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Dementia Awareness

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Dementia' is a general term used for a range of physical conditions ... Vascular dementia = 20% Dementia with Lewy bodies = 20% Picks and frontal lobe = 5 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dementia Awareness


1
D.I.S.C.
Dementia Information and Support for Carers
  • Dementia Awareness
  • Barry Weir

2
Dementia Definition
  • Dementia is a general term used for a range
    of physical conditions affecting the brain.
  • Characterised by
  • A progressive decline in mental abilities such as
    the abilities to remember, learn, understand,
    communicate and reason.
  • A gradual loss of skills including those needed
    for everyday activities.
  • Changes in personality or behaviour

3
Who gets a Dementia
  • Most people experience mild memory loss as part
    of the aging process.
  • Not everybody will develop dementia.
  • Society stats
  • gt 65 1 in 1000
  • 65 70 1 in 50
  • 70 80 1 in 20
  • 80 1 in 5

4
Where do people with dementia live
  • ? live on their own
  • ? live with a carer
  • ? live in long-term care
  • ¾ of people in residential or nursing care have
    dementia

5
What is a Dementia
  • Dementia - is the accelerated death of brain
    cells caused by disease.
  • It affects a persons ability to REASON, SPEEK,
    THINK, REMEMBER and make DECISIONS.
  • Dementia is DEGENERATIVE

6
The Brain
  • Parietal Lobe
  • making sense of the world
  • Frontal Lobe
  • Organising/decisions
  • Temporal Lobe
  • Memory
  • Occipital Lobe
  • Vision

7
What are the difficulties
  • Memory
  • Short term
  • Communication
  • Understanding
  • Expressive
  • Behaviour
  • Unusual/Unexpected
  • Inappropriate

8
Types
  • Alzheimer's disease 50
  • Vascular dementia 20
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies 20
  • Picks and frontal lobe 5
  • Other dementias 5

9
Unusual Behaviour
  • So-called problem behaviour is nearly always
    an attempt to communicate feelings, needs and
    wishes. Rather than trying to stop the
    behaviour, try to work out what it means

10
Communication
  • Keep sentences short (6 words)
  • Use actions to back up meanings
  • Remain calm and reassuring
  • Allow extra time
  • Try to interpret their Body Language
  • Really listen to what is being said
  • Some of it will make sense

11
So what should we do
  • Respect the persons dignity space
  • Dont point out their failings
  • Remain calm acknowledge feelings
  • Reassure Support
  • Encourage inclusion/Involvement
  • Look for other ways of doing things
  • Look for the cause

12
How to contact us
  • DISC
  • Milton Grange
  • 16 Handsworth Wood Road
  • Handsworth Wood
  • Birmingham
  • B20 2DR
  • 0121 554 9355
  • Asian carers 07793 725 764
  • Fax 0121 515 3069
  • carers_at_discbirmingham.co.uk
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