These organizations provide
    useful community services and also serve as
    networks for business contacts.

120
Traits of a succesful engineer
  • Creativity Most courses emphasize analysis, in
    which a problem has already been defined and the
    correct answer is being sougth. Most engineers
    also employ synthesis, the act of creatively
    combining smaller parts to form a whole.
    Synthesis is essential to design which usually
    starts with a loosely defined problem for which
    there are many possible solutions.

121
Creativity
  • Analysis and synthesis are part of creative
    process engineers cannot be productively
    creative without possessing and manipulating
    knowledge.
  • The analysis muscles of an engineering student
    tend to be well developed.
  • If you wish to tone your synthesis muscles, you
    may require activities outside the engineering
    classrooms.

122
Creative Professions

123
Paper Making Fact Stored by an Organized
Thinker
Paper making fact
Sciences
Humanities
Art
Chemistry
Physics
Biology
Literature
Music
Organic Chemistry
124
Organized Thinker
  • Has a well compartmentalized mind
  • Fasts are stored in unique places
  • Facts are easily retrieved

125
Paper Making Fact Stored by an Disorganized
Thinker
Paper making fact
126
Disorganized Thinker
  • Has no structure
  • Information may be stored in multiple places
  • His mind is so disorganized
  • Information is hard to retrieve

127
Paper Making Fact Stored by a Creative Thinker
Paper making fact
Sciences
Humanities
Art
Chemistry
Physics
Biology
Literature
Music
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
128
Creative Thinker
  • Combination of organized and disorganized
    thinkers
  • Information may be stored in multiple places
  • When information is needed, there is a higher
    probability of finding it.

129
Problem Solving Process
Eureka!
Yes
No
Solution?
Conscious
Quantitative Model
Potential Solution
Yes
No
Solution?
Subconscious
Qualitative Model
stored information





first guess
second guess

130
  • UNLESS YOUR SUBCONSCIOUS IS TRAINED,
  • YOU WONT HAVE GOOD POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO
    ANALYZE.

131
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Stick to it iveness Producing creative solutions
    to problems requires unbridled commitment. A
    succesful creative engineer doesnt give up.
  • Genius is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent
    perspiration
  • Thomas Alva Edison

132
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Ask Why? A creative engineer is curious about
    the world and is constantly seeking
    understanding.

133
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Is never satisfied A creative engineer goes
    through life asking, How could I do this
    better? Rather than complaining about a
    stoplight that stops his car at midnight when
    there is no other traffic, he would say, How
    could I develop a sensor that detects my car and
    turns the light green?.

134
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Learns from accidents Many great technical
    discoveries were made by accident. Be sensitive
    to unexpected.
  • Generalizes When a specific fact is learned, a
    creative engineer seeks to generalize that
    information to generate rich connections.

135
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Develop qualitative and quantitative
    understanding As you study in engineering,
    develop not only quantitative analytical skills,
    but also qualitative understanding. Get a feeling
    for the numbers and processes, because that is
    what your subconscious needs for a qualitative
    model.

136
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Has good visualization skills Many creative
    solutions involve three dimensional
    visualization. Often, the solution can be
    obtained by rearranging components, turning them
    around or duplicating them.

137
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Has good drawing skills Drawings and sketches
    are fastest way by far to communicate spatial
    relationships, sizes, order or operations, and
    many other ideas.

138
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Possesses unbound thinking Most of us are
    trained in an engineering discipline. If we
    restrict our thinking to a narrowly defined
    discipline, we will miss many potential solutions.

139
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Has broad interests A creative engineer must be
    happy. This requires balancing intellectual,
    emotional and physical needs. You are responsible
    for developing your emotional and physical needs
    by socializing with friends, having a stimulating
    hobby (music, art, literature) and exercising.

140
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Collects obscure information Easy problems can
    be solved with commonly available information.
    The hard problems often require obscure
    information.

141
Traits of a creative engineer
  • Keeps an engineering toolbox An engineering
    toolbox is filled with simple qualitative
    relationships needed by the qualitative model in
    the subconscious. These simple qualitative
    relationships may be distilled from quantitative
    engineering analysis.
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