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Perspectives for landscape policy in Europe

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55 countries endorsed PEBLDS. 52 European countries signed WHC, of which 26 ratified ... and assessment, European landscape typology and red list' and coordinated ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Perspectives for landscape policy in Europe


1
Perspectives for landscape policy in Europe
  • Ben Delbaere
  • European Centre for Nature Conservation
  • IALE 2001 - Development of European Landscapes
  • 1-7 July 2001 - Stockholm/Tartu

2
Perspectives for landscape policy in Europe
  • overview of international policy
  • quick scan of national policy
  • zoom in on PEBLDS and ELC
  • the future

3
Historical overview of international landscape
policy (1)
  • European Cultural Convention (1952)
  • Valetta Convention on archaeological heritage
    (1969, 1992)
  • Man Biosphere programme (1971)
  • World Heritage Convention (1972), inclusion of
    cultural landscapes 1995
  • Granada Convention on architectural heritage
    (1985)
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (1992)
  • EC Habitats Directive (1992)

4
Historical overview of international landscape
policy (2)
  • Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity
    Strategy (1995) and its Action Plan for European
    Landscapes
  • EC Biodiversity Strategy (1998) and its sectorial
    Biodiversity Action Plans (2001)
  • EC Rural Development Regulation (1999)
  • European Spatial Development Perspective (1999)
  • European Landscape Convention (2000)
  • 6th Environment Action Programme (2001)
  • EU Sustainable Development Strategy (2001)

5
Landscape policy at national level
  • 26 out of 30 countries studied include specific
    measures for landscapes in their national
    legislation
  • National policies mostly developed in the
    nineties
  • 21 European countries signed European Landscape
    Convention, none ratified to date
  • 55 countries endorsed PEBLDS
  • 52 European countries signed WHC, of which 26
    ratified
  • 50 European countries the European Community
    are party to the CBD

6
(No Transcript)
7
PEBLDS Action Theme 4 Conservation of Landscapes
  • Definition of landscape
  • A territory, the appearance of which is the
    result of the action, over time, of natural and
    human factors and a combination of both
  • Challenges
  • prevent further deterioration
  • correct lack of integrated perception of
    landscapes
  • raise awareness with public and policymakers
  • establish more suitable protection status

8
Action Plan for European Landscapes
  • Formulated concrete activities on
  • analysis and conceptual framework (e.g. general
    landscape map)
  • priority setting (e.g. European landscape
    targets)
  • public awareness and education
  • integrated actions (e.g. for tourism, arts, …)

9
European Landscape Convention (1)
Definition of landscape Landscape means an area,
as perceived by people, whose character is the
result of the action and interaction of natural
and/or human factors
The aims of the ELC are to promote landscape
protection, management and planning, and to
organize European cooperation on landscape issues
10
European Landscape Convention (2)
  • General national measures
  • to recognize landscapes in law as an essential
    component of peoples surroundings
  • to establish and implement landscape policies
  • to establish procedures for the participation of
    stakeholders
  • to integrate landscape into regional and town
    planning policies and in sectorial policies

11
European Landscape Convention (3)
  • Specific national measures
  • Awareness-raising
  • Training and education
  • Identification and assessment
  • Landscape quality objectives
  • Implementation

12
European Landscape Convention (4)
  • European cooperation
  • inclusion of landscape dimension in international
    policies and programmes
  • exchange of experience and specialists
  • exchange of information
  • transfrontier cooperation
  • monitoring the implementation of the Convention
  • landscape award

13
Why focus on landscapes in European policy?
  • they provide a perfect framework for CBD
    implementation in Europe
  • they provide the right scale for sustainable
    development
  • they form the ideal basis for integration into
    other sectors of society
  • they are the reflection of regional identity and
    hence the right level for cooperation with the
    regions

14
Future policy perspectives
  • need for a common vision for European landscapes,
    based on sustainable development, regional
    identity and integrated approach
  • need for closer cooperation between related
    policy initiatives
  • need for stronger interaction between
    international, national and sub-national level
  • need for linking research to policy via
    integrated monitoring and assessment, European
    landscape typology and red list and coordinated
    information management
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