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Fighting back Fraud: Ensuring Integrity in Internationalization

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Focus resources on legitimate candidates. Maintain integrity of admissions. ... World-class education opportunities at home are limited. ... Work during/after studies. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fighting back Fraud: Ensuring Integrity in Internationalization


1
Fighting back Fraud Ensuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • NAFSA Baltimore 2004
  • Friday, May 28
  • (930am 1045am)

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2
Presentation copies available at
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • www.higher-edge.com/presentations.htm

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3
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Mel Broitman, Higher-Edge, Dubai, UAE
  • Rubeena Hoodbhoy, RMT, Pakistan
  • Kim Moore, University of Windsor, Canada
  • Robert Romano, Citizenship and Immigration Canada
    (CIC), New York, USA

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4
Mel Broitman (Managing Director, Higher-Edge,
Dubai, UAE)
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Leading Intl education strategists.
  • Publications (www.higher-edge.com)
  • 100 trips to Asia.
  • South Asia specialist.
  • Published in South Asia 100 times.
  • Regular meetings/consultations with institutions
    govt officials.

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5
Rubeena Hoodbhoy (CEO, RMT, Pakistan)
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Education Consultant since 1986.
  • RMT most respected brand in Pakistan.
  • Leader in academic/financial document
    verification.
  • Associations with 25 institutions in Australia,
    U.K. and Canada.

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6
Kim Moore (Asst to Vice-Provost/Registrar Univers
ity of Windsor, Canada)
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • International education specialist since 1998.
  • Expert in academic assessment for dozen plus
    Asian countries.
  • University of Windsor has leading Canadian intake
    of intl students from South Asia.

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7
Robert Romano (Citizenship and Immigration
Canada, CIC)
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Currently Immigration Consul at Canadian
    Consulate in New York city.
  • Worked abroad for 35 years.
  • Postings include India, Kenya, Philippines,
    Yugoslavia, United Kingdom, Trinidad, Mexico and
    the United States.
  • Keenly familiar with Student Visa application
    process.

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8
Student Visa fraud…what is it ?
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Misrepresentation.
  • Illegal entry.
  • Abuse of educational access mechanisms.

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9
Student Visa fraud….WHY ???
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Obtain entry illegally when legal means are more
    difficult or unlikely.
  • Its easy to attempt.
  • It costs little.
  • Academic institutions are often easy marks.

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10
Intl Education Commercialism
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Intl students Money, Revenues.
  • Floating entry standards.
  • Programs to fit market niches.
  • Private providers of education.

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11
Universities, Colleges, Schools… Responsibilities
???
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Invitation ?
  • Awareness ?
  • Sophistication ?
  • Due Diligence ?
  • Verification ?
  • Follow up ?

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12
Role of Agents
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Explosion in numbers due to opportunity to feed
    the growing demand.
  • Questionable standards for accurate
    representations.
  • Capture institution clients looking for easy
    access to intl student monies.
  • Represent student clients looking to do whats
    necessary.
  • Motivated to bend representations to collect
    service fees.

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13
Visa Office…Concerns
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Representations of applicant.
  • Motivations of applicant.
  • Potential abuses by applicant.
  • Motivations of institution.
  • Sophistication of institution.
  • Role of agent.

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14
The Challenge
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Ensure access to bona-fide students.
  • Focus resources on legitimate candidates.
  • Maintain integrity of admissions.
  • Avoid being an easy mark.
  • Recruit responsibly.

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15
Importance of Integrity
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Fairness.
  • Legal implications.
  • Moral responsibility.
  • Reputation.

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16
PAKISTAN Intl Education Environment
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • World-class education opportunities at home are
    limited.
  • Acceptance of foreign education/opportunities.
  • U.K. overwhelmingly leading destination for
    study-abroad.

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17
PAKISTAN The marketplace
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • U.K. dominated. Reportedly 7,000 visas in 2003.
  • U.S. continues to slide as destination.

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18
PAKISTAN Student motivations
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Superior education opportunities.
  • Work during/after studies.
  • For returning students foreign degree results
    in better job prospects.
  • Establish residency abroad.
  • Underground

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19
PAKISTAN Agent Reliability
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Dozens of agencies.
  • Erratic professional standards.
  • Source of fraudulent documents.
  • Exploitation.

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20
PAKISTAN Fraud issues and examples
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Academic document fraud.
  • Language testing fraud.
  • Financial document fraud.
  • Agents from jail to back to business.
  • Work experience misrepresentation.

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21
PAKISTAN Beating back abuse. What to do.
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Due diligence on relationships.
  • Check documents.
  • Follow up with students.
  • No refund policies (in home country).
  • Realistic approach to the market.
  • Awareness of visa policies.

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22
University of Windsor Internationalization with
Integrity
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • 14,000 students. 1,600 international. Among
    highest percentage (approx 12) in Canada, and
    likely highest who originate from outside North
    America.
  • Leaders in Canada for students from India,
    Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria.

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23
University of Windsor Approach to intl
recruitment
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Constant overseas presence.
  • Interview all applicants.
  • Verify documentation.
  • Total buy-in. No end-arounds.

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24
University of Windsor Responsible Recruitment
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • No representatives engaged outside the
    Universitys own Outreach Office initiative.
  • Regular travel and presence abroad.
  • Follow-up, tracking mechanisms.
  • Only a handful of no-shows/refugee claimants of
    2,000 new intl students since 1998.

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25
University of Windsor University Buy-in
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • President, Vice-Presidents, Registrar….
  • Joint Vision.
  • Commitment to necessary resources.
  • Allow experts to handle requests.
  • Non-interference.

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26
University of Windsor Screening/Filtering
mechanisms
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • All inquiries forwarded to central office for
    follow up.
  • All follow ups done in person.
  • Non bona-fides are self-filtering, or filtered
    out by in-person screening.

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27
University of Windsor Protecting students
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Identifying bona fide strengthens applicant pool.
  • Build confidence with visa offices.
  • Protect academic integrity.

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28
University of Windsor Insuring long-term
Internationalization
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Established in-house expertise.
  • Feel-good factor among university community.
  • International seen as positive.
  • University seen as role model/example.

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29
RECOGNIZING REALITY Govt perspective
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Intl education is positive (ideas, shared
    experiences, developing understanding, revenues,
    trade)
  • Application/admissions to overseas institutions
    is a route to legal (and illegal) entry.
  • Illegal attempts depend upon the source country
    and circumstances.

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30
VISA OFFICE Challenges
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Volume.
  • Pressures.
  • Tactics.
  • Support from institutions.

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31
AT STAKE…
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Education opportunities.
  • Revenues, trade, future ties.
  • Security

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32
GOVT INSTITUTIONS Working together
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Recognizing each others realities.
  • Recognizing on-the-ground realities.
  • Assisting mutual understanding.
  • Follow-up, tracking, feedback, reporting.
  • Share information.

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33
Presentation copies available at
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • www.higher-edge.com/presentations.htm

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34
Higher-Edge publications
Fighting back Fraud Insuring Integrity in
Internationalization
  • Not-So-Foreign
  • Overseas, Overwhelmed
  • Eye-On Media Service
  • (China, India, West Africa)
  • Insight, On-site
  • (China India)

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