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Southern

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Port cities were therefore very important to the southern colonies ... of Charles Town, South Carolina, Norfolk, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland were ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Southern


1
Southern
Economy
  • Chapter 7 Lesson 3

2
Cash Crops
  • Plantations shipped thousands of tons of crops
    each year
  • Those crops needed to be shipped to England and
    the West Indies
  • Port cities were therefore very important to the
    southern colonies
  • Charles Town in South Carolina was one of the
    most important port cities in the south

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Cash Crops
  • In Maryland, Virginia, and northern North
    Carolina, the main cash crop was ?
  • In southern North Carolina, South Carolina, and
    Georgia, the main cash crop was ?
  • This cash crop was so important, it was often
    called Carolina gold.
  • In South Carolina, another cash crop was indigo
    plants, a plant from which blue dye could be
    made.

5
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
  • Eliza Lucas Pinckney was a 16 year old girl whose
    father sent her some indigo plant seeds from the
    West Indies.
  • For 3 years, Eliza worked hard to be able to
    successfully grow an indigo plant that produced
    an excellent dye.
  • She gave some seeds from her successful plants to
    her friends and neighbors.
  • Within a few years, South Carolina planters were
    selling 1 million pounds of indigo a year to
    clothmakers in Europe.
  • Indigo became the 2nd most important cash crop in
    South Carolina.

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Cash Crops
  • Another cash crop in the Carolinas was silk.
  • Silk is made by ?
  • Silkworms undergo the same metamorphosis as
    caterpillars/butterflies.
  • They start as worms.
  • They spin a cocoon.
  • They come out of the cocoon as a big
    mothy-looking bug.
  • Later, theyll lay eggs that will become worms.
  • The cycle then starts over again.

22
Cash Crops
  • To make silk, you have to interrupt this process.
  • They start as worms.
  • They spin a cocoon.
  • While the worm is still inside maturing into a
    moth, the cocoon is taken and put into boiling
    water and cooked.
  • This kinda kills the worm.
  • The cocoon is then spun into thread.
  • So they dont kill off all of their stock of
    silkworms, silk farmers allow some worms to
    mature into moths so that they can lay more eggs.

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Port Cities
  • Port cities along the Atlantic coast were the
    major trading centers in all the colonies,
    including the south
  • The cities of Charles Town, South Carolina,
    Norfolk, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland were
    busy towns that quickly grew into large cities
    because of the growing trade between the colonies
    and England

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Main Ideas
  • Port cities were very important to the economy of
    the southern colonies
  • The main cash crops in the south?
  • Eliza Lucas Pinckney helped establish indigo as a
    main cash crop in the southern colonies.
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