Equal Justice Under Law US Supreme Court Overview - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Equal Justice Under Law US Supreme Court Overview

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Contemporary decisions that could affect teenagers like you ... We will use materials on the Supreme Court website www.uscourts.gov ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Equal Justice Under Law US Supreme Court Overview


1
Equal Justice Under LawUS Supreme Court Overview
  • US Government Class
  • Mr. Collins December, 2008

2
Equal Justice Under Law Todays Class Topics
  • The three branches of U.S.Government
  • The Judicial Branch The Supreme Court
  • How the Court is Organized
  • Types of cases heard before the Court
  • Historic and Contemporary Ones
  • Courtroom Simulations you are the Court!

3
Three Branches of GovernmentEstablished by the
US Constitution
  • Separation of Powers
  • Each branch is independent
  • Checks and Balances exist between branches
  • The Executive Branch
  • The Judicial Branch
  • The Legislative Branch

4
The Supreme Court
  • Equal Justice Under Law
  • Explicit Powers
  • Article III of the Constitution
  • Implied Powers
  • Judicial Review
  • Supreme Court rulings are final
  • The highest court in the land

5
How The Court Is Organized
  • The Supreme Court is made of up nine Justices led
    by the Chief Justice
  • The Court has jurisdiction over other Federal
    Courts
  • John Marshall was the second Chief Justice
  • helped define the role of the Court
  • It is emphatically the province of the judicial
    department to say what the law is.

6
Types of Cases Heard by the Court
  • The Supreme Court can originate some hearings
  • Explicit powers
  • Most cases are sent from lower courts
  • Implied powers of judicial review
  • Only 100 cases or less are heard each year

7
Some examples of historic decisions by the
Supreme Court
  • Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
  • Ruled separate but equal treatment of blacks
    was constitutional
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Launched the Civil Rights movement
  • Bush v. Gore (2000)
  • Determined Florida voting results valid

8
Contemporary decisions that could affect
teenagers like you
  • Rights of passengers in a car being chased by
    police
  • High-speed police chases
  • Cell phone surveillance

9
We are going to conduct some classroom
simulations on similar topics
  • Could these affect you?
  • Texting While Driving
  • Downloading Music and Movies
  • Teen House Party Search
  • We will use materials on the Supreme Court
    website www.uscourts.gov
  • The simulations will take place Wed - Fri

10
What weve learned
  • The Judiciary is one of the three branches of
    the US Government
  • The Supreme Court is the highest court in the
    land
  • The decisions of the Court have a major impact
  • The cases before the Court are relevant to you!
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